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Books > History > The Tabaqat-I-Akbari of Khawajah Nizamuddin Ahmad: (A History of India from The Early Musalman Invasions to the Thirty-Sixth Year of The Reign of Akbar) - Set of Three Volumes Bound in Two Books
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The Tabaqat-I-Akbari of Khawajah Nizamuddin Ahmad: (A History of India from The Early Musalman Invasions to the Thirty-Sixth Year of The Reign of Akbar) - Set of Three Volumes Bound in Two Books
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The Tabaqat-I-Akbari of Khawajah Nizamuddin Ahmad: (A History of India from The Early Musalman Invasions to the Thirty-Sixth Year of The Reign of Akbar) - Set of Three Volumes Bound in Two Books
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Description
Vol-I

Preface:

EMPEROR Akbar's love for history drew around him a number of reputed Persian scholars who produced valuable historical treatise. The Tabaqat-i-Akbari is one such authoritative account from the pen of Khwaja Nizamuddin Ahmad, who was not a professional historian but an experienced administrator with a keen historical outlook. It gives us a comprehensive history of India from the time of the Ghaznavides down to A.D. 1593-94. In consideration of its importance as a source book for the reconstruction of the history of medieval India, the Asiatic Society published the text in three volumes in its Biblio-theca Indica Series, edited by Sri. B. De between the years 1911 and 1941. Sri De also undertook English Translation of the text which again came out in three volumes during the same period. It will appear from the Translator's note that after publication of fascicle I of Volume I in 1911, the work was suspended till 1927 when the rest of it was taken up. The Volume I of the translation went out of print while the two other volumes are still in stock. In order to meet the sustained demand of the volume from scholars working in the field the Council of the Society decided upon bringing out a reprint of the particular volume only. It is a matter of gratification for me to be able to release the work for which our thanks are due to Sri Biram Mukhopadhyaya who assiduously corrected the proofs and saw the volume through the press. We deeply appreciate the cooperation rendered by the Iran Society, Calcutta, in permitting us to consult their copy of the book, as our own library copies even have been damaged by continued use by the scholars.

Though a new edition has been brought out we do not claim that we could revise it thoroughly, as much as we liked for obvious reasons. Discrepancies about spelling of proper names, and also in transliteration, which were there in the original edition could not all be remedied, but they are of minor nature and will not for that minimise the value of the book.

 

Introduction

THE sublimest praise is due to that true King who has placed the making and unmaking of the government of the world, and the regulation of the affairs of the human race, in the noble existence of just rulers and wise administrators; and has treasured and entrusted the task of maintaining and enforcing the laws of religion and govern- ment in the greatness and grace, the generosity and sternness, and the mercy and wrath of these great men. And may prayers high as the throne of God rest on the leaders of the caravans that follow the straight path, and guide the foolish wanderers in the darkness of infidelity to the brilliant spaces of truth, and lead those who wander in the wilderness of confusion to the haven of fulfilment, by the aid of the glory of the Divine light and the help of the refulgence of the Divine nature; and specially 'on that most perfect specimen of creation, and that final embodiment of Divine aid and inspiration, whose sublime nature is a part of the Divine light, and whose noble essence a portion of God's holiness; of whose light the earth and the sky are a shadow, and of whose essence all space and creation a reflection; and [may similar prayers rest] on those who travel along the high- way of his will, and following him step by step reach the vantage ground of union.

But, after that, this insignificant particle-s-Nizamuddln Ahmad, the son of Muhammad Mukim the Harawi, who is a humble depen- dent and a faithful adherent of the sublime Court of the great Emperor, the Sultan of the Sultans of the world, the beneficent- shadow of God, the vicegerent of the Omnipotent, the strengthener of the pillars of world-conquest, the founder of the rules for govern- ing the world, the ruler of the world and of all who inhabit it, the lord of all time and of all that exists in it, the embodiment of Divine secrets, the personification of spiritual essences, the most potent conqueror and the most successful ruler, the lion in the wilderness of political and religious warfare Abul Fateh Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar Badshah Ghazi ; may God perpetuate his domi- nion and empire, and fill the table of his justice and benefaction!- represents that from his childhood, according to the instructions of his worthy father, he occupied himself with the study of historical works, which brightens the intellect of the studious, and inspires the intelligent with awe; and by the study of the accounts of the travellers in the stages of the journey of existence, which is like a progress of the soul, rubbed off the rust of his nature.

And in this great land of Hindustan, which is a vast continent containing many climes, and which those who have calculated the area of the earth have estimated to contain a fourth part of its surface, at various times and in different quarters various rulers have acquired power and dominion, and having styled themselves Sultans, have ruled the land; and the writers of those periods having described the conquests and the government of those quarters have left memorials of them. In this way there are histories of Dehli, Gujarat, Malwah, Bangalah and Sind; and similarly separate histories have been written of all the provinces and parts of Hindustan, It is wonderful (however) that no history has been written by any of these writers which contains a complete account of the events which have occurred in anyone of the provinces. Nor has any history been compiled of the whole country of India and of its capital Dehli. The only work which has acquired any fame is the Tabakat-i- Nasiri in which Minhaj has given an account of the period which begins with the reign of Sultan Mu'izzuddin Ghuri and ends with that of Nasiruddin, the son of Shamsuddin, Again the period from the reign of Sultan Nasiruddin to that of Sultan Firoz has been dealt with in the history of Zia Barni. For the period extending from the reign of Sultan Firoz to the present day, during the greater portion of which great disturbances have taken place in this country, and the people have not had the good fortune to be ruled by any great kings, the humble writer has in spite of repeated searches only come across fragmentary compilations; and has not heard of any history which contains an account of the whole of Hindustan.

Now that all the Provinces and Divisions of Hindustan have been conquered by the world-opening sword of His Majesty, the vice- gerent of God, and the many have been unified into the one, and even many of the countries outside of India, which had never been acquired by any of the former great Sultans have become part and parcel of his dominions, and it is hoped, that the seven climes would become the abode of peace and quiet under the shadow of His Majesty's auspicious standard, it came to the dull understanding of the author, that he should, with the pen of truth and candour, write a comprehensive history which should present in a clear style, in its different sections, an account of the Empire of Hindustan from the time of Sabuktigin which began with the year 3671 A.H., when Islam first appeared in the country of Hindustan, to the year 10012 A.H., corresponding with the thirty-seventh year of the Divine era, which was inaugurated at the epoch-making accession of His Majesty, the vicegerent of God; and should embellish the end of each section with the story of the victories of His Majesty's glorious army, which is as it were an introduction to the sublime chronicle of renown; then he should give a comprehensive account of all the victories and events and occurrences of His Majesty's reign each in its own place. The details of these events are contained in the great history called the Akbar-namah, which that embodiment of all excellence, the learned in all truths and know- ledge, the personification of worldly and spiritual perfection, the favoured of his Majesty the Emperor, the most erudite Sheikh Abul Fazl who is the preface of all excellence and eminence has written with his wonder-inscribing pen, and has made a chronicle for all times.

 

Vol-II
Foreword

This is a reprint of the second volume of Brajendranath De's edition of the text of The Tabaqat-I -Akbari of Khwajah Nizamuddin Ahmad. The importance of the work was realised by the Society in the middle of the last century, but it was not before 1911 that it was taken up by Brajendranath De. And it was first printed in 1936 by the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal as part of its Bibliotheca Indica Series.

The book offers an account of India from the earliest days of Muslim invasion to the thirty eight year of Akbar's rule. It is not just an account of the events in a chronological order but complete with the observations of the amirs, the hakims and poets of that time.

I hope that this reprint will prove useful to all serious students of history.

Vol-III
Foreword

The third volume of Brajendranath De's edition of .Khwajah Nizamudin Ahmad's Tabaaat - 1- Akbari was first issued in 1935 by Khan Bahadur M. Hidayat Hosain after the death of Brajendranath. The Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal entrusted Baini Prashad with the task of editing the work. But in view of the size of the volume it was decided to publish it in three parts and the first part was issued in 1939.

The second part of the third volume of The r Tabaqat - I -Akbari of Khwajah was also published by the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1939. It contains a detailed preface containing the lives of Kbwajah Nizamuddin Ahmad, and Brajendranath De who had translated and annotated the text. The preface to the second part is selfexplanatory and highlights the importance of the work for all serious students of Indian history.

I hope this reprint will prove useful to all such scholars.

Preface

The late Mr. Brajendranath De, as a result of sustained work for nearly 20 years, prepared a collated edition of the text of the T'abaqat-i-Akbari of Khwajah Nizam-ud-din Ahmad. The first half of the first volume of the text was issued in July 1911, and the final or third volume was completed after Mr. De's death on 28th September, 1932, by Khan Bahsdur M. Hidayat Hosain from his manuscript and issued in July 1935. The first two volumes of the English translation by the same author were issued in 1927 and 1936 respectively. The first 80 pages in page-proof and an unrevised and partly incomplete translation of the remainder of the third volume Was found amongst Mr. De's- papers, and the Council of the Roval Asiatic Society of Bengal recently requested the undersigned to edit and complete the work. It was hoped that the-undersigned would have the collaboration of Prof. M. Mahfuz-ul-Haqq in this work, but, this has not been possible, and for the work, as now issued, the entire responsibility must rest with the undersigned. The first 80 pages were printed as corrected and revised by Mr. De, and in the remainder the work of Mr. De has, as far as possible, been preserved. The under- signed has, however, to prevent errors and omissions. verified the entire translation and checked citations and references as far as pos- sible. Further, as no standard scheme of transliteration had been followed, it was thought desirable to follow a slightly modified form of the scheme adopted by the International Oriental Congress of 1894 for the transliteration of Arabic and Persian works.

In view of the size of the publication it was decided to issue the translation in two parts. The first part is now being issued, and the second part with a detailed preface and comprehensive indices to both the parts will, it is hoped, be ready for issue sometime during the year.

 

The Asiatic Society
15 August 1973
 

S. K. MITRA
General Secretary

CONTENTS
Volume I

 

  Page
Translator's Note vii
Author's Introduction xi
The Introductory Section: Containing an account of the Kings
of Ghaznin
1
  1. Amir-Nasiruddin Sabuktigin 2
  2. Sultan Mahmud Sabuktigin 4
  3. Jalal-ud-Dowlah Jamal-ul-Millat Muhammad, the
Son of Mahmud
17
  4. Abu-Sa'id Mas'ud Bin Yemin-ud-Dowlah Sultan
Mahmud
19
  5. Shihab-ud-Din wa Doulat, wa Kutb-ul-Millat Abul
Fateh Maudud Bin Mas'ud
27
  6. 'Ali Bin Mas'ud 31
  7. 'Abdur Rashid Bin Mas'ud 31
  8. Farrukhzad Bin Mas'ud 32
  9. Ibrahim Bin Mas'ud Sultan Mahmud 32
  10. Mas'ud Bin Ibrahim 33
  11. Arslan Shah Bin Mas'ud Bin Ibrahim 33
  12. Bahram Shah Bin Mas'ud Bin Ibrahim 34
  13. Khusro Shah Bin Bahram Shah Bin Mas'ud Bin
Ibrahim
35
  14. Khusro Malik Bin Khusro Shah 35
SECTION I-The Sultans of Delhi 36
  15. Sultan Mu'izzuddin Muhammad Sam Ghuri 36
  16. Sultan Kutbuddin Aibak 42
  17. Sultan Tajuddin Yelduz 45
  18. Sultan Nasiruddin Kabajah 47
  19. Sultan Bahauddin Tughral 48
  20. Description of the rule of Ikhyiyaruddin Muhammad
Bakhtiyar Khilji
49
  21. 'Izzuddin Muhammad Sherwan 55
  22. 'Ali Mardan Khalji 56
  23. Malik Hisamuddin 'Iwaz Khalji 58
  24. Sultan Aram Shah Bin Sultan Kutbuddin 60
  25. Sultan Shamsuddin Altamsh 62
  26. Sultan Ruknuddin Firoz Shah, son of Sultan
Shamsuddin
72
  27. Sultan Raziya 74
  28. Sultan Mu'izzuddin Bahram Shah, son of Sultan
Shamsuddin
78
  29. Sultan 'Alauddin Mas'ud Shah 81
  30. Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud 84
  31. Sultan Ghiasuddin Balban 93
  32. Sultan Mu'izzuddin Kaikubad 119
  33. Sultan Jalaluddin Khalji 132
  34. Sultan 'Alauddin Khalji 153
  35. Sultan Shihabuddin, younger son of Sultan 'Alauddin Khalji 190
  36. Sultan Kutbuddin Mubarak Shah, son of Sultan 'Alauddin Khalji 192
  37. Sultan Ghiasuddin Tughlak Shah 208
  38. Sultan Muhammad Tughlak Shah 215
  39. Sultan Firoz Shah 239
  40. Sultan Tughlaq Shah 261
  41. Sultan Abu Bakr Shah 262
  42. Sultan Muhammad Shah, son of Sultan Firoz Shah 267
  43. Sultan 'Alauddin Sikandar Shah 271
  44. Sultan Mahmud Shah (youngest son of Muhammad Shah) 272
  45. Rayat 'Ali Khizr Khan, son of Malik Suleman 292
  46. Sultan Mubarak Shah, son of Rayat-'Ali Khizr Khan 299
  47. Muhammad Shah, son of Mubarak Shah, son of Khizr Khan 322
  48. Sultan 'Alauddin, son of Muhammad Shah, son of Mubarak Shah, son of Khizr Khan 330
  49. Sultan Bahlol Lodi 355
  50. Sultan Sikandar, son of Sultan Sikandar, son of Sultan Bahlol Lodi 392
Index 409

 

CONTENTS
Volume II

 

  PAGE
Zahir-ud-Din Babar 1
Humayun, Badshah 41
The history of Shir Khan 140
Salim Khan 176
Sultan Muhammad 'Adali 196
Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar Badshah Ghazi 207
The first year of the Ilahi Era 209
The Second year of the Ilahi Era 221
The Third year of the Ilahi Era 225
Capture of the Fort of Gwaliar 233
The fourth year of the Ilahi Era 233
The arrival of Shaikh Muhammad Ghaus from Gujrat to Agra 234
The fifth year of the Ilahi Era 236
The sixth year of the Ilahi Era 250
The conquest of Malwa 251
The seventh year of the Ilahi Era 259
The eighth year of the Ilahi Era 263
An account of the Kahkar Tribe and of the conquest of their country 265
The ninth year of the Ilahi Era 276
The capture of the fort of Chunar 280
The conquest of the country of Garha, and the death of Rani Durgavati 280
The march of the Royal Army towards Narwar 282
The accounts of Khwaja Mu'assam 287
Mirza Sulaiman's third visit to Kabul 289
The tenth year of the Ilahi Era 292
The foundation of the fort of Agra 293
The hostility of 'Ali Quli Khan and others 294
The flight of Asaf Khan to Gadha 300
The mission of Qulij Khan to Rohtas 302
The rebellion of 'Ali Quli Khan and others 303
The march of His Majesty against Khan Zaman 310
The eleventh year of the Ilahi Era 315
The departure of Mahdi Qasim Khan and the flight of Asaf Khan 316
Mirza Sulaiman's attack on Kabul 318
The victorious march of His Majesty towards Lahore 323
The twelfth year of the Ilahi Era 328
The conquest of the fort of Chitor 341
The thirteenth year of the Ilahi Era 349
The fourteenth year of the Ilahi Era 353
The foundation of the town of Fathpur 356
The conquest of the fort of Kalinjar 356
The birth of Shahzada Salim Mirza 357
The fifteenth year of the Ilahi Era 359
The birth of Shahzada Shah Murad 360
The departure of His Majesty to Ajmir 361
The sixteenth year of the Ilahi Era 366
The seventeenth year of the Ilahi Era 369
The invasion of Gujrat 369
The amirs sont to besiege the fort of Surat 376
The march of His Majesty to Surat 381
The incidents of the siege of Surat 389
The eighteenth year of the Ilahi Era 392
The expedition of Husain Quli Khan to Nagarkot 398
Incidents after arrival at Gujrat 404
The events which happened after the arrival at Fathpur 423
The nineteenth year of the Ilahi Era 428
The march of the victorious army for the conquest of Patna and Hajipur 429
The twentieth year of the Ilahi Era 458
The war between Khan Khanan and Daud Khan Afghan 459
The peace made with Khan Khanan 466
The building of the 'Ibadat Khana (House of Worship) 473
The visit of Mirza Sulaiman to his Majesty 473
The twenty-first year of the Ilahi Era 480
The departure of Mirza Sulaiman to Meeea 480
The twenty-second year of the Ilahi Era 483
The events which happened at Ajmir 483
The fight of Kunar Man Singh with Rana Kika 487
The war of Khan Jahan against Daud 489
The appointment of Khwaja Shah Mansir as Diwan 494
The twenty-third year of the Ilahi Era 497
The arrival of amirs at Asir and Burhanpur 503
The annual pilgrimage of His Majesty to Ajmir 504
The appearance of a star Zu Zuaba 506
The twenty-fourth year of the Ilahi Era 510
The sending of some Amirs to the country of Rana Kika 516
The twenty-fifth year of the Ilahi Era 517
The twenty-six year of the Ilahi Era 526
The unfortunate occurrences in Bengal 527
The twenty-seventh year of the Ilahi Era 544
The twenty-eighth year of the Ilahi Era 554
The twenty-ninth year of the Ilahi Era 558
The coming of Burhan-ul-Mul Dakini 563
The war between Mirza Khan and Muzaffar Gujrati 570
The certain incidents connected with Khalifa-i-Ilahi 577
The departure of Khan-i-A'zam for the conquest of Deccan 584
The incidents which happened on the route from Ilahabas 595
The thirtieth year of the Ilahi Era 596
The marriage festivities of Shahzada Sultan Salim 599
The thirty-first year of the Ilahi Era 600
The account of the Tarikis 608
The thirty-second year of the Ilahi Era 612
The visit of Mirza Shahrukh to Kashmir and peace made with the ruler 612
The thirty-third year of the Ilahi Era 620
The departure of Sadiq Khan to attack Sehwan and his treaty with the ruler of Thatha 621
The thirty-fourth year of the Ilahi Era 623
The thirty-fifth year of the Ilahi Era 629
The victorious campaign of A'xam Khan against the Jain and sons of Amir Khan 630
The thirty-sixth year of the Ilahi Era 632
The thirty-seventh year of the Ilahi Era 637
The thirty-eighth year of the Ilahi Era 646
The accounts of the Amirs of high rank 653
The accounts of the Shaikhs of Hindustan 700
The accounts of the Hakims (Physicians) 710
The accounts of the poets 714

 

CONTENTS
Volume III

 

(PART I.)
 
    PAGE
SECTIONS I. THE SULTANS OF THE DAKIN, TWENTY-NINE PERSONS 1
  1. An account of the region of 'Ala-ud-din Hasan Shah 7
  2. An Account of the reign of Sultan Muhammad Shah, son of
'Ala-ud-din Hasan Shah
11
  3. An account of the reign of Mujahid Shah 19
  4. A narrative of the reign of Daud Shah, son of the uncle of Mujahid Shah 21
  5. An account of the reign of Sultan Muhammad Shah, sons of
Mahmud, son of Bahman Shah
22
  6. An account of the reign of Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din 24
  7. An account of the reign of Sultan Shams-ud-din, brother of Sultan
Ghiyas-ud-din
25
  8. An account of the reign of Sultan Firuz Shah 27
  9. A narrative of the reign of Sultan Ahmad Shah Bahmani 42
  10. An account of the reign of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din, son of Ahmad Shah 56
  11. An account of the reign of Sultan Humayun Shah, son of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din 76
  12. An account of the reign of Nizam Shah, son of Humayun Shah 86
  13. An account of the reign of Muhammad Shah, son of Humayun Shah 93
  14. An account of the reign of Shihab-ud-din Mahmud Shah, son of
Muhammad Shah Lashkari
109
  15. An account of the reign of Ahmad Shah, son of Mahmud Shah 132
  16. An account of the reign of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din, son of Mahmud Shah 133
  17. An account of the reign of Sultan Wali-ul-lah, son of Mahmud Shah 134
  18. An account of the reign of Kalim-ul-lah, son of Mahmud Shah 134
SECTION II. THE NIZAM-UL-MULKI LINE OR DYNASTY 136
  1. An account of Nizam-ul-mulk Bahri 136
  2. An account of Ahmad, son of Nizam-ul-mulk Bahri 137
  3. An account of Burhan Nizam-ul-mulk, son of Ahmad 137
  4. An account of Husain Nizam-ul-mulk, son of Burhan 140
  5. An account of Murtada Nizam-ul-mulk 145
  6. An account of Hussain Nizam-ul-mulk, son of Murtada Nizam-ul-mulk,
who was called Miran Husain
151
  7. An account of Isma'il Nizam-ul-mulk, son of Burhan 155
  8. An account of the rule of Burhan Nizam-ul-mulk, son of Husain,
son of Burhan, who is the brother of Murtada
157
SECTION III. THE DYNASTY OF 'ADIL KHAN 159
  1. An account of the rule of Yusuf 'Adil Khan 159
  2. An account of Isma'il 'Adil Khan son of Yusuf 160
  3. An account of Ibrahim 'Adil Khan son of Isma'il Khan 161
  4. An account of 'Ali 'Adil Khan, son of Ibrahim 162
  5. An account of Ibrahim 'Adil Khan (son of Tahmasp), who was a
nephew of 'Ali 'Adil Khan
165
SECTION IV. THE QUTB-UL-MULKIYA LINE OR DYNASTY 167
  1. An account of Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-mulk Hamadani 167
  2. An account of Jamshid Qutb-ul-mulk, son of Sultan Quli 168
  3. An account of Ibrahim Qutb-ul-mulk, son of Sultan Quli 169
  4. An account of Muhammad Quli Qutb-ul-mulk, son of Ibrahim 171
SECTION V. ABOUT THE SULTANS OF GUJRAT 172
  1. (An account of) A'zam Humayun Zafar Khan 173
  2. An account of the accession of Tatar Khan, son of A'zam Humayun Zafar Khan 182
  3. An account of the reign of Zafar Khan who had the title of Muzaffar Shah 184
  4. An account of Sultan Ahmad Shah, son of Sultan Muhammad,
son of Sultan Muzaffar
189
  5. An account of Ghiyas-ud-duniya-wad-din Muhammad Shah, son of Ahmad Shah 223
  6. An account of the reign of Sultan Qutb-ud-din Ahmad Shah,
son of Muhammad Shah, son of Ahmad Shah, son of
Muhammad Shah, son of Muzaffar Shah
226
  7. An account of Sultan Daud Shah, son of Ahmad Shah, son of
Muhammad Shah, son of Muzaffar Shah
235
  8. Account of Sultan Mahmud Shah, son of Muhammad Shah 237
  9. An account of Sultan Muzaffar Shah, son of Mahmud Shah 292
  10. An account of Sultan Sikandar, son of Sultan Muzaffar Shah 323
  11. An account of Nasir Khan entitled Sultan Mahmud, son of Sultan Muzaffar 328
  12. An account of the accession of Sultan Bahadur Shah 333
  13. A narrative of Miran Muhammad Shah, ruler of Asir and Burhanpur 381
  14. An account of Sultan Mahmud Shah, son of Latif Khan, son of Muzaffar Shah 383
  15. An account of Sultan Ahmad 383
  16. An account of Sultan Muzaffar, son of Sultan Mahmud, son of Latif Khan 397
SECTION VI. THE SECTION ABOUT THE SULTANS OF BANGALA 414
  1. An account of Sultan Fakhr-ud-din 419
  2. An account of the reign of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din 420
  3. An account of Haji Iliyas, who had the title of Sultan Shams-ud-din Bhangara 421
  4. An account of The rule of Sultan Sikandar Shah, son of Sultan Shams-ud-din 424
  5. An account of Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din 427
  6. An account of Sultan-us-salatin 429
  7. An account of Sultan Shams-ud-din 429
  8. An account of Raja Kans 430
  9. An account of Sultan Jalal-ud-din, son of Kans 432
  10. An account of Sultan Ahmad, son of Sultan Jalal-ud-din 433
  11. An account of Nasir the slave 434
  12. An account of Nasir Shah 425
  13. An account of Barbak Shah 435
  14. An account of Yusuf Shah 436
  15. An account of Sikandar Shah 436
  16. An account of Fath Shah 437
  17. An account of Barbak Shah 438
  18. An account of Firuz Shah 439
  19. An account of Mahmud Shah 440
  20. An account of Muzaffar Shah Habshi 441
  21. An account of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din 442
  22. An account of Nasib Shah 444
SECTION VII. THE SECTION ABOUT THE SHARQI SULTANS 446
  1. An account of Sultan-ush-sharq 447
  2. An account of Mubarak Shah Sharqi 448
  3. An account of Sultan Ibrahim Sharqi 449
  4. An account of Sultan Mahmud, son of Ibrahim Sharqi 453
  5. An account of Sultan Mahmud Shah, son of Mahmud Shah 459
  6. An account of Sultan Hussain, son of Mahmud Shah 459
(PART II.)
 
SECTION VIII. THE SECTION ABOUT THE SULTANS OF MALWA 465
  1. An account of Dilawar Khan Ghuri 467
  2. An account of Sultan Hushang, son of Dilawar Khan 468
  3. An account of Muhammad Shah, son of Hushang Shah Ghuri 491
  4. An account of Sultan Mahmud Khalji 497
  5. An account of Sultan Ghiyath-ud-din, son of Sultan Mahmud Khalji 543
  6. An account of Sultan Nasir-ud-din 553
  7. An account of Sultan Mahmud Shah, son of Nasir Shah 574
  8. An account of the rule of Sultan Bahadur 615
  9. An account of the rule of the deputies of His Majesty Jinnat
Ashiani, Muhammad Humayun Badshah
616
  10. An account of Mallu Khan, Qadir Shah 617
  11. An account of Shuja' Khan 621
  12. An account of Baz Bahadur, son of Shuja' Khan 628
SECTION IX. THE SECTION ABOUT THE SULTANS OF KASHMIR 632
  1. An account of Sultan Shams-ud-din 636
  2. An account of Sultan Jamshid, son of Sultan Shams-ud-din 637
  3. An account of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din 639
  4. An account of Sultan Shihab-ud-din, son of Sultan Shams-ud-din 640
  5. An account of Sultan Qutb-ud-din, sons of Shams-ud-din 642
  6. An account of Sultan Sikandar, the Iconoclast, the son of
Qutb-ud-din, the son of Shams-ud-din, who had the name of Sikar
644
  7. An account of Sultan 'Ali Shah, son of Sultan Sikandar Butshikan,
who had the name of Miran Khan
650
  8. An account of Sultan Zain-ul-'Abidin, son of Sultan Sikandar
Butshikan, which is another name for Shahi Khan
652
  9. An account of Sultan Haidar Shah, son of Sultan Zain-ul-'Abidin,
who had the name of Haji Khan
672
  10. An account of Sultan Hasan, son of Haji Khan Haidar Shah 675
  11. An account of Sultan Muhammad Shah, son of Sultan Hasan Shah 682
  12. An account of Sultan Fath Shah, which is another name for Fath Khan 689
  13. An account of Sultan Ibrahim Shah, son of Muhammad Shah 696
  14. An account of Nazuk Shah, son of Fath Shah 698
  15. An account of Sultan Shams-ud-din, son of Sultan Muhammad Shah 706
  16. An account of the rule of Mirza Haidar 707
  17. An account of Nazuk Shah 719
  18. An account of Ibrahim Shah, son of Muhammad Shah, who was
the brother of Nazuk Shah
725
  19. An account of Isma-il Shah, brother of Ibrahim Shah 729
  20. An account of Habib Shah, son of Isma-il Shah 730
  21. An account of the rule of Ghazi Khan 737
  22. An account of Husain Khan, brother of Ghazi Khan 740
  23. An account of 'Ali Shah, brother of Husain 747
  24. An account of Yusuf Khan, son of 'Ali Shah 752
SECTION X. THE SECTION ABOUT THE RULERS OF SIND 761
  1. An account of the Government of Jam Anar 773
  2. Jam Junan 773
  3. An account of Jam Malitha, son of Jam Anar 774
  4. An account of the Government of Jam Tamachi 774
  5. Jam Salah-ud-din 775
  6. Jam Nizam-ud-din, son of Salah-ud-din 775
  7. Jam 'Ali Sher 775
  8. Jam Karn, son of Jam Tamachi 776
  9. Jam Fath Khan, son of Sikandar Khan 776
  10. Jam Tughlaq, son of Sikandar Khan 777
  11. Jam Mubarak 777
  12. Jam Iskandar, son of Jam Fath Khan, son of Sikandar Khan 777
  13. Jam Sanjar 778
  14. Jam Nizam-ud-din, who is known as Jam Nanda 778
  15. An account of the Government of Jam Firuz 779
  16. An account of Shah Beg Arghun 781
  17. An account of Shah Husain 783
  18. An account of Mirza 'Isa Tarkhan 784
  19. An account of Mirza Muhammad Baqi, son of Mirza Isa Tarkhan 785
  20. An account of Mirza Jani Beg 786
  21. An account of Sultan Mahmud 786
SECTION XI. AS ACCOUNT OF THE DYNASTY OF THE SULTANS OF MULTAN 787
  1. An account of Shaikh Yusuf 788
  2. An account of Sultan Qutb-ud-din Lankah 790
  3. An account of Sultan Husain, son of Sultan Qutb-ud-din 791
  4. An account of Sultan Firuz 798
  5. An account of Sultan Mahmud, son of Sultan Firuz 800
  6. An account of Sultan Husain, son of Sultan Mahmud 806
BIBLIOGRAPHY 813
(PART III.)
 
INDEX 817

 

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The Tabaqat-I-Akbari of Khawajah Nizamuddin Ahmad: (A History of India from The Early Musalman Invasions to the Thirty-Sixth Year of The Reign of Akbar) - Set of Three Volumes Bound in Two Books

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The Tabaqat-I-Akbari of Khawajah Nizamuddin Ahmad: (A History of India from The Early Musalman Invasions to the Thirty-Sixth Year of The Reign of Akbar) - Set of Three Volumes Bound in Two Books

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Vol-I

Preface:

EMPEROR Akbar's love for history drew around him a number of reputed Persian scholars who produced valuable historical treatise. The Tabaqat-i-Akbari is one such authoritative account from the pen of Khwaja Nizamuddin Ahmad, who was not a professional historian but an experienced administrator with a keen historical outlook. It gives us a comprehensive history of India from the time of the Ghaznavides down to A.D. 1593-94. In consideration of its importance as a source book for the reconstruction of the history of medieval India, the Asiatic Society published the text in three volumes in its Biblio-theca Indica Series, edited by Sri. B. De between the years 1911 and 1941. Sri De also undertook English Translation of the text which again came out in three volumes during the same period. It will appear from the Translator's note that after publication of fascicle I of Volume I in 1911, the work was suspended till 1927 when the rest of it was taken up. The Volume I of the translation went out of print while the two other volumes are still in stock. In order to meet the sustained demand of the volume from scholars working in the field the Council of the Society decided upon bringing out a reprint of the particular volume only. It is a matter of gratification for me to be able to release the work for which our thanks are due to Sri Biram Mukhopadhyaya who assiduously corrected the proofs and saw the volume through the press. We deeply appreciate the cooperation rendered by the Iran Society, Calcutta, in permitting us to consult their copy of the book, as our own library copies even have been damaged by continued use by the scholars.

Though a new edition has been brought out we do not claim that we could revise it thoroughly, as much as we liked for obvious reasons. Discrepancies about spelling of proper names, and also in transliteration, which were there in the original edition could not all be remedied, but they are of minor nature and will not for that minimise the value of the book.

 

Introduction

THE sublimest praise is due to that true King who has placed the making and unmaking of the government of the world, and the regulation of the affairs of the human race, in the noble existence of just rulers and wise administrators; and has treasured and entrusted the task of maintaining and enforcing the laws of religion and govern- ment in the greatness and grace, the generosity and sternness, and the mercy and wrath of these great men. And may prayers high as the throne of God rest on the leaders of the caravans that follow the straight path, and guide the foolish wanderers in the darkness of infidelity to the brilliant spaces of truth, and lead those who wander in the wilderness of confusion to the haven of fulfilment, by the aid of the glory of the Divine light and the help of the refulgence of the Divine nature; and specially 'on that most perfect specimen of creation, and that final embodiment of Divine aid and inspiration, whose sublime nature is a part of the Divine light, and whose noble essence a portion of God's holiness; of whose light the earth and the sky are a shadow, and of whose essence all space and creation a reflection; and [may similar prayers rest] on those who travel along the high- way of his will, and following him step by step reach the vantage ground of union.

But, after that, this insignificant particle-s-Nizamuddln Ahmad, the son of Muhammad Mukim the Harawi, who is a humble depen- dent and a faithful adherent of the sublime Court of the great Emperor, the Sultan of the Sultans of the world, the beneficent- shadow of God, the vicegerent of the Omnipotent, the strengthener of the pillars of world-conquest, the founder of the rules for govern- ing the world, the ruler of the world and of all who inhabit it, the lord of all time and of all that exists in it, the embodiment of Divine secrets, the personification of spiritual essences, the most potent conqueror and the most successful ruler, the lion in the wilderness of political and religious warfare Abul Fateh Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar Badshah Ghazi ; may God perpetuate his domi- nion and empire, and fill the table of his justice and benefaction!- represents that from his childhood, according to the instructions of his worthy father, he occupied himself with the study of historical works, which brightens the intellect of the studious, and inspires the intelligent with awe; and by the study of the accounts of the travellers in the stages of the journey of existence, which is like a progress of the soul, rubbed off the rust of his nature.

And in this great land of Hindustan, which is a vast continent containing many climes, and which those who have calculated the area of the earth have estimated to contain a fourth part of its surface, at various times and in different quarters various rulers have acquired power and dominion, and having styled themselves Sultans, have ruled the land; and the writers of those periods having described the conquests and the government of those quarters have left memorials of them. In this way there are histories of Dehli, Gujarat, Malwah, Bangalah and Sind; and similarly separate histories have been written of all the provinces and parts of Hindustan, It is wonderful (however) that no history has been written by any of these writers which contains a complete account of the events which have occurred in anyone of the provinces. Nor has any history been compiled of the whole country of India and of its capital Dehli. The only work which has acquired any fame is the Tabakat-i- Nasiri in which Minhaj has given an account of the period which begins with the reign of Sultan Mu'izzuddin Ghuri and ends with that of Nasiruddin, the son of Shamsuddin, Again the period from the reign of Sultan Nasiruddin to that of Sultan Firoz has been dealt with in the history of Zia Barni. For the period extending from the reign of Sultan Firoz to the present day, during the greater portion of which great disturbances have taken place in this country, and the people have not had the good fortune to be ruled by any great kings, the humble writer has in spite of repeated searches only come across fragmentary compilations; and has not heard of any history which contains an account of the whole of Hindustan.

Now that all the Provinces and Divisions of Hindustan have been conquered by the world-opening sword of His Majesty, the vice- gerent of God, and the many have been unified into the one, and even many of the countries outside of India, which had never been acquired by any of the former great Sultans have become part and parcel of his dominions, and it is hoped, that the seven climes would become the abode of peace and quiet under the shadow of His Majesty's auspicious standard, it came to the dull understanding of the author, that he should, with the pen of truth and candour, write a comprehensive history which should present in a clear style, in its different sections, an account of the Empire of Hindustan from the time of Sabuktigin which began with the year 3671 A.H., when Islam first appeared in the country of Hindustan, to the year 10012 A.H., corresponding with the thirty-seventh year of the Divine era, which was inaugurated at the epoch-making accession of His Majesty, the vicegerent of God; and should embellish the end of each section with the story of the victories of His Majesty's glorious army, which is as it were an introduction to the sublime chronicle of renown; then he should give a comprehensive account of all the victories and events and occurrences of His Majesty's reign each in its own place. The details of these events are contained in the great history called the Akbar-namah, which that embodiment of all excellence, the learned in all truths and know- ledge, the personification of worldly and spiritual perfection, the favoured of his Majesty the Emperor, the most erudite Sheikh Abul Fazl who is the preface of all excellence and eminence has written with his wonder-inscribing pen, and has made a chronicle for all times.

 

Vol-II
Foreword

This is a reprint of the second volume of Brajendranath De's edition of the text of The Tabaqat-I -Akbari of Khwajah Nizamuddin Ahmad. The importance of the work was realised by the Society in the middle of the last century, but it was not before 1911 that it was taken up by Brajendranath De. And it was first printed in 1936 by the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal as part of its Bibliotheca Indica Series.

The book offers an account of India from the earliest days of Muslim invasion to the thirty eight year of Akbar's rule. It is not just an account of the events in a chronological order but complete with the observations of the amirs, the hakims and poets of that time.

I hope that this reprint will prove useful to all serious students of history.

Vol-III
Foreword

The third volume of Brajendranath De's edition of .Khwajah Nizamudin Ahmad's Tabaaat - 1- Akbari was first issued in 1935 by Khan Bahadur M. Hidayat Hosain after the death of Brajendranath. The Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal entrusted Baini Prashad with the task of editing the work. But in view of the size of the volume it was decided to publish it in three parts and the first part was issued in 1939.

The second part of the third volume of The r Tabaqat - I -Akbari of Khwajah was also published by the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1939. It contains a detailed preface containing the lives of Kbwajah Nizamuddin Ahmad, and Brajendranath De who had translated and annotated the text. The preface to the second part is selfexplanatory and highlights the importance of the work for all serious students of Indian history.

I hope this reprint will prove useful to all such scholars.

Preface

The late Mr. Brajendranath De, as a result of sustained work for nearly 20 years, prepared a collated edition of the text of the T'abaqat-i-Akbari of Khwajah Nizam-ud-din Ahmad. The first half of the first volume of the text was issued in July 1911, and the final or third volume was completed after Mr. De's death on 28th September, 1932, by Khan Bahsdur M. Hidayat Hosain from his manuscript and issued in July 1935. The first two volumes of the English translation by the same author were issued in 1927 and 1936 respectively. The first 80 pages in page-proof and an unrevised and partly incomplete translation of the remainder of the third volume Was found amongst Mr. De's- papers, and the Council of the Roval Asiatic Society of Bengal recently requested the undersigned to edit and complete the work. It was hoped that the-undersigned would have the collaboration of Prof. M. Mahfuz-ul-Haqq in this work, but, this has not been possible, and for the work, as now issued, the entire responsibility must rest with the undersigned. The first 80 pages were printed as corrected and revised by Mr. De, and in the remainder the work of Mr. De has, as far as possible, been preserved. The under- signed has, however, to prevent errors and omissions. verified the entire translation and checked citations and references as far as pos- sible. Further, as no standard scheme of transliteration had been followed, it was thought desirable to follow a slightly modified form of the scheme adopted by the International Oriental Congress of 1894 for the transliteration of Arabic and Persian works.

In view of the size of the publication it was decided to issue the translation in two parts. The first part is now being issued, and the second part with a detailed preface and comprehensive indices to both the parts will, it is hoped, be ready for issue sometime during the year.

 

The Asiatic Society
15 August 1973
 

S. K. MITRA
General Secretary

CONTENTS
Volume I

 

  Page
Translator's Note vii
Author's Introduction xi
The Introductory Section: Containing an account of the Kings
of Ghaznin
1
  1. Amir-Nasiruddin Sabuktigin 2
  2. Sultan Mahmud Sabuktigin 4
  3. Jalal-ud-Dowlah Jamal-ul-Millat Muhammad, the
Son of Mahmud
17
  4. Abu-Sa'id Mas'ud Bin Yemin-ud-Dowlah Sultan
Mahmud
19
  5. Shihab-ud-Din wa Doulat, wa Kutb-ul-Millat Abul
Fateh Maudud Bin Mas'ud
27
  6. 'Ali Bin Mas'ud 31
  7. 'Abdur Rashid Bin Mas'ud 31
  8. Farrukhzad Bin Mas'ud 32
  9. Ibrahim Bin Mas'ud Sultan Mahmud 32
  10. Mas'ud Bin Ibrahim 33
  11. Arslan Shah Bin Mas'ud Bin Ibrahim 33
  12. Bahram Shah Bin Mas'ud Bin Ibrahim 34
  13. Khusro Shah Bin Bahram Shah Bin Mas'ud Bin
Ibrahim
35
  14. Khusro Malik Bin Khusro Shah 35
SECTION I-The Sultans of Delhi 36
  15. Sultan Mu'izzuddin Muhammad Sam Ghuri 36
  16. Sultan Kutbuddin Aibak 42
  17. Sultan Tajuddin Yelduz 45
  18. Sultan Nasiruddin Kabajah 47
  19. Sultan Bahauddin Tughral 48
  20. Description of the rule of Ikhyiyaruddin Muhammad
Bakhtiyar Khilji
49
  21. 'Izzuddin Muhammad Sherwan 55
  22. 'Ali Mardan Khalji 56
  23. Malik Hisamuddin 'Iwaz Khalji 58
  24. Sultan Aram Shah Bin Sultan Kutbuddin 60
  25. Sultan Shamsuddin Altamsh 62
  26. Sultan Ruknuddin Firoz Shah, son of Sultan
Shamsuddin
72
  27. Sultan Raziya 74
  28. Sultan Mu'izzuddin Bahram Shah, son of Sultan
Shamsuddin
78
  29. Sultan 'Alauddin Mas'ud Shah 81
  30. Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud 84
  31. Sultan Ghiasuddin Balban 93
  32. Sultan Mu'izzuddin Kaikubad 119
  33. Sultan Jalaluddin Khalji 132
  34. Sultan 'Alauddin Khalji 153
  35. Sultan Shihabuddin, younger son of Sultan 'Alauddin Khalji 190
  36. Sultan Kutbuddin Mubarak Shah, son of Sultan 'Alauddin Khalji 192
  37. Sultan Ghiasuddin Tughlak Shah 208
  38. Sultan Muhammad Tughlak Shah 215
  39. Sultan Firoz Shah 239
  40. Sultan Tughlaq Shah 261
  41. Sultan Abu Bakr Shah 262
  42. Sultan Muhammad Shah, son of Sultan Firoz Shah 267
  43. Sultan 'Alauddin Sikandar Shah 271
  44. Sultan Mahmud Shah (youngest son of Muhammad Shah) 272
  45. Rayat 'Ali Khizr Khan, son of Malik Suleman 292
  46. Sultan Mubarak Shah, son of Rayat-'Ali Khizr Khan 299
  47. Muhammad Shah, son of Mubarak Shah, son of Khizr Khan 322
  48. Sultan 'Alauddin, son of Muhammad Shah, son of Mubarak Shah, son of Khizr Khan 330
  49. Sultan Bahlol Lodi 355
  50. Sultan Sikandar, son of Sultan Sikandar, son of Sultan Bahlol Lodi 392
Index 409

 

CONTENTS
Volume II

 

  PAGE
Zahir-ud-Din Babar 1
Humayun, Badshah 41
The history of Shir Khan 140
Salim Khan 176
Sultan Muhammad 'Adali 196
Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar Badshah Ghazi 207
The first year of the Ilahi Era 209
The Second year of the Ilahi Era 221
The Third year of the Ilahi Era 225
Capture of the Fort of Gwaliar 233
The fourth year of the Ilahi Era 233
The arrival of Shaikh Muhammad Ghaus from Gujrat to Agra 234
The fifth year of the Ilahi Era 236
The sixth year of the Ilahi Era 250
The conquest of Malwa 251
The seventh year of the Ilahi Era 259
The eighth year of the Ilahi Era 263
An account of the Kahkar Tribe and of the conquest of their country 265
The ninth year of the Ilahi Era 276
The capture of the fort of Chunar 280
The conquest of the country of Garha, and the death of Rani Durgavati 280
The march of the Royal Army towards Narwar 282
The accounts of Khwaja Mu'assam 287
Mirza Sulaiman's third visit to Kabul 289
The tenth year of the Ilahi Era 292
The foundation of the fort of Agra 293
The hostility of 'Ali Quli Khan and others 294
The flight of Asaf Khan to Gadha 300
The mission of Qulij Khan to Rohtas 302
The rebellion of 'Ali Quli Khan and others 303
The march of His Majesty against Khan Zaman 310
The eleventh year of the Ilahi Era 315
The departure of Mahdi Qasim Khan and the flight of Asaf Khan 316
Mirza Sulaiman's attack on Kabul 318
The victorious march of His Majesty towards Lahore 323
The twelfth year of the Ilahi Era 328
The conquest of the fort of Chitor 341
The thirteenth year of the Ilahi Era 349
The fourteenth year of the Ilahi Era 353
The foundation of the town of Fathpur 356
The conquest of the fort of Kalinjar 356
The birth of Shahzada Salim Mirza 357
The fifteenth year of the Ilahi Era 359
The birth of Shahzada Shah Murad 360
The departure of His Majesty to Ajmir 361
The sixteenth year of the Ilahi Era 366
The seventeenth year of the Ilahi Era 369
The invasion of Gujrat 369
The amirs sont to besiege the fort of Surat 376
The march of His Majesty to Surat 381
The incidents of the siege of Surat 389
The eighteenth year of the Ilahi Era 392
The expedition of Husain Quli Khan to Nagarkot 398
Incidents after arrival at Gujrat 404
The events which happened after the arrival at Fathpur 423
The nineteenth year of the Ilahi Era 428
The march of the victorious army for the conquest of Patna and Hajipur 429
The twentieth year of the Ilahi Era 458
The war between Khan Khanan and Daud Khan Afghan 459
The peace made with Khan Khanan 466
The building of the 'Ibadat Khana (House of Worship) 473
The visit of Mirza Sulaiman to his Majesty 473
The twenty-first year of the Ilahi Era 480
The departure of Mirza Sulaiman to Meeea 480
The twenty-second year of the Ilahi Era 483
The events which happened at Ajmir 483
The fight of Kunar Man Singh with Rana Kika 487
The war of Khan Jahan against Daud 489
The appointment of Khwaja Shah Mansir as Diwan 494
The twenty-third year of the Ilahi Era 497
The arrival of amirs at Asir and Burhanpur 503
The annual pilgrimage of His Majesty to Ajmir 504
The appearance of a star Zu Zuaba 506
The twenty-fourth year of the Ilahi Era 510
The sending of some Amirs to the country of Rana Kika 516
The twenty-fifth year of the Ilahi Era 517
The twenty-six year of the Ilahi Era 526
The unfortunate occurrences in Bengal 527
The twenty-seventh year of the Ilahi Era 544
The twenty-eighth year of the Ilahi Era 554
The twenty-ninth year of the Ilahi Era 558
The coming of Burhan-ul-Mul Dakini 563
The war between Mirza Khan and Muzaffar Gujrati 570
The certain incidents connected with Khalifa-i-Ilahi 577
The departure of Khan-i-A'zam for the conquest of Deccan 584
The incidents which happened on the route from Ilahabas 595
The thirtieth year of the Ilahi Era 596
The marriage festivities of Shahzada Sultan Salim 599
The thirty-first year of the Ilahi Era 600
The account of the Tarikis 608
The thirty-second year of the Ilahi Era 612
The visit of Mirza Shahrukh to Kashmir and peace made with the ruler 612
The thirty-third year of the Ilahi Era 620
The departure of Sadiq Khan to attack Sehwan and his treaty with the ruler of Thatha 621
The thirty-fourth year of the Ilahi Era 623
The thirty-fifth year of the Ilahi Era 629
The victorious campaign of A'xam Khan against the Jain and sons of Amir Khan 630
The thirty-sixth year of the Ilahi Era 632
The thirty-seventh year of the Ilahi Era 637
The thirty-eighth year of the Ilahi Era 646
The accounts of the Amirs of high rank 653
The accounts of the Shaikhs of Hindustan 700
The accounts of the Hakims (Physicians) 710
The accounts of the poets 714

 

CONTENTS
Volume III

 

(PART I.)
 
    PAGE
SECTIONS I. THE SULTANS OF THE DAKIN, TWENTY-NINE PERSONS 1
  1. An account of the region of 'Ala-ud-din Hasan Shah 7
  2. An Account of the reign of Sultan Muhammad Shah, son of
'Ala-ud-din Hasan Shah
11
  3. An account of the reign of Mujahid Shah 19
  4. A narrative of the reign of Daud Shah, son of the uncle of Mujahid Shah 21
  5. An account of the reign of Sultan Muhammad Shah, sons of
Mahmud, son of Bahman Shah
22
  6. An account of the reign of Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din 24
  7. An account of the reign of Sultan Shams-ud-din, brother of Sultan
Ghiyas-ud-din
25
  8. An account of the reign of Sultan Firuz Shah 27
  9. A narrative of the reign of Sultan Ahmad Shah Bahmani 42
  10. An account of the reign of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din, son of Ahmad Shah 56
  11. An account of the reign of Sultan Humayun Shah, son of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din 76
  12. An account of the reign of Nizam Shah, son of Humayun Shah 86
  13. An account of the reign of Muhammad Shah, son of Humayun Shah 93
  14. An account of the reign of Shihab-ud-din Mahmud Shah, son of
Muhammad Shah Lashkari
109
  15. An account of the reign of Ahmad Shah, son of Mahmud Shah 132
  16. An account of the reign of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din, son of Mahmud Shah 133
  17. An account of the reign of Sultan Wali-ul-lah, son of Mahmud Shah 134
  18. An account of the reign of Kalim-ul-lah, son of Mahmud Shah 134
SECTION II. THE NIZAM-UL-MULKI LINE OR DYNASTY 136
  1. An account of Nizam-ul-mulk Bahri 136
  2. An account of Ahmad, son of Nizam-ul-mulk Bahri 137
  3. An account of Burhan Nizam-ul-mulk, son of Ahmad 137
  4. An account of Husain Nizam-ul-mulk, son of Burhan 140
  5. An account of Murtada Nizam-ul-mulk 145
  6. An account of Hussain Nizam-ul-mulk, son of Murtada Nizam-ul-mulk,
who was called Miran Husain
151
  7. An account of Isma'il Nizam-ul-mulk, son of Burhan 155
  8. An account of the rule of Burhan Nizam-ul-mulk, son of Husain,
son of Burhan, who is the brother of Murtada
157
SECTION III. THE DYNASTY OF 'ADIL KHAN 159
  1. An account of the rule of Yusuf 'Adil Khan 159
  2. An account of Isma'il 'Adil Khan son of Yusuf 160
  3. An account of Ibrahim 'Adil Khan son of Isma'il Khan 161
  4. An account of 'Ali 'Adil Khan, son of Ibrahim 162
  5. An account of Ibrahim 'Adil Khan (son of Tahmasp), who was a
nephew of 'Ali 'Adil Khan
165
SECTION IV. THE QUTB-UL-MULKIYA LINE OR DYNASTY 167
  1. An account of Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-mulk Hamadani 167
  2. An account of Jamshid Qutb-ul-mulk, son of Sultan Quli 168
  3. An account of Ibrahim Qutb-ul-mulk, son of Sultan Quli 169
  4. An account of Muhammad Quli Qutb-ul-mulk, son of Ibrahim 171
SECTION V. ABOUT THE SULTANS OF GUJRAT 172
  1. (An account of) A'zam Humayun Zafar Khan 173
  2. An account of the accession of Tatar Khan, son of A'zam Humayun Zafar Khan 182
  3. An account of the reign of Zafar Khan who had the title of Muzaffar Shah 184
  4. An account of Sultan Ahmad Shah, son of Sultan Muhammad,
son of Sultan Muzaffar
189
  5. An account of Ghiyas-ud-duniya-wad-din Muhammad Shah, son of Ahmad Shah 223
  6. An account of the reign of Sultan Qutb-ud-din Ahmad Shah,
son of Muhammad Shah, son of Ahmad Shah, son of
Muhammad Shah, son of Muzaffar Shah
226
  7. An account of Sultan Daud Shah, son of Ahmad Shah, son of
Muhammad Shah, son of Muzaffar Shah
235
  8. Account of Sultan Mahmud Shah, son of Muhammad Shah 237
  9. An account of Sultan Muzaffar Shah, son of Mahmud Shah 292
  10. An account of Sultan Sikandar, son of Sultan Muzaffar Shah 323
  11. An account of Nasir Khan entitled Sultan Mahmud, son of Sultan Muzaffar 328
  12. An account of the accession of Sultan Bahadur Shah 333
  13. A narrative of Miran Muhammad Shah, ruler of Asir and Burhanpur 381
  14. An account of Sultan Mahmud Shah, son of Latif Khan, son of Muzaffar Shah 383
  15. An account of Sultan Ahmad 383
  16. An account of Sultan Muzaffar, son of Sultan Mahmud, son of Latif Khan 397
SECTION VI. THE SECTION ABOUT THE SULTANS OF BANGALA 414
  1. An account of Sultan Fakhr-ud-din 419
  2. An account of the reign of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din 420
  3. An account of Haji Iliyas, who had the title of Sultan Shams-ud-din Bhangara 421
  4. An account of The rule of Sultan Sikandar Shah, son of Sultan Shams-ud-din 424
  5. An account of Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din 427
  6. An account of Sultan-us-salatin 429
  7. An account of Sultan Shams-ud-din 429
  8. An account of Raja Kans 430
  9. An account of Sultan Jalal-ud-din, son of Kans 432
  10. An account of Sultan Ahmad, son of Sultan Jalal-ud-din 433
  11. An account of Nasir the slave 434
  12. An account of Nasir Shah 425
  13. An account of Barbak Shah 435
  14. An account of Yusuf Shah 436
  15. An account of Sikandar Shah 436
  16. An account of Fath Shah 437
  17. An account of Barbak Shah 438
  18. An account of Firuz Shah 439
  19. An account of Mahmud Shah 440
  20. An account of Muzaffar Shah Habshi 441
  21. An account of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din 442
  22. An account of Nasib Shah 444
SECTION VII. THE SECTION ABOUT THE SHARQI SULTANS 446
  1. An account of Sultan-ush-sharq 447
  2. An account of Mubarak Shah Sharqi 448
  3. An account of Sultan Ibrahim Sharqi 449
  4. An account of Sultan Mahmud, son of Ibrahim Sharqi 453
  5. An account of Sultan Mahmud Shah, son of Mahmud Shah 459
  6. An account of Sultan Hussain, son of Mahmud Shah 459
(PART II.)
 
SECTION VIII. THE SECTION ABOUT THE SULTANS OF MALWA 465
  1. An account of Dilawar Khan Ghuri 467
  2. An account of Sultan Hushang, son of Dilawar Khan 468
  3. An account of Muhammad Shah, son of Hushang Shah Ghuri 491
  4. An account of Sultan Mahmud Khalji 497
  5. An account of Sultan Ghiyath-ud-din, son of Sultan Mahmud Khalji 543
  6. An account of Sultan Nasir-ud-din 553
  7. An account of Sultan Mahmud Shah, son of Nasir Shah 574
  8. An account of the rule of Sultan Bahadur 615
  9. An account of the rule of the deputies of His Majesty Jinnat
Ashiani, Muhammad Humayun Badshah
616
  10. An account of Mallu Khan, Qadir Shah 617
  11. An account of Shuja' Khan 621
  12. An account of Baz Bahadur, son of Shuja' Khan 628
SECTION IX. THE SECTION ABOUT THE SULTANS OF KASHMIR 632
  1. An account of Sultan Shams-ud-din 636
  2. An account of Sultan Jamshid, son of Sultan Shams-ud-din 637
  3. An account of Sultan 'Ala-ud-din 639
  4. An account of Sultan Shihab-ud-din, son of Sultan Shams-ud-din 640
  5. An account of Sultan Qutb-ud-din, sons of Shams-ud-din 642
  6. An account of Sultan Sikandar, the Iconoclast, the son of
Qutb-ud-din, the son of Shams-ud-din, who had the name of Sikar
644
  7. An account of Sultan 'Ali Shah, son of Sultan Sikandar Butshikan,
who had the name of Miran Khan
650
  8. An account of Sultan Zain-ul-'Abidin, son of Sultan Sikandar
Butshikan, which is another name for Shahi Khan
652
  9. An account of Sultan Haidar Shah, son of Sultan Zain-ul-'Abidin,
who had the name of Haji Khan
672
  10. An account of Sultan Hasan, son of Haji Khan Haidar Shah 675
  11. An account of Sultan Muhammad Shah, son of Sultan Hasan Shah 682
  12. An account of Sultan Fath Shah, which is another name for Fath Khan 689
  13. An account of Sultan Ibrahim Shah, son of Muhammad Shah 696
  14. An account of Nazuk Shah, son of Fath Shah 698
  15. An account of Sultan Shams-ud-din, son of Sultan Muhammad Shah 706
  16. An account of the rule of Mirza Haidar 707
  17. An account of Nazuk Shah 719
  18. An account of Ibrahim Shah, son of Muhammad Shah, who was
the brother of Nazuk Shah
725
  19. An account of Isma-il Shah, brother of Ibrahim Shah 729
  20. An account of Habib Shah, son of Isma-il Shah 730
  21. An account of the rule of Ghazi Khan 737
  22. An account of Husain Khan, brother of Ghazi Khan 740
  23. An account of 'Ali Shah, brother of Husain 747
  24. An account of Yusuf Khan, son of 'Ali Shah 752
SECTION X. THE SECTION ABOUT THE RULERS OF SIND 761
  1. An account of the Government of Jam Anar 773
  2. Jam Junan 773
  3. An account of Jam Malitha, son of Jam Anar 774
  4. An account of the Government of Jam Tamachi 774
  5. Jam Salah-ud-din 775
  6. Jam Nizam-ud-din, son of Salah-ud-din 775
  7. Jam 'Ali Sher 775
  8. Jam Karn, son of Jam Tamachi 776
  9. Jam Fath Khan, son of Sikandar Khan 776
  10. Jam Tughlaq, son of Sikandar Khan 777
  11. Jam Mubarak 777
  12. Jam Iskandar, son of Jam Fath Khan, son of Sikandar Khan 777
  13. Jam Sanjar 778
  14. Jam Nizam-ud-din, who is known as Jam Nanda 778
  15. An account of the Government of Jam Firuz 779
  16. An account of Shah Beg Arghun 781
  17. An account of Shah Husain 783
  18. An account of Mirza 'Isa Tarkhan 784
  19. An account of Mirza Muhammad Baqi, son of Mirza Isa Tarkhan 785
  20. An account of Mirza Jani Beg 786
  21. An account of Sultan Mahmud 786
SECTION XI. AS ACCOUNT OF THE DYNASTY OF THE SULTANS OF MULTAN 787
  1. An account of Shaikh Yusuf 788
  2. An account of Sultan Qutb-ud-din Lankah 790
  3. An account of Sultan Husain, son of Sultan Qutb-ud-din 791
  4. An account of Sultan Firuz 798
  5. An account of Sultan Mahmud, son of Sultan Firuz 800
  6. An account of Sultan Husain, son of Sultan Mahmud 806
BIBLIOGRAPHY 813
(PART III.)
 
INDEX 817

 

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