Bhanudatta has classified women in love under threes classes : Svakiya – one who loves her own husband; Parakiya – one who loves a person other than her husband; and, Samanya – a courtesan who is anyone’s love or who chooses anyone as her lover. This folio represents Samanya, the courtesan. As defines Bhanudatta, Samanya Proshita Bhartrika Nayika is one who basically loves money and does everything to extort it from her lover. Ordinarily she is conceived with a well furnished house and a luxurious coach laid in full view, the Samanya would sit on the threshold of her house, and well-adorned but in a sad mood shall await her lover who is not on time. She would have in her hands a needle smeared in chilly-powder so that when her lover comes, she applies it into her eyes and is able to generate false tears with its help and impress upon him how much she has longed for him all this while. In sympathy for the pangs of separation that she is believed to have suffered her lover would compensate her by giving her money as she expected.
In the early Basohli painting tradition, which this contemporary folio revives and represents, Lord Krishna is the hero around whom a theme is woven. In its later versions, especially those painted by Devidas, a princely hero occupies this position. Though not completely, in later illustrations hero and heroine and their gestures etc. are the focal point of the painting. In this folio representing the early tradition, as much carefully have been treated the architecture, trees, drapery, entire interior and background. Illustrative details have been rigorously worked at. Besides other things, the Samanya is holding in right hand even a thin rod, obviously one smeared in chilly powder.
This description by Prof. P.C. Jain and Dr. Daljeet. Prof. Jain
specializes on the aesthetics of literature and is the author of
numerous books on Indian art and culture. Dr. Daljeet is the
curator of the Miniature Painting Gallery, National Museum, New
Delhi. They have both collaborated together on a number of
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