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Preceptors of Advaita

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Preface: In the history of Advaita after Sri Sankara Bhagavatpada, it is a unique and rare event that is being commemorated by the publication of this Volume-the Diamond Jubilee of the ascension to the Sri Kamakoti Pitha by His Holiness Jagadguru Sri Chandrasekharendra Sarasvati, Sri Sankaracharya of Kanchi. For sixty years the Acharya has adorned the Holy Seat founded by Sri Sankara Bhagavatpada, making its lustre spread far and wide and bringing solace to innumerable seekers all the wor...

Preface:

In the history of Advaita after Sri Sankara Bhagavatpada, it is a unique and rare event that is being commemorated by the publication of this Volume-the Diamond Jubilee of the ascension to the Sri Kamakoti Pitha by His Holiness Jagadguru Sri Chandrasekharendra Sarasvati, Sri Sankaracharya of Kanchi. For sixty years the Acharya has adorned the Holy Seat founded by Sri Sankara Bhagavatpada, making its lustre spread far and wide and bringing solace to innumerable seekers all the world over. The present Volume is a collective offering made to the Jagadguru by His devotees, as a humble token of their ineffable gratitude, veneration, and love, on the auspicious occasion of the Diamond Jubilee.

Advaita, which is the Plenary Experience, is not a system among the systems of philosophy or a cult among the cults of religion. It has been taught by great preceptors from time immemorial as the culmination and goal of all philosophical schools and religious persuasions. The Advaita tradition traces its inspiration to God Himself - as Sriman-Narayana or as Sada-Siva. The supreme Lord revealed the wisdom of Advaita to Brahma, the Creator, who in turn imparted it to Vasishtha. This wisdom was handed down at first as vamsa-parampara, i.e. as from father to son, in succession. With Suka and Gaudapada commenced the sishya-parampara, i.e. the line of succession from preceptor to disciple. Sankara, an avatara of Siva, was the greatest consolidator of Advaita: his penetrating and lucid commentaries on the three prasthanas, viz. the Upanishads, the Bhagavad-gita, and the Brahma-sutra, have been acclaimed as masterpieces of Vedantic literature. The teachers of Advaita who came after him have expounded the Upanishadic teaching in numerous works. In the present Volume, there are articles contributed by various scholars on the Preceptors of Advaita belonging to the three periods into which the history of Advaita falls: (1) that of pre-Sankara teachers, beginning with Vasishtha, (2) that of Sankara and his immediate disciples, and (3) that of post-Sankara exponents of Advaita.

The first fifty-six articles cover sixty Preceptors of Advaita: it will be seen that not only philosophers but also poets, literary writers, and exponents in some of the regional languages have been included here. Articles 57, 58, and 59 are devoted to Sankarite Institutions. Kamakshi and Kamakoti, and the Kamakoti Pitha, respectively. The sixtieth article presents a brief life-sketch of His Holiness Jagadguru Sri Chandrasekharendra Sarasvati, the Sage of Kanchi, the Diamond Jubilee of whose Pitharohana this Volume commemorates. In the last article, the sixty-first, are given English translations of two of His Holiness's discourses-(i) On Advaita, and (ii) On the Significance of Sankara Jayanti.

We are grateful to all those who have, with great joy and profound devotion, helped to make the publication of this Volume possible: to the scholars who have contributed articles; to Dr. N. Veezhinathan who translated into English such of those articles which were originally written in Samskrit or Tamil, and who attended to the many details of publication; to Dr. T. P. Ramachandran who assisted in reading the proofs; to Sri T. Sadasivam, Editor, "Kalki", for help and advice in regard to the illustrations and the cover-design; to Sri Sridhar of "Ananda Vikatan" for supplying photographs of His Holiness; to the G. S. Press for the excellent printing; to the Government of Andhra Pradesh for a generous grant-in-aid.

May this reverential offering to His Holiness serve, in however small a measure, the cause of Advaita-which is the cause of universal Spiritual Peace-so dear to His heart!

CONTENTS

 

  PREFACE xiii
1. VASISHTHA  
  by Sri K. S. Ramaswami Sastri 1
2. SAKTI  
  by Sri Srivatsa Somadeva Sarma 4
3. PARASARA  
  by Sri N. Subramanta Aiyar 8
4. VEDAVYASA  
  by Sri R. Muthukrishna Sastri 11
5. SUKA  
  by Sri K. Balasubrahmanya Iyer 19
6. GAUDAPADA  
  by Dr. T. M. P. Mahadevan 24
7. GOVINDA BHAGAVATPADA  
  by Dr. V. A. Devasenapati 43
8. SANKARA BHAGAVATPADA  
  by Sri N. Ramesan 47
9. PADMAPADA  
  by Sri. N. Ramakrishna Sastri 53
10. HASTAMALAKA  
  by Dr. A. G. Krishna Warrier 57
11. TOTAKACHARYA  
  by Sri S. Rajagopala Sastri 63
12. SURESVARA  
  by Sri S. V. Subrahmanya Sastri 69
13. VIMUKTATMAN  
  by Dr. P. K. Sundaram 75
14. SARVAJNATMAN  
  by Dr. N. Veezhinathan 84
15. MANDANAMISRA  
  by Dr. R. Balasubramanian 90
16. VACHASPATIMISRA  
  by Swami Anantanandendra Sarasvati 100
17. JNANAGHANAPADA  
  by Dr. S. O. Ramakrishnan 109
18. PRAKASATMAN  
  by Dr. Bratindra Kumar Sengupta 119
19. SRI-HARSHA  
  by Sri P. S. Krishnamurti Sastri 128
20. ANANDANUBHAVA  
  by Sri. V. R. Kalyanasundra Sastri 130
21. ANANDABODHA  
  by Sri. R. Thangaswami 139
22. CHITSUKHA  
  by Sri S. Krishnamurti Sastri 148
23. ANUBHOTISVARUPA  
  by Sri Rajesvara Sastri Dravid 153
24. AMALANANDA  
  by Sri Rajesvara Sastri Dravid 157
25. ANANDAPURNA-VIDYASAGARA  
  by Sri V. Subrahmania Sastri 165
26. RAMADVAYACHARYA  
  by Sri S. Subrahmania Sastri 171
27. PRATYAGSVARUPA  
  by Sri S. R. Krishnamurti Sastri 174
28. SANKARANANDA  
  by Kumari P. C. Subbamma 178
29. VIDYARANYA  
  by Dr. T. M. P. Mahadevan 182
30. GOVINDANANDA  
  by Sri T. R. Subramaniam 190
31. SANKHAPANI  
  by Dr. R. Balasubramanian 194
32. LAKSHMIDHARA  
  by Sri P. Thirugnanasambandam 201
33. SADANANDA  
  by Dr. T. P. Ramachandran 206
34. SADANANDA KASMIRAKA  
  by Srimati Lalitha Ramamurti 212
35. PRAKASANANDA  
  by Dr. T. P. Ramachandran 216
36. RAMATIRTHA  
  by Sri P. V. Sivarama Dikshitar 221
37. NRISIMHASRAMA  
  by Dr. N. Veezhinathan 226
38. RANGA RAJA  
  by Sri S. S. Suryanarayana Sastri 233
39. NRISIMHA AND BHATTOPADHYAYA  
  by Sri S. S. Suryanarayana Sastri 239
40. APPAYYA DIKSHITA  
  by Sri Y. Mahalinga Sastri 245
41. MADHUSUDANA SARASVATI  
  by Sri V. Rajagopalan 254
42. DHARMARAJADHVARIN  
  by Dr. P. Nagaraja Rao 262
43. RAMAKRISHNADHVARIN  
  by Sri V. Swaminathan 265
44. VENKATANATHA  
  by Srimati B. Sitamahalakshmi 276
45. MAHADEVANANDA SARASVATI  
  by Sri N. S. Ramanujam 281
46. GANGADHARENDRA SARASVATI  
  by Sri T. S. Narayana Rao 286
47. PARAMASIVENDRA SARASVATI  
  by Sri V. Jagadeesvara Sastri 290
48. NALLAKAVI  
  by Sri C. Sivaramamurti 294
49. SADASIVA BRAHMENDRA SARASVATI  
  by Sri N. Raghunathan 302
50. SOME PRE-SANKARA ADVAITINS
(i) ATREYA BRAHMANANDI AND DRAVIDACHARYA
 
  by Polagam Sri Rama Sastri 311
  (ii)PRITHVIDHARA  
  by Swami Anantanandendra Sarasvati 317
51. ANANDAGIRI  
  by Sri K. Balasubrahmania Sastri 320
52. BRAHMANANDA  
  by Sri T. V. Ramachandra Dikshitar 323
53. UPANISHADBRAHMENDRA  
  by Dr. V. Raghavan 328
54. KALIDASA  
  by Sri K. Chandrasekharam 336
55. KRISHNAMISRA  
  by Sri U. Venkatakrishna Rao 347
56. SOME AUTHORS OF WORKS IN REGIONAL LANGUAGES
(i)JNANADEVA
 
  by Dr. A. G. Javadekar 356
  (ii)NISCHALADASA  
  by Sri V. L. Sethuraman 364
  (iii)TANDAVARAYAR  
  by Dr. T. P. Meenakshisundaran 368
  (iv)POTANA  
  by Sri D. Ramalinga Reddiar 371
57. SRI SANKARA AND SANKARITE INSTITUTIONS  
  by Swami Anantanandendra Sarasvati 376
58. (i)KAMAKSHI-THE AMNAYA SAKTI  
  by Swami Anantanandendra Sarasvati 402
  (ii)KAMAKOTI AND NAYANMARS  
  by Swami Anantanandendra Sarasvati 420
59. SRI KAMAKOTI PITHA OF SRI SANKARACHARYA  
  by Sri N. Ramesan 429
60. THE SAGE OF KANCHI  
  by Dr. T. M. P. Mahadevan 469
61. JAGADGURU SRI CHANDRASEKHARENDRA SARASVATI  
  (i)ON ADVAITA 549
  (ii)ON THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SANKARA JAYANTI 559
  CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS VOLUME 567
Sample Pages



Item Code: IDG447 Author: Pujyasri Jayendra Saraswathi Swamigal Cover: Hardcover Edition: 2003 Publisher: Samata Books ISBN: 9788185208510 Size: 8.5" X 5.5" Pages: 585 (B & W Illus: 5) Other Details: Weight of the Book: 865 gms
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