BooksHindiTen Scho...

Ten Schools of The Vedanta

Description Read Full Description
Foreword Vedanta, as the very name suggests, stands for the pinnacle of knowledge par excellence, otherwise called para vidya, the one that leads to emancipation from the bondage of mundame limitations (sa vidya ya Vimuktaye). As a sastra, it is rooted in the upanisads (upanisatpramanam) and developed in Brahmasutra-s, commentaries thereon, followed by subcommentaries, scholia, digests etc. and relevant parts of epic and puranas viz. Srimad-Bhagavadgita, Visnupurana, Bhagavatapuran...


Vedanta, as the very name suggests, stands for the pinnacle of knowledge par excellence, otherwise called para vidya, the one that leads to emancipation from the bondage of mundame limitations (sa vidya ya Vimuktaye). As a sastra, it is rooted in the upanisads (upanisatpramanam) and developed in Brahmasutra-s, commentaries thereon, followed by subcommentaries, scholia, digests etc. and relevant parts of epic and puranas viz. Srimad-Bhagavadgita, Visnupurana, Bhagavatapurana and the like (tadupakarini ca sastrani): In traditional parlance, this whole corpus is distributed into three phases viz. sruti, sutra and smrti. Interestingly, there were conflicting observations in the upanisads and the author of the Brahmasutras had to bring them to unison to suit his purpose viz. propagation. of Brahman as the unifying principle underlying all diversities in the universe. The question of relationship between this Brahman and individual beings and things gradually came to be interpreted variously in different quarters so much so that different schools of Vedanta emerged in course of time, each with a vast literature and sizeable following at different stages of history in different regions.Concept of emancipation and role of karman, jnana and bhakti in realization of the ultimate goal varied accordingly. While Sankara and his followers upheld jnana as the unique way and discarded jnana-karma-samuccaya, Vaisnava vedantins opted for transformation of knowledge (jnana) into devotion (bhakti) as the only way to emancipation. To Sankara a liberated invidual is supposed to be dissolved into Brahman (Brahma veda Brahmaiva bhavati) and therefore there is absolute monism (kevaladvaita) since jivo Brahmaiva naparah in fine; to a Vaisnava, however, there is eternal separation between the Lord Krsna and His devotee. All that the latter can aspire is either association, semblance or otherwise with the Lord. The Gaudiya Vaisnavas come up with acintya-bhevabheda-vada, the theory of inconceivable difference and non-difference at the same time. While Madhva, Nimbarka, Vallabha, Ramanuja, Sricaitanya had their own way of interpreting vedanta in accordance with the Vaisnavite faith they practised, Saivas and Saktas too did not lag behind in offering their interpretation. Also, there were sub-schools in some cases. Followers of Sankara, for example, come out to away themselves in three prasthanas named after the Vivarana, Bhamati and Samksepasariraka.

Needless to say, Bengal's contribution to Vedanta is substantial in some of the above schools.

Apart from the Gaudiya Vaisnavas of acintya-bhedabheda following, Madhusudana Sarasvati of Advaitasiddhi fame is a great name in Sankarite Vedanta. Pancanana Tarkaratna of Bhattapalli authored his Saktibhasya on Brahmasutra in the 19th century A.D. Translation of some major upanisads by Raja Rammohan Roy paved another way to interpreting Vedanta as a challenge to christianity of the colonial missionaries from Europe. But it is with Practical Vedanta vouchsafed by Swami Vivekananda and Rabindranath Thakur's interpretation in terms of ananda as the essence of everything (anandadhara vahiche bhuvane) that Vedanta was rejuvenated as philosophy of the new era. Rabindranath longed for emancipation realized in every individual mind (amar mukti sarvajaner maner majhe); to him, it occurs as a blissful ecstacy among thousands of mundane ties (asamkhya bandhan majhe mahanandamay labhiba muktir svad). That which is attachment at the initial stage, therefore, transforms itself into deliverence (moha mor muktirupe uthibe jvaliya), the poet felt.

Studies in vedanta in the twentieth century Bengal absorbed all this rich legacy of philosophical deliberations and aesthetic realization. Even if Pundit Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar expressed his strong reservation on Vedanta and Samkhya systems of thought in the 19th century context, serious studies did not stop. But instead of reading vedanta as a sastra leading to renunciation, it came to be accepted as a philosophy of higher meaning and greater relevance of mundane existence of human kind on earth in the new era of enlightenment.

Dr. Roma Chaudhuri's Ten Schools of The Vedanta (3 volumes) is a brilliant compendium of this vast pool of knowledge embedded in Vedanta literature evolved through centuries together. A serious scholar and dedicated researcher, a poetess of unique merit in Sanskrit, a champion of human development through proper education, an able academic administrator and a celebrated oratress of wide social acceptance she left her mark of ingenuity and social commitment in whatever she performed. Her students and junior colleagues still remember their beloved Romadi for her motherly affection and guidance. She nurtured Rabindra Bharati University as its second Vice-Chancellor during very hard days of social turbulance. The University community gratefully remembers this noble soul in her birth centenary year and brings out the new edition of her magnum opus as a tribute to her whom late Swami Prajnanandaji rightly called Brahmavadini.




  Part I  
Chapter I Practical Aspect of the Vedanta 3
Chapter II The Vedanta and its Implications: Samkara's Kevaladvaitavada 16
Chapter III Ramanuja's Visistadvaitavada 35
Chapter IV Nimbarka's Svabhavika-Dvaitadvaita-Vada 42
Chapter V Madhva's Dvaita-Vada : Problem of Relation 58
Chapter VI Vallabha's Suddhadvaita-Vada 83
  Part II  
Chapter I Epilogue: Five Schools of the Vedanta 111
  Part-III: Remaining Five Schools  
Chapter I Bhaskara's" Aupadhika-Bhedabheda-Vada" 259
Chapter II Visnusvamin' s "Suddhadvaita-vada" 296
Chapter III Srikantha's "Visista-Sivadvaita-vada" 325
Chapter IV Sripati's "Visesadvaita-vada" 397
Chapter V Baladeva's "Acintya-Bhedabheda-vada" 439
  Together with the Eleventh School of the Vedanta  
Chapter VI Swami Vivekananda's "Manavadvaita-vada" 533

Sample Pages

Item Code: NAJ006 Author: Dr. Roma Chaudhuri Cover: Hardcover Edition: 2012 Publisher: Rabindra Bharati University, Kolkata ISBN: 9789382039044 Language: English Size: 9.5 inch X 6.5 inch Pages: 588 Other Details: Weight of the Book: 930 gms
Price: $41.00
Shipping Free
Viewed 5445 times since 8th Jun, 2019
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to Ten Schools of The Vedanta (Hindi | Books)

Visistadvaita and Dvaita (A Systematic and Comparative Study of the Two Schools of Vedanta)
Bhakti Schools of Vedanta (Lives and Philosophies of Ramanuja, Nimbarka, Madhva, Vallabha and Caitanya (Chaitanya))
Bhamati and Vivarana Schools of Advaita Vedanta: A Critical Approach
The Philosophy of the Vallabha School of Vedanta (Rare Book)
History of the Dvaita School of Vedanta and its Literature
Vedanta Sangraha of Ramaraya Kavi Essentials of Vedanta
The Philosophy of Visistadvaita Vedanta (A Study Based on Vedanta Desika’s Adhikarana-Saravali)
Fundamentals of Visistadvaita Vedanta: A Study based on Vedanta Desika's Tattva-mukta-Kalapa
Vedanta-Parijata-Saurabha of Nimbarka and Vedanta-Kaustubha of Srinivasa: Commentaries on the Brahma-Sutras (3 Volumes)
Modern Perspectives on Vedanta (Proceedings of The 20th International Congress of Vedanta)
मुण्डकोपनिषत्: Mundaka Upanishad with Four Commentaries According to Ramanuja School
Critique of Non-Advaita Schools (A Contemporary Research)
Five Principal Upanishads- Ishavasya, Kena, Katha, Taittiriya and Mundaka Upanishads (With Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Translation and Exhaustive Commentary Based on Ramanuja School)
Vallabha Cult and Sri Harirayaji - Contribution of Sri Harirayaji to Vallabha School (An Old and Rare Book)
My previous purchasing order has safely arrived. I'm impressed. My trust and confidence in your business still firmly, highly maintained. I've now become your regular customer, and looking forward to ordering some more in the near future.
Chamras, Thailand
Excellent website with vast variety of goods to view and purchase, especially Books and Idols of Hindu Deities are amongst my favourite. Have purchased many items over the years from you with great expectation and pleasure and received them promptly as advertised. A Great admirer of goods on sale on your website, will definately return to purchase further items in future. Thank you Exotic India.
Ani, UK
Thank you for such wonderful books on the Divine.
Stevie, USA
I have bought several exquisite sculptures from Exotic India, and I have never been disappointed. I am looking forward to adding this unusual cobra to my collection.
Janice, USA
My statues arrived today ….they are beautiful. Time has stopped in my home since I have unwrapped them!! I look forward to continuing our relationship and adding more beauty and divinity to my home.
Joseph, USA
I recently received a book I ordered from you that I could not find anywhere else. Thank you very much for being such a great resource and for your remarkably fast shipping/delivery.
Prof. Adam, USA
Thank you for your expertise in shipping as none of my Buddhas have been damaged and they are beautiful.
Roberta, Australia
Very organized & easy to find a product website! I have bought item here in the past & am very satisfied! Thank you!
Suzanne, USA
This is a very nicely-done website and shopping for my 'Ashtavakra Gita' (a Bangla one, no less) was easy. Thanks!
Shurjendu, USA
Thank you for making these rare & important books available in States, and for your numerous discounts & sales.
John, USA