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About the Book Every country has its great men and women who serve the country and who are responsible to some extent for taking their country to greater heights. India honours such people with the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award bestowed by the country for exceptional service towards advancement of art, literature and science, and in recognition of public service of the highest order. This book covers the forty-six luminaries from various walks of life who are consider...

About the Book

Every country has its great men and women who serve the country and who are responsible to some extent for taking their country to greater heights. India honours such people with the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award bestowed by the country for exceptional service towards advancement of art, literature and science, and in recognition of public service of the highest order.

This book covers the forty-six luminaries from various walks of life who are considered Bharat Ratnas or Gems of India and highlights their illustrious deeds. What made them special and worthy of the country's highest honour and why are they considered Gems of the Nation? One will find the answers to such questions in this book.

About the Author

Wg Cdr DP Sabharwal is a post-graduate III Aeronautical Engineering. He had a distinguished career spanning twenty-five years in the Indian Air Force. He took premature retirement to pursue a career of teaching and writing. He has published twelve books on aviation related subjects.

Preface

India's highest award, the Bharat Ratna, which roughly translates as the 'Gem of India' is conferred for the highest degrees of national service that includes artistic, literary, and scientific achievements, as well as 'recognition of public service of the highest order'. Unlike knights, holders of the Bharat Ratna carry neither special title nor any other honorifics, but they do have a place in the order of precedence.

The order was established by Dr Rajendra Prasad, President of India, on 2 January 1954. The original statutes of January 1954 did not make allowance for posthumous awards, which perhaps explains why the decoration was never awarded to Mahatma Gandhi. This provision was added in the January 1955 statute. Subsequently, there have been eleven posthumous awards, including the award to Subhash Chandra Bose in 1992, which was later withdrawn due to a legal technicality following the controversy about whether he is dead or still alive, and is the only case of an award being withdrawn.

While there was no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens, this seems to have been the general assumption. There has been one award to a naturalized Indian citizen: Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, better known as Mother Teresa and two to non-Indians, namely Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Nelson Mandela. Beginning with 1954 when the award was given to three personalities, so far forty-six Bharat Ratnas have been awarded, the last ones being in 2015. The subsequent pages briefly highlight the achievements of these great personalities.

Contents

1 S. Radhakrishnan 1
2 C. Rajagopalchari 4
3 Dr C.V. Raman 7
4 Dr Bhagwan Das 10
5 Sir M. Visvesvaraya 13
6 Jawaharlal Nehru 17
7 Govind Ballabh Pant 19
8 Dr Dhondo Keshav Karve 22
9 Dr B.C. Roy 25
10 Purushottam Das Tandon 28
11 Dr Rajendra Prasad 31
12 Dr Zakir Hussain 34
13 Dr Pandurang Vaman Kane 37
14 Lal Bahadur Shastri 40
15 Indira Gandhi 43
16 v. v Giri 46
17 K. Kamaraj 49
18 Mother Teresa 52
19 Acharya Vinoba Bhave 55
20 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan 58
21 M.G. Ramachandran 61
22 Dr B.R. Ambedkar 64
23 Nelson Mandela 67
24 Rajiv Gandhi 70
25 Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 73
26 Morarji Desai 76
27 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad 79
28 .JRD Tata 82
29 Satyajit Ray 85
30 Subhash Chandra Bose 88
31 APJ Abdul Kalam 91
32 Gulzarilal Nanda 94
33 Aruna Asaf Ali 97
34 M.S. Subbulakshmi 100
35 C. Subramaniam 103
36 Jayaprakash Narayan 106
37 Pandit Ravi Shankar 109
38 Dr Amartya Kumar Sen 112
39 Gopinath Bordoloi 115
40 Lata Mangeshkar 118
41 Ustad Bismillah Khan 121
42 Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi 124
43 CNR Rao 127
44 Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar 130
45 Madan Mohan Malaviya 133
46 Atal Bihari Vajpayee 136

Sample Pages





Item Code: NAP537 Cover: Paperback Edition: 2018 Publisher: Rupa Publication Pvt. Ltd ISBN: 9788129144997 Language: English Size: 8.5 inch X 5.5 inch Pages: 145 (Throughout B/W Illustrations) Other Details: Weight of the Book: 165 gms
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