Sawai Jai Singh died in 1743. His eldest son Ishvari Singh was able to ascend Jaipur's throne. Sisodias made best efforts to obtain Jaipur for Sawai Madho Singh but it was only after Ishvari Singh committed suicide in 1750 and with the help Holkaras that Sawai Madho Singh was able to capture Jaipur. He ruled Jaipur for some seventeen years and when just forty he died of cholitis. Like his father Jai Singh Madho Singh too assisted Mughals in their difficulties. When there rose a dispute between Emperor Ahmedshah and his Minister Safadarjung, Sawai Madho Singh mediated and resolved the dispute. The Emperor rewarded him with the fort of Ran Thambhore. Adjacent to it Sawai Madho Singh built a township almost like Jaipur. He named it Sawai Madhopur after himself. He also built the fortress of Moti Doongari, fort of Sanganer, Madhu Vilas palace and several other buildings. He added to his father's Jantar-Mantar at Delhi and Jaipur several new 'yantras'. In Jaipur dynasty in his love for art, architecture, literature etc. he ranks second to only his father Jai Singh.
This portrait has thus historical significance for it is the record of the likeness of an illustrious Rajput prince and the ruler of the globally known township Jaipur. Madho Singh was so fat that he has been nicknamed in history as the 'Mota Raja', the fat king, but the artist has so wondrously manipulated his canvas that his form appears to be in absolute proportion. His arrangement of colours is superb. He has drawn his figure against a sky blue background but to make his figure's face the focal point of the canvas he has drawn around it a halo type circle in gold. More than a halo it only defines his face. A lush green sash on his shoulder, beaded ornament on chest, the beautifully painted broad border of his gown-type garment and as beautifully painted pyjamas arrest viewer's eye and it is hardly free to perceive his disproportionate figure. The features of the figure are very well defined and the face is charged with great emotionality.
This description by Prof. P.C. Jain and Dr Daljeet. Prof. Jain specializes on the aesthetics of ancient Indian literature. Dr Daljeet is the chief curator of the Visual Arts Gallery at the National Museum of India, New Delhi. They have both collaborated on numerous books on Indian art and culture.