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Hindu Goddesses - Lakshmi and Saraswati- Exotic India Art
Article of the Month - December 2000 by Nitin Kumar Email the author

While the great goddess as a cosmic force may be a deity of compelling dynamism and fearsome power, it is in the guise of the gentle and beneficent giver of the devotees’ desires, that the female divinities of India first appeared. This role of the goddess as one who fulfills wishes has remained one of enduring strength and consequence. In the ancient collection of sacred hymns known as the Veda, this aspect of the goddess already becomes manifest. The two most shining examples in this context are The Great Goddesses Lakshmi and Saraswati. Lakshmi : Hindu Goddess of Fortune

Lakshmi

Goddess Lakshmi, also known as Shri, is personified not only as the goddess of fortune and wealth but also as an embodiment of loveliness, grace and charm. She is worshipped as a goddess who grants both worldly prosperity as well as liberation from the cycle of life and death.

Lore has it that Lakshmi arose out of the sea of milk, the primordial cosmic ocean, bearing a red lotus in her hand. Each member of the divine triad- Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva (creator, preserver and destroyer respectively)- wanted to have her for himself. Shiva’s claim was refused for he had already claimed the Moon, Brahma had Saraswati, so Vishnu claimed her and she was born and reborn as his consort during all of his ten incarnations.

 

YakshiA few texts say that Lakshmi is the wife of Dharma. She and several other goddesses, all of whom are personifications of certain auspicious qualities, are said to have been given to Dharma in marriage. This association seems primarily to represent a thinly disguised “wedding” of Dharma (virtuous conduct) with Lakshmi (prosperity and well-being). The point of the association seems to be to teach that by performing Dharma one obtains prosperity.

Tradition also associates Lakshmi with Kubera, the ugly lord of the Yakshas. The Yakshas were a race of supernatural creatures who lived outside the pale of civilization. Their connection with Lakshmi perhaps springs from the fact that they were notable for a propensity for collecting, guarding and distributing wealth. Association with Kubera deepens the aura of mystery and underworld connections that attaches itself to Lakshmi. Yakshas are also symbolic of fertility. The Yakshinis (female Yakshas) depicted often in temple sculpture are full-breasted and big-hipped women with wide generous mouths, leaning seductively against trees. The identification of Shri, the goddess who embodies the potent power of growth, with the Yakshas is natural. She, like them, involves, and reveals herself in the irrepressible fecundity of plant life, as exemplified in the legend of Shiva and the Bael fruit narrated above, and also in her association with the lotus, to be described later.

An interesting and fully developed association is between Lakshmi and the god Indra. Indra is traditionally known as the king of the gods, the foremost of the gods, and he is typically described as a heavenly king. It is therefore appropriate for Shri-Lakshmi to be associated with him as his wife or consort. In these myths she appears as the embodiment of royal authority, as a being whose presence is essential for the effective wielding of royal power and the creation of royal prosperity.

Several myths of this genre describe Shri-Lakshmi as leaving one ruler for another. She is said, for example, to dwell even with a demon named Bali. The concerned legend makes clear the union between Lakshmi and victorious kings. According to this legend Bali defeats Indra. Lakshmi is attracted to Bali’s winning ways and bravery and joins him along with her attendant auspicious virtues. In association with the propitious goddess, Bali rules the three worlds (earth, heavens and the nether-worlds) with virtue, and under his rule there is prosperity all around. Only when the dethroned gods managed to trick Bali into surrendering does Shri-Lakshmi depart from Bali, leaving him lusterless and powerless. Along with Lakshmi, the following qualities depart from Bali: good conduct, virtuous behavior, truth, activity and strength.

Lakshmi’s association with so many different male deities and with the notorious fleetingness of good fortune earned her a reputation for fickleness and inconstancy. In one text she is said to be so unsteady that even in a picture she moves and that if she sticks with Vishnu it is only because she is attracted to his many different forms (avataras)! She is thus also known as ‘Chanchala’, or the restless one.

Her notorious fickleness has convinced her devotees that she may desert them at the slightest pretext. They have thus devised numerous ingenious strategies to retain Lakshmi, and thus prosperity in their establishments. One such sect is known to offer only the worst netlike fabric as vastra (clothing) to Lakshmi; for they say, ‘It is much easier for Goddess Lakshmi to abandon our houses clad in ample folds of cloth rather than scantily dressed in the minimum fabric we offer to her as garment’!

Batik Paintings of Goddess Laksmi

 

 

In a mythological sense her fickleness and adventurous nature slowly begin to change once she is identified totally with Vishnu, and finally becomes still. She then becomes the steadfast, obedient and loyal wife who vows to reunite with her husband in all his next lives. As the cook at the Jagannatha temple in Puri, she prepares food for her lord and his devotees. In the famous paintings on the walls of the Badami caves in central India, she sits on the ground near where her lord reclines upon a throne, leaning on him; a model of social decorum and correctitude.

Physically Goddess Lakshmi is described as a fair lady, with four arms, seated on a lotus, dressed in fine garments and precious jewels. She has a benign countenance, is in her full youth and yet has a motherly appearance.

 

 

Marble Painting of Goddess LakshmiThe most striking feature of the iconography of Lakshmi is her persistent association with the lotus. The meaning of the lotus in relation to Shri-Lakshmi refers to purity and spiritual power. Rooted in the mud but blossoming above the water, completely uncontaminated by the mud, the lotus represents spiritual perfection and authority. Furthermore, the lotus seat is a common motif in Hindu and Buddhist iconography. The gods and goddesses, the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, typically sit or stand upon a lotus, which suggests their spiritual authority. To be seated upon or to be otherwise associated with the lotus suggests that the being in question: God, Buddha, or human being-has transcended the limitations of the finite world (the mud of existence, as it were) and floats freely in a sphere of purity and spirituality. Shri-Lakshmi thus suggests more than the fertilizing powers Patachitra from Orissaof moist soil and the mysterious powers of growth. She suggests a perfection or state of refinement that transcends the material world. She is associated not only with the royal authority but with also spiritual authority, and she combines royal and priestly powers in her presence. The lotus, and the goddess Lakshmi by association, represents the fully developed blossoming of organic life.

No description of Goddess Lakshmi can be complete without a mention of her traditionally accepted vehicle, the owl. Now, the owl (Ulooka in Sanskrit), is a bird that sleeps through the day and prowls through the night. In a humorous vein it is said that owing to its lethargic and dull nature the Goddess takes it for a ride! She is the handmaiden of those who know how to control it; how to make best use of her resources, like the Lord Vishnu. But those who blindly worship her are verily the owls or ‘Ulookas’. The choice is ours: whether we wish to be Lord Vishnu or the ‘Ulooka’ in our association with Lakshmi.

 

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Article Reviews

  • I never knew worshiping books was part of Hindu religion but not followed in other religion.
    - unknown
    18th Feb 2013
  • Ican not believe you say these disgusting lies about my people never write anything again obviously you don't know anything.
    - rangadesh
    2nd Jun 2010
  • check your facts this information isnt all true!
    - sari
    2nd Jun 2010
  • I just want to say that I did the 11+ yesterday and was VERY scared. All I had to do was to just pretend she was in front of me ad touch her beautiful, pure feet. This helped me a lot. Also just to note that I did a pooja in my house and the priest told me to chant "Aum Saraswati Devaye Nomore Namaha" 108 times in a rosemary bead necklace, and I did!!!Just hope that I smile at the results!!!!!Wish me luck!!!:)
    - Pashmina
    17th Jan 2010
  • this is a hopeless site,full of lies about our goddess. really disgusting. whoever wrote this has fallen very low in my eyes by spreading the wrong word about hindu religion altogether.
    - Ranjeeta
    4th Jun 2009
  • is this all true?
    - nini
    18th Mar 2009
  • hi, kimmy
    it does seem like you are a bit illiterate. i mean, the words aren't that hard to understand. you should read the dictionary some time. jk ;]
    - Sammy
    16th Mar 2009
  • This article iz ok, but it uses a LOT of weird complicated words. Oh well; maybe I'm just 2 illiterate.
    - kimmy
    16th Mar 2009
  • im doing a project on hindu gods and goddesses and i was assigned saraswati. we're supposed to summarize a story about our god/goddess. this story is perfect!!! thnx to whoever wrote this story. my teacher will be proud. :)
    - Sammy
    16th Mar 2009
  • This website rox!! A LOT of people need to read this if they are interested or doing projects on lakshmi or saraswati.
    adding info. about other gods/goddesses could also be helpful.

    just saying:)
    - Nikitha:)
    5th Mar 2009
  • since i myself am an indian i should know all this but my religion is chritianity. So reading all these stories and facts has helped me sooooo much on my english project:)
    - nikitha
    5th Mar 2009
  • thanks for the article. but most of the stories in this article is not true.. i think it is made up to create a story. Goddess Lashmi is purley dedicated to her lord Vishu. there is no such thing as offering her breast to lord shiva in place of two missing flowers.
    in essence, laxmi is only devoted to her husband -Vishnu.
    Arti

    - arti
    12th Apr 2008
  • Absolutley fascinating, the more i read. ithe more i want to learn. om shanti
    - liza
    14th Mar 2008
  • Hello. I am from the U. S. I am doing a project on Saraswati, and I found your website very useful, and I thank you. I didn't know much at all about her before coming to this website, and I think I know alot more now. Thank you
    - Emma
    13th Mar 2008
  • I found this site very useful when I had to write about Lakshmi.
    - Cora Tatchman
    26th Feb 2008
  • Hi, i am from south africa and have found this website to be very interesting and knowledgeable!
    - ashvina bhana
    28th Jan 2008
  • If this a personal opinion about mother saraswathi i think it i nonse and is not true.How dare some body ever call a mother unsteady and the divine mother to.this page nedds to be ubgraded with facts and not fictiom.Some body reply to this
    - Nikhiel
    16th Oct 2007
  • I liked the article but could not find any mention of the eight forms of laksmi and their interpretations..Thanks.Malti Mauritius
    - malti
    8th Oct 2007
  • hi/my name is maliga reddy i am from south africa i must thank you for yourwebsite it give me great joy to learn more about gods and goddess iam a spiritul person.i am a lord shiva devotee but i love to learn more about all gods please help me by teaching me so i can teach my children at home that they will no all about gods and goddess.thank you god bless.lots of love maliga reddy i love to hear from you soon.
    - maliga reddy
    3rd Oct 2007
  • Hi
    Francis

    Your experience was bad. But remember bad experiences are not a result of chanting any mantra. Thay re result of bad actions and past life actions.

    Goddesess lakshmi is definitely the giver of bounties, no one can deny it. But the good results can be obtained only by good conduct.

    For example(dont take it personal..im just giving an example) you must be reciting the mantra..but drinking alchohol the same day...relishing on animal meat which is not encouraged in Hindu rituals. Taking Bath and maintaining hygiene is most important before meditating on Lord or his Apostles(Demi-Gods). Mind inset is also important. Some people do favours to beget favours which is not favourable.

    Mata Lakshmi, Saraswati and Kaali or durga are same ..they are just expantions of Universal mother Shakti.
    So u can ask for anything good from anyone of them...ireespective of wealth education or power.

    About Navratri:
    Durga(or Shakti) is worshiped.
    Durga is a combination of all three goddessess as SHE is SHAKTI HERSELF.

    This practice is followed because RAM- as a mortal incarnation had to invoke Durga Shakti for 9 days every morning before he went on war with Ravana.
    Its the tenth day when Ravana fell and hence its called dashara(means the end of ten types of evils). It is said Ravana didnt have tenth heads..rather he had ten evil vices in him whihc led to his downfall. Ravan was intelligent, honest and valourous..but these ten vices called upon his own death.

    Soe people do regretful things as offering Meat and Fish to Kaali.
    Lors Krishna in Gita has mentioned that people who eat meat should worship Kali and Kaali. Kali is satan.

    Vegetarians are most beloved to GOD as they are not tempted by material things and dont beleive in violence and care for HIS divine creation.

    Sai Ram - Lov All Hurt Never
    - Adbhut Applause
    11th Sep 2007
  • Now one more truth which will help you all students. I hope GOD helps me write this in complete truth and best that is.

    GODDESSES "BHUVANESHWARI" which is the beholder of fourteen universes multiplied into three forms of HERSELF
    viz: Saraswati, Lakshmi and Kaali

    some people mistake KAALI as Kali
    KAALI is consort of Shiva while Kali means Satan.

    Bhuvanseshwari - GODS own energy(Shakti) is devoid of material world. Means SHE has got nothing to do with world and its leisures and results.

    She is the ultimate good and absolute power. When the demi-gods were troubled by Demon Mahishasuraa(who had the boon of not being killed by Shiva, Vishnu or Brahma), they invoked MATA(mother or shakti) through the mantra "Soham"(means "I am HIM").
    The Shakti then appeared as "DURGA"
    Remember GOD is neither male nor female nor any specific form.
    When Mahishasura had his first encounter with Durga, he asked her who SHE was. SHE said SHE was the one who created Brahma Vishnu and Shankara.
    here keep in mind GOD is neither male or female, its absolute energy or Shakti.
    Shakti is a word than can be attributed as male or female both, it has no gender.
    When Mahishasura with his barbaric hordes of deformed demons attacked...all demigods too joined Shakti in her massive attack on demons. she single handedly killed millions of demons. When Mahishasura was left alone...all the demigods attaked him from all sides. he fought valiantly. He roared and said that it was a shame that all these demi-gods are attacking me from all sides. Then it happened so that suddenly all the demi-gods started merging into Durga-Shakti. Mahishasura was amazed at this feat. SHE was laughing and the world trembled in fear.
    She then told Mahishasura that all the demigods and all the beings that exist in the universe are her own expantions.
    It is then when he realised who he was combating with. He knew that his death was near but he said happily to the universal mother that he was happy dieing at HER hands as he knew that he was going to get what not even the sages get after doing penances for hundreds of years. As soon as he was killed he attained salvation as he was touched by no other than the absolute energy - Shakti from whom incarnations of GOD come- namely, RAMA, KRISHNA, PARSHURAMA and the last is about to come...naed KALKI(killer of satan).

    The ego clashes in between three expantions of Shakti results in the fight all over the world for importance over which is the best, viz, knowledge(saraswati), money(lakshmi) and power(kaali). Its called Shakti peeth. SHE is watching over all the worlds. So u can say GOD is no gender - its absolute power and source of all energy. In sanskrit perfectly termed as Paratma, the Supreme Soul - Soul has no gender no form no age...

    I hope my words were convinicing enough and would help u all. Please feel free to ask me about any hindu mythology or points which prove that all religions are same.

    Jai Mata Di - Victory be to the Universal Mother
    - Adbhut Applause (darpan777@gmail.com)
    10th Sep 2007
  • This article has been manipulated just as some britishers manipulated Hindu and Islamic religious scripts in their regime.

    These are the people who will face GODs wrath and go to deep hell for eternity.

    Mother Lakshmi never offered such obscene things to shiva. It was Vishnu who to acquire a Sudarshana Chakra or "revolving discuss which moves on its masters will" prayed to RUDRA or Shiva by offering a thousand lotuses every day for a 100 years. Once he fell short of one lotus and thus to make up for it he offered his own eye to the ShivLinga which seemed to be as soft and pink as the Lotus petals(Lotus eyed - Kamal Nayana). Vishnu never spoke in such obscenety with Lakshmi. They are both maintaining celebacy by word and soul. They are the expantions of universal Mother and Father.

    Also she is indefinite, coz SHE can stay
    in a house which is free from evil, politics and quarrels. She stays in house which is peaceful, of virtue and harmony and where people are hardworking and honest. She is so, so as to make people follow the good path for her to stay for long. She is unfavourable to killing of animals and unholy sacrifices.

    SHE and HE are ONE - GOD and HIS absolute illusionary and real power.
    That can be called as SHIVA-SHAKTI or RADHAKRISHNA

    for the islamics not to confuse on this...they are not partners but ONE absolute power without form and who can assume any form at will and present in all particls of energy.

    Associating GOD to material things is foolishiness.
    - Adbhut Applause
    10th Sep 2007
  • The Truth was revealed to all in Bhagwad Gita as in Islam that there is only one GOD(Krishna or Lalla). Goddess Lakshmi or Shakti is HIS own Maya or illusionary self(not partner but one). Shakti is the cause of every incarnation on earth. GOD himself as his compelete 100%power never descends on earth..if HE did means end of all universes HE created. Though Krishna showed HIS actual form to Arjuna, he granted him a divine eyesight to see HIM as no other could survive after seeing all the universes and beings embedded in HIM and HIS various form which give life and death. The GOD(SHIVA-unborn,formless and untouched, most pure) and Shakti(absolute energy) are one..means UNIVERSAL FATHER and MOTHER. They are not partners but one.
    Some people are confused about Brahma Vishnu and Mahesh as seperate entities. They are expantions of Paratma or GOD(three forms- Generator(Brahma), Observer(Vishnu) and Destroyer(Shankara)). The scientists which now claim that universe was created by a event called "Big Blast" is explained in RIG VEDA as far as 23000BC when most of the people on earth outside Bharata were nomads and barbarians. Rigveda clearly talks about the BIG Bang as the explosion of a big EGG(beej or seed). GOD created the universes with just one syllable"OM" which made a BIG BANG. WHen HE said "AHAM Brahma" means I am the only creator...HE multiplied into Brahma and HIS own self as Shirodakshayi Vishnu and then Rudra Shankara.
    GOD manages all the universes with just 1% of his total energy and when HE incarnates on earth He comes down as absolute energy(Shakti) which is just 1% of HIS total energy.

    Why GOD always chooses Bharat as his homeland? coz Bharat is like the engine of the train(other continents). Thogh Kaliyuga(Machine or Satans age) has captured all the earth and has ruled for many years, you will still find virtue and intelligence and humanity only in India.

    GOD as Shakti comes on earth after every 5000 years and after Krishna left earth around 3100BC --its 2000AD which is 5000 years...HE is coming when we all know evil and politicians are taking peace off mankind. To kill politicians , fanatics and evil doers.

    Just as mentioned in BIBLE, in Bhavishya Puran too HE comes riding on a celestial horse with wings, with a staff or weapon in his hand and releaves earth of evil.

    Then comes Jesus (or Prem Sai) to judge all and then GOD will execute all as show HIS wrath.

    Krishna said HE has millions of Lakshmis to serve HIM in Vaikuntha(GODs own home - Vai(Age)Kuntha(Ceases) where there is no age for anything which is illuminated in white light not by electricity but HIS own effulgence.)

    Shakti(Saraswati,Lakshmi,Durga)are GOD himself as expantions.

    KRISHNA, SHIVA and ALLAH are same.
    Even stone worshipped at Makka is a shivlinga and it was called Makkeshwar temple in pre-historic ages. Till today it follows the same pratcices as Brahamanas do. In Makka no killing of animals and plants is allowed.

    All religions are same. Its just that someone divided humans for power.

    Sanskrit degraded down to many languages bcoz of people and thus declined humanity. Sanskrit is the language of GODs and the Vedanta must be restored on earth for good and peace of mankind.
    - Adbhut Applause
    10th Sep 2007
  • hello justin
    there is a sp prayer for saraswati the patron goddess of students. there is a parallel in christianity of st john cantius, patron saint for students and teachers.
    did you know allmost all of the latin and catholosism derives from hinduism?
    gauri
    - gauri
    12th Feb 2007
  • The author in the text has not clearly clarified the meanings hence would naturally cause more confusions and raise more questions.

    - Jay
    10th Jan 2007
  • Dear Justin

    What I understand from the 'Owl' part is to remind people that wealth comes to those that are prepared to give for good purposes...hence just praying for wealth without a good purpose or just having the aim to just attain wealth will be signifying that of the 'Owl'
    - Jay
    10th Jan 2007
  • I wish to ask a question rather than submit a review, of which I believe I am not qualified. I would very much like to learn more about a picture I saw in a shop. I was raised as a Catholic originally and have been on a spiritual journey through different 'faiths' and doctrines and am only just learning about Hinduism. The picture had 3 figures, the central one was Lakshmi, on the right of the picture was Ganesha, and on the left Saraswati. From what I have gleaned from this and other articles this might seem to be a picture wishing for a 'happy and prosperous new year' as at the time of the Diwali festival?? I'd love to know if this is true. And given the apparent 'trap' of Lakshmi as represented by her vehicle - an owl, I would love to know how it is best to obtain her blessing of wealthupon myself. Is this possible? I have come to the conclusion that it is desireable to wish to be wealthy within the traditions of Hinduism (as opposed to Christianity apparently), but again I would love to have this confirmed by someone more knowledgeable than me! I was immensely impressed by the review of Francis Miville of this article, and perhaps either the website owner might be able to give me an answer of maybe be willing to pass my question on to Mr Miville?
    Thank you.
    Justin Randall
    - Justin Randall
    28th Dec 2006
  • This is such a beautiful article - thank you for your in-depth explanations!
    - Ariana
    29th Nov 2006
  • In the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God...

    This is the beginning of creation in the bible..

    Lo.. i find it amazing as well in Gnostic Christinianity ..it speaks of Sophia (Wisdom) who fell down from heaven and created Ialadaboth and he thought he was the only one the creator..

    My point is.. Saraswati is identified as Vac , the word and the word was indeed with God ( creator of this world) in the beginning and She is Wisdom like Sophia ..who preceded before the Creator...

    And the other part of the bible that I find interesting is that the Word Became Flesh..lo..Sophia entered into the beings that God made and animated them.. therefore Spirit in us are animated by Sophia/ Saraswati / Word/ Wisdom/ Tara ( Buddhism)

    In Gnostic Bible it mentioned that the spark of divinity that we have from sophia / saraswati helps us to go back to our utlimate self... as jesus said ye are gods as well...

    I love mythology .. if you don't understand the beginning you will never understand hte end.
    - Hooi Lin
    12th Apr 2006
  • GH
    - J
    23rd Mar 2006
  • FANX SO MUCH...GR8 PICS AND REALLY CLEAR INFO! THIS SITE IS STRONGLY RECOMENDID. DIS RELI HELPD ME WIV MA COURSEWORK. I NOW KNO LOADS ABOUT LAKSHMI AND OVA GODS. FANX AGEN! ILL BE VISITIN AGEN...
    BY ARIANA
    - Ariana (angel139_ariana@hotmail.com)
    23rd Mar 2006
  • this article really helped me. as a student trying to understand Hindu gods this website was informational but i have to agree, i did not get a excellent grade on the report because some of this information is false.
    - Emily
    16th Mar 2006
  • it is said that Luxmy leaves the house because she is 'reckless.' However, that is not true. She is said to leave homes if she can not stand the chaos. This is originally said to encourage peace.
    - Hindu
    31st Dec 2005
  • There are some lies here. Luxmy did NOT have associations with different males as it is said in this article.
    - Hindu
    31st Dec 2005
  • Hmmm... all I can say is that there are people who can read puranic stories without understanding the significance of it, and the author of these unfortunately falls into this category. All Goddesses in the Hindu Pantheon are the 'Shakti' or force energy of the counterpart. Namely there is no Protection (Vishnu) without preoperity, No Creation (Saraswathy) without Knowledge and no Desturction (Shiva) without energetic force. Hindusm is about the ulitmate balance, unity in diversity and looking for the meaning behind the symbols and stories. You my friend either have a problem with the concept of Strong Women or simply have a problem. *grin
    - Anasuya Jega (ajj_sunhawk@hotmail.com)
    15th Apr 2005
  • I really don't know how much reaserch you ppl did but there are plenty of taraditional temples of saraswati infact it said that every school is a temple of saraswati. As for lakshmi there are two meanings of the word one stands for wealth and one stands for wife(wife who makes or breaks the domestic life, in our case makes it) Lakshmi in a monitary sense belongs to everyone but in a spirtual sense only belongs to lord vishnu. Thus, it is rediculous to state that Lakshmi maa can go to anyone besides lord vishnu.
    - c murder
    25th Dec 2004
  • Hi
    there are most definitely temples to Saraswati/Sarasvati, here are a few listed below.
    Birla Temple in Birla Institute of Technology, Pilani, Rajasthan, India

    Saraswati Temple in the University of Roorkee

    Prthudakeshwara Temples in Pehowa, Haryana. They were built by the Marathas in honour of Saraswati.

    Saradamba Temple in Sringeri.

    Sarada Temple in the Neelam Valley in Kashmir

    Regards, Elaine
    - Elaine
    22nd Oct 2004
  • Thank you very much for this article, there is a supring lack of information on this God on the web, so i was happy to see this site. This is the first time I'm hearing about her infidelites, but none the less she seemed very devoted to Vishnu. Thank you so much for your information, and I have complete faith that it is absolutely true information. It really helped with my project in class, and i'll probably get a faboulous mark. thank you
    - Shanice
    16th Oct 2004
  • Thank-you for the artitcle on Lakshmi, it will be really helpful for the project we are doing at school, although I am considering not showing our teacher the story. Thanks anway!
    - Gemma
    21st Sep 2004
  • The stuff on Lakshmi is rubbish -- never heard it or read it before. The stuff on Saraswathy is OK -- though this is the first time I have heard of "incest" associated with her.
    - Krishnaa
    16th Jul 2004
  • Our yogastudio Laksmi in Holland thanks all the people for the information about laksmi.
    We will use it on our website. www.Laksmi.nl
    - kamala
    3rd Jul 2004
  • awesome for the project! thanks
    - Raelyn
    8th Apr 2004
  • great work
    - brinda
    7th Apr 2004
  • learned a lot.thx for the effort in putting on the web.
    NRI
    SFO/CA
    - yashna (royalprincess420@aol.com)
    26th Mar 2004
  • Hey, thanks for the site, it was very usefull, the pictures presented on this site were great, and i enjoyed reading every sentence of the great goddess Lakshmi.

    I hope you guys/girl can get even more information about this great goddess in the near future...

    Thanks :)
    - Tarminder
    27th Feb 2004
  • this really helped me with my project at skool i'm gonna use the pics, but i can't use the storie you provided as were presenting it to the juniors and it mentions breasts!
    - noorweigie
    7th Oct 2003
  • Hey! Thax so much for this article. Really helped on my project!! Gr8 pictures!!
    :~)
    - Ella
    3rd Oct 2003
  • I inherited the most beautiful bronze statue of Luksmi and wanted to know more about what she represents and means. Thank you for giving me her background...I always loved her when she stood in my grand mothers house...now I love her even more now that I know about her.
    - Lynda
    3rd Oct 2003
  • I am thankful for your article about Lakshmi. But I have some information of mine to add to your point of view. I remember a time a friend who seemed spiritual asked me to pray Laksmi for the financiel welfare of both of us. I used a well-knowned mantra (Ohm Shrimh Hrimh Shrimh Mahaalakshmyai namo-namah) and chanted it constantly for a few weeks. Fortune did knock to our door: my friend was given a manager's job in a (bogus) financial institution. Unfortunately the said friend took the money and ran from the enterprise to Switzerland (actually, he had no real competences) after robbing a few other friends of mine of their hard-earned economies. During the time we had money, I got all the sorrows linked to a dishonest enterprise, so I was thankful when everything was finished. I am not resentful against Lakshmi, for without that event I would not have realised the dishonesty of that guy. I realised also that Lakshmi for being a goddess incarnates in a collective entity rather than in an individual, so she must be invoked for others' prosperity rather than one's own. To the invoker she will rather give rather inner riches, such as generosity, virtues, discrimination (the latter I badly needed). My i.shta devetaa is Kaali, who is not the giver of riches per se but the destroyer of evils, such as vice, such as misery, and while she will not necessarily bring properity is a way as grand as Lakshmi she will protect her devotee from all kinds of misery and money-related sorrows, and too rich people can have, and generally do have even more money-related sorrows than the poor. More generally speaking, Lakshmi is the giver of virtues as Kaali is the destroyer of vices and related demons, and before one furnitures one's house one must first clean it. It must be also remembered that divinity, especially in the Indian tradition, is to be approached in a substractive rather than additive way (neti, neti), for the Supreme being being simple and not compound, and that is true also on the material plane. Misery is not something natural to man, but due to the presence of something evil (e.g. lack of vivekaa) to be discarded rather to the presence of an external good to be supplied: misery is man-made, not God-willed. It is not without good reason that in the Navaratri festival Durgaa or Kaali are called first and then Lakshmi. Lakshmi has 108 positive goods to offer, economic abundance being the least.
    - Francis Miville
    22nd Sep 2003
  • I enjoyed the Saraswati article, and would like to learn more about this Goddess to whom there are no temples. I found the article to be informative and helpful. I understand her birthday, Vasant Pachami, is celebrated around the 5th of February, for all those interested in Saraswati.
    - alli (indi_writer@yahoo.com)
    16th Aug 2003
  • I didn't know about her being the ascetic goddess. There are so few Saraswati stories aroud so thank you for this. Saraswati seems to be the goddess I most identify with.
    - neel
    13th Jul 2003
  • Trust me if I find out that what you have mentioned about Goddess Lakshmi is not true according to the holy scriptures I will personally have your website pulled off. If on the other hand it is true then I must say that it is difficult to accept.
    - ashish
    16th May 2003
  • I loved it because my middle name is Lakshmi, so is my mother's. I definitely learned more about her, and am more proud to have that beautiful name.
    - Sarah-Lou
    11th May 2003
  • Thank you so very much! I am currently doing research for a paper for college on a stone stele of Vishnu that also includes the goddess Lakshmi and the goddess Saraswati and this has helped me immensely! To be able to write this paper, I first had to get a sense of a religion that was unfamiliar to me. Reading other material on this subject was making me feel overwhelmed, but after reading your article I now find it fascinating! Thank you again!!!
    - Starla
    21st Apr 2003
  • It is brilliant. I don't really know much about all this article and i'm planning to read more! from the other peoples feedback i have read, it seems very interesting.thanx
    - Hannah
    2nd Mar 2003
  • This is a very intresting article .Thank you very much!
    - yugendra
    18th Nov 2002
  • It is very good, and all students should pray to mata saraswati for she is the giver of knowledge, and lakshmi gives money. It would be good if you could put the prayer before studying!
    - Minesh T
    22nd Jul 2002
  • awesome, never underestimate the power of knowledge it is the universes greatest gift and with it all things are possible. I love my mom!!!!!!!!!!
    - tommy
    27th Sep 2001
  • it was very nice. i enjoyed the untold saga of our goddesses.
    jai shri ram
    - shikha
    8th Sep 2001
  • I find reading and learning about the Deities fascinating. I am beginning a better understanding of the different aspects, as I hear many different versions of the stories such as Genish how he came about having an elephant head. I have heard three different versions of how this came about; and I have a better understanding of Saraswati as she is of the arts or knowledge I didn't realize she had no temples... well thank you for sending your articles. Blessings
    - Devi
    3rd May 2001
  • Thank you so much for the amazing article you sent on Indian mythology. We have a small gift shop in Killeen, Texas that caters to the non-Christian religious community of Fort Hood. I plan to post this article in my shop for all to view and share. Through education, we hope to reduce the predjudices often caused by ignorance of the beliefs of others. Thanks again
    - Bethanne Davis
    3rd May 2001
  • Thank you for the interesting and uplifting article this month; I enjoyed it immensely. Om Shanti
    - Christopher
    3rd May 2001
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