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THE USE AND ABUSE OF NATURE: Incorporating This Fissured Land (An Ecological History of India) and Ecology and Equity

THE USE AND ABUSE OF NATURE: Incorporating This Fissured Land (An Ecological History of India) and Ecology and Equity
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Item Code: IDF962
Author: MADHAV GADGIL & RAMACHANDRA GUHA
Publisher: Oxford University Press, New Delhi
Language: English
Edition: 2005
ISBN: 0195671988
Pages: 242 (B & W Illus: 25, Figures: 10)
Cover: Paperback
Other Details: 8.4" X 5.4"
weight of the book: 567 gms
About the Book:

This omnibus brings together two books that history. The first book, This Fissured Land, presents an interpretative ecological history of the sun-continent. It offers a theory of ecological prudence and profligacy, testing this theory across the wide sweep of South Asian history. The second book, Ecology and Equity, is a spirited intervention into the environment- development debate. The authors offer an innovative agenda for environmental and social renewal. Both books have attracted much attracted much attention, within the academic community as well as outside it. The Use and abuse of Nature is required reading for those interested in South Asian Politics, history and environmental Studies.

About The Author:

Madhav Gadgil is professor of Ecological Sciences at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

Ramachandra Guha is one of India's best-known historians, a fulltime author and columnist. He has taught at Yale University, the Indian Institute of Science and the University of California at Berkeley, where he was the Indo-American Community Chair professor in 1997 and 1998.

Gadgil and Guha have put together a remarkable book…a must for those involved in the problems of India its provocative style stirs the cauldron of conflicts""

…a breath of Fresh air …easy, engrossing reading…scholarship laced with a strong sense of commitment.

'The book is a must for every concerned omnivore.'
Divyabhanusinh, Outlook

CONTENTS

Acknowledgementsxiii
prologue: Prudence and Profligacy1
PART ONE: A THEORY OF ECOLOGICAL HISTORY9
1Habitats in Human History11
Modes of Production and Modes of Resource Use11
Four Historical Modes14
Gathering15
Simple Rules of Thumb23
Pastoralism27
Settled Cultivation30
The Industrial Mode39
Conflict Between and Within Modes53
Intra-Modal Conflict57
Recapitulation64
Appendix: Note on Population67

PART TWO: TOWARDS A CULTURAL ECOLOGY OF PRE-MODERN INDIA69
2Forest and Fire71
Geological History71
Prudent Predators72
Neolithic Revolution76
River-valley Civilizations77
Social Organization82
The Age of Empires85
Conservation87
3Casteand Conservation91
Resource Crunch91
Conservation from Below93
An Eclectic Belief System103
The Village and the State106
Conclusion109
Geological History71
PART THREE: ECOLOGICAL CHANGE AND SOCIAL CONFLICT IN MODERN INDIA

4Conquest and Control113
Colonialism as an Ecological Watershed116
The Early Onslaught on Forests118
An Early Environment Debate123
Forest Policy Upto 1947134
The Balance Sheet of Colonial Forestry140
5The Fight for the Forest146
Hunter-gatherers: The Decline Towards Extinction148
The 'Problem' ofShifting Cultivation150
Settled Cultivators and the State158
Everyday Forms of Resistance: The Case of Jaunsar Bawar164
The Decline of the Artisanal Industry171
Conclusion: theSocial Idiom of Protest174
The Mechanisms of Protest177
6Biomass for Business181
Two Versions of Progress : Gandhi and the Modernizers181
forests and Industrialization : Four Stages 185
The Balance Sheet of Industrial Forestry193
Sequential Exploitation: A Process Whereby a whole Flock of Geese Laying Golden Eggs is Massacred One by One 197
The Profligacy of Scientific207
7Competing Claims on the Commons215
Hunter-gatherers217
The Continuing ' Problem' of Shifting Cultivation218
The Changing Ecology of Settled Agriculture221
Claiming a Share of the Profits229
Wild Life Conservation: Animals Versus Humans232
8Cultures in Conflict239
Bibligraphy247
Index267

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