The present book endeavours to integrate different sub-divisions of Rachana Sharira
(anatomy) to enable students of anatomy to learn all the relevant aspects of a topic like
Marma Shariram , Kala Shariram, Kostha Shariram and Garbha Shariram.
Knowledge of gross anatomy is one of the pillars of a sound medical curriculum. In the
present textbook, enough anatomical knowledge has been included so that essential
information is retained. Anatomy should be taught with clinical emphasis, as it is
fundamental to clinical practice. It also makes anatomy interesting, easy to understand
I do hope that because of its good colour photographs, correlation with modern anatomy,
emphasis on applied anatomy and multiple questions of Rachana Sharira this book will be
useful to students of B.A.M.S.
Dr. P. K. Moharana is presently working as Reader in Sri Jayendra
Saraswathi Ayurveda College & Hospital, Chennai-602103. He did
oh his B.A.M.S. from Govt. Ayurveda College, Bolangir, Orissa in 1997
and ranked first in the batch. Later he completed M.D. from I.P.G.A.E.
&R. at S.V.S.P. Hospital, Kolkata in 2000 and again stood first in the
Dr. P. K. Moharana has presented papers in four international and fourteen national
seminars. He has dissected 27 cadavers till now. He is having sound knowledge in both
Ayurveda as well as modern medicine.
Study of anatomy in the curriculum of B.A.M.S has always been a
controversial point of discussion. The Western method of analysing the
structure is very well estalished in the form of anatomy and it is accepted
all over the world.
This methodology of studying the body in the physical plane may
not always find parallel in the ayurvedic system. It results in giving a lot
of contradictions for the sincere students who are eager to know the
exact structure of the body.
Here is an attempt by Dr.P.K.Moharana to clarify the areas to be
stressed from ayuvedic point of view as well as from western point of
It is also written according to the prescribed syllabus of Rachana
Shareera, so that, it will help the students to prepare themselves for
examination and also it will be helpful for better understanding of
physical structures from different angles of observations.
Over the years, while teaching the students of rachana shareera, myself,
along with many of my colleagues, shared the views of an absolute dearth of a
single comprehensive text book of rachana shareera worth mentioning to
prescribe to the students.
Being constantly insisted and hard pressed by my beloved students, I
ultimately decided to write a compact, comprehensive syllabus wise and
practically oriented text book of rachana shareera. It is an attempt to supply
the students a comparatively easy technique to remember rachana shareera
along with some multiple questions, which will be useful for the examination
and for the higher study. The aim being to emphasize the simplicities rather
than complexities. The book is written in a clear and concise language and in
author’s own style, which holds the reader’s interest. Extensive illustrations,
flow charts (schemes) and diagrams have been used as and where needed to
add lucidity and clarity to the subject and to emphasize the practical nature of
Although the book has been written primarily for the undergraduates, it
should also prove to be useful to the students ‘Of other system of medicine,
those aspiring for getting the sound knowledge of AYURVEDA. I, however,
do not consider this book to be an ideal one but a humble attempt has been
made to remove the bottlenecks, as far as possible, of the books available to
the students at present.
Very little of what is worthwhile in this book could have been brought
to publication without the generous co-operation, advice and assistance of
many of my colleagues, seniors, juniors, and students.
The author wishes to acknowledge with gratitude Dr. K.T.Jayakrishnan,
Principal for his sincere help.
I am thankful to Dr. B.C. Jana, J.B.Roy state, Ayurveda College Kolkata — 4
reader, dept of rachana sharira for sincere advice.
I wish to thank Dr. B. N. Mishra, Dr. S. K Brahma, for their sincere
advice and co-operation.
I express my sincere thanks to Dr. S. Rout, Dr .C. R. Das, Dr,S.K
Meher, Dr.Panda, Dr.Vasu, Dr. Rajasekar, Dr.Sai prasad, Dr. V.Reddy,
Dr.N.Reddy, Dr.Ramdas, Dr.Prameela, Dr.Sudir, Dr.Geetha kumar, Dr.Maya
Devi, Dr.Savitri, Dr.Veugopal, Dr.P.R.Swaminathan, Dr.S.Swaminathan,
Dr.Karunakaran , Dr.B.Reddy, Dr.S.Kutty, Mrs. E.M Balamani, Smt. G.
Gayathri, Smt. S. Usha, Sri. M. G. Sudhakar for their sincere co-operation and
I have much pleasure in expressing my cordial appreciation to the
students of sir Jayendra Saraswathi Ayurveda College.
In preparing a textbook like this I have utilized the knowledge of a
number of stalwarts in my profession and consulted many books and
publications. I wish to express my appreciation and gratitude to all of them
including the related authors and publishers.
I have much pleasure in expressing my grateful thanks to
Dr.I.P.Badapanda, Dr.L.N.Maity, Dr.B.P.Shaw, Dr.P.C.Tripathi, not only for
their valuable suggestions to built my carrier and for their constructive
criticism as and when sought for.
I express my sincere gratitude to Dr. Mohan Alva, Chairman, Dr. S.
Negalaguli, Principal, Dr. L. Upadhyaya, Asst Professor of Alva’s Ayurveda
I express my heartful thanks to Dr. N. Jaysankaran, Vice Chancellor,
Dr. Krishnamurthy, Dean, Dr. Bhaskaran, Registrar, Dr.Nagalakshmi COE of
‘Sri. Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi Vishwa Mahavidyalaya, and Deemed
I wish to thank Sridar.G, Santhosh Kumari, H.Meera, L.Sakthi Balan,
Paritosh Bhatt, A.Abhishek, V.H.Prathyusha, and V.Sathya for the preparation
of the text and the photographs depicted in this book.
To my wife Suneeta and daughter Prateeksha without whose love,
support and encouragement, I could ever been able to complete this book.
The human body is one of the most sophisticated of all creations. There are various
parts that together, make up the body, as a whole. Each of these components
performs a specific function. Inspite of being made up of such diverse parts, the body
operates as a single entity. All the structures of the body are interdependent and they
co-ordinate and correspond with each other in order to maintain a condition of
normalcy in the body. For example, any stimulus perceived by the sensory organs
reaches the brain through the corresponding axons and neurons and similarly the
brain responds to the stimulus, sending the necessary impulse to the organ that has
perceived the stimulus. Accordingly the organ functions and responds to the external
stimulus. This communication is possible through the nervous system. Similarly in
the cardiovascular system also blood, lymph etc. serve as means of communication
within different parts of the body. This kind of integrity is the base for existence.
Once this co-ordination is lost, the internal atmosphere of the body also gets
disturbed and this leads to the condition of " dis-ease". Similarly, even to make the
slightest movement, the bones, muscles, nerve fibers, tendons etc. of that particular
part must function properly in an integrated manner. Otherwise, movement becomes
quite difficult in that part of the body. Hence the proper functioning of the body
depends upon the proper co-ordination between the structures that constitute the
body. This is why, generally, the normalcy of any structure is inferred from its
normal functioning. Any condition wherein there is damage to the structure is always
accompanied by a loss of function of that particular part and vice versa. Hence, the
condition of the body is always presented in terms of its functions. When a condition
of disease sets in, the normal functioning of the body gets impaired, which ts
suggestive of structural derangement at some level in the body. Thus structure has an
inseparable relation with its function and forms a base or substratum for its function
to exist in it. To understand the body in its totality, both these aspects of structure
and function must be analyzed thoroughly.
Hence, life science has been divided into two main branches namely Anatomy and
Physiology. These branches deal with the structure and its function respectively.
These two provide the foundation for understanding the body parts and functions.
Anatomy (anatome = to cut up) is the study of the structure and relationships among
the structures. Although anatomy was first studied by dissection of cadavers, many
other techniques now contribute for the advancement of the anatomical knowledge.
While anatomy deals with structures of the body. physiology deals with the functions
of the body parts, that is, how they work.
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