BooksWho is S...

Who is Supreme?

Description Read Full Description
About the Author   Born in Croatia in 1972, Gokula Candra Dasa Brahmacari joined ISKCON in 1993. In 1994, he relocated to India and became an initiated disciple of His Holiness Bhakti Vikasa Swami (a disciple of Srila Prabhupada). At present, Gokula Candra Dasa is serving in ISKCON Salem, Tamil Nadu, India.   Foreword   The purpose of human life is not to amass money, to become famous or popular, or even to have a...

About the Author


Born in Croatia in 1972, Gokula Candra Dasa Brahmacari joined ISKCON in 1993. In 1994, he relocated to India and became an initiated disciple of His Holiness Bhakti Vikasa Swami (a disciple of Srila Prabhupada). At present, Gokula Candra Dasa is serving in ISKCON Salem, Tamil Nadu, India.




The purpose of human life is not to amass money, to become famous or popular, or even to have a long and healthy life. All these achievements are temporary and thus of no intrinsic worth. Considering this, a truly intelligent person does not concentrate on such ephemeral goals but asks really important questions- Who am l? What is the purpose of life? Why do we have to struggle and suffer? Is there life after death-as well as the ultimate queries:Is there God? What is our relationship with God? Who is God, and how can we understand Him? Since time immemorial, these questions and the attempts to answer them have been the primary focus of enlightened people throughout the world.


Particularly, the culture of India was characterized by an extraordinarily elevated ethos of philosophical and theological discussion and a commitment for fulfilling the spiritual aim of life. Although modern materialism has much weakened India’s traditions, Hinduism (the present-day remnant of Vedic culture) remains vibrant and has become an influential cultural trajectory throughout the contemporary world. Yet, due to its richness and complexity, and to a lack of qualified guides in the modern age, Hinduism is often misunderstood even by its own practitioners. Especially the question “Who, if any, among the plethora of gods and goddesses in the ‘Hindu pantheon’ is supreme?” might seem to be an irresolvable conundrum.


Who Is Supreme? tackles this riddle-not with the pablum and word jugglery characteristic of many of today’s popular gurus, but with a straightforward and lucid analysis of the seminal ‘sources of Vedic knowledge, including the Purii1)-as and other corollary texts.


Having practiced and taught Vedic wisdom for more than eighteen years, the author, Gokula Candra Dasa, is eminently qualified to impart these vital insights, which, since time immemorial, have been passed down by great rsis for the benefit of human society. Herein the author’ has presented the essence of that vast lore, as per the teachings of His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, the foremost exponent of Vedic culture in the modern age. I therefore request the reader to carefully and seriously peruse this book, with faith that understanding its conclusions will help one attain the topmost platform of spiritual realization.




India is punya-bhumi (a sacred land). It is a land of culture and worship, of millions of temples, of spiritual thought and practice, and of yoga and meditation. India is the land of Lord Rama, Lord Krsna, and the Bhagavad-gita, a land to which, for eons, pilgrims have come in search of the Absolute Truth.


Although times have changed, the spark of Vedic culture still flickers in the hearts of India’s people. Millions still bathe reverently in the holy Ganga, and millions still celebrate Sri: Krsna Janmastami. Recitations of Krsna-lila and Rama-lila still remain popular, sometimes attracting lakhs of listeners. Even in the midst of their busy lives, most Hindus still begin each day by offering dhupa (incense), dipa (lamp), and puspa (flowers) to their ista-deva (worshipable deity). To be born in this holy land is a privilege, a divine opportunity for growing and living with God.


Yet, India’s vast variety of temples, worshipers, and rituals can be bewildering. Some worship Lord Ganapati to remove all obstacles in their endeavors, others worship Lord Siva and Goddess Durga for material opulence, students supplicate Goddess Sarasvati for knowledge, while still others pray to Hanuman for protection and strength. And some simply say, “Worship and respect all, for all gods and all paths are one and the same.”


Most Hindus believe that by satisfying Vedic gods and goddesses the worshiper will attain the Absolute Truth, which they consider to be ultimately impersonal. This widespread assumption is likely caused by not properly understanding the complex Vedic descriptions thereof, or not understanding the principles underlying sastric rituals. However, the Bhagavad-gita (the essence of all the Vedas) clearly teaches that there is one Supreme Personality of Godhead, who possesses spiritual personality, form, and qualities, who is the origin of everything, who empowers all to act, who is the ultimate bestower of all benedictions, and who therefore is the topmost object of worship. One who knows this truth does not need to worship anyone else to achieve perfection.


Although the Vedas mention a variety of gods, they are ranked hierarchically. As within a government a prime minister deputes many subordinate ministers to manage affairs on his behalf, so also there is one Supreme Personality of Godhead who, although fully self-sufficient and not in need of anyone’s help, nonetheless authorizes certain individuals to assume on His behalf important posts in universal affairs. These empowered souls are called de vas, or demigods. Although decorated with godly qualities and thus above ordinary mortals, the devas are still jivas, or living entities. Therefore, to worship demigods, all of whom are dependent on the Supreme Lord, is inferior to worshiping God Himself.


Some of the prominent devas are: Lord Brahma, the creator; Lord Siva, the destroyer; and Goddess Durga, material nature personified. But above all of them is Lord Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the Bhagavad-gita (7.7), Krsna says:


Mattah parataram nanyat kincid asti dhananjaya

“O conqueror of wealth, there is no truth superior to Me.”


Nevetheless, most worshipers of demigods will not accept this simple fact. Indeed, throughout the ages the question Who is supreme? has been debated. However, by wielding strong arguments based on the sastras, Sripada Ramanujacarya, Sripada Madhvacarya, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and many other stalwart Vedic scholars defeated all false theories and mercifully revealed the truth-that God is one, His name is Visnu (Krsna), and all others are His servants. Consequently, it is the duty of everyone to serve the Lord with love and devotion, as He Himself recommends:


sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja

aham tvam sarva-papebhyo moksayisyami ma sucah


“Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reactions. Do not fear.”(Gita 18.66)


In accordance with the teachings of previous acaryas, especially those of His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, this book is a humble attempt to present the Vedic version regarding the supreme position of Lord Krsna over all demigods. We hope that sincere seekers of the truth will be fully convinced by the sastric evidence presented herein and will thereby become freed from all doubts or confusion regarding who is supreme, and thereupon will concentrate their devotion undeviatingly toward the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Sri Krsna.








The Vedas Reveal the Absolute Truth


Teachings of the Vedas






References from Sastras




Questions and Answers


The Supreme Personality of Godhead


The Supreme Creator


The Supreme Controller


The Supreme Enjoyer


Lord Krsna’s Opulences


Aisvarya (all wealth)


Virya (topmost strength)


Yasas (all fame)


Sri (complete beauty)


Jnana (full knowledge)


Vairagya (complete renunciation)


Lord Krsna’s Qualities.


Lord Krsna’s Energies


The Marginal Energy


The Material Energy


The Spiritual Energy


Lord Krsna’ s Forms


Questions and Answers


Lord Krsna’s Consorts


Lord Krsna’ s Abode


The Material Creation


Lord Krsna’s Intermediate Expansion (Lord Siva)


Questions and Answers


The Material Universe


Posi tion of the Demigods


Destination of the Demons


Position of Human Beings


Questions and Answers


The Demigods Recognize Lord Krsna’s Supreme Position


Lord Brahma


Lord Siva


Lord lndra


Lord Agni and Lord Vayu


Goddess Durga


Questions and Answers


Lord Karttikeya


Lord Gal).esax


Questions and Answers


Goddess Laksmi and Goddess Sarasvati


Lord Hanuman


Lord Dattatreya


Lord Yarnaraja


Lord Surya


Lord Ayyappa


The Assembly of Rsis


Prayers by Garga Muni






How to Realize the Supreme Lord


Questions and Answers






Srila Prabhupada’s quotes on demigod worship


About Srila Prabhupada


About the Author





Sample Page

Item Code: NAH258 Author: Gokula Candra Dasa Cover: Paperback Edition: 2013 Publisher: Bhakti Vikas Trust Language: Transliteration with English Translation Size: 8.5 inch X 5.5 inch Pages: 160 (12 Color Illustrations) Other Details: Weight of the Book: 205 gms
Price: $16.00
Shipping Free
Be the first to review this product
Viewed 4625 times since 4th Mar, 2017
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to Who is Supreme? (Hindu | Books)

The Philosophy and Religion of Sri Caitanya (Chaitanya) (The Philosophical background of the Hare Krishna Movement)
Thirukkural and 81 Qualities of Krishna (Part I Arathuppal)
Songs of the Vaisnava Acaryas (Hymns and Mantras for the glorification of Radha and Krsna (Krishna))
Sri Sri Radha–Krsna–Sahasra–Nama (Thousand Names of Sri Sri Radha–Krsna)
Jai Jai Ram Krishna Hari: Being an English Rendering of 'Bhakta Leela' a Play On Bhakti Movement of Maharashtra
Vaisnavi Women and the Worship of Krishna
Vaisnavi Women and the Worship of Krishna
Sri Krishna (The Lord of Guruvayur)
Lord Krishna and Pranami Faith
Krsna Comes to Earth (Garga Samhita, First Canto Part Two, Chapters 7-13) ( Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-word Meaning, English Translation and Purport)
Ethics and Epics (The Collected Essays of Bimal Krishna Matilal)
Charming Krishna: Madhurastakam by Sri Vallabhacarya - Illustrated with Original Paintings
Krishna’s Other Song: A New Look at the Uddhava Gita
The Search for Sri Krishna
Krsna’s Planet (Sri Garga-Samhita) and Purport: First Canto (Part One Chapters 1-6) (Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-word Meaning, English Translation)
Order a rare set of books generally not available. Received in great shape, a bit late, I am sure Exotic India team worked hard to obtain a copy. Thanks a lot for effort to support Indians World over!
Vivek Sathe
Shiva came today.  More wonderful  in person than the images  indicate.  Fast turn around is a bonus. Happy trail to you.
Henry, USA
Namaskaram. Thank you so much for my beautiful Durga Mata who is now present and emanating loving and vibrant energy in my home sweet home and beyond its walls.   High quality statue with intricate detail by design. Carved with love. I love it.   Durga herself lives in all of us.   Sathyam. Shivam. Sundaram.
Rekha, Chicago
People at Exotic India are Very helpful and Supportive. They have superb collection of everything related to INDIA.
Daksha, USA
I just wanted to let you know that the book arrived safely today, very well packaged. Thanks so much for your help. It is exactly what I needed! I will definitely order again from Exotic India with full confidence. Wishing you peace, health, and happiness in the New Year.
Susan, USA
Thank you guys! I got the book! Your relentless effort to set this order right is much appreciated!!
Utpal, USA
You guys always provide the best customer care. Thank you so much for this.
Devin, USA
On the 4th of January I received the ordered Peacock Bell Lamps in excellent condition. Thank you very much. 
Alexander, Moscow
Gracias por todo, Parvati es preciosa, ya le he recibido.
Joan Carlos, Spain
We received the item in good shape without any damage. It is simply gorgeous. Look forward to more business with you. Thank you.
Sarabjit, USA