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Welding The Plural Society of India The Nanda Maurya Experiment

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Welding The Plural Society of India The Nanda Maurya Experiment
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Item Code: NAJ856
Author: Meghna Goyal
Publisher: Kusumanjali Book World, Jodhpur
Language: English
Edition: 2013
Pages: 96
Cover: Paperback
Other Details: 8.5 inch X 5.5 inch
weight of the book: 150 gms
About The Book

For the empire-builders of the Nanda-Maurya period the problems of welding the plural society in India were simply immense. The first step taken to solve them was a sort of politico- military surgery when Mahapadma Nanda uprooted by force the numerous Vedic Kshatriya dynasties who were ruling over almost the whole of the country. His surgical operation for simplifying the political map of the country was comparable to what Alexander did in the north-western part of the Jambudvipa only a few years later. The work of Mahapadma Nanda and Alexander taken together paved the way for the establishment of an all- India empire under the aegis of the Mauryas who raised the superstructure of an imperial edifice comprising almost the whole of the Jambudvipa and also took numerous steps for promoting the policy of religious toleration and inculcating respect for all sects-s-a policy which was so necessary in the plural society of India. Miss Meghna Goyal, the author of the present work, incorporates in her work, incorporates in her work the results of the latest discoveries and researches into an integrated Pattern. We sincerely hope that the present work will be found useful by researchers, teachers and students of ancient Indian history.

About The Auhor

Miss Meghna Goyal, the author of the present work, earned first division with distinction marks from the Secondary examination to M.A. She secured fourth position in Rajasthan state, also standing first among girl candidates in her Higher Secondary Examination (2004). In B.A. (2007) and M.A. (2009) she won gold medals along with distinction marks from the Jai Narain Vyas University Jodhpur. She did Certificate and Diploma courses in French language, standing first class first with distinction in both (2008-09). She has also cleared NET (June 2011). Several of her research papers and contributions have been published in reputed national journals and research monographs. Presently Miss Goyal is working for doctorate degree in her alma mater.

Preface

For the empire-builders of the Nanda-Maurya period the problems of welding the plural society in India were simply immense. The first step taken to solve them was a sort of politico- military surgery when Mahapadma Nanda uprooted by force the numerous Vedic Kshatriya dynasties who were ruling over almost the whole of the country. His surgical operation for simplifying the political map of the country was comparable to what Alexander did in the north-western part of the Jambudvipa only a few years later. The work of Mahapadma Nanda and Alexander taken together paved the way for the establishment of an all- India empire under the aegis of the Mauryas who raised the superstructure of an imperial edifice comprising almost the whole of the Jambudvipa and also took numerous steps for promoting the policy of religious toleration and inculcating respect for all sects-s-a policy which was so necessary in the plural society of India.

While preparing this volume I have tried to incorporate in it the results of the latest discoveries and researches and analyse and synthesise them with my own researches into an integrated pattern. I sincerely hope that the present work will be found useful by researchers, teachers and students of ancient Indian history. For its shortcomings I seek their indulgence and request them to send their suggestions for its improvement.

Contents

Prefacevii
I.Administering a Plural SocietyI-33
1The Plural Nature of Indian Society and Requirements for Administering Such a Society: Emergence of a Centralized Administration in the Nanda - Maurya Age1
2Administration as a Means for Promoting Internal Cohesion in the Plural Maurya Society: King as the Symbol and Promoter of Unity6
3Ministers and High Officials10
4Organization and Administration of the Provinces14
5Urban Administration19
6Administration of Armed Forces21
7The Nanda-Maurya Civil Service23
8Further Tests for Different Jobs27
9Gradation and Classification of Officers28
10Salaries and Service Conditions of High Officers30
11Shortcomings of Maurya Administrative System32
12Impact of Persian Model32
13Achievements of Maurya Administrative System
II.The Role of Asoka's Dhamma and Dhammavijaya in Welding the Plural Indian Society34-80
1The Background of the Imperial Unity34
2The Claims of Legitimacy for the Nanda -Maurya Rule36
3The Intellectual and Religious Background37
4Struggle between Vedic Brahmanism and Heterodox Sects in the Nanda - Maurya Period40
5Orthodox Brahmanism41
6Asoka's Attitude to Buddhism45
7Nature of Asoka's Dhamma47
8Asoka's Dhamma as a Practical Code of Conduct48
9The Policy of Dhamma55
10Dhamma as a Part of the Scheme for Unifying the Divergent Groups of Indian Population56
11Recent Interpretations of Asoka's Dhamma59
12Evidence of the Rock Edicts on Asoka's Dhamma62
13Evidence of the Pillar Edicts69
14The Bhabru Edict71
15Asoka's Concept of Dhammavijaya : How Different was it from the Brahrnanical Ideal of Dharmavijaya?71
16Public Welfare Measures and Inculcation of Virtuous Living as Factors in the Emotional Unity of the Empire76
17Conclusion80
Select Bibliography81-84
Index85

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