The delay in publishing the report on the excavations at Lothal which was ready in 1965 is due to certain technical difficulties, but I must add that this delay has enabled me to include a Chapter on the decipherment of the Indus Script. A more comprehensive work on the subject is in the press.
The present report is divided into two volumes. Volume I deals with the discovery of Lothal, the cuttings, stratigraphy, structures and cemetery. An attempt has also been made in this volume to throw some light on the religion and social life of the Harappans and their relation with the neighbouring countries. The observations made in Chapter XIV on the origin and authors of the Harappa Civilization are bound to be tentative but I can derive some satisfaction from the fact that the latest evidence available on the subject from the excavations of Harappan sites in India and Pakistan has been taken note of.
I hope the reader will not have to wait more than a few months for the release of Volume II which contains technical reports of the Chief Archaeological Chemist, Anthropologist, Zoologist and Botanist and also the description of individual portable finds.
I must express my gratitude to Shri M. N. Deshpande, Director General and Shri B. K. Thapar, Additional Director General, Archaeological Survey of India for expediting the publication of this Volume and to Shri B. D. Sen, Managing Director, Naba Mudran (Pvt) Ltd, Calcutta for excellent printing.
The second volume of the report on the excavations at Lothal-A Harappan Port Town was ready in 1966 along with the first volume which was published as Memoir No. 78 of the Archaeological Survey of India in 1979, but owing to circumstances beyond author's control, the publication of the second volume has been delayed. Anyway it is gratifying to find that this volume has now seen the light of the day.
Normally excavation reports are not indexed, but an exception has been made in this case by providing a short index to both the volumes to facilitate reference to important subjects and sites. Appendixes I and II have been added for updating the information on Indus civilization. A list of Harappan and Late Harappan sites has been given in Appendix III.
I am obliged to Prof. S. S. Sarkar, Dr. B. B. Lal, Dr. K. Ramesh Rao and Krishna Lal, Shri Bhola Nath and Shri V. K. Chari for contributing appropriate technical reports.
My thanks are due to Dr. M. S. Nagaraja Rao, Director General, Dr. H. Sarkar, Joint Director General and Shri K. N. Dikshit, Director, Archaeological Survey of India for bringing out the volume. I am particularly grateful to Shri S. R. Varma, Administrative Officer (Publications) who took great pains at every step to expedite the printing of the book. His long experience in getting technical reports printed has improved the quality of the illustrations which would have otherwise suffered owing to the long interval of almost 20 years between the preparation of halftone blocks and actual printing.
I must express my gratitude to Shri T. K. Sen of Naba Mudran (Pvt.) Ltd, Calcutta for full co-operation and excellent printing.
I am obliged to Sarvasri K. M. Srivastava, Suraj Bhan Chaudhary, Udai Vir Singh, T. S. Iyengar, K. D. Tripathi and S. N. Raghunath for assisting me in preparation of technical reports on pottery, metal, shell, bone, ivory and faience objects. My thanks are also due to Sarvasri Lalit Kumar jain, V. M. joseph, M. j. Vyas, B. P. Saxena and jassu Ram for the line drawings and to Sarvasri M. B. Limaye, S. N. Shah, V. M. Date and Pramod Singh for photographs of antiquities.
|4||Discovery of Lothal||12|
|Chapter II||The Site and the Problems||18|
|3||History of excavations||21|
|Chapter III||Cultural Sequence||24|
|1||Conventional date of Harappa Civilization||37|
|4||Revised date of Rangpur||45|
|Chapter V||The Cuttings||47|
|2||Section looking east||54|
|3||Section looking south||62|
|4||Section connecting cemetary with habitation area||68|
|Chapter VII||Structural Remains||71|
|5||Block 'C' (warehouse)||111|
|Chapter VIII||The Cemetary||137|
|2||Burials and structural phases||138|
|6||Sex and age||144|
|9||Date of the burials||146|
|11||Observational report on the skeleton in their in situ position||147|
|Chapter IX||Decipherent of the Indus Script||170|
|Chapter X||The Harappan Religions|
|4||Knowledge of rice and horse|
|Chapter XI||Trade and Transport||221|
|2||Organisation of trade||222|
|3||Mechanisms of long distance trade||224|
|Chapter XII||Social Aspects||227|
|Chapter XIII||Lothal and Mesopotamia||230|
|1||Evidence of trade contacts||232|
|1||Origin of the Harappa Civilization||239|
|2||Authors of the Harappa Civilization||246|
|3||End of the Harappa Civilization||251|
|1||Harappan script a mixed writing||261|
|3||Indus and Semitic scripts||263|
|4||Problems of reconstruction of the Harappan language||264|
|5||Explanation of Figure 36E||265|
|6||Transcription and transliteration of inscription (plates CXXV-CXXVII)||267|
|Chapter XV||Human Skeleton Remains from Lothal|
|2||Condition of the bones||269|
|7||Some Special Features||295|
|8||List of Lothal Skeletal remains||297|
|Chapter XVI||Seals and Sealing|
|Chapter XVII||The Pottery|
|2||Main ceramic types||337|
|4||Pottery of Period A||351|
|7||Pottery of foreign origin||454|
|10||Report on pottery from Lothal||461|
|Chapter XVIII||Terracotta Objects|
|4||Tools and Instruments||497|
|6||Gamesmen and Toys||502|
|8||Other Terracotta Objects||517|
|Chapter XIX||Copper and Bronze Object|
|4||Tools and Weapons||529|
|Chapter XX||Stone Objects|
|2||Objects of Domestic Use||555|
|3||Tools and Weapons||556|
|Chapter XXII||Other Finds|
|Chapter XXIII||Animal Remains from Lothal Excavations|
|2||Systematic Account of animal remains||637|
|4||Explanation of plates||648|
|Chapter XXIV||Report on the Chemical Analysis and Examinations of Metallic and Other Object, from Lothal|
|1||Copper and Bronze Object||651|
|2||Faience and Steatite Specimens from Lothal||661|
|3||Specimens of Gold from Lothal||664|
|4||Plaster with Plant Impressions from Lothal||665|
|Chapter XXV||Plant Remains from Lothal|
|3||Method of Study||668|
|4||Results of Study and Identification||669|
|8||Explanation of plates||683|
Item Code: NAL660 Author: S. R. Rao Cover: Hardcover Edition: 1979 Publisher: Archaeological Survey of India Language: English Size: 11.0 inch X 9.0 inch Pages: 1055 (315 B/W Plates) Other Details: Weight of the Book: 4.0 kg
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