Booksणर...

णरणौसूत्रव्याख्यानानि: Neranausutravyakhyanani (Unpublished Commentaries on Panini's Rule 1.3.67) Part-I

Description Read Full Description
Foreword It is with great pleasure that I see this work now ready for release. Dr. S.L.P. Anjaneya Sharma, an exceptional scholar of grammar, has been studying the exegesis of the famous Gajasatra (Astadhyayi 1.3.67) for more than a decade. It is nowadays all too rare that even the best trained traditional scholars are willing to explore so thoroughly also lesser-known and unpublished works of a sastra in which they specialize. In his earnest dedication to true scholarship, Anjaneya Sharma has ...
Foreword
It is with great pleasure that I see this work now ready for release. Dr. S.L.P. Anjaneya Sharma, an exceptional scholar of grammar, has been studying the exegesis of the famous Gajasatra (Astadhyayi 1.3.67) for more than a decade. It is nowadays all too rare that even the best trained traditional scholars are willing to explore so thoroughly also lesser-known and unpublished works of a sastra in which they specialize. In his earnest dedication to true scholarship, Anjaneya Sharma has done just that, and to an extraordinary degree. Not one, or two, but seven hitherto unpublished commentaries on this sutra of sutras, one of the greatest challenges to the scholarship of a true Pahiniya, are presented herein. To these the learned editor has added an introduction which shows, more easily (though not more certainly) than the careful study of his critical editions of the commentaries may do, the range of his learning and the trueness of his judgment.

The subject-matter of this book may seem dry to many, indeed to most, for .astra is never written to be at once accessible to an uninitiated public, but it has great value to those trained to study and appreciate it, for it is through works of §astra that we may be in contact with the philosophers and systematic thinkers of our past. Over my years of study in Pondicherry I have had the privilege of reading works of darsana regularly with Anjaneya Sarma, and I have learned to value his erudition and the care which he devotes to understanding as fully as possible all that he reads. This experience has opened unsuspected vistas of Indian thought to me.

While many pay lip-service to the vast and wide-ranging body of Sanskrit literature, there is a tendency for readers to focus on a corpus of well-recognized works of the canon. The wealth and breadth remains hidden away in manuscript libraries. Surprisingly few scholars in India today read manuscripts, and probably noone is still copying texts by hand in order to ensure that they are transmitted to the next generation. This means that many of the works of learning that the labor of scribes and scholars have handed down across the centuries to us today will not survive longer than the current generation of manuscripts to which they have been committed. In South India, that is not likely to be a long time, given how few manuscripts have survived that date back to before the closing years of the eighteenth century. Bringing hitherto unpublished literature to light is therefore an especially praiseworthy activity. All those who have themselves spent years poring over manuscripts to edit literature from the past will especially appreciate these happy results of Anjaneya Sarma's toil and be grateful to him. For, in the words sometimes attributed to the poet Bhartrhari,

Only the scholar knows the pains That fellow scholars harbor: A barren woman cannot know The heavy pain of labor.

Introduction
The present work consists of a critical edition of seven unpublished commentaries on sutra 1.3.67 of the Astadhydyi: Ner anau yat karma nau cet sa karta anddhyane.

These commentaries are:

Ner anau sutravyakhydna by Sivaramendrasarasvati,

Ner anau yat karmetyacllsutrarthasiddhi by Narayana,

Ner anau sutravyakhyana by Mannudeva, Ner anau sutravyakhyana by Venkatadasa,

Ner anau sutravyakhyana by an anonymous author,

Kaiyatoddhara by an anonymous author,

Gajasatravadartha by Ganapatitastrin (incomplete). The sutra is also known under the name of Gajasutra.

These commentaries are presented in chronological order as far as possible. As often, in the case of pre-modern Sanskrit authors, we do not know their exact dates, nor quite where they wrote.

All the readings, whether grammatically or semantically correct or incorrect, are shown in the critical apparatus. Since all the existing manuscripts were not available to the editor, the present edition hopes to serve as a basis for any future research done on grammatical commentaries on the Gajasutra.

Some of the technical terms, some of the important notions, as well as difficult examples and counter-examples are explained in the notes given at the end of each commentary.

Different indices, of sutra-s, vartika-s, karika-s, Sloka-s, etc. are given at the end of the work.

Each of these commentaries is introduced in the general Sanskrit introduction as well as in a preface before the Sanskrit text of the commentaries themselves.

Main features of the commentaries

Succinctly and simply stated, the sutra Ner anau yat karma nau cet sa karta anao'hyane prescribes the atmanepada terminations (tan) after a causative verbal form (nyanta) when certain conditions are fulfilled.

Yet, as the works collected in this volume show, defining the exact meaning of the sutra and its scope of application (especially in terms of the examples given in the Mahabhasya, see below) with certainty gave rise to more than two millennia of scholarly debate, commentary, refutation, and revision.

These commentaries are explanations and explications (vyakhyana) of the sutra, that is, they do not simply gloss the words of the sutra or the later works by the Vartikakara or the Bhasyakara.

The commentaries tend to follow a two-fold division in structure:

1. a criticism of the wrong understanding of their predecessors.

1. The commentaries must establish their definitive understanding of the sutra. They hold that the MahabhGsya represents the authoritative understanding of Parlini's sutra. As such, each commentator argues that he upholds an authentic interpretation of the Bhasyakara. In doing so, the commentators take four steps when explaining the sutra a. SOtrartha: grammatical analysis of the sutra, b. SOtrapravrttiviSaya delimitation of the field of application of the sutra among other sutras, c. Udaharanani. examples, d. Dalasarthakya: proving the validity of the parts, i.e. of the clauses or the words of the sutra, by the means of counter-examples.

2. The criticism of their predecessors may appear for instance during the dalasarthakya, or at the explanation of examples, or at other occasions. However, in the case of longer criticisms, this part tends to appear separately.

Explaining the sutra is done through examples and counter-examples. The conditions in the Nor anau sutra imply that a causative verbal form is the result of a transformation. This transformation can be explained through one of two procedures (paisa-s): the nivrtta-presanapaksa in four stages and the adhydropitapresanapaksa in three stages. Throughout the following discussions, these procedures of example generation will be referred to and illustrated. These procedures are also explained in the notes of the editor.

The commentaries presented here are not the first to deal at length with the sutra Ner anau, but rather form part of a long debate in Sanskrit grammatical literature. An understanding of these commentaries first necessitates the knowledge of the positions of the most important predecessors. So in order to facilitate understanding the texts edited in this volume, we recall briefly the positions of some of the preceding commentaries: the Mahabhasya with the PayPal of Kaiyata, the KaSikavrtti of Jayaditya with the Padamaryara of Haradatta, the Prakriyakaumuda of Ramacandra with the Prasada of Vitthala and the Parkas of Sesalcsna, the S'abdakaustubha etc, of Bhattoji Diksita.

The Mahabhasyat position

Among the three muni-s, the Bhasyakara is considered as the highest authority. As such his understanding and terminology become the cornerstone for the later commentaries presented here. Here he explains Panini's sutra through the vartika-s composed by Katyayana, which are preserved within the text of the Mahabhasya itself. In some places the opinions of the Vartikakara and Bhasyakara diverge. On the sutra in question, the Vartikakara composed 9 vartika-s. These 9 vartika-s are explained, and sometimes criticized, by the Bhasyakara. When criticizing the views of the Vartikakara, the Bhasyakara offers his own opinion. These explanations and criticisms are here called bhasya-s.

Book's Contents and Sample Pages














Item Code: NZO457 Author: S.L.P. Anchanya Sharma Cover: HARDCOVER Edition: 2016 Publisher: Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan (Nag Publication) ISBN: 9789385791017 Language: SANSKRIT Size: 10.00 X 7.00 inch Pages: 828 Other Details: Weight of the Book: 0.98 Kg
Price: $33.00
Shipping Free
Be the first to review this product
Viewed 2051 times since 24th Jun, 2019
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to णरणौसूत्रव्याख्यानानि:... (Language and Literature | Books)

अष्टाध्यायी सहजबोध: Ashtadhyayi Sahajabodha - A Paniniya Pauspi Prakriya Approach to Paniniya Ashtadhyayi (Set of 6 Volumes)
अष्टाध्यायी (संस्कृत एवम् हिन्दी अनुवाद) - Ashtadhyayi of Panini: Sanskrit Text with Explanation in Hindi
पाणिनिकालीन भारतवर्ष: India at the Time of Panini (A Study of the Cultural Material in Panini's Astadhyayi)
अष्टाध्यायी: Ashtadhyayi of Panini
अष्टाध्यायी - Ashtadhyayi of Panini (Set of 2 Volumes)
शुक्लयजुर्वेदीय रुद्राष्टाध्यायी (संस्कृत एवम् हिन्दी अनुवाद) - Rudra Ashtadhyayi
पाणिनीयं वैदिकव्याकरणम: Panini Vedic Vyakaran
अष्टाध्यायीसूत्रपाठ (यतिबोधयुक्त): Ashtadhyayi Sutra Patha
पाणिनीय अष्टाध्यायीसूत्रपाठ: Ashtadhyayi Sutra Path
रुद्री पाठ: Rudri Path (Lord Shiva's Abhisheka by Rudra Ashtadhyayi)
संस्कृत व्याकरण में कारकतत्त्त्रानुशीलन: A Critical Study of Karaka in Sanskrit Grammar in The System of Panini
शुक्लयजुर्वेदीय रुद्राष्टाध्यायी: Shukla Yajurveda Rudra Ashtadhyayi
रुद्राष्टाध्यायी (संस्कृत एवं हिन्दी अनुवाद) - Rudra Ashtadhyayi
वर्णोच्चारण शिक्षा: Varnocharana Shiksha of Panini
Testimonials
I’ve started receiving many of the books I’ve ordered and every single one of them (thus far) has been fantastic - both the books themselves, and the execution of the shipping. Safe to say I’ll be ordering many more books from your website :)
Hithesh, USA
I have received the book Evolution II.  Thank you so much for all of your assistance in making this book available to me.  You have been so helpful and kind.
Colleen, USA
Thanks Exotic India, I just received a set of two volume books: Brahmasutra Catuhsutri Sankara Bhasyam
I Gede Tunas
You guys are beyond amazing. The books you provide not many places have and I for one am so thankful to have found you.
Lulian, UK
This is my first purchase from Exotic India and its really good to have such store with online buying option. Thanks, looking ahead to purchase many more such exotic product from you.
Probir, UAE
I received the kaftan today via FedEx. Your care in sending the order, packaging and methods, are exquisite. You have dressed my body in comfort and fashion for my constrained quarantine in the several kaftans ordered in the last 6 months. And I gifted my sister with one of the orders. So pleased to have made a connection with you.
EB Cuya FIGG, USA
Thank you for your wonderful service and amazing book selection. We are long time customers and have never been disappointed by your great store. Thank you and we will continue to shop at your store
Michael, USA
I am extremely happy with the two I have already received!
Robert, UK
I have just received the top and it is beautiful 
Parvathi, Malaysia
I received ordered books in perfect condition. Thank You!
Vladimirs, Sweden