The central deity of this mandala is Vairochana Buddha, the first of the five Dhyani (transcendent) Buddhas. He displays the Dharmachakra mudra. Dharmachakra in Sanskrit means the 'Wheel of Dharma'. This mudra symbolizes one of the most important moments in the life of Buddha, the occasion when he preached to his companions the first sermon after his Enlightenment in the Deer Park at Sarnath. It thus denotes the setting into motion of the Wheel of the teaching of the Dharma. Significantly, in this mudra, the hands are held in front of the heart, symbolizing that these teachings are straight from the Buddha's heart.
Each of the five Dhyani Buddhas is associated with a specific human delusion, and it is believed that they help mortal beings in overcoming them. Vairochana is believed to transform the delusion of ignorance into the wisdom of reality. By meditating on this mandala, the devotee can achieve this very transformation.
This description by Nitin Kumar, Executive Editor, Exotic India.
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