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History of Dharmasastra in Essence

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About the Book The encyclopaedic history of Dharmasastra represents a monumental single – handed effort by the Bharataratna Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane (07.05.1880-18.04.1972). The original work in seven volumes covering more than six thousand five hundred pages and the first volume revised in mid-sixties contain such extensive discussion of smrtis, Sanskrit literature, numismatics, epigraphy and lexicography that these volumes are used mainly by scholars for purposes of reference. A s...
About the Book

The encyclopaedic history of Dharmasastra represents a monumental single – handed effort by the Bharataratna Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane (07.05.1880-18.04.1972). The original work in seven volumes covering more than six thousand five hundred pages and the first volume revised in mid-sixties contain such extensive discussion of smrtis, Sanskrit literature, numismatics, epigraphy and lexicography that these volumes are used mainly by scholars for purposes of reference. A strong feeling was expressed by several persons that the contents of this great work should be made accessible in a concise form to non-specialist general readers in India as well as in other English speaking countries. This has now been done by Dr. S. G. Moghe, a dedicated scholar in the field of history of Dharmsastra.

Several special or novel features of the present book are worth mentioning. The work of Dr. P. V. Kane in the field of Dharmasastra was published over a long period of four fecades. So discussions of particular topics by Dr. Kane are to be found not only in different volumes of the History of Dharmasastra but also in other books and journals. In the present book, an attempt has been made to present coherent accounts of these discussions. Summaries of chapters and long sections in the original work are also given for the benefit of the intended readers. Further, only judiciously selected important references are included in order not to burden the lay reader with unnecessary details.

The message of the History of Dharmasastra is expected to spread to a large national and international readership by the availability of this condensed version retaining the essence of the original work.



In presenting this volume entitled 'Mahamahopadhyaya Dr. P. V. Kane's History of Dharma. Sastra – in essence to the scholarly world, my joy knows no bounds for the simple reason that by this work my name has now become inseparably connected with that towering personality and doyen of Sanskrit scholars in the domain of research and particularly the Dharma Sastra research.

It must be stated here right at the very outset, that this edition is prepared, keeping in mind, the interest of the common public and general readers of the dharma-sastra literature and incidentally to serve the needs of the scholars-both occidental and oriental.

In giving the essence of all the volumes of all the History of Dharma-Sastra, I have framed and followed some principles, which may be briefly stated here.

1. The ritual procedures are preferably dropped.

2. The Devanagari quotations are mostly curtailed.

3. The long discussions involving the views of the prime facie and the siddhanta are dropped and only the conclusions drawn by Dr. Kane are stated.

4. The matter that is available in other articles of Dr. Kane but having no place in the volumes of the Dharma Sastra is either utilised, or referred to, as per the space at my disposal.

5. In dealing with the authors of Dharma Sastra in the first two volumes, attention is focussed on the personal history (if available), their dates and their special views and the identification if any. Besides, in the case of these authors or the Smrtikaras, their views scattered in other volumes are also brought together. The same is the case with the other topics that are discussed in the other volumes.

6. The less scope is given for the criticism of the views of scholars at the hands of Dr. Kane unless such discussion become unavoidable in the context.

7. The number of authorities for any view are stated by curtailing the number.

8. The quotations for any view are generally given in the foot-notes and it is very rarely that the references are given in the body of the chapter.

9. At the end of every chapter, the conclusions are briefly stated for the interest of the General readers.

10. Dr. Kane's method of seeking corroboration for any view in the light of the evidence from history, epigraphy, classical Sanskrit literature, grammar and unpublished manuscripts and the position of such views in the modern Hindu case Law, is fully utilised here.

11. At some places, however, the attention of the readers is also drawn to the lengthy discussion in the volumes of the History of Dharma Sastra for additional details, only to achieve brevity.

12. In the case of the Smrtikaras and the digest authors in particular. The readers will find adequate references to such publications and also the reviews on the same, by admitting my own limitations and also my dependence on the reputed journal of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune, and other journals in which either.

13. At some places, however, after the completion of the foot-not, I have added some special foot – notes to explain the difficult point to the general readers or drawn the attention of the readers to the particular page of the volume of the history of Dharma Sastra.

14. As regards some lengthy lists in the volumes, I have given introductory and useful remarks showing the method of the treatment of Dr. Kane. The same is the case with the Appendixes gives by Dr, Kane.

15. The judicious use of the Appendix of Dharma Sastra works and authors at the end of the History of Dharma Sastra Vol. I/II, will have to be regarded as the novel feature of this work. In addition to this, I have also utilised another book 'professor Kane's contribution to the Dharma Sastra Literature' particularly edited by me, by publishing 19 valuable papers in the year




  Preface 2
  Chronological Table 5
  List of works consulted 8
  Dharma – sastra Vol.I/I  
1 Meaning of Dharma 1
2 Sources of Dharma 3
3 When Dharma – Sastra works were first composed 4
4 The Dharma sutras 6
5 The Dharma Sutra of Gautama 7
6 The Baudhayana Dharma Sutra 9
7 The Dharma Sutra of Apastamba 11
8 The Hiranyakesi Dharma Sutra 13
9 The Vasistha Dharama Sutra 14
10 The Visnu Dhara Sutra 16
11 The Dharma Sutra of Harita 18
12 The Dharma Sutra of Sankha – Lakhita 20
13 Manava – Dharma Sutra Did it exist? 22
14 The Arthasastra of Kautilya 24
15 Vaikhanasa Dharma Sutra 28
16 Atri 29
17 Usanas 30
18 Kanva and Kanya 32
19 Kasyapa and Kasyapa 33
20 Gargya 34
21 Cyavana 35
22 Jatukarnaya 36
23 Devala 38
24 Paithinasi 40
25 Budha 42
26 Brhaspati 43
27 Bharadvaja and Bharadvaja 44
28 Satatapa 45
29 Sumantu 46
30 The Smrtis 47
31 The Manu Smrti 49
32 The two epics 52
33 The Puranas 56
34 The Yajnavalkyas Smrti 57
35 The Parasara Smrti 60
36 The Narada Smrti 62
37 The Brhasapati Smrti 64
38 Katyayana 66
39 The Angirasa Smrti 68
40 Rsysrnga 69
41 Karsnajini 70
42 Caturvimsati- Mata 71
43 Daksa 72
44 Pitamaha 73
45 Pulastya 75
46 Paithinasi 76
47 Pracetas 77
48 Prajapati 78
49 Marici 79
50 Yama 81
51 Laugaksi 82
52 Visvamitra 83
53 Vyasa 84
54 Sat Trimsat Mata 86
55 Sangraha or Smrtisangraha 87
56 Samvarta 88
57 Harita 89
58 Commentaries and Nibandhas 90
59 Asahaya 91
60 Bhartryajna 92
61 Visvarupa 93
62 Bharuci 95
63 Srikara 96
64 Medhatithi 98
  Dharma Sastra Vol. I/II  
65 Dharesvara Bhojadeva 99
66 Devasvamin 101
67 Jitendriya 102
68 Balaka 103
69 Balorupa 104
70 Yogloka 105
71 Vijnanesvara 106
72 Kamadhenu 108
73 Halayudha 109
74 Bhavadeva bhatta 111
75 Prakasa 113
76 Parijata 114
77 Govindaraja 115
78 The kalpataru of Laksmidhara 116
79 Jimutavahana 118
80 Apararka 120
81 Pradipa 121
82 Smrtyarthasara of Sridhara 122
83 Aniruddha 124
84 Ballalasena and Laksmanasena 125
85 Harihara 127
86 The Smrticandrika of Devannabhatta 128
87 Haradatta 129
88 Hemadri 131
89 Kullukabhatta 133
90 Sri Datta Upadhyaya 134
91 Candesvara 136
92 Harinatha 137
93 Madhavacarya 138
94 Madanapala and Visvesvarabhatta 140
95 Madanaratna 142
96 Vidyapati 144
97 The Vyavahara Nirnaya of Varadaraja 145
98 Sulapani 146
99 Rudradhara 148
100 Misaru Misra 149
101 Vacaspati Misra 150
102 The Dandaviveks of Vardhamana Upadhyaya 151
103 Nrsimha Prasada 152
104 Prataparudradeva 153
105 Dharma Tattva Kalanidhi or Prthavicandrodaya. 154
106 Govindananda 155
107 Raghunandana 156
108 Narayanabhatta 158
109 Todarananda 159
110 Nandapandita 160
111 Kamalakarabhatta 161
112 Nilakanthabhatta 162
113 Viramitrodaya 164
114 Anantadeva 165
115 Nagojibhatta 166
116 Balakrsna or Balambhatta 167
117 Kasinatha Upadhyaya 168
118 jagannathaTarkapancanana 169
119 brief note on the works and writers from kamarupa 170
120 appendix 'A' 171
  Dharma Sastra Vol. II/I  
1 The topics of Dharma Sastra 172
2 Varna 175
3 The duties and disabilities and privileges of the Varnas 181
4 Untouchability 188
5 Slavery 190
6 Samskaras 193
7 Upanayana 199
8 The Asramas 212
9 Marriage 215
10 Madhuparka 228
11 Polyandray, Polygamy, and rites and duties on Marriage 230
12 The duties of a widow, some privileges of women and the parda system 233
13 Niyoga 237
14 Remarriage of widows 239
15 Sati 242
16 Vesya 244
17 Ahinka and Acara 246
18 Panca Mahayajnas 252
  Dharma Sastra Vol. II/II  
19 Devayajna 254
20 Vaisvadeva 258
21 Nryajna or Manusya Yajna 260
22 Bhojana 262
23 Upakarma and Utsarjana 269
24 Minor Grhya and other rites 271
25 Dana 274
26 Pratistha and Utsarga 280
27 Vanaprastha 284
28 Samnyasa 287
29 Srauta sacrifices 191
30 The Darsapurnamasa 294
31 Caturmasyas 298
32 Pasubandha 302
33 Agnistoma 304
34 Other Soma sacrifices 308
35 Sautramani and Other sacrifices 312
36 A note on appendix and general index 314
  Dharma Sastra Vol. III  
1 Rajadharma 318
2 Seven Anges of Rajya 320
3 Duties and Responsibilies of the Ruler 325
4 Ministers 330
5 Rastra 333
6 Durga 339
7 Kosa 341
8 Bala 344
9 Suhrd or Mitra 348
10 Purpose of the study of Rajadharma 351
11 Vayavahara (Law and Administration of justice) 353
12 Bhukti (possession) 360
13 Witnesses 362
14 Divyas (ordeals) 367
15 Decision 370
16 Contracts, Debts, Pledges and Morthages 375
17 Asvamikraya 379
18 Sambhuya Sambhya Samuttha 381
19 Dattanapakarma 383
20 Vetanasya anapakarma 385
21 Samvid Vyatikrama and other titles 387
22 Sima Vivada 391
23 Abuse, Defamation and Assault 393
24 Steya 395
25 Stri – Sangrahana 399
26 Dyuta Samavhaya (Gambling and prize fighting) 402
27 Dayadhaga 404
28 Adoption 411
29 Order of Succession after son 416
30 Stridhana 422
31 Maintenance and other topics 426
32 Sadacara – Customs and modern Customary law 429
33 Culstoms and dharma Sastra works 433
34 Kalivarjyam (Actions forbidden in the Kali) 437
35 Customs in Modern Indian Law 440
36 A note on the Appendix 442
  Dharma Sastra Vol. IV  
1 Sin 444
2 Means of reducing the consequences of the sin 449
3 Prayascitta-Its orgin, derivation and (meaning) 453
4 Expiations for particular sins 458
5 Names of all the Prayascittas 464
6 Consequence of not undergoing penances 467
7 Eschatology 471
8 Suddhi 479
9 Sraddha 484
10 Ekoddista and other sraddhas 494
11 Tirthayatra 501
12 The ganges 504
13 Kasi 507
14 Gaya 511
15 Kuruksetra and some other famous tirthas 514
16 List of Tirthas A Note 52
  Dharma Sastra Vol. V/I  
1 Vrata in the Rg – Veda 524
2 Vratas in Vedic literature, Sutras and Smrtis 527
3 Vratas, objects, classification and times for vratas 531
4 Individual Vrats – Caitra Pratipada, Rama – Navami, Aksyya Trtiya, Parasurama jayanti Dasahara and Savitri Vrata 534
5 Ekadasi 537
6 Caturmasya 541
7 Vratas called Naga Pancami, Manasa puja, Raksa bandhana and Krsna Janmastami 542
8 Vratas of Haratalika, ganesa Caturthi Rsi Pancami and Anant Caturdas 545
9 Navaratra or Durgotsava 548
10 Vijaya Dasami and Diwali 551
11 Mahasamkranti and Mahasivaratri 553
12 Holika and Grahana 556
13 List of Vratas A note 559
14 Conception of Kala 561
15 Units of Time 564
16 Muhurta 569
17 Muhurtas for Religious Rites 576
18 Calender, Eras, various reckonings about years Months etc. 580
19 Kalpa, Manvantara. Mahayuga and Yuga 586
  Dharma Sastra Vol. V/II  
20 Vedic meaning and procedure of Santis 591
21 Individual Santis 595
22 Origin and development of Purana Literature 601
23 Brief notes on Individual Puranas and Upa Puranas 608
24 Influence of the Puranas on Dharma Sastra 617
25 Causes of the disappearance of Buddhism from India 623
26 Tantrika Doctrines and Dharma Sastra 626
27 Nyasa, Mudras, Tantra, Cakra, Mandala and Appendix of works on Tantra A note 634
28 Purva Mimamsa and Dharma Sastra 639
29 Some fundamental doctrines of Purva Mimamsa 644
30 Mimamsa Rules of Interpretation in Relation to Dharma Sastra 649
31 Dharma Sastra and Samkhya 657
32 Dharma Sastra and yoga 662
33 Dharma Sastra and Tarka 670
34 Cosmology 673
35 Fundamental and Leading Characteristics of Hindu Culture and Civilization 78
36 The Doctrine of Karma and Punarjanma. (Transmigration or Metempsychosis) 682
37 Future Trends 689

Sample Pages

Item Code: NAK053 Author: Dr. S. G. Moghe Cover: Hardcover Edition: 2000 Publisher: Bhandarkar Oriental Research Insitute, Pune Language: English Size: 11.5 inch x 9.0 inch Pages: 718 Other Details: Weight of the Book: 1.8 kg
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