BooksPhilosophyThe Nyay...

The Nyaya Sutras of Gautama (Original Text, English Translation and Commentary)

Description Read Full Description
About The Book The Nyaya Sutras is an ancient Indian Sanskrit text composed by Aksapada Gautama, and the foundational text of the Nyaya school of Hindu philosophy. The text consists of five books, with two chapters in each book, with a cumulative total of 528 aphoristic Sutras, about rules of reason, logic, epistemology and metaphysics. The Nyaya Sutras is a Hindu text, notable for focusing on knowledge and logic, and making no mention of Vedic rituals. The first book is structured as...
About The Book

The Nyaya Sutras is an ancient Indian Sanskrit text composed by Aksapada Gautama, and the foundational text of the Nyaya school of Hindu philosophy. The text consists of five books, with two chapters in each book, with a cumulative total of 528 aphoristic Sutras, about rules of reason, logic, epistemology and metaphysics.

The Nyaya Sutras is a Hindu text, notable for focusing on knowledge and logic, and making no mention of Vedic rituals. The first book is structured as a general introduction and table of contents of sixteen categories of knowledge. Book two is about pramana (epistemology), book three is about prameya or the objects of knowledge, and the text discusses the nature of knowledge in remaining books. It set the foundation for Nyaya tradition of the empirical theory of validity and truth, opposing uncritical appeals to intuition or scriptural authority.

The Nyaya Sutras cover a wide range of topics, including Tarka-Vidya, the science of debate or Vada-Vidya , the science of discussion. The Nyaya Sutras are related to but extend the Vaisesika epistemological and metaphysical system.

The present book contains original text of Nyaya Sutras of Gautama along with an English translation & commentary by M.M. Satisa Candra Vidyabhusana. The book also includes an alphabetical index of Sutras at the end for ready reference of the readers.

Introduction

1.Gautama The founder of Nyaya Philosophy

The world `Nyaya explained'- Panini, the celebrated Sanskrit grammarian, who is supposed to have flourished about 350 derives the word "Nydya"2 from the root "i" which conveys the same meaning as ''gain" - to go. "Nyaya" as signifying logic is therefore etymologically indentical with ‘‘nigama" the conclusion of a syllogism. Logic is desiguated in Sanskrit not only by the word "Nyaya" but also by various, other words which indiate diverse aspect of the science. For instances, it is called "Hetu-vidya"-) or "Hetu-Sastra" the science of causes, -Anviksiki° the science of inquiry, "Pramdna-sastra" the science of correct knowledge, "Tattva-Sastra- the science of categories "Tarka-vidya" the science of reasoning, "Vadartha" , the science of discussion and "Phakkika-Sastra" the science of sophism. Nyaya-sutra is the earliest work extent on Nyaya Philosophy.

The Founder of Nyaya called Gautama, Gautama Aksapada or Dirghatapas.

The Naya of logic is said to have been founded by a sage named Gautama. He is also known as Gautama, Aksapada and Dirghatapas. The names Gotama and Gautama point to the family to which he belonged while the names Aksapada and Dirghatapas refer respectively to his meditative habit and practice of ling penance.

The family of Gotama

In The Rgveda samhita as well as the Satapatha-Brahmana of the white Yajurveda we find mention of one Gotama who was son of Rahugana and priest of the Royal Family of Kurusrmjaya for whose victory in battle he prayed to Indra. Nodhah son of Gotama, was also called Gotama who composed several new hymns in honour of India. The sages sprung from the family of Gotama are designated Gotamasah who were very intelligent; and Agni, pleased with their adoration, gave them cattle and rice in abundance. It is related that Gotama, once pinched with thirst, prayed for water of the Marut-Gods, who out of mercy, placed a well before him transplanted from elsewhere. The water grushing out copiously from the well nt only quenched his thirst but formed inself into a river, the source of which was the seat of the original well.

The teachers called Gautama.

In The Rgveda-samhita the descendants of Gotama as already noticed are also called Gotama while in later Vedic literature they are called Gautama. The Vamsa-Brahmana of the Samaveda mentions four members of Gotama Family among the teachers who transmitted that Veda to poserrity, viz., Radha-Gautama, and Gatr-Gautama, Sumanta-babhrava-Gautama and Samkara-Gautam, and the Chandogya Upanishad of the same Veda mentions another teacher named HAridrumata-Gautama who was approached by Satya-Kama-Savala to be his teacher. The Gobhita Grhya Sutra of the Samaveda cites the opinion of a Gautama who held that during the winter season there should be three oblations offered to the dead ancestors. Another Gautama was the author of the Pitrmedha Sutra which perhaps belongs to the Samaveda. The Brhadaranyaka of the white Yajurveda mention a teacher named Gautama, while in the Kathopanisad of the Black Yajurveda the sage Naciketas who conversed with Yama on the mystery of life, is called Gautama which evidently is a generic name as his father is also called Gautama in the same work. A Gautama is mentioned as a teacher in the Kausika sutra of the Atharvaveda while to another Gautama is attributed the authorship of the Gautama Dharma sutra as authoritative work on the sacred law.

We need not take any notice of one Gautama who, at the bidding of his mother as stated in the Mahabharata cast into the Ganges his old and blind father Dirghatamas who was however miraculously saved.








Sample Pages








Item Code: NAP198 Author: Satis Chandra Vidyabhusana and Dr. Sukhram Cover: Hardcover Edition: 2018 Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd. ISBN: 9788171106295 Language: English Size: 9.0 inch X 6.0 inch Pages: 246 Other Details: Weight of the Book: 450 gms
Price: $28.00
Viewed 125 times since 21st Jan, 2019
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to The Nyaya Sutras of Gautama (Original Text, English Translation and... (Philosophy | Books)

न्यायदर्शनम्: Nyaya Darshanam- Commentary on The Nyaya Sutras of Gautam
न्यायदर्शनम्: Nyaya Darshanam (Nyaya Sutras of Gautama)
न्यायसूत्रम्: Nyaya Sutras of Gautama with Many Commentaries
The Nyaya Sutras of Gotama
न्यायदर्शनम्: Nyaya Sutras of Gautama with Detailed Commentary
The Nyaya Sutras: A New Commentary on an Old Text
Brahma Sutra-Sankarabhasyam with the Commentaries Ratnapraabha, Bhamati and Nyaya Nirnaya
Nyaya Theory of Knowledge
The Nyaya Theory of Know Ledge (A Critical Study of Some Problems of Logic and Metaphysics)
The Nyaya Theory of Knowledge (A Critical Study of Some Problems of Logic and Metaphysics) - A Rare Book
Manikana (A Navya-Nyaya Manual)
A PRIMER OF NAVYA NYAYA LANGUAGE AND METHODOLOGY: (Navya-Nayaya-Bhasa-Pradipa of MM Mahesha Chandra Nyayaratna)
Discussion and Debate in Indian Philosophy - Issues in Vedanta, Mimamsa and Nyaya
Nyaya Sudha of Sri Jayatirtha (Second Third and Fourth Adhyayas)
Nyaya Sudha of Sri Jayatirtha (First Adhyayas Complete)
Testimonials
Excellent products and efficient delivery.
R. Maharaj, Trinidad and Tobago
Aloha Vipin, The books arrived today in Hawaii -- so fast! Thank you very much for your efficient service. I'll tell my friends about your company.
Linda, Hawaii
Thank you for all of your continued great service. We love doing business with your company especially because of its amazing selections of books to study. Thank you again.
M. Perry, USA
Kali arrived safely—And She’s amazing! Thank you so much.
D. Grenn, USA
A wonderful Thangka arrived. I am looking forward to trade with your store again.
Hideo Waseda, Japan
Thanks. Finally I could find that wonderful book. I love India , it's Yoga, it's culture. Thanks
Ana, USA
Good to be back! Timeless classics available only here, indeed.
Allison, USA
I am so glad I came across your website! Oceans of Grace.
Aimee, USA
I got the book today, and I appreciate the excellent service. I am 82, and I am trying to learn Sanskrit till I can speak and write well in this superb language.
Dr. Sundararajan
Wonderful service and excellent items. Always sent safely and arrive in good order. Very happy with firm.
Dr. Janice, Australia