This book explores how Tamil textiles became a globally traded commodity, and circulated across the seas and oceans during the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, eventually being consumed by a wide variety of societies in Asia, Europe, Africa, and America. The author traces how the global diffusion of woven, Painted, printed, and dyed cotton textiles occurred not only because of the skills of Tamil weavers and dyers, but also because of the political and the economic compulsions in the various regions it travelled. The offcers of the East India Companies and the missionaries investigated the techniques of the printing and dyeing of Tamil textiles and found them to be considerably more sophisticated than those used in Europe. This resulted in an exchange of technical and technological knowledge of textile production between the Tamil coast and Europe.
This volume examines the long-term economic history of the Tamil region through the lens of textiles and provides not only extensive and quantitative analysis of the types of textiles traded, but also examines the movement of precious metals, the process of monetization, and the struggle between the Portuguese, Dutch, English, French, Armenian, Tamil, and Telugu traders.
Adopting Braudel’s approach, this study breaks new ground by looking at changes and continuities in the Tamil textile economy, society, and technology as an integral phenomenon, thus rescuing history from becoming region or nation-centric and elevating its status to the global.
S. Jeyaseela Stephen is Directeur, Institut Pour etudes Indo-Europeennes, and was Professor of Maritime History from 2001 to 2013 at Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, West Bengal. Professor Stephen is the author of the Coromandel Coast and its Hinterland: Economy,
Society and Political System 1500-1600 (1997); Portuguese in the Tamil Coast: Historical Explorations in Commerce and Culture, 1507-1749 (1998); The Diary of Rangappa Thiruvengadam Pillai, 1761-1768, Translated from Original Tamil (2000); Caste, Catholic Christianity and the Language of Conversion: Social Change and Cultural Translation in Tamil Country 1511- 1779 (2007); Portuguese, the Armenians and the World of Art and Architecture in the Tamil Coast, 16th-18th Centuries (2008); Expanding Portuguese Empire and the Tamil Economy, 16th-18th Centuries (2009) and The Sky of Indian History: Themes and Thought of Rabindranath Tagore (2010).
|List of Tables||vii|
|List of Maps||xi|
|1||Setting the Scene||1|
|2||Portuguese Trade in Textiles from the Tamil Coast to Malay Paninsula and Indonesian Archipelago, 1502- 1641||26|
|3||The Commercial Topography and the Textile Trade of the Chettiyars, Mudaliars, Pillais and Marakkayars in Asia, Sixteenth-Eighteenth Centuries||51|
|4||The Economic Environment of the Komati Chettis and Beri Chettis in the Tamil Coast and Textile Trade, Sixteenth-Eighteenth Centuries||116|
|5||Textile Trade of the Dutch from the Tamil Coast to Asia and Africa, Seventeenth-Eighteenth Centuries||190|
|6||Textile Trade of the French from the Tamil Coast to Asia and Africa, Seventeenth-Eighteenth Centuries||235|
|7||Private Fortunes and Profits in the Textile Trade of the Armenians and the Europeans||247|
|8||Textile Trade of the Dutch East India Company from Pulicat, Nagapattinam and Tuticorin to the Netherlande, 1610- 1795||293|
|9||Madras to London: Textile Trade under the English East India Company, 1640-1809||321|
|10||Pondicherry to France: Textile Trade under the French East India Company, 1682-1793||387|
|11||The Flow of Precious Metals and the Textile Trade in the Tamil Coast, Sixteenth-Eighteenth Centuries||425|
|12||Continuities, Discontinuities and Changes in the Textile Economy and Society of the Tamil Coast, Sixteenth-Eighteenth Centuries||483|
|13||Scientific Experiments of the French Catholic Missionaries and Professionals: Knowledge Transfer of Textile Painting and Cloth Dyeing from Pondicherry to France||532|
|14||Information Networking on Textile Painting, Dyeing and Bleaching by the Officials of the East India Companies and the Circulation of Scientific Knowledge from the Tamil Coast to Europe||558|
Item Code: NAL599 Author: S. Jeyaseela Stephen Cover: Hardcover Edition: 2014 Publisher: Primus Books ISBN: 9789380607573 Language: English Size: 9.5 inch x 6.5 inch Pages: 708 Other Details: Weight of the Book: 1.4 kg
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