Sign In
 
Forgot password?
Enter your username or email to reset and email yourself your password
Sign In
Welcome . For your security, please choose your password.
Sign In
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Sign up
for saving your wish list, viewing past orders
receiving discounts and lots more...
Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.

Share

Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)

Technique of Indian Miniature Paintings

Article of the Month - August 1999
Viewed 22587 times since 2nd Oct, 2008

Sketching

The themes of the miniature are generally inspired by paintings commissioned centuries ago by Indian Emperors. Initially, the sketch is prepared by the artist on a smooth surface of a paper in light blue or reddish-brown ink. This primary sketch is drawn in soft lines suggesting only the outlines of the figures. These are later corrected and bold, accurate, hard lines are drawn. A thin coat of white pigment is applied to obliterate the incorrect lines.

Tracing

Once the master sketch is drawn, it is copied or pounced (traced). Traditionally tracing was done with a piece of transparent deer skin which was placed on top of the drawing, the outlines of which were then pierced. The deer skin has since been replaced by tracing paper. The stencil thus prepared, it is then placed over a fresh paper and black pigment is passed through the pinholes leaving soft outlines which are later reinforced by brush.

Coloring

The pigment are first blended and laid flat on the paper. No consideration is made of tonality, instead contrasting colors are used. Tendency to represent the minutest details, principles of maximum visibility and love for ornamentation were possible only when the colors are laid flat. The floors, carpets, arms and armour, utensils etc., are depicted with profuse embellishment. The draperies however are left comparatively plain. The three dimensional effect is achieved by two methods of shading : the original color is spread on the surface, then darker colors are applied ; or the shading pigment is gradually mixed with the original pigment while still wet. The ground colors are not necessarily light but are lighter than those to be applied in subsequent fillings. Human figures are painted first, animal figures next, and the background is colored last of all. After coloring and shading, the outlines of the object, as delineated in the primary sketch, are reconfirmed by a darker tone and the figures given a well finished form.

Gold Highlighting and Burnishing

Gold highlights are the last step before burnishing. The burnishing process involves laying the miniature face down on a hard, smooth surface and gently and firmly stroking it with a polished piece of agate stone. Burnishing provides protective hardening and gives an overall unity of texture to the paintings.

Calligraphy and other stages

After the painter has finished, the picture is passed on to other artists for trimming or to the 'wasligar' for mounting. Then beautiful hashiyas (borders) are mad and the calligrapher or 'naqshanavis' is asked to write part of the text or inscribe the name of the artist at the lower part.

Post a Comment
 
Post Review
  • dear nithin kumar.you article on techniques of miniature painting is really thorogh. but i do disagree with u at places. "...themes of the miniature are generally inspired by paintings commissioned centuries ago ..." this is not so . if you have had the oppertunity to look at the contemprary miniature done today by fine artists then you would fine that most of them are inspired by the culture and globalization that has set in a fast pace in the society.secondly about the "three dimensional effect that you" that you mention is not present in the miniature.its a very much 2-D paintings and even the great ustads of early times never tried to achieve 3-D in miniature because the technique didnot call for.(its my opinion ...u can disagree with it).one thing that you forgot to mention was the PERSPECTIVE. miniature doesnt have perspective in the normal and technical sense that we know perspective to exist. it has its own style of putting things and arranging figures and furniture found in the paintings.last but not the least the statement that i disagree with is the 'calligraphy' part. you say "After the painter has finished, the picture is passed on to other artists for trimming or to the 'wasligar' for mounting. Then beautiful hashiyas (borders) are mad and the calligrapher or 'naqshanavis' is asked to write part of the text or inscribe the name of the artist at the lower part." these days paintings are made individually by the artists them selves. its not a joint effort any more. and if you are talking about the times of the raja maharajas then you should have written the whole articles in past tense. this is all that i have to say in this situation. dont mean to offend you but then u did ask for a review....regards kaif ghaznavi
    by kaif ghaznavi on 14th Apr 2005
Testimonials
I received the 2 sarees and the DVDs. You truly are a treasure house for the music and other related things. You have gotten me an array of CDs,books,DVDs and not least of all beautiful sarees. All always packed with care, delivered in a timely, no hassle fashion. Your business is very trustworthy and I am so glad to have when I need to look for something.
Prashanti, USA
Hello, Just a short feedback on your new website layout: the old one was better than most of what you come across on the www, but you've managed to make it even better. I very much like the new look of the book pages and 'my gallery' pages. Thanks again for offering me a look inside the books. It's a big help for finding out if it's really what I want. Everything is perfect: the presentation of the items, your way of handling the orders, and the fast and always diligently packed parcels. Thanks to all at Exotic India, Walter
Walter
thank you sooo much for the speedy delivery!! within two days I am already wearing my beautiful Exotic Indian shawl!! thanks so much
Pat Demaret
This is the second time I am ordering kurta. The first time it was in July of 2015. The whole transaction was very smooth, and I received my order in USA within a week's tme from India. it was faster than some of the local orders that I have placed. Thank you for your efficiency.
Prabha, USA
I like Exotic India and have had a great experience so far with your books / shipping etc. Please keep it up!
Sriram, USA
Thanks to all the staff at Exotic Art for helping me acquire these wonderful books from the holy land of Bharata Varsha. Happy new year to you all and all glories to Sri Krsna, peace...
J. Idehen, UK
Exotic India is a fine organization to do business with. I have had the best trading experience and the very best customer service. The communication I have had with Vipin K. is of the highest quality; my questions and requests were quickly and professionally answered and fulfilled. A special thanks to the artist Kailash Raj for the beautiful art he produces; I have certainly been enriched by the way his art exemplifies the stories they tell. Many Thanks to all concerned.
W. J. Barnett, USA
My beautiful shawl arrived today. Thank you so much for this lovely shawl. Really, it is nicer than the photograph. I hope you and yours have a very Happy New Year and much prosperity in the New Year. With gratitude
Tom Anderson, Canada
An excellent website, as always. I do not even mention its content, which is beautiful beyond words, but I am merely referring to the great functionality and optimal design of your website. Links always work, the information is accurate and complete, images are very clear, including scanned content of your books. A pleasure to purchase from you.
Oreste, USA
I just wanted to extend my profound thanks to you for expediting my order. It was so well packaged and all import processes taken care of so the beautiful statue arrived in fabulous condition. It looks truly wonderful and I am so happy to have Lord Ganesh take pride of place in my home. Thank you again for your superb service. Best regards
Nikki Grainger
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Share with friends

Warning: imagejpeg(hindu/varaha_avataar_of_lord_vishnu_hc13sm.jpg): failed to open stream: Permission denied in /home/exotic/newexotic/vars.php3 on line 1781

Warning: chmod(): Operation not permitted in /home/exotic/newexotic/vars.php3 on line 1782

Warning: imagejpeg(mughal/mughal_emperor_jahangir_and_christ_mi90sm.jpg): failed to open stream: Permission denied in /home/exotic/newexotic/vars.php3 on line 1781

Warning: chmod(): Operation not permitted in /home/exotic/newexotic/vars.php3 on line 1782
Related Items
Miniature Paintings of Rajasthan
Miniature Paintings of Rajasthan
Paperback
Dr. Daljeet
$27.50$22.00
Miniature Paintings of Rajasthan
Elephant in Indian Art and Mythology
Elephant in Indian Art and Mythology
Hard Cover
S.K.Gupta
$27.50$22.00
Elephant in Indian Art and Mythology
A Guide to the Indian Miniature
A Guide to the Indian Miniature
Paperback
Pramod Ganpatye
$25.00$20.00
A Guide to the Indian Miniature
Show More
Related Links
Art Gallery
Hindu Miniatures
Art Gallery
Mughal Miniatures
Show More
Others Viewing
शिव चरित्र - Shiv Charitra
शिव चरित्र - Shiv Charitra
स्वामी निरंजनानंद सरस्वती: (Swami Niranjananand Saraswati)
Paperback
$20.00$16.00
शिव चरित्र - Shiv Charitra
Temples of the Gangas of Karnataka
Temples of the Gangas of Karnataka
I. K. Sarma
Hardcover
$50.00$40.00
Temples of the Gangas of Karnataka
कुमारसम्भवम् (संस्कृत एवं हिंदी अनुवाद)- Kumarasambhava of Mahakavi Kalidasa (With the Sanjivini Commentary of Mallinatha)
कुमारसम्भवम् (संस्कृत एवं हिंदी अनुवाद)- Kumarasambhava of Mahakavi Kalidasa (With the Sanjivini Commentary of Mallinatha)
महाकवि कालिदास (Mahakavi Kalidasa)
Paperback
$25.00$20.00
कुमारसम्भवम् (संस्कृत एवं हिंदी अनुवाद)- Kumarasambhava of Mahakavi Kalidasa (With the Sanjivini Commentary of Mallinatha)
Madhava Kandali Ramayana  in Two Volumes
Madhava Kandali Ramayana in Two Volumes
$55.00$44.00
Madhava Kandali Ramayana  in Two Volumes
घुटनो और जोड़ो के दर्द की चिकित्सा: Curing Knee and Joint Pain
घुटनो और जोड़ो के दर्द की चिकित्सा: Curing Knee and Joint Pain
डॉ गणेश नारायण चौहान: Dr. Ganesh Narayan Chauhan
Paperback
$10.00$8.00
घुटनो और जोड़ो के दर्द की चिकित्सा: Curing Knee and Joint Pain
Cream Dhoti and Veshti Set with Golden Thread Weave on Border
Cream Dhoti and Veshti Set with Golden Thread Weave on Border
Art Silk
Free Size
$35.00$28.00
Cream Dhoti and Veshti Set with Golden Thread Weave on Border
Show More
TRUSTe online privacy certification
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2016 © Exotic India
Exotic India
A-16/1 Wazirpur Industrial Estate Delhi - 110052 India
- Phone: +919953839642