CHURCHES OF GOA

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About the Book: This book is part of the Monumental Legacy series, aimed at giving a brief and accurate introduction to the world Heritage (Culture) Sites in India. The Series in addressed to the general reader but is also of use to scholars interested in the history of the site. Goa's churches, Roman in scale, are the finest Neo-Roman monuments found in Asia. This book establishes Goa's cultural individuality, the basis for the distinctive character of the Goan church...

About the Book:

This book is part of the Monumental Legacy series, aimed at giving a brief and accurate introduction to the world Heritage (Culture) Sites in India. The Series in addressed to the general reader but is also of use to scholars interested in the history of the site.

Goa's churches, Roman in scale, are the finest Neo-Roman monuments found in Asia. This book

  • establishes Goa's cultural individuality, the basis for the distinctive character of the Goan church.
  • describes the basic style of the Neo-Roman church specified by the five orders of classical architecture and lists the Goan church plans in vogue.
  • gives a detailed account of nine churches as examples of Goan architecture, which either closely follow European models in idiom and style, or subject European forms to an Indian aesthetic.

Richly Illustrated with maps and line drawings, the book will be of immense value to students of architectural history and the informed tourist interested in Goa and its culture.

About the Author:

Jose Pereira is Professor of Theology, Fordham University, New York

Preface

O fall the lands of Asia, India, which had previously hosted the inter-continental Islamic style of architecture, opened itself to the world's first global style of architecture-one that encompassed all the world's continents-in Goa. This style had sought to restore that of imperial Rome, and can be identified as Nee-Roman. Goa's churches, Roman in scale, are the finest Neo- Roman monuments anywhere in Asia-not excluding the Philippines, the other Asian site of extensive Nee-Roman construction. (However, that storm-struck cluster of islands in the Pacific lacked the Indian millennial tradition of monumental building that had challenged the architects of Goa to build grandly.) We have chosen nine churches as examples of Goan architecture; they either closely follow Eutopean models in idiom and style, or subject European forms to an Indian aesthetic.' These nine monuments are prominent examples of the churches and 'convents' (monasteries and nunnery) which, in 1986, brought recognition to Goa as a world heritage site.

It is with great sadness that I record the demise of my friend George Coelho (1918-99), who was to have been the co-author of this book. My special thanks are due to [oaquim da Costa and Rosario Coelho, to whom this book is dedicated. I am grateful to Paulo Varela Gomes for having brought to my notice an article by Rafael Moreira that identified the architects of Nos sa Senhora da Divina Providencia as Carlo Ferrarini and Francesco Maria Milazzo (and not Francesco Manco, as previously believed). The black and white photographs are by Dharampal Nanda, chief photographer of the American Institute of Indian Studies, Gurgaon, Haryana, and the colour photographs by Adelino Fernandes of Lorenz Photo Group, Margao, Goa.

Contents

List of Illustrations

Preface

ONE: ELEMENTS OF GOA'S INDIVIDUALITY

    Idll to Grandeur to Idyll
    Sacred Imperialism
    Catholic Universalism
    Pioneer Westernization of the Non-Western World

TWO: NEO-ROMAN ARCHITECTURE

    Idiom of Neo-Roman: the Five Orders of Architecture
    Styles of Architecture: Romansque, Gothic and Neo-Roman

THREE: TYPES OF CHURCH AND ALTAR

    Types of Church: Hall Church, Greek Cross-Domed Church, Diminuted Sanctuary Church
    Types of Altar: Iconostasis, Aedicule Retable, Trono

FOUR: EVOLUTION OF CHURCH ARCHITECTURE: FOUR PERIODS

    Implantation of the Neo-Roman Style (1510-50)
    European (1550-1760)
    Maturity of the Indian Style (1660-1760)
    Finale of the Indian and European Styles (1760-1850)

FIVE: EUROPEAN MODELS IN THE METROPOLIS

    The Se, Goa's Cathedral, 1562-1651, in Velha Goa
    Nossa Senhora da Divina Providencia, of S. Caetano Monastery, 1656-61, in Velha Goa

SIX: SEPULCHIRAL SHRINE AND TRAGIC RUIN

    Bom Jesus, 1594-1605, and the Tomb of Xavier, in Velha Goa
    Nossa Senhora da Graca, 1597-1602, and St Augustine's Tower, in Velha Goa

SEVEN: THE INDIAN BAROQUE QUINTET

    Espirito Santo, 1661-8, in Velha Goa
    Espirito Santo, 1675-84, at Margao
    Santana, 1681-95, at Talaulim
    Nossa Senhora da Piedade, 1699-1727, at Divar
    Santo Estevao, 1759, at Jua

Practical Information

Glossary

Further Reading

Sample Page


Item Code: IDD622 Author: JOSE PEREIRA Cover: Paperback Edition: 2003 Publisher: Oxford India Paperbacks ISBN: 0195665414 Language: English Size: 8.5" X 5.5" Pages: 125( Color Illus: 3, B & W Illus: 13, Figure Illus: 26) Other Details: Weight of the Book: 158 gms
Price: $19.50
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