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Ocean of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics

Ocean of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics
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From The Jacket We are happy to bring out the English version of Ocean of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics. This book is a boon for Ayurvedic Graduates as well as post graduates of Ayurveda. The book mainly deals with Rasa Sastra and Bhasajya Kalpana. covers the Syllabus of B. A. M. S. and M. D. Course out lined in the papers Rasa Sastra and Bhasajya Kalpana of the Central Council for Indian Medicine (C. C. I. M.) The basic fundamentals of Rasa Sastra and Bhasajya Kalpana are explained with sc...

From The Jacket

We are happy to bring out the English version of Ocean of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics. This book is a boon for Ayurvedic Graduates as well as post graduates of Ayurveda. The book mainly deals with Rasa Sastra and Bhasajya Kalpana. covers the Syllabus of B. A. M. S. and M. D. Course out lined in the papers Rasa Sastra and Bhasajya Kalpana of the Central Council for Indian Medicine (C. C. I. M.)

The basic fundamentals of Rasa Sastra and Bhasajya Kalpana are explained with scientific explanation in a nice manner in this book, apart from this, the book also gives the relevant modern pharmaceutical information and Dr. Reddy tried to bring the more practical aspects of Rasa Sastra and Bhasajya with scientific explanation.

The English version of this book will add new dimension to the popularity and the scope of this branch of knowledge in the era.

About The Author

Born in a small town Kavali in Nellore dist. (Andhra Pradesh), in the family of traditional farmer, he gradually acquired highest degrees BAMS, M. D., Ph. D., H.P.A. Edu., Clad (Japan) in Ayurveda pertaining to Rasasastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana from various Universities of India and Abroad. Five books and a good number of research papers are published in the credit of Dr. K. Rama Chandra Reddy. Which are referred by BAMS, M.D. students of Ayurveda, various research scholars and persons working in Ayurvedic Drug Industries. Dr. K. Rama Chandra Reddy is well known for his valuable contribution in the field of Ayurveda, pertaining to Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics (Rasasastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana). During the last 13 years he has written on various aspects of Rasasastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana- literary, scientific, conceptual as well as practical aspects of Ayurvedic drug manufacturing. He is appointed as a Head for the Deptt. Of Rasasastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana in NKJ Ayurvedic medical college, Bidar (Karnataka) and then he is appointed as a Head for the dept. of Rasasastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana in S. D. M. College of Ayurveda, Hassan (Karnataka), further he is also worked as Asst. Professor Deptt. Of Rasasastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana & Manager- Pharacy in National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, at present he is working as a Head, Deptt. Of Rasasastra & Superintendent, Ayurvedic Pharmacy, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of medical Sciences, B. H. U. Varanasi. By working in various prestigious Universities in India and Abroad Dr. Reddy has aquired best knowledge in his concerned field. Dr. Reddy has been produced many Post Graduate thesis works and also guiding many Ph. D. thesis works in the concerned subject. Dr. K. Rama Chandra Reddy has been awarded by the pristegios Vaidyaratna Capt. G. Srinivasa Murthy Scientist Award and God Medal by Academy of Ayurveda (A Research Institute), Vijayawada. He is actively participating in different national and international conferences related to Rasasastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana.


I am happy to bring out the English Version of Ocean of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics. I have ventured to write this book which covers the syllabus of B.A.M.S out lined in the paper Rasasastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana and M.D. course. The vast majority of the population in the country depend on drugs of indigenous origin. It is, therefore necessary that, more books should come out in this subject. Collection of literature related to Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana helps for producing good quality of Ayurvedic medicines.

Ayurvedic compound formulations are divided into two groups viz. a) Rasausadhi (predominantly metals and minerals) dealt in Rasa Sastra, b) Kasthausadhi (Predominantly plant drugs) dealt in Bhaisajya Kalpana. This book Ocean of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics deals with different aspects of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Science. The book however includes the most commonly accepted formulae for the medicinal preparations.

A step is made through this book to bring the subject of Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana in a lucid language and by incorporating all the syllabus of the subject given by Central Council of Indian Medicine for B.A.M.S. & M.D. course. I have covered about many important formulae as examples and given the complete details including the practical ways of overcoming the difficulties wherever found out. Though the subject matter on Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana is also available in other printed Ayurvedic Books, it is in a scattered form. Keeping in view of the difficulties faced by students it is tried to bring up this compilation work of Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana, by filtering, probing, piercing and extracting the essence of Ayurvedic standard books. In this book all the information is collected at one place, codified and arranged in a systematic way, being spelled under suitable relevant headings, thus this work deals with all the relevant and important aspects of Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana, as the parts of the metal, mineral, plant and animal drugs to be used, the appropriate season and place of their collection, weights and measure; substitutes of unavailable drugs, selection of drugs, pharmaceutical processing with their technical aspects etc.

In this treatise of Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana all those medicines are brought to these respective sections with wide range information of their pharmaceutical process. Few recipes have also been included witch are not mentioned in C.C.I.M. syllabus of Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana for the benefit of students. Some of the chapters are discussed in detail, because of there popularity in practical usage. The book is designed according to the sequence of the C.C.I.M. syllabus. Most of the commonly using formulae of Ayurveda are described with their details of preparation, the dosage and indications etc. every attempt has been made to include as many important formulations as are currently manufactured on a large scale in terms of value and in use throughout the country. Though this book is written in English language the technical terms of Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana are written in Sanskrit pronunciation only. It is hoped that, this book will find a wider reading public.

The object of writing this book is that students of BAMS and M.D., Ayurvedic Physicians, Pharmaceutical personal and others interested in the preparation of Ayurvedic medicines and there method of preparation, may understand better form of this book. The readers may get the equalent modern pharmaceutical terminology of Ayurvedic technical terms with their elaborate information, which is necessary for understanding of Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana up to some extent.

I am sure this book will be useful at large to the Ayurvedic students, Ayurvedic Pharmacists, Practitioners as well as to the drug administration department of the indigenous systems of medicine.

I fully believe that this endeavor of me, shall help a undergraduate and post graduate students to get acquainted to the pharmacy of Ayurveda.

I well come whole heartedly for the positive suggestions and obliged.
It is the effort to pursue a scientific course of Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya Kalpana with mind freed from all superstitions. I would hasten to add here that the reader must not treat this work as an end to subject. A significant beginning is made through this book to think about vast subject. My efforts will be properly rewarded if this work inspires some of our young talents to pursue the subject vigorously and come out with fresh insights and new postulates.

I convey my deep sense of gratitude to respected teacher and dynamic Prof. Panjab Singh, Vice-Chancellor (B.H.U.) for his constant encouragements

Because the encouragement given by our Dynamic Director Prof. Gajendra Singh, the work could be completed. The lexicons have not given befitting words to express gratitude to him, thus mute reverence is offered.

My sincere thanks are to Prof. Manjari Dwivedi, Dean, Faculty of Ayurveda, I.M.S., B.H.U., it is because for her encouragements, the work could be completed.

Having showed the path of this work, Prof. C.B. Jha, Deptt. Of Rasa Sastra, Faculty of Ayurveda I.M.S., B.H.U., has guided in all aspects.

I am also thankful to all my colleagues including Dr. Neeraj Kumar, Dr. A. K. Chaudhary and friends, students of department of Rasa Sastra who inspired to start and complete this work.

Prayers are offered to all those sages whose works are the basis of this book, and also at the last feet of almighty for providing courage and wisdom to complete this work.


Cha. No. Name of the Chapter Page No.
  History of Rasa-Sastra (1), Caraka Samhita (2), Susruta Samhita (3), Astanga Sangraha and Astanga Hrdaya (3), Harsacarita (4), Arthasastra (4), Kubjika-tantra (4), Rasendramangala (5), Kaksaputa and Rasahrdaya (5), Goraksa-samhita (5), Rasendracudamani (6), Rasarnava (6), Rasapaddhati (6), Ananda kanda (6), Rasaratna Samuchchaya (7), Resendracintamani (7), Resendracintamani (7), Rasaprakasasudhakara (8), Sarva darsana sangraha (8), Rsendra Sara Sangraha (9), Rasarajalaksmi (9), Lohasarvaswa (9), Rasacintamani (9), Rasakaumudi (10), Todarananda (10), Rasa sanketa kalika (10), Rasa pradipa (10), Bhava prakasa (10), Dhatu Kriya or Dhatu manjari (10), Brhadyogatarangini and Yogatarangini (10), Yogaratnakara (10), Basaarajiyam (11), Bhaisajyaratnavali (11), Brhat rasaraja sundara (11), Rasatarangini (11), Rasamrtam (11), Rasajalanidhi (12), History of Hindu Chemistry (12), Parada Vignaniyam (12), Cikitsa kalika (12), Rasayogasagar (12) Bharatiya Rasasastra (12), Different Books related to Rasasastra with their Author Name are Mentioned below (12), Importance of Rasausadhi (20), Mercury-cause for liberation (22), Rasayana (23), Rasa Siddhas mentioned in Rasa Ratna Samucchaya (23), Nagarjuna (23), Siddha system of South India (26), Pakasastra (27), History of Bhaisajya Kalpana (27), Bhaisajya Kalpana Utpatti (27), Synonyms of Bhesaja (27), Universal therapeutic utility of matter (29), Ausadham (31), Kalpana (31), Bhesaja (Ausadham) (33), Dravya (Drugs) (34), Pharmaceutic Factors (34), Qualitative Aspects of Ausadha-Kalpanas (Ayurvedic formulations) (37), Basic fundamentals of Processing techniques (38), Interaction of drugs and synergism in the body (39), Synergism (39), Summation or addition (39) Potentiation (39), Stability (39), Bhaisajya Kalpana Itihasa and Kramika Vikasa (39), Vedic period (40), Samhita kala (40), Caraka Samhita (41), Dietic aspects of Caraka Samhita (41), Susruta-Samhita (42), Susruta concept regarding drug potency (42), Bhaisajya Kalpana contributions of Kasyapa Samhita (43), Dhupa Kalpana (43), Lehya Kalpana (43), Ghrta Kalpana (43), Taila Kalpana (44), Harita Samhita (44), Sangraha Kala (44), Adhunika Kala (44), Sarangadhara samhita (44), Cakra Datta (45), Bhesaja Kalpah (45), Bharata Bhaisajaya Ratnakara (46), The Ayurvedic Formulary of India -Part -I First edition (46), Pharmacopoeial Standards for Ayurvedic formulations (47), The drugs and cosmetics act 1940 (47), Indian meteria media (47), The pharmacopeia of India (47), History of Modern Pharmacology (48), Definition of Drug (48), AMA Drug Evaluations (49)  
2 Paribhasa 51-64
  Dhanvantari Bhaga (51), Rudra bhaga (52), Rasapanka (52), Pisti (52), Patana Pisti (52), Swarna Roupya Krsti (53), Characteristics of best Krsti (53), Bhavana (53), Avapa (53), Nirvapa (53), Varaloha (53), Hemarakti (53), Tararakti (54), Candradala, Analadala (54), Sulbanaga (54), Properties of Sulba Naga (54), Pinjari (55), Candrarka (55), Nirvapana (55), Quantum of Nirvapana (55), Sodhana (55), Amrtikarana (56), Marana (56), Varitara bhasma (57), Niruttha bhasma (57), Mrtaloha (57), Bija (57), Tadana (58), Dhanyabhraka (58), Satva (58), Eka kolisa (58), Kokila (58), Hingulakrsta Parada (58), Ghosakrsta Tamra (58), Varanaga (59), Utthapana (59), Dhalana (59), Dvandvana (59), Anuarna (60), Bhanjani (60), Patangi (60), Cullika (60), Patangi raga (60), Avapa (60), Abhiseka (60), Nirvapa (60), Suddhavarta (61), Bijavartha (61), Swangasita-Bahisita (61), Dravakagana (61), Mitrapancaka (61), Triphala (61), Trikatu (61), Ksara Dvaya (61), Ksara Traya (62), Ksara Pancaka (62), Ksarastaka (62), Mutrastaka (62), Amala Varga (62), Amla pancaka (62), Panca Tikta (63), Panca Mrttika (63), Madhura Traya (63), Pancamrta (63), Panca Gavya (63), Ksira Traya (63), Dudgha Varga (63), Taila Varga (64), Govara (64)  
3 Yantra 65-97
  Ausadha Nirmanasala (Rasasala) and Yantras (65), Construction (65), Equipments and raw drugs (65), Pharmacy assistants (65), Teacher of Rasa Sastra (66), Suitable students of Rasa Sastra and Bhaisajya kalpana (66), Unsuitable students (66), Physicians for Rasasala (66), Amrta Hasta Vaidya (66), Yantra (67), Yantra Nirukti (67), Definition of Yantra (67), Dola Yantra (67), Swedani Yantra (68), Urdhwa Patana Yantra (69), Adhah Patana Yantra (69), Tiryak Patana Yantra (70), Kachchapa Yantra (70), Vidyadhara Yantra (71), Valuka Yantra (72), Description of Valuka Yantra (73), Valuka Yantra currently in use (73), Modification inn the Kupipaka Method (74), Lavana Yantra (75), Nalika Yantra (75), Bhudhara Yantra (75), Palika Yantra (76) Ghata Yantra (76), Damaru Yantra (77), Sthali Yantra (77), Patala Yantra (78), Khalva Yantra (78), Varities of Khalva (79), Ardhacandra (Semicircular) Khalva Yantra (78), Varities of Khalva (79), Ardhacandra (Semicircular) Khalva (79), Vartula (Circular) Khalva (80), Tapta Khalva (Hot Mortar) (80), Kanduka Yantra (81), Dipika Yantra (81), Deki Yantra (81), Jarana Yantra (81), Somanala Yantra (82), Garbha Yantra (82), Hamsapaka Yantra (82), Valabhi Yantra (83), Istika Yantra (83), Hingulakrsti Vidyadhara Yantra (83), Nabhi Yantra (83), Grasta Yantra (84), Dhupa Yantra (84), Dhupa Dravya (84), Plan of Pharmacy (85), Importance of Size Reduction (85), Surface area (86), effect of absorption (86), Effect on viscosity (86), Extraction (86), Mixing (86), Appearance (86), Mechanisms of grinding machines (87), Disintegrator (87), Cutter Mill (88), Roller Mill (89), Hammer Mill (89), End Runner Mill (90), Capsule Filling Machine (91), Automatic Capsule Filling Machine (92), Loading of empty capsules (92), Filling the capsules (92), Closing of capsule (92), Rotary Tablet Machine (92), Coating Pan (93), Monsanto Hardness Tester (93), Pfizer Tablet Hardness Tester (94), Tablet Disintegration Test Apparatus (94), Simple Distillation Apparatus (95), Simple distillation (96), Soxhlet Apparatus (Soxhlet Extraction) (96), Hot - Air Oven (97)  
4 Musa, Kosthi and Puta 98-113
  Musa (Crucible) (98), Krauncika (99), Karahatika (99), Kumudi (99), Pacini (99), Vahnimitra (99), Musa (99), Materials needed For Making Musas (99), parts of Musa (100), Uses of Musas (100), Description of Musa (100), Vajra Musa (101), Gara Musa (101), Vara Musa (102), Vajra Dravan Musa (102), Varna Musa (102), Andha Musa (102), Raupya Musa (102), Bhasma Musa (103), Yoga Musa (103), Prakasa Musa (103), Pakwa Musa (103), Gola Musa (104), Maha Musa (104), Manduka (Manjusa) Musa (104), Musal Musa (104), Dirgha Musa (104), Garbha Musa (105), Suska Musa (105), Prakata Musa (105), Samanya Musa (105), Gostani Musa (105), Malla Musa (106), Vrntaka Musa (106), Toya Mrttika (106), Vahni Mrttika (106), Kosthi (Specially Prepared fire-Place) (106), Angara Kosthi (107), Patala Kosthi (107), Gara Kosthi (107), Tiryak-Pradhamana Kosthi (108), Puta (108), Puta Yantra (108), Saraa Samputa (Enclosure With Two Earthen Plates) (108), Anukta Puta (Untold Puta) (109), Sandhilepa (109), Vanopala (109), Method Putapaka (110), Aims and importance of the Putas (110), Maha Puta (111), Gajaputa (111), Varaha Puta (112), Kukkutaputa (112), Kapota puta (112), Lavaka puta (112), Govara puta (112), Valuka puta (113), Bhudhara puta (113), When no puta is mentioned (113), Bhanda Puta (113)  
5 Rasa (Parada) 114-181
  Rasa (Parada) (114), Definitions of Rasa (114), Ores of Mercury (116), Market trend (116), Properties of Parada in Specific forms (117), Method of extraction of Mercury from its minerals (118), Superiority of Hingulottha Parada (118), Depending on colour (118), Depending on the source of origin (119), Properties of each variety (119), Dosas (119), Effects of impure mercury (122), General purification of mercury (122), Physical properties (122), Samskaras of Parada (123), Eight Samskara of Mercury (124), Swedana (125), Mardana (126), Murchana (126), Utthapana (127), Characteristics of Nastapista (127), Patana (127), Rodhana/Bodhana (128), Niyamana (129), Dipana (129), Anuvasana Samskara (130), Various forms of mercury recommended for use (131), Concept of Murcchana and Jarana (131), Murchana (131), Jarana (132), Importance of Gandhaka Jarana (133), Apparatus & Methods for Gandhaka jarana (133), Grasamana (134), Characteristics of Bija (134), Characteristics of Mukha (134) Characteristics of Raksasavaktra Parada (135), Garbhadruti (135), Bahyadruti (135), Characteristics of Druti (135), Characteristics of Jarana (135), Characteristics of Bida (135), Ranjana (135), Sarana (136), Characteristics of Vedha (136) Varities of Vedha (136), Lepa Vedha (136), Ksepa Vedha (136), Kunta Vedha (136), Dhuma Vedha (136), Sabda Vedha (136), Udghatana (137), Swedana (137), Sanyasa (137), Rasa Bandha (137), Suitability of Mercury for Bandhana (139), From the Appearance of Baddha Parada (139), Properties and Effects of Baddha Parada (139), Types of Bandhas (139), Description of each types (139), Rasa Gati (141), Jala Gati, (141), Hamsa Gati (141), Mala Gati (142), Dhuma Gati (142), Jiva Gati (142), Rasabhasma (142), Pathya during Parada Sevana (143), Complications due to Impure Mercury (143), Complications of Improperly Processed Mercury (143), Complications due to Mecurial Vapors (144), Management of the complications (144), Treatment for Rasajirna (144), Mercurial preparations (144), Kajjali (145), Parpati (145), Bola Parpati (146), Loha Parpati (146), Pancamrta Parpati (147), Rasa Parpati (148), Swarna Parpati (148), Vyoma / Gagana Parpati (149), Tara Parpati (149), Vijaya Parpati (150), Sweta Parpati (150), Sindura group of compounds (151), Rasa Puspa (151), Rasakarpura (152), Rasaindura (152), Precautions (154), Makaradhwaja (154), Siddha Makaradhwaja (155), Svarnasindura (156), Mallasindura (Prathama) (156), Khalviya rasa group of compounds (156), Agnitundi Ras (156), Ananda Bhairava Ras (157), Amavatari Ras (157), Brhat Vata Cintamani Ras (158), Candrakala Vati (158), Candramrta Ras (159), Caturmukha Ras (160), Candrakala Rasa (160), Garbhacintamani Rasa (161), Gulmakalanala Rasa (162), Hrdayarnava Rasa (163), Ichhabhedi Rasa (163), Jwarari Abhram (163), Jalodarari Rasa (164), Jwarankusa Rasa (165), Karpura Rasa (166), Kaphaketu Rasa (167), Krmimudgar Ras (167), Kravyada Rasa (168), Kasturi Bhairav Rasa (168), Lilavilasa Rasa (169), Loknath Rasa (Brhat) (169), Mugdha Rasa (170), Manikya Rasa (171), Maninimanabhanjana Rasa (172), Mrtyunjay Rasa (172), Nityananda Rasa (172), Nityananda Rasa (172), Puspa Dhanva Rasa (174), Raktapittakulakandhana Rasa (174), Ramabana Rasa (172), Puspa Dhanva Rasa (174), Raktapitakulakandhana Rasa (174), Ramabana Rasa (175), Smrtisagara Rasa (175), Sutasekhara Rasa (175), Sirahasuladivajra Rasa (176), Sringarabhara Rasa (177), Swasa Kuthar Rasa (178), Tribhuvanakirti Rasa (179), Vasantakusumakara Rasa (179), Vasantamalati Rasa (180), Vatakulandtak Rasa (180), Yogendra Rasa (181)  
6 Maharasa 182-211
  Abhraka (183), On the basis of Desa (184), Krsnabhraka (185), Dhanyabhraka Vidhi (187), Complications of Asuddha Abhraka (188), uses of suddha abhraka (188), Abhraka Bhasma Sataputi (189), Amrti Karana (190), uses of Abhraka in Rasasastra (190), Vaikranta (191), Usefulness of each types (192), Geological, View (192), Maksika (194), Market Trend (195), Vimala (197), Silajit (199), Gunas of different varieties of Silajit (202), Specific Action of Silajit (202), Action on Dosas (203), Silajitwadi Loha (203), Sasyaka (204), Complications (205), Capala (206), Rasaka (207), Description of Zinc Ores (207), Zinc Carbonate (209), Zinc Silicate (209)  
7 Uparasa 212-235
  Gandhaka (212), Gandhaka Vikara Santi (215), Gandhaka druti (215), Gandhaka Rasayana (216), Gandhakavati (Prathama) (216), Mahagandhaka (217), Gairika (217), Significance of the term Svarna gairika (218), Kasisa (219), Kanksi (221), Haratal (223), Rasamanikya (224), Complications due to Asuddha Haratala Sevana (224), Manahsila (225), Kanaviraka (226), Khandakhya (226), Anjana (228), Souviranjana (229), Srotonjana (229), Stibnite (229), Nilanjana (230), Galena (231), Rasanjana (232), Kankustha (234)  
8 Sadharan Rasa 236-251
  Sadharan Rasa (236), Kampillaka (236), Gauripasana (238), Navasadar (241), Varatika (243), Mrddarasrnga (245), Agnijara (246), Girisindura (248), Hingula (249), Hinguleswar Rasa (251)  
9 Dhatu 252-294
  Swarna (56), Rajata (258), Tamra (261), Amrtikarana (64), Loha (265), Amrtikarna (269), Munda Loha (269), Tiksna Loha (269), Sara Loha (269). Lamta Loha (270), Iron Metabolism (270), Iron Balance (270), Intake of iron (271), The iron content of various foods are as follows (71), Iron from vegetable sources (272), Excretion of Iron (272), Candanadi Lauha (272), Navayas Loha (273), Pradarantaka Lauha (773), Putapakva Visama Jvarantak Lauha (274), Saptamrtaloha (75), Yakrdari Loha (276), Mandur (276), Punarnava Mandur (278), Naga (279), Jarana (281), Vanga (282), Swarna Vanga (286), Trivanga Bhasma (288), Yasada (288), Kamsya (290), Pittala (292), Current method of Making Brass (293), Vartaloha or Pancaloha (293)  
10 Ratna 295-313
  Qualities of best ratnas (gems) (295), Defects of ratnas (295), Origin of ratnas (295), Manikya (296), Tarksya (297), Vajra (299), Complications of Asuddha Vajra (299), Nilam (301), Gomeda (302), Vaidurya (303), Uparatna (304), Suryakanta (305), Candrakanta (305), Rajavarta (306), Sphatika (308), Pairojaka (309), Palanka (310), Rudhira (310), Putika (310), Sugandhika (310), Trnakanta (311), Sange Yasaba (312), Akika (313)  
11 Sudha Varga 314-330
  Mrga Srnga (314), Sambuka (315), Khatika (315), Samudra Phena (316),Sudha (317), Mukta (318), Sukti (321), Edible oysters (322) Godanti (323), Kukkutanda Twak (324), Sankha (326), Pravala (327)  
12 Sikata Varga 331-335
  Sikata (331), Dugdhapasana (331), Kauseyasma (332), Nagapasana (332), Badarasma (333), Vyomasma (334)  
13 Lavana and Ksara 331-335
  Lavana (336), Lavana according to different texts (336), Lavana pancaka (337), Lavan Traya (338), Saindhava Lavana (338), Sauvarchala Lavana (339), Vida Lavana (340), Samudra Lavana (342), Romaka Lavana (343), Ksara (344), Tankana (344), Sarjika Ksara (346), Surya Ksara (347), Papada Ksara (347), Yava Ksara (348)  
14 Mayura Pankha 349-350
  Bhunaga (349), Extraction of bhunaga satva  
15 Visa 351-367
  Visa (351), Visakta Laksana (352), Collection of Poisonous Plants (352), Antidotes for Visa (352), Vatsanabha (353), Arka (355), Swetarka (356), Karavira (357), Snuhi (358), Langali (358), Gunja (359), Ahiphena (360), Dhattura (361), Danti (362), Bhallataka (363), Bhanga (364), Jayapala (365), Visa Tinduka (366)  
16 Adharabhuta Siddhantas of Bhaisajya Kalpana  
  Basic Principles of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics (368), Anukta Dravya Grahana (Unspecified Part, time etc.) (368), Use of Candana (368) Selection of Drugs (369), Drugs to be Used in Wet-Form (369), General Rule (369), Modification of Recipes (369), Visesokta Dravya Grahana (370), Form of ausadha kalpana (solid - vati, semi solid - avalehya, liquid - kasaya, panaka and external applications - malahara kalpanas etc.) (370), Naming a Recipe (371), Importance of Rasa, Guna, virya, Vipaka, Karma and Prabhava (371), Rasa (372), Number of Rasas (372), Action of rasas (372), Action on dhatus (372), Order of administration of rasas (373), Guna (373), Gurvadi Gunas (373), Virya (374), Effect of virya (374), Vipaka (374), Effect of vipakas (374), Karma (375), Theory of drug action (375), Prabhava (375), Nature of prabhava (375), Bhaisajya Marga (Route of Medicine Administration) (375), Matra (Dose) (376), Posology (377), Doses Proportionate to Age (377), Dilling's Rule (377), Doses Proportionate to surface area (377), Mana (378), Matra (Dosage of Recipes) (378), Small Dose (378), Large Dose (378), Caraka Concept (379), Anupana Dravyas (380), Extra Anupana Actions Mentioned by Susruta (380), Time of Anupana Administration (380), Saranghadhara concept (380), Restrictions has to be followed After Intake of Anupana (380), Ausadha Sevanakala (Time of Medicine Administration) (380), Abhakta (On Empty Stomach) (381), Pragbhakta (Pragbhakta) (Before Meals) (381), Samabhakta Mixed with Food) (381), Antarabhakta (Between Meals in Day) (381), Muhuh Muhuh (Off and On) (381), Sagrasa (With First Morsel) (381), Grasantara (Between Morsels) (381), Nisa (In the Night at Bed-Time) (381), Kalpanas and their Saviryata Avadhi (382), (Formulae and Their Expiry Dates) Stability Period of Different Categories of Preparations According to Sarangadhara (382), Ausadha Samraksana Vidhi (Guidelines for the Storage of Medicines) (385), Ausadha Samraksana Vidhi (Guidelines for the Storage of Medicines) (385), Ausadha Samraksana (Vidhi) According to Modern Pharmaceutics (386), Stability or Expiry Date or Shelf Life of Medicine (386), Antioxidants (386), Preservatives (386), Choice of Preservatives (386), Packaging of Pharmaceuticals (387), Container (387), Closure (387), Carton (387), Box (387), Characteristics of containers and Closures (388), According to the method of Closure and Use, the Continers are of Following Types (388), Well Closed Containers (388), Light Resistant Containers (389), Single Dose Containers (389), Multi Dose Containers (389), Aerosol Containers (389), Classification of containers Accdording to their Shapes (389), Materials used for the Manufacture of Continers (389), Glass (389), Advantages of Glass Containers (390), Coloured Glass (390), Neutral Glass (390), Type-I Borosilicate Glass (390), Advantages of Plastic Containers (390), Paper (390), Strip or Blister Packaging (391)  
17 Mana Paribhasa 393-405
  Raw Drug Collection (393), Preparation of Different Kalpana's (393), Anupana Matra (393), Preparation of Ahara Kalpana (394), Payyamana (394), Dravayamana (394), Pautavamana (394), Kalamana (Measurement of Time), (394), Weights and Measures of Different Types (394), Magadha Mana (395), Weight of Wet and Dray Substances (396), Size (Volume) of Kudavae (397), Need for Reducing Dose (397), Kalinga Type of Weights and Measurements (397), tables of Weights and measures According to Magadha & Kalinga Schools (397), Weights and Measures (399), Linear measures (399), Measurement of time (399), Paschatya Mana Paribhasa (Weights and measures According to Modern) (400), Metric System (400), Domestic Measures (400), Conversion Factors (For all Practical Purposes) (400), Imperial System (401), Apothecaries System (401), Measures of Capacity (401), Abbreviations Commonly Used in Measures of Capacity (401), Dravya Sangrahana (Collection of Drug) (402), According to Dry and Wet State (402), According to time (402), Restrictions should be followed by Physician while collecting the drug (402), Jangama Dravya Sangrahana (403), Substitutes (404)  
18 Ausadha Kalpana 406-564
  Panca Vidha Kasaya Kalpana (407), Panca Kasaya Yoni (Sources of five for mulae/recipes/drug formulations) (407), Acarya Caraka mentioned Panca Vidha Kasaya Kalpana's as follows (409), Acarya Kasyapa concept regarding Kasaya Kalpanas (410), Acarya Susruta concept regarding kasaya kalpanas (410), Swarasa Kalpana (410), General procedure of swarasa preparation (411), Some of the common swarasa kalpana's with their amayika prayoga (412), Ardraka Swarasa (412), Tulasi Swarasa (413), Puta Paka Swarasa Vidhi (413), Usual method of putapaka swarasa Vidhi (414), Matra of puta paka swarasa (414), Syonaka putapaka swaras (415), Vasa Puta Paka Swarasa (415), Kalka Kalpana (416), Praksepa Draya Matra for Kalka (416), Uses of Kalka (417), Nimba kalka (417), Rasona Kalka (417), Kwatha Kalpana (decoction) (418), Ksarapanis Concept (418), Sarangadharas concept regarding jala pramana according to consistency of drugs (419), Praksepa dravyas (419), Praksepa dravyas (419), Varieties of kwatha according to the Pharmacological actions Atreyas concept (420), Kwatha is of seven types, Viz. (420), According to Harita Samhita the Quality of Kwatha reductions time for Sapta Vidha Kasaya (421), Pharmacological actions of sapta vidha kasayas (421), Pharmacological actions of sapta vidha kasayas (421), General Preparation of Kwatha Curna (421), drugs and equipment required (421), Some of the observations to be followed during preparation of Kwatha (422), Modern Concept of Kwatha (Decoction) (423), Punarnavastka Kwatha (423), Rasna Saptaka Kwatha (424), Paniya Kalpana (425), Sadanga Paniya (425), Phanta Kalpana (426), Sudarsana Phanta (426), Pancakola Phanta (427), Hima Kalpana (427), (Cold Infusion) Praksepa Dravyas (428), According to Acarya Caraka (428), Sarivadi hima kalpana (429), Dhanyaka hima (429), Usnodaka (430), Tandulodaka (Tandula jala) (430), Laksa rasa kalpana (431), Mamsarasa (432), Vesavara (433), Mantha Kalpana (434), General Preparation of Mantha Kalpana (434), Kharjuradhi Mantha (435), Ausadha Siddha Paniya (435), Yusa Kalpana (436), Sapta Mustika Yusa (437), Arka Kalpana (438), Panaka Kalpana (440), Cinca Panaka (440), Candana Panaka (441), Sarkara Kalpana (442), Banapsa Sarkara (443), Parusaka Sarkara (443), Syrups (444), Pramathya (445), Phanitha, Avalehya, Rasakriya, Ghana (445), Phanita (445), Rasakriya (446), Rasanjana (446), Mosabbar (Elua) (447), Guda Paka (447), Guda (Jaggery, Saccharum Officinarum) (448), Avalehya kalpana (Confections) (449), According to Bhela (451), Amrta Bhallatak (453), Cyavanaprasa (454), Citrak Haritaki (456), Haridra khanda (456), Satavari Kalpa (457), Saubhagya Sunthi (457), Vasavaleha (458), Kusmandavalehya (459), Vyaghri haritaki avalehya (460), Narikela Khanda (461), Soubhagyasunthi paka (462), Musali paka (464), Ghana Sattva (466), Amrutha sattva (466), Udumbara Ghanasara (467), Curna Kalpana (468), Bhavanadravya matra related with curna (469), Amalaki Rasayan (473), Amalaki Curna (474), Avipattikara Curna (474), Avipattikara Curna (474), Bhaskara Lavana Curna (475), Chandanadi Curna (476), Dadimacatuh Sama Curna (476), Eladi Curna (477), Goksura (Phala) Curna (477), Hingvastaka Curna (478), Lavanabhaskara Curna (Bhaskara Lavana Curna) (478), Layi Curna (Bhanga Curna) (480), Palasabijadi Curna (480), Pusyanug Curna (480), Satapuspa Curna (481) Satsakar Curna (482), Sitopaladi Curna (482), Talisadi Curna (483), Triphala Curna (483), Vaiswanara Curna (484), Yavanikhandava Curna (484), Capsules (485), Vati Kalpana (487), Apatantrahara Vati (491), Arogya Vardhani Guti (492), Arsogni Vati (493), Citrakadi Vati (493), Candraprabha Vati (494), Eladi Vati (495), Kankayan Cutika (496), Khadiradi Gutika (497), Lasunadi Vati (498), Lavangadi Vati (498), Prabhakara Vati (499), Rasonadi Vati (499), Rajahpravardhini Vati (500), Sivagutika (500), Saubhagya Vati (501), Sankavati (502), Sanjivani Vati (502), Sulavarjini Vatika (503), Vyosadi Gutika (504), Modern Aspect of Vati (Tablet) (505), Varti kalpana (530), Phala varti (532), Suppositories (533), Guggulu kalpana (535), Guggulu yoga preparation (539), Goksuradi Guggulu (540), Kancanara Guggulu (541), Kaisora guggulu (541, 542), Simhanadha Guggulu (543, 544), Trayodasanga Guggulu (544), Triphala Guggulu (545), Yogaraja guggulu (546, 548), Yogaraja Guggulu Rasayan (548), Lavana Kalpana (549), Arka lavana (549), Narikela lavana (550), Masi kalpana (551), Hastidantamasi (552), Triphala masi (552), Ayaskrti (553), ksira paka (554), Ksara kalpana (556), Ksara Gunas (560), Ksarasutra (561), Apamarga ksara (562), Snuhi ksara (563), Khamira (564)  
19 Sneha Kalpana 565-606
  Ghrta (565), Taila (568), Sneha Murchana (570), Taila Murchana (571), Sarsapa Taila Murchana (572), Eranda Taila Murchana (573), General method of sneha paka (574), Jatyadi Ghrta (584), Ksira Satpala Ghrta (585), Phala Ghrta (585), Saraswata Ghrta (586), Triphala Ghrta (587-588), Apamargaksara Taila (589), Bilvadi Taila (589), Candana Bala Laksadi Taila (590), Mahanarayana Taila (591), Mahamasa Taila (Niramisa) (594-595), Mahamasa Taila (Samisa (597), Maricadya Taila (598), Narayana Taila (598), Panca Guna Taila (600), Sadbindu Taila (600), Somaraji Taila (601), Triphala Taila (601), Visagarbha Taila (603)  
20 Sandhana Kalpana 607-637
  Asava and Arista Kalpana (609), Preparation of asava and arista (610), Other types of Sandhana Kalpanas (616), Modern aspect of alcoholic formulations (617), Arjunarista (Parthyarista) (618), Abhayarista (618), Arvindasava (619), Amrtarista (620), Asokarista (621), Aswagandhadyarista (622), Candanasav (623), Dasamularista (624), Draksarista (627), Kumaryasava (628), Kanakasav (629), Khadirarista (630), Kutajarista (631), Patrangasav (631), Rohitakarista (632), Vidangarista (633), Sarasvatarista (634), Sarivadyasav (636)  
21 Pathya Kalpana 638-648
  Manda Kalpana (639), Astaguna manda (640), Vatyamanda (640), Lajamanda (640), Yavagu (641), Peya (641), Peya guna (641), Vilepi (641), Vilepi guna (641), Anna (Bhakta or Bhat) kalpana (641), Guna of anna kalpana (642), Krsara kalpana (642), Gunas of krsara (642), Khada-Kambalika (643), Khada (643), Satakasamidhanya (643), Satakasaka (643), Gunas of kambalika and khada (643), Raga- Sadava (644), Sadava (644), Gutikasadava (644), Another method of Raga sadava (644), Takra Kalpana (Takravarga) (645), Mathita (646), Udasvit (647), Chacchika (647), Katvara (647), Dadhikurcika-Takradurcika (648)  
22 Bahya Kalpana 649-660
  Lepakalpana (649), Dosaghnalepa (650), Varnyalepa (650), Dasanga lepa (652), Satadhauta Ghrta and Sahasradhauta Ghrta (653), Malahara Kalpana (maraham) (653), Sarjarasamalahara (Rala Malahara) (654), Sikthataila (655), Gandhakadya malahara (656), Atasyadi upanaha (656), Dosage Forms Meant For External Application (657), Ointments (657), Creams (658), Pastes (658), Jellies (658), Characteristics of an Ideal ointment (658), Ointment bases (658), Oleaginous bases (659), Absorption Bases (659), Emulsion Bases (659), Jellies (660), Poulitices or cataplasms (660), Liniments (660), Lotions (660),  
23 Netra Kalpana 661-667
  Seka (661), Different Sekayogas Mentioned by Acarya Sarngadhara (661), Ascyotana (662), Ascyotana Yoga (662), Pindi (kavalika) (663), Pindi (kavalika) Yoga (663), Bidalaka (664), Lepa for Eye (664), Aksitarpana (664), Putapaka (665), Anjana (666)  
24 Mukha Kalpana 668-671
  Gandusa and kavla kalpana, (668), Gandusa (668), Kavala (668), Snaihika gandusa kalpana for Vataja vyadhies (668), Mukhapaka gandusa (669), Pratisarana (Manjan) (670), Irimedadi Taila (670)  
25 Nasika Kalpana 672-680
  Classifications of nasya (672), Navana nasya (673), Avapida nasya (674), Avapida nasya is indicated in the following conditions (674), Dhmapana (pradhamana) nasya (674), Pradhamana nasya is indicated in following conditions (674), Dhuma nasya (674), marsa - Pratimarsa nasya (674), Nasya Drugs Mentioned by Different Authors (675), Nasya Ausadhi Kalpana (677), Commonly used Nasya Ausadhi Kalpanas (677), Nasya Yantra (677), Observation of Atura-Vaya and kala (678), Determination of Dosage in Nasya Karma (678), Nasya Vyapada (Complications) (680)  
26 Dhumapana Kalpana 681-683
  Dhuma Nadi (681), Dhumapana kalpana for balagraha (682), Dhumapana Pascat Karma (682), Preparation of dhumanetra (682), Method of Dhumapana (683), Yogya for Dhumapana (683), Ayogya for dhumapana (683)  
27 Vasti Kalpana 684-693
  Classification of vasti (684), Indications of Asthapana vasti (686), Contraindications of Asthapana Vasti (687), Indications of anuvasana vasti (687), Contraindication of anuvasana vasti (687), Procedure of Vastikarma (688), Drugs Commonly used for Vasti Kalpa Purpose (689), Common formulations meant for asthapana vasti (690), Formulations to be used for vatarogas (690), Formulations is to be used for Kapharogas (690), Procedure of Vasti (690), Vasti Pratyagama kala (691), Features of samyak (Adequate) Vasti (691), Features of asamyak (Inadequate) Vasti (691), Features of excess vasti (Atiyoga) (691), Post-vasti regimen (691), Following activities should be avoided after Vasti Karma (691), Vasti vyapada (complications) (692), Modern aspect of Enemea (692)  
28 Ausadha Vitarana 694-698
  Marketing functions (694), Buying (694), Modes of Purchasing (695), Selling (695), Transportation (695), Storage (Warehousing) (695), Need and Importance of Storage (695), Functions of storage (696), Protection of Goods (696), Price Stability (696), Loan Facility (696), Grading and Packing Facilities (696), Grading (696), Branding (696), Financing (696), Risk Bearing (696), Feedback Information (697), Channels of distribution (697), Advertisement of Pharmaceutical Products (697), Materials Management (697), Book Keeping and accountancy (697), Financial Planning (698), Financial Management (698), Financial Planning (698)  
29 Standardisation 699-725
  Standardisation of crude drugs (699), Standard (700), Standardisation-A Multi-Dimensional Approach (700), Selection of Parameters (700), Guidelines to be followed in the use of the standards (701), Determination of PH (701), Determination of Refractive Index (702), Refractometers (702), Specific gravity (702), Determination of fineness of particles (703), Determination of ash (703), Acid insoluble ash (703), Water soluble ash (703), Determination of Water Soluble Extractive (704), Determination of Alcohol-Soluble-Extractive (704), Loss on Drying (704), Determination of Alcohol content (704), Determination of Fat content (705), Volatile oil content (705), Acid value (707), Saponification value (707), Iodine value (708), Test for the absence of Vanaspati in ghee (709), Test for the detection of Arachis oil in sesame oil (709), Thin Layer Chromatography (709), Component of Thin Layer Chromatoset (709), Operating Guidelines (709), Preparation of Thin Layer on Plates by Applicator (Spreader) (709), Preparation of Chromatoplates (710), Choice of Adsorbent (711), Choice of Solvent System (711), Spotting or substances (711), Development of Thin Layer (712), Condition for Development (712), Chamber saturation (712), Temperature, Light, Protection Against Oxidation (712), Visualization (713), Basic Perceptions of "Quality" (713), Essential components of "quality" in a health - care product (714), Microbial -contamination limits in medicinal plant materials (714), Microscopic Characterization of powdered drug (715), Quality practices in pharmaceutical units of ISM: (715), Raw materials handling (715), Concepts of GMP in ayurvedic literature (716), Good Manufacturing Practices for Herbal Medicines (717), Approaches of implementation (718), The Drugs and Cosmetic Act. 1940 (719)  


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Item Code: IDI840 Author: Dr. K. Rama Chandra Reddy Cover: Hardcover Edition: 2007 Publisher: Chaukhambha Sanskrit Bhawan Language: English Size: 10.1" X 8.7 Pages: 758 Other Details: Weigtht of the Book: 2. kg
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