Metre in Sanskrit-A Study with Special Reference to Vrttavartika of Ramapanivada

Description Read Full Description
Foreword I have great pleasure to introduce the present work Metre in Sanskrit -A Study With special Reference to Vrttavartika of Ramapanivada by Dr. K. K. Geethakumary to the world of scholars as the thirtieth book in the Calicut University Sanskrit series. This work substantially represents the Ph.D. thesis of Geethakumary who is currently working as Reader in the Department. The fact that she is one of the former students of our Department gives us a lot of satisfaction and sense of ac...

Foreword

I have great pleasure to introduce the present work Metre in Sanskrit -A Study With special Reference to Vrttavartika of Ramapanivada by Dr. K. K. Geethakumary to the world of scholars as the thirtieth book in the Calicut University Sanskrit series. This work substantially represents the Ph.D. thesis of Geethakumary who is currently working as Reader in the Department. The fact that she is one of the former students of our Department gives us a lot of satisfaction and sense of achievement.

The work, as the title suggests deals with the contribution made to Sanskrit prosody by Ramapanivada, one of the most prolific authors of Kerala through his Vrttavartik. The text is divided into two sections constituting prosodical principles and their illustration respectively. A technique profusely used by Ramapanivada is Prastara, which stands for the elucidation of the possible permutations and combinations within a structured metre. As the scholar informs us the author has designed the second part of the work as a poem entitled Rasakrida constituting the Prastaras of the metre. The present thesis touches upon all the aspects of the metre as exemplified by Ramapanivada.

I am sure that this work will be welcomed as an important addition to the literature on Sanskrit prosody.

Preface

In poetic compositions, rhythm and melody are mainly constituted by the metre employed in them. So metre is an integral part of poetic diction.

Metre has also much relationship with the sentiments that are delineated in poetry. Great poets like Kalidasa and Bhavabhuti have proved this in their works employing different metres for the depiction of various Rasas and Bhavas.

Metre in Sanskrit has a long history from the time of Vedas themselves. Most of the classical metres have developed from the Vedic metres. The folk tradition of India has also influenced much in the various stages of the development of the classical metres in Sanskrit.

Prosodists generally accept that the classical metres are the Prastaras (permutations) of various Vedic metres like Gayatri, Usnik, Brhati and Tristubh. Each metre is having a number of Prastaras among which only very few are accepted and used by poets generally. Thus Anustubh has 256 Prastaras all of which are illustrated by the scholar poet Ramapanivada in a short poem Rasakrida appended to his famous work on Prosody, Vrttavartika. This is a unique feature of Vrttavartika as a work on Prosody.

The present book is a study on the metre in Sanskrit with special reference to Vrttavartika of Ramapanivada studying in detail the rhythmic patterns of the Prastaras of Anustubh exemplified by the author in Rasakrida.

The present book is divided into five chapters. The first chapter deals with Metre in Sanskrit and its nature and function. Second chapter is a general study on Vedic metres. A critical analysis of classical metres is attempted in the third chapter and the fourth is devoted for the critical study on Vrttavartika.

The fifth chapter contains a few concluding remarks conclusion.

I have great pleasure in expressing my deep gratitude to my supervisor, Dr. K.P. Sreedevi, Reader, Department of Sanskrit Sahitya, Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit, Kalady for her expert guidance and ready help at every stage in the preparation of this book.

I am very much obliged to Dr. C.M. Neelakandhan, Reader, Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit, Kalady, Dr. N.V.P. Unithiri, Professor of Sanskrit, Dr. C. Rajendran, Professor and Head of the Department of Sanskrit, Dr. P. Narayanan Namboodiri, Reader, Department of Sanskrit, Calicut University, Or. Kunjunni Raja, Director, Adayar Library, and Research Centre, Madras, and Or. K. Maheswaran Nair, Reader Department of Sanskrit University of Kerala for the help and guidance they have given in finalising the book.

Thanks are also due to my teachers and friends not mentioned before, for the encouragement and help they have given throughout my research work.

Introduction

Ramapanivada is a prolific writer from Kerala, whose versatality of literary creation comprises of almost all branches of Sanskrit learning. He has written Mahakavyas, laghukavyas, different types of Rupakas as well as Sastra works in Vyakarana, Prosody, Dance and Music. Among them, Vrttavartika, a treatise on Prosody, with the short poem Rasakrlqla appended, is a rare work of importance in that field.

In this text the auther defines and illustrates only 72 metres that are being used commonly in classical Sanskrit. He excludes certain patterns like ‘Brhati’ stating that they are devoid of pleasing rhythm. In this respect this work corresponds to Suvrttatilaka of Ksemendra and Srutabodha, attributed to Kalidasa. Rasakrida, a small poem in four chapters, appended to Vrttavartika is another unique feature of this work. All the 256 Prastaras of Anustubh are illustrated in due order through this poem by the author.

In the present work Dr. K.K. Geethakumary tries to analyse all these specific features of Vrttavartika. She presents an indepth study of the metres in Sanskrit from Vedic to the classical period. Through this study she elucidates the fact that in syllabic metres also the basic principle underlying rhythm is the unit of Matras in them, not the unit of letters in ‘trio’ (gana). So in order to understand their aesthetic sensibility, the syllabic metres also should be analysed on the basis of Matraganas. Based on the poem Rasakrida she has also done a sincere attempt in the work to identify the rhythmic patterns of all the 256 prastaras of ‘Anustubh.’

It is hoped that the scholarly world will accept Dr. K.K. Geethakumary’s work with due enthusiasm and critical approach.

Contents

 

  Preface 9
  Introduction 11
  Abbreviations 12
I. Metre in Sanskrit - Nature and Function 13
II. Vedic Metres - A General Study 32
III. Classical Metres - A Critical Analysis 52
IV Vrttavartika - A Critical Study 109
  Conclusion 150
  Bibliography 152
  Index 156

 

Sample Pages








Item Code: NAH348 Author: Dr. K.K. Geethakumary Cover: Paperback Edition: 2008 Publisher: Publication Division University of Calicut ISBN: 9788177481228 Language: Sanskrit Text with English Translation Size: 8.5 inch x 5.5 inch Pages: 168 Other Details: Weight of the Book: 160 gms
Price: $25.00
Shipping Free
Viewed 3932 times since 24th Mar, 2019
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to Metre in Sanskrit-A Study with Special Reference to Vrttavartika of... (Language and Literature | Books)

Prolegomena on Metre and Textual History of the Rgveda (Metrische und textgeschichtliche Prolegomena, Berlin, 1888)
Sanskrit and Development of World Thought (Proceeding of “The International Seminar on the Contribution of Sanskrit to Development of World Thought”)
Subodh-Samskrtam (Easy Way to Sanskrit) (Set of 3 Volumes) (Sanskrit and Hindi Text with Transliteration and English Translation)
Sanskrit Prosody: Its Evolution
Maha-Subhasita-SamgrahaThe Most Comprehensive Collection of Sanskrit Quotations Ever in Eight Volumes (A Rare Book)
Erotic From the Sanskrit (An Anthology)
Development of Combinatiorics from The Pratyayas in Sanskrit Prosody
A Comparative Study of All Sanskrit Grammars (With Special Reference to Past Passive Participal Formations)
A History of Sanskrit Literature
The Century of Life: The Nitishataka of Bhartrihari Freely Rendered Into English Verse (Sanskrit Text, Transliteration and English Translation)
Complete Sanskrit
Learn Sanskrit Through Your Favourite Prayers (Stotra Ranjani)
Sanskrit Saiva Kavyas: From 12th Century to 17th Century A.D. (Set of 2 Volumes)
Sanskrit Studies (Volume 4 Samvat 2071-72, CE 2014-15)
Testimonials
Thank you for such wonderful books on the Divine.
Stevie, USA
I have bought several exquisite sculptures from Exotic India, and I have never been disappointed. I am looking forward to adding this unusual cobra to my collection.
Janice, USA
My statues arrived today ….they are beautiful. Time has stopped in my home since I have unwrapped them!! I look forward to continuing our relationship and adding more beauty and divinity to my home.
Joseph, USA
I recently received a book I ordered from you that I could not find anywhere else. Thank you very much for being such a great resource and for your remarkably fast shipping/delivery.
Prof. Adam, USA
Thank you for your expertise in shipping as none of my Buddhas have been damaged and they are beautiful.
Roberta, Australia
Very organized & easy to find a product website! I have bought item here in the past & am very satisfied! Thank you!
Suzanne, USA
This is a very nicely-done website and shopping for my 'Ashtavakra Gita' (a Bangla one, no less) was easy. Thanks!
Shurjendu, USA
Thank you for making these rare & important books available in States, and for your numerous discounts & sales.
John, USA
Thank you for making these books available in the US.
Aditya, USA
Been a customer for years. Love the products. Always !!
Wayne, USA