BooksPhilosophyBhavanav...

Bhavanaviveka - Mandana Misras Distinction of Activity (An old and Rare Book)

Description Read Full Description
About the Book Purvamimariisa, alongwith Nyaya and Vyakarana, deals with the philosophy of language in India. Purvamimathsa was the first system to undertake the analysis of sentence and its meaning on a scientific basis. It has greatly contributed to the development of linguistics, especially to semantics in India by proposing various theories of meaning. Also, advent of Prabhakara and Bhatta Schools brought a revolutionary change in the analysis of sentence and its meaning by int...

About the Book

Purvamimariisa, alongwith Nyaya and Vyakarana, deals with the philosophy of language in India. Purvamimathsa was the first system to undertake the analysis of sentence and its meaning on a scientific basis. It has greatly contributed to the development of linguistics, especially to semantics in India by proposing various theories of meaning. Also, advent of Prabhakara and Bhatta Schools brought a revolutionary change in the analysis of sentence and its meaning by introducing anvitabhidhanavada and abhihitanvayavada etc. And 'Distinction of the activity' BhAvanaviveka establishes the activity, nucleus of sentence meaning, to be a distinct entity from the actions expressedby the verbal roots by refuting Badari's concept of niyoga and Prabhakara's concept of aparva.

This work provides a comprehensive account of Manclana's analysis of the nature and the status of the accomplishing activity (bheivana, which constitutes the very heart of the Minarina system of Indian philosophy. Also, this work provides Niyogavadin's and grammarian's arguments against the necessity of the acceptance of the activity, and Bhavanavadin's answers to the Niyogavadin's arguments. To facilitate the understanding of the intricacies of Manclana's distinction of the activity, Mariclana's Bhavanaviveka has been fully translated with extensive annotations and original Sanskrit text. Thus, this edition is useful for both the scholars and students of Indian Philosophy of Language in general and those of Bhatta doctrine of sentence-meaning in particular.

About the Author

The author of this work, Dr. V.P. Bhatta, received both traditional and formal education (Vidvat, Maharaja Sanskrit College, Mysore, 1%9, Vidyavaridhi, Sampurnananda Sanskrit University, Banaras, 1972, M.A. and Ph. D UC. Berkeley, Calif. U.S.A. 1974-1980), and is presently working as an Assistant Editor, Sanskrit Dictionary, Deccan Colley., Pune. While his translation of Vyutpattivada, and Epistemology, logic and Grammar (two volumes) have been published, he is presently engaged in the finalization of the Press draft of his ambitious work, Gadadhara's theory of expressive power of words gaktivada, with introduction and translation with notes.

Preface

Jaimini's ritualism (Purvamimamsa), along with gram-mar (Vyakarana) and logic (Nyaya), has made the most significant contribution to the development of the philosophy of language in India. Purvamimarhsa was primarily concerned with the investigation of the nature of Dharma and therefore, with the analysis of the Vedic and non-Vedic statements.

However, the advent of Prabhakara and Bhatta srilerfis gave a new thrust to the linguistic activities of the ritualists and scholars like Prabhakara Migra, Kurrffrila Bhatta, Mandana Migra and Khandadeva composed several works on the analysis of sentence and its meaning. The ritualists dealt with the words and the comprehension of the syntac-tico-semantical relations, i.e. the sentence-meaning, in general, and they dealt with the nature of optative and other injunctive statements and the comprehension of the syntac-tico-semantical relations involved in such statements in particular. However, the question is 'what do optative and other finite forms of verbs such as 'he cooks' (pacati) ,'he should offer' (yajeta) etc. express ? Do they express only an action such as 'cooking' or 'offering' or do they express an activity that accomplishes/produces an effect such as 'be-coming sort' or 'heaven' in addition to, i.e. as distinct from, such actions as well ? Also, suppose the finite forms of verbs do express the activity, in addition to the verbal actions, then how do the same verbal actions function, i.e. do they function as the means of the accomplishment of the effects or do they function as the effects/grammatical objects by themselves ? Further, the question is 'suppose the finite verbs do express both the activity and the action, then what element in the finite verb, i.e. the base or the ending, expresses .the accomplishing/productive activity and what element expresses the action ?

These and other questions, which are relevant even today, for the Philosophers of language and also for the linguists, have dominated the minds of the ritualists and also the grammarians since the ancient times in India. The Prabhakaras, who followed the early school of Badari, have maintained that the finite forms of verbs express only an action such as cooking or offering. However, the Bhattas, who followed the later school of Jaimini, have developed the concept of the 'word-efficient-force' (gabdibhavana) to explain the motivation for the listener to undertake an action after listening to an injunction (Vedic or non-Vedic); and the 'end-efficient-force' (arthi bhavani) to explain the accomplishment of an effect such as becoming soft or heaven.

On the other hand, Mandana Mira has modified the Bhatta concept of the word-efficient-force into the theory of the knowledge that the Vedic rites are beneficial means to the accomplishment of the desired effect is (asadhanattiyana), and also modified the Bhatta concept of the end-efficient-force into the effect-productive/accomplishing activity (bhavana). According to him, the accomplishing activity needs to be assumed, since the effects such as becoming soft or heaven need an accomplishing activity to accomplish them. Also, according to him, the accomplishing activity needs to be distinguished from the actions expressed by the verbal roots, since the same actions function merely as the means of the accomplishment of the effects/grammatical objects by themselves. Further, Mandana has held that in the static or intransitive usages 'he is/becomes' (asti/bhavati), where there is no separate effect to be accomplished, the actions, expressed by the verbal roots, themselves function as the effects/objects to be accomplished through the activity. Thus, the concept of the accomplishing activity (bhapana) constitutes the heart of the Mimanisa analysis of sentence and its meaning.

Bhavanaviveka, or 'The distinction of the activity' is the most important book on the topic of the effect-ac-accomplishing (producing) activity in the Bhatta system of Mimamsa. It is divided into two parts, viz. Purvapaka and Siddhanta. Mandana gives a detailed account of the arguments of the Niyogavadins against the necessity of accepting the accomplishing activity in the Purvapaksa; whereas he gives the account of his own refutations of the Purvapaksin's argument, and then establishes the accomplishing activity as the distinct meaning of the verbal ending in the Siddhanta.

Mandana, and his followers hold that the accomplishing activity is the chief qualify and (nucleous) of all the syntactico — semantically relations in the analysis of the sentence-meaning, i.e. verbal cognition. To facilitate the understanding of such an epistemological and linguistic aspect of the activity, I have provided a brief account of the analysis of sentence and its meaning according to the ritualists in the General Introduction. Further, to substantiate the theory of the distinction of the activity, I have translated Bhavanaviveka of Mandana Mira into English with notes. I hope the translation with notes along with the introduction would provide adequate help to the readers in the understanding of Manciana's theory of the distinction of the activity.

I would like to express my deep gratitude and regards to my teachers : Dr. N.S. Ramanujatatacharya, Vice-Chan-cellor, K.S. Vidyapeetha, Tirupati, Vidwan Shri Ramab-hadracharya and Vidwan Shri Archaka Venkannacharya, both retired Professors, Maharaja Sanskrit College, Mysore, who have taught me Nyaya and mimamsa and initiated me into research.

Contents

i Preface 1
ii General Introduction 4
iii Exposition of Mandana Migra's Distinction of the Activity 26
iv English Translation of Bhavanaviveka with notes : Purvapaksa  
  Purvapaksa 58
  Siddhanta 156
V Original Sanskrit text of Bhavanaviveka 273
Vi Bibliography 298
vii Select Glossarial Index 301

 






Item Code: NAP387 Author: Dr. V. P. Bhatta Cover: Hardcover Edition: 1994 Publisher: Eastern Book Linkers Language: English Size: 8.5 inch X 5.5 inch Pages: 312 Other Details: Weight of the Book: 455 gms
Price: $35.00
Shipping Free
Viewed 352 times since 26th Dec, 2018
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to Bhavanaviveka - Mandana Misras Distinction of Activity (An old and... (Philosophy | Books)

विधिविवेक: Vidhi Viveka of Mandan Mishra (Dharmashastra) - An Old and Rare Book
Sphotasiddhi of Mandana Misra - A Rare Book
विभ्रमविवेकः Vibhrama Viveka of Sri Mandna Misra
The Vakyartha-Matrka of Salikanatha Misra with His Own Vrtti
The Vedic Sacrifice In Transition (A Translation and Study of The Trikandamandana of Bhaskara Misra) - A Rare Book
Rtu in Sanskrit Literature
रामायण ककविन (संस्कृत एवम् हिन्दी अनुवाद) - Ramayana Kakavin of Mahakavi Yogisvara
भवभूति की काव्यभाषा का शैली (रीति) वैज्ञानिक अध्ययन Stylistic Study of Bhavabhuti's Poetic Language
वामनमहापुराणविषयानुक्रमकोश: Subject Index of Vamana Purana
संस्कृत साहित्य सुधा: Sanskrit Sahitya Sudha (An Old and Rare Book)
Samskrta Sahitya Sudha (A Source Book of Sanskrit Literature)
Katyayana Srauta Sutra (With the Commentary of Karka) (Two Volumes in Sanskrit Only)
BHASKARI (Three Volumes)
Panini Katyayana and Patanjali
त्रिस्थलीसेतु, तीर्थेन्दुशेखर, काशीमोक्षाविचार: Tristhalisetu, Tirthendusekhara, Kasi Moksa Vicara
Testimonials
I have always been delighted with your excellent service and variety of items.
James, USA
I've been happy with prior purchases from this site!
Priya, USA
Thank you. You are providing an excellent and unique service.
Thiru, UK
Thank You very much for this wonderful opportunity for helping people to acquire the spiritual treasures of Hinduism at such an affordable price.
Ramakrishna, Australia
I really LOVE you! Wonderful selections, prices and service. Thank you!
Tina, USA
This is to inform you that the shipment of my order has arrived in perfect condition. The actual shipment took only less than two weeks, which is quite good seen the circumstances. I waited with my response until now since the Buddha statue was a present that I handed over just recently. The Medicine Buddha was meant for a lady who is active in the healing business and the statue was just the right thing for her. I downloaded the respective mantras and chants so that she can work with the benefits of the spiritual meanings of the statue and the mantras. She is really delighted and immediately fell in love with the beautiful statue. I am most grateful to you for having provided this wonderful work of art. We both have a strong relationship with Buddhism and know to appreciate the valuable spiritual power of this way of thinking. So thank you very much again and I am sure that I will come back again.
Bernd, Spain
You have the best selection of Hindu religous art and books and excellent service.i AM THANKFUL FOR BOTH.
Michael, USA
I am very happy with your service, and have now added a web page recommending you for those interested in Vedic astrology books: https://www.learnastrologyfree.com/vedicbooks.htm Many blessings to you.
Hank, USA
As usual I love your merchandise!!!
Anthea, USA
You have a fine selection of books on Hindu and Buddhist philosophy.
Walter, USA