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Maharshi Patanjali’s : Yog-Darshan (Yogic Interpretation Based on Self-Realisation) (Sanskrit Text with Transliteration and English Translation)

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Preface   The word ‘Yog’ has been formed by joining the root ‘Yuj’ with the suffix ‘dhan’. According to Panini’s grammar the root ‘Yuj’ is found in three Gans: 1. Yuj samadhau diwadih aatmane padi, 2. Yujir yoge rudhadih ubhaypadi and 3. Yuj sanyamane churadih parsmaipadi Thus Yog connotes Samadhi (trance), Jor (union) and Sanyaman (self-restraint).   According to famous Sanskrit Dictionary’ Amarkosh’, Y...

Preface

 

The word ‘Yog’ has been formed by joining the root ‘Yuj’ with the suffix ‘dhan’. According to Panini’s grammar the root ‘Yuj’ is found in three Gans: 1. Yuj samadhau diwadih aatmane padi, 2. Yujir yoge rudhadih ubhaypadi and 3. Yuj sanyamane churadih parsmaipadi Thus Yog connotes Samadhi (trance), Jor (union) and Sanyaman (self-restraint).

 

According to famous Sanskrit Dictionary’ Amarkosh’, Yog is harmony of meditation, it is a technique of meditation (Yogah sannhanopayah dhyan sangati yuktishu - In ancient Indian medical science, a formula is known as Yog. It is the harmonious placement of two objects. To put it in other words it is concord or union.

 

Generally people believe that Yog is a technique which bestows supernatural powers and which enables a man to perform superhuman feats.

 

In the Ist Richa of eighty first Sookt, Pancham Mandal of Rig-Ved it is written:

 

Yunjate man ut yunjate dhiyo

vipra viprasya vrihato vipaschitah.

 

Vi hotra dadhe vayunavidek

inmahi devasya savituh parishtutih.

 

Vipra or learned men fix their mind and intelligence on God who alone is omniscient and glorious. He is to be adored.

 

Thus in Vedic parlance Yog means fixing the mind on the Supreme Being.

 

Yog is eternal. Lord Shri Krishna has said in the beginning of the 4th Chapter of the Geeta: “Imam vivaswate yogam proktwanahamavyayam.” revealed this eternal Yog to Vivaswan (Sun). I would reveal the same ancient Yog to you (Arjun). Thus the Geeta is perfect Yogshastra in which the Lord has used the word in its totality encompassing Rajyog, Hathyog, Suratiyog, Layayog etc.

 

The Geeta calls Shri Krishna ‘Mahayogeshwar’: Yatra yogeshwarah krishno yatra partho dhanurdharah.

 

Lord Shri Krishna says in the Geeta, “O Arjun! That Yogi is dearest to Me who remembers Me whole heartedly and is continuously linked with Me. In other words Yog is nothing but total devotion (with mind, body and action) to God.

 

The Lord Shri Krishna says in the Geeta:

 

Ananyashchintyanto mam ye janah paryupaste.

Tesham nityabhiyuktanam yogkshemam vahamyaham.

 

Ananya means not any other being. I bear the whole burden of such a devotee who worships only Me and none else. In other words Yog means exclusive devotion to God.

 

What is the method of Yog prescribed by the Geeta:

 

Sarvdwarani samyamya mano hridi nirudhya cha.

Murdhnyadhayatmanah pranamasthito yogdharanam.

 

After withdrawing the senses from objects and stabilizing the flickering mind in the region of heart and fixing the mind’s eye in the intellect one should chant ‘Om’, which is symbolical of the Supreme Entity and meditate on My form. If one so meditates relinquishing the body-consciousness, he attaints the supreme goal:

 

Omityekaksharam brahm vyaharan mamusmaran.

Yah prayati tyajandeham sa yati paramam gatim.

 

In other words Yog denotes communion with God. When would it happen?-

Ananyachetah satatam yo mam smarati nityashah.

Tasyaham sulabhah parth nityayuktasya yoginah.

 

I am always approachable to a Yogi who without any break worships Me with singular devotion without any diversion to other gods and goddesses. Communion with God is the outcome of Yog. It is never the cheap demonstration of supernatural powers. What is Yog?

 

Tam vidyad duhkh sanyog viyogam yog sangitam.

Sa nishchayen yoktavyo yogoanirvinn chetasa.

 

That which is free from the joys of association and pangs of separation is called Yog. The attainment of the supreme bliss, which accrues from the union with God, is known as Yog.

 

It is really very surprising that Yog has lost its real import now-a-days. People have started taking hypnotism, sorcery and magic as Yog. The propagandists devote their mind to master the mantric skill for killing an adversary, or forcing anyone through magical incantation to quit his occupation or for enchanting someone into submission (Maran, Uchchatan and Vashikaran). Some Yogis have started claiming to possess powers to subvert the fruits of karmas through strange gimmicks of Mantras and talismans. True Yogi remains so absorbed in the contemplation of God that he does not even take care of his physical body. But now-a-days fake, cunning persons grow long hair and besmear their body with ashes to entrap simple persons. True love of God is the path of contemplation and anguish of separation. When we see today the tremendous publicity of Aasans, awakening of the Kundalini, meditation camps, Pranayam camps being organized in the name of Yog in the country as well as abroad, we feel compelled to deduce how the modem men and women are being deprived of the true and genuine path of Patanjali’s Yog-Darshan. Under such odd circumstances on the request of the devotees visiting the Ashram and expressing their desire to know the truth, systematic explanation of the sutras of Maharshi Patanjali were given. The same discourses have been compiled here and presented in the form of a book for you.

 

After the death of Brihdrath, the last emperor of Maurya Dynasty, the rule of his Brahmin Military Commander Pusyamitra Shung started. He demolished the principles of Lord Buddha and propounded the superiority of Brahmins on the basis of birth and thus established the system of Chaturvam. Since then the Smritis which supported this new system came to be honoured as Dharm-Shastra.

 

Patanjali was a contemporary of Pusyamitra. He being alarmed of the new order, presented in crisp maxims (Sutras) the beneficial knowledge of Yog so that the ancient wisdom and lore of India might not decay. Although he presented the principles of Yog in pithy, short maxims (Sutras) but the presentation is very clear. It reveals that his command over the grammar and discipline of words was extra-ordinary. This is a popular saying that lord Patanjali created the ‘Yog-Sutra Mahabhashya’ and ‘Charak Sanhita’ for removing the disorders of mind and body:

 

Yogen chittasya paden vacham malam

sharirasya cha vaidyaken.

 

Yoapakarottam pravaram muninam

patanjalim pranjaliranatoasmi.

 

Maharshi Patanjali has not written anything new in the name of Yog. He wrote in Sutras what ever is present in the Geeta. Restraint of the activities of mind has been directed in the Geeta:

 

Yatro paramate chittam niruddham yog sevaya.

The concept of Aparigrah (possession-lessness) which is a part of Yam prescribed by Patanjali has been borrowed from the Geeta which directs:

 

Ekaki yat chittatma nirashirparigrahah.

 

Similarly what Patanjali says: Sthir sukhamasanam. has been bodily lifted from the Geeta which suggests: Sthiramasanmatmnah Maharshi Patanjali also advocates like the Geeta regular practice and renunciation. Maharshi has reproduced all the prescriptions of the Geeta like chanting of OM, meditation on the image of some renuncient saint, the kindling of Sadhana by Sadguru, attainment of self-realization etc. Everything of the Maharshi is nothing but transcription of the Geeta.

 

At present two kinds of Yog systems are popular-firstly the system which is based on the Yog-Sutras of Maharshi Patanjali and secondly the system which is known as Hathyog. Patanjal-Yog ‘Chittanushasanam’ preaches the discipline of the propensities of mind, whereas Hathyog is connected with physical exercise, health and cure of diseases. Patanjali names the stability of mind and easy posture (Aasan) as Yog on the other hand the book of Hathyog gives a long list of eighty four lacs of Aasans. In Hathyog practices of Neti, Dhauti, Vasti, Nauli, Tratak, Kapalbhati, Mahamudra, Khechari, Jalandhar, Uddiyan, Moolbandh, Bajroli, Amaroli and Sahjoli are included. Yog- Darshan ofPatanjali is silent on them. Under the system of Hathyog piercing all the six Chakras, the Kundalini is taken to the Brahmrandhr . Only six parts of Yog have been described here instead of eight parts of Patanjali Yog-system- Yam and Niyam have been excluded. Pranayam according to Hathyog directs to watch the inhalation of breath, with holding it and then exhalating it, and it is of different kinds Ujjayani, Bhastrika, Suryabhedi, Bhramari, Sheetali etc. According to Patanjali the attainment of Siddhies are regarded as obstacles in the path of self-realization. The Hathyogis take them to be important achievements and flaunt them before people. A lot of confusion today prevails on account of inter-mixing the two systems. Actually by taking physical acrobatics as Yog a lot of defilement has taken place. The real and wholesome Yog-system is that which hails from the Vedas and goes up to the Geeta incessantly and which has been re-enforced by Maharshi Patanjali and his sutras during the period of Shung.

 

The Yog-Darshan of Patanjali is meant for the whole man-kind and aims at the annihilation of the causes of sorrows and attainment of eternal liberation.

 

The Yog-Sutras are tough and do not fully present some stages of Yog-practices. They are in the form of crisp remarks. They seem to be directing the readers to approach any self-realized Sadguru for direct transmission. With this message the inter-pretations of the Sutras of the Maharshi are presented here to you.

 

Contents

 

Preface

i-vi

Chapter I - Samadhi Pad

1-38

Chapter 11 - Sadhan Pad

39-78

Chapter III - Vibhuti Pad

79-122

Chapter IV - Kaivalya Pad

123-150

Summary

151-180

The Query of A Devotee

181-187

 

Sample Pages









Item Code: NAG856 Author: Swami Adgadanand Ji Cover: Paperback Edition: 2010 Publisher: Shree Paramhans Swami Adgadanandji Ashram Trust ISBN: 8189308661 Language: Sanskrit Text with Transliteration and English Translation Size: 8.5 inch X 5.5 inch Pages: 104 Other Details: Weight of the Book: 185 gms
Price: $15.00
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