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The Taj Mahal - Architecture of a Love Story

Article of the Month - May 2001
Viewed 118867 times since 2nd Oct, 2008

...Continued from Page 1

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In the late spring of the next year, in a sprawling cantonment outside the city of Burhanpur, the emperor was directing his troops against Khan Jahan Lodi and simultaneously watching the royal harem for word of his fourteenth child. When the report came, it brought announcement of the birth of a healthy baby girl, but nothing was said of Mumtaz Mahal. For hours Shah Jahan waited impatiently. Still there was no news. A messenger sent to the harem did not return. The alarmed emperor sent another, then a third, but none came back. It grew late, past midnight. Shah Jahan was preparing to go the harem himself when at last a message arrived: the queen was well but very tired, and she wished to be permitted to rest undisturbed for the remaining hours of the night.

The emperor was relieved and he too retired for the night, planning to visit the harem in the morning. But a few hours later he was awakened with the unsettling news that Mumtaz Mahal had suffered a relapse and was calling for him. He immediately dressed and made his way through the maze of war tents, arriving at the harem to find a solemn assembly of doctors grouped around the bedside. The queen was dying.

Everyone was immediately dismissed from the room except for Sati-un-nisa, the queen's favorite lady-in-waiting, and Wazir Khan, her beloved doctor. Wazir Khan feared the worst, he told the emperor, for Mumtaz Mahal had earlier confided to him that she had heard her child cry in the womb before its birth, an ominous portent.

For several hours the emperor sat at the bedside and spoke quietly with Mumtaz Mahal. Toward the early hours of the morning she lost consciousness and before the sun rose she was dead. Legend has it that before dying she extracted two promises from him. One was that he would not beget children on any other wife her death, and the other was that he should build the world's most beautiful mausoleum over her grave. Whether or not the story is true, Shah Jahan certainly had no other children, and he did begin the mausoleum almost immediately after her death.

Work began on the Taj Mahal in 1632. For twenty-two years, 20,000 workers from India, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and Europe labored to construct the Taj Mahal. Spread over an area of 42 acres (17-hectare) the total cost of construction came out to be approximately 32 million Rupees. The site was chosen near the capital Agra, on the southwest bank of the River Yamuna. Although it is not known for sure who planned the Taj, the name of an Indian architect of Persian descent, Ustad Ahmad Lahori, has been cited in many sources.

Surprisingly, the origin of the name "Taj Mahal" is not clear. Court histories from Shah Jahan's reign only call it the rauza (tomb) of Mumtaz Mahal. It is generally believed that "Taj Mahal" (translated as "Crown of the Palace") is an abbreviated version of her name, Mumtaz Mahal. As Peter Mundy and other early travelers refer to the empress in their accounts as "Taje Mahal," the mausoleum may have also acquired the name in the seventeenth century.

Taj MahalThe Taj stands on a raised, square platform (186 x 186 feet) with its four corners truncated, forming an unequal octagon. The architectural design uses the interlocking arabesque concept, in which each element stands on its own and perfectly integrates with the main structure. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and a symmetry of architectural elements. The five principal elements of the complex namely the main gateway, garden, mosque, jawab (literally "answer"; a building mirroring the mosque), and mausoleum (including its four minarets)- were conceived and designed as a unified entity according to the tenets of Mughal building practice, which allowed no subsequent addition or alteration.

Inlay work on marble

 

 

 

Its central dome is fifty-eight feet in diameter and rises to a height of 213 feet. It is flanked by four subsidiary domed chambers. These four graceful, slender minarets are 162.5 feet each. The entire mausoleum (inside as well as outside) is decorated with inlaid design of flowers and calligraphy using precious gems such as agate and jasper. The main archways, chiseled with passages from the holy Quran and the bold scroll work of flowery pattern, give a captivating charm to its beauty. The central domed chamber and four adjoining chambers include many walls and panels of Islamic decoration.

 

 

 

Gateway to Taj MahalMarvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman in their book "Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism", have described the Taj Mahal thus:

"The mausoleum of the Taj Mahal at Agra stands in a formally laid-out walled garden entered through a pavilion on the main axis. The tomb, raised on a terrace and first seen reflected in the central canal, is entirely sheathed in marble, but the mosque and counter-mosque on the transverse axis are built in red sandstone. The four minarets, set symmetrically about the tomb, are scaled down to heighten the effect of the dominant, slightly bulbous dome. The mosques, built only to balance the composition are set sufficiently far away to do no more than frame the mausoleum. In essence, the whole riverside platform is a mosque courtyard with a tomb at its center. The great entrance gate with its domed central chamber, set at the end of the long watercourse, would in any other setting be monumental in its own right."

Inlay work on marble in Taj Mahal

 

 

"The interior of the building is dimly lit through pierced marble lattices and contains a virtuoso display of carved marble. Externally the building gains an ethereal quality from its marble facings, which respond with extraordinary subtlety to changing light and weather."

Two notable decorative features are repeated throughout the complex: pietra dura and Arabic calligraphy. As embodied in the Mughal craft, pietra dura incorporates the inlay of semiprecious stones of various colors, such as lapis lazuli, jade, crystal, turquoise and amethyst, in highly formalized and intertwining geometric and floral designs. The colors serve to moderate the dazzling expanse of the white Makrana marble. The level of sophistication in the art work becomes obvious when one realizes that a 3 cm decorative element contains more than 50 inlaid gemstones.

 

Inscriptions from Quran on Taj MahalUnder the direction of Amanat Khan al-Shirazi, Quranic verses were inscribed across numerous sections of the Taj Mahal in calligraphy, the center of Islamic artistic tradition. One of the inscriptions in the sandstone gateway is known as Daybreak (89:28-30) and invites the faithful to enter paradise. Calligraphy also encircles the soaring arched entrances to the mausoleum proper. On closer look, the lettering of the Quran verses around the archways appears to be uniform, regardless of their height. The lettering, spacing and density have been customized to give this impression to the beholder. To ensure its uniform appearance, the lettering increases in size according to its relative height and distance from the viewer.

As a tribute to a beautiful woman and as a monument for enduring love, the Taj reveals its subtleties when one explores it at leisure and not hurriedly. The rectangular base of Taj is in itself symbolic of the different sides from which to view a beautiful woman. The main gate is like a veil to a woman's face, which should be lifted delicately, gently and without haste on the wedding night. As per the charming Indian tradition the veil is lifted gently to reveal the beauty of the bride, in the couple's first night together.

Taj Mahal : built by Shah Jahan in memory of Mumtaz Mahal

 

 

The dome is made of white marble, but the tomb is set against an awesome backdrop of the river and it is this background that works its magic of colors, and through the reflection of these colors transforms the view of the Taj. The colors change at different hours of the day and during different seasons. Like a jewel, the Taj sparkles in moonlight when the semi-precious stones inlaid into the white marble on the main mausoleum catch the glow of the moon. The Taj is pinkish in the morning, milky white in the evening and golden when the moon shines. These changes, they say, depict the different moods of a woman.

It has been said of the Mughals that they designed like giants and finished like jewelers, a fact amply brought out in the Taj Mahal. The wife of a British officer, Colonel Slleman, while writing home, described it thus:

"I cannot tell what I think. I do not know how to criticize such a building but I can tell what I feel. I would die tomorrow to have such another over me."

The poet Rabindranath Tagore has perhaps said it best of all:

"You know Shah Jahan, life and youth, wealth and glory, they all drift away in the current of time. You strove therefore, to perpetuate only the sorrow of your heart. Let the splendor of diamond, pearl and ruby vanish. Only let this one teardrop, this Taj Mahal, glisten spotlessly bright on the cheek of time, forever and ever."

 

 

 


References and Further Reading

  • Carroll, David. The Taj Mahal (India Under the Moguls): New York, 1972
  • Pal, Pratapaditya. Romance of the Taj Mahal: New Delhi, 1989.
  • Saran, Shalini. Taj Mahal (Agra, Fatehpur Sikri): New Delhi, 2001.

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  • this is a really sad story of how the King did after his wife died in child birth. It's really sad.
    by Ryan on 17th May 2012
  • I likeed it a loute I loved it
    by MaKayla on 7th May 2012
  • .
    by MaKayla on 7th May 2012
  • ताज महल के सम्बन्ध में यह आम किवदंत्ती प्रचलित है कि ताजमहल के अन्दर मुमताज की कब्र पर सदैव बूँद बूँद कर पानी टपकता रहता है,, यदि यह सत्य है तो पूरे विश्व मे किसी किभी कब्र पर बूँद बूँद कर पानी नही टपकाया जाता,जबकि प्रत्येक हिंदू शिव मन्दिर में ही शिवलिंग पर बूँद बूँद कर पानी टपकाने की व्यवस्था की जाती है,फ़िर ताजमहल (मकबरे) में बूँद बूँद कर पानी टपकाने का क्या मतलब....????
    by ramesh verma (ankitchouhan.1987@yahoo.co.in) on 23rd Jul 2011
  • MAI ROSHAN PURE HOSO HAWAS ME BHARAT WASHIYO KO BATANA CHAHATA HU KI TAAJMAHAL SHAH JEHAN NE NAHI BANAYA ISE RAJA JAYSINGH NE BANWAYA THA OR ISKA ORIGINAL NAME TEJO MAHALAY THA.
    by Roshan patle on 23rd Jul 2011
  • TAJ MAHAL IS HINDU TEMPLE ORIGINAL NAME IS TEJOMAHALYA
    by ANKIT BHAIRAM on 23rd Jul 2011
  • this is very useful!
    by daphney on 28th Apr 2011
  • this is a very interesting story..... i love it!!
    by sunshyne on 2nd Mar 2011
  • or not.
    by Pierre-Alain Meunier on 2nd Dec 2010
  • this is beutiful story
    by dave on 10th Nov 2010
  • What a story
    could you shorten it or me plase.
    Thanks
    by emma on 30th Oct 2010
  • nice story..thanx for..the story..lovely
    i love it
    by naaz (naazsddq@yahoo.com) on 29th Oct 2010
  • i really need to know is this true for my school project
    by Erica on 21st Apr 2010
  • A powerful depiction of a love so pure and unconditional. Tagore beautifully captures the essence of this love story by emphasizing that wealth and glory will fade away in time, but love, in the form of a grand gesture (or a mere teardrop) will never ever fade away.
    by Sabina on 22nd Dec 2009
  • This is a very moving story of love of a husband for his wife. The Taj Mahal is a myth that has grown around this kernel of love. But there is also a dimension of history to the Taj Mahal, which Mr P. N. Oak was concerned to bring to the attention of the world. In my blog on <sulekha.com> I have provided a critical assessment of Mr Oak's work.
    by Shrinivas Tilak on 3rd Nov 2009
  • Very good! I was absorbed in the great description of the prince's love for his wife. Excellent job!
    by Sandhya on 29th Jul 2009
  • Unmovable, touching statement to show ones love. wish there were men like that in todays day and age!!!! but if we really lucky, and we look hard enough our own Shah Jahan might pitch to the occassion.
    by Abigail Brooklyn Ramchund on 1st Jun 2009
  • I totally agree!!!!! I love the Taj Mahal, I feel so proud that Muslims could do something so amazing. I just wish that more people would know that Muslims built it not Hindus, even if India is an Indian country. No offense to my Hindu buddies!!!!! But its true,right?
    by Nabila (nabilauddin@ymail.com) on 25th Nov 2008
  • I am pleased that, I went to this web site today. beleive me I am proud that the name Khuram has taken me to similar tastes and Admirations. I have to say i am pleased that Khuram Sha jaha has made history.....me being Khuram makes me feel proud I who lives in England, Manchester aged 24, who has a a royal taste of life. I love to be like him and live a life like him for once more..... and I only wish I can meet some one as Arjumand Banu Begam. takecare guys....I will be back!
    by Khuram on 22nd Oct 2008
  • it is really very amazing that one person loves to his dead wife until his death
    now a days nobody can create a monument for just her promises it is really very amazing
    and i must say i will be a man like a shahajahan
    by sajan (sajan543@rediffmail.com) on 17th Sep 2008
  • This is actually true...
    the taj was built for the late wife...
    and they were both burried there. He was dethroned for spending too much money on it.
    Read your history books before you speak idiots
    by Sarah on 11th Sep 2008
  • I think you are the sleeping truth, if you have children I am sorry!!!! You'r ignorance pushes me to save for my childrens education. i'd like to know where you'r resourse comes from???...
    by Janet on 11th Sep 2008
  • maybe you should do your homework guy., you'r obsenniyies speak your education. History will always be with us. We wouldn't exsist without it. Pick up A book!!! Read A line or two....Good-Luck To you guy. Respect what has past.....Appreciate what's to come.....
    by priyah on 11th Sep 2008
  • really!
    by sevda on 28th Jul 2008
  • moi je connais !!!
    by mr arbaoui on 29th Apr 2008
  • salut
    by laila on 17th Apr 2008
  • I loved this story. It is very powerful and loving. My girl said she would like me to do that. She said isn't it nice for a man to build a beautiful structure just for his wife?


    it"s really wonderful
    by bishwash (bis_pra2000@yahoo.co.in) on 24th Mar 2008
  • is this true?i need to know, for a school project...
    by elizabeth on 14th Mar 2008
  • I loved this story. It is very powerful and loving. My girl said she would like me to do that. She said isn't it nice for a man to build a beautiful structure just for his wife?
    by Mario Torres (lucariop@yahoo.com) on 20th Feb 2008
  • beautiful story and ã captivating struture.... one of the most beautiful stories EVER 2 be read. movie is being remade with Aishwarya Bachchan as M. Mahal(best choice) and Bipasha Basu as her 14 and final child....i cannot wait to see that movie!!!
    by Tanisha T. (tan_jar46@hotmail.com) on 9th Jan 2008
  • i wuz 2 bord 2 finish it- but wat i red wuz good :-)
    by 2 on 14th Dec 2007
  • I was killed by that bastard, his father
    in my former life.
    Quite a comfort knowing he will not born again from where he is
    by Emile on 13th Dec 2007
  • useful story, lovable
    by Fazal (fazaludhen@yahoo.com) on 2nd Dec 2007
  • this story is so moving i am sending it to all of my friends. i sooooo wish i could go to india but i do have one question do the people of india worship mahtaz mahal?
    by Dee on 20th Nov 2007
  • I really wonder how such a big truth can be buried.Still the shiva lingas are buried there.Wat a pathetic condition for hindus.Please google and find out the sleeping truths.
    by priya on 16th Nov 2007
  • This is a shit story.Please dont believe this.Tajmahal is actually tejo mahalalaya a shiva temple.
    Please google on that and find out many truths.
    Shahjahan is a liar and a moron.
    Dont believe this story.It is fake.
    by priya on 16th Nov 2007
  • mint boi!!!!!
    by jesse on 27th Aug 2007
  • wow
    by lilo on 21st May 2007
  • I loved the wonderful story of the Taj Mahal. It just amazes me. I read this story to my 7-year old brother and he absolutely loved it and was very amazed on how it was created!
    by Suchi Parikh (swtgurliefereva@yahoo.com) on 16th Apr 2007
  • When my heart is vulnerable, I find the love that I so need, and so want to share. Yes, this is beyond time, as is the Taj
    by eduardo delanderos-tierre (eduardo.delanderostierre@gmail.com) on 7th Apr 2007
  • Pls include my name in the list to whom you send your newsletter.

    Thanks & Regards,

    ARM Hussain
    by ARM Hussain on 24th Feb 2007
  • Wish i had someone like prince Khuram.
    by sangeeta on 30th Nov 2006
  • please sent me an email and by the way the taj mahal is beautiful continue with the journey
    by Sofia Sheikh on 29th Oct 2006
  • This site is da bomb! It helped me so much and thanks!
    by Laura on 16th Oct 2006
  • I read this beutifully written story to my 10 yr. old daughter. She absolutely loved it. Thank you.
    -Elizabeth
    by Lisa on 15th Oct 2006
  • Please read the link given below as well.

    http://www.hindunet.org/hindu_history/modern/taj_oak.html
    by Subash Krishna on 26th Jun 2006
  • Taj is my dream place , havent seen it in real yet, but do dream it once a month at least !!!! Best dream of my Dreams lolz
    Can't wait to be there once in real before i die !!!!
    by eimaan on 30th May 2006
  • Wow!! I thought the taj mahal was a palace....but its a tomb!!!! facinatiing!!!! It is such a wicked story....I WANNA GO TO INDIA NOW!!! :-)
    by vallery monica francis rose on 4th Apr 2006
  • this is sooo coll man awesome!!! dis id deee bomb dude!!!
    by sammmy on 4th Apr 2006
  • i wish i had someone like price khuram
    by mariam on 23rd Mar 2006
  • please send the cristal Malik story to my E_mail.
    by Mariah on 17th Mar 2006
  • Most beatiful story that my finacee told me about and I love it's full texture of love and romance....
    by Crystal Malik on 20th Feb 2006
  • Greatest Story for Term Paper!!!!
    by Crystal Malik on 20th Feb 2006
  • Well my mum told me the story about this on our way to Taj mahal in 1999, when i got there i was shocked it was the most gorjus building ever, last week i went to watch the film & everything that my mum sed was right accept one thing, they chopped the mans hands off whom made the taj mahal but they dont show that in the film. anyways thats the only thing that has left me thinking, but other than its one lovely (sad ending love story) i would recommend evryone to go & watch it.
    by Louise on 6th Dec 2005
  • Its a wonderful true story.
    by Honey on 13th Oct 2005
  • Me lo pueden enviar el articulo en español, tuve un sueño donde se mencionaba al Taj Mahal y quiero saber mas, si alguien entiende mi idioma, por favor escribeme...Mil Gracias marquinho@infosel.com
    by Marco Antonio on 5th Aug 2005
  • Dis was a banger of a job
    by Rocky Maharaj on 17th May 2005
  • ll
    by mariam on 10th Apr 2005
  • VERY impressed with your site, and this article in particular; well researched, easily read, and worth bookmarking for future references as a source of reliablity. Thank you for the hard work in providing this site.
    by Idho Falconmyst (dds_451@hotmail.com) on 17th Mar 2005
  • This was a TIGHT article. i mean it was so interesting. im doin a project on India and this is just what i needed. i never thought something so beautiful could have a story like that. whoever wrote that article did a BANGIN job!
    by Keyta on 16th Jan 2005
  • IT WAZZZ OFF THE HOOOK. I LIKED IT ALL EMAIL ME AIGHT
    by Rocky Maharaj (pimp_raja@yahoo.com) on 14th Dec 2004
  • i would like to review this article
    by ankit on 13th Oct 2004
  • I agree with you. The REAL NAME is: TEj-O-Mahalaya. How can is possible that almost India governments were blind? The Cong and comunists were, are and will be traitors. They are yet "good coolies" for Western people. Myself and all True Indian-Vedic people must "put in order" those traitors that like and love only "money". They spent the money of the people in partys and gifts. JAY JAY BHARAT!!!
    by Octavio po on 25th Sep 2004
  • I have been twice and can't wait to visit again. Spent three days at the Taj. Any body bitching about the $20.00 to get in have not been to any of our national monuments where there is nothing to see and pay through the nose. Try Disney.
    by Gus Singh on 8th Sep 2004
  • i google searched taj mahal and i'm so thrilled that this link came up. i've been obsessed with the story of taj mahal mostly since sam roberts wrote such a great song about it. i have read many articles on it but this one seems to take the cake! thank you for such a great read!
    by christina (theused_incubus@hotmail.com) on 11th Jul 2004
  • UNDERSTAND THE BEAUTY OF THE TAJ AS A TEMPLE!!

    LOOK AT THE LEVEL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE BACK IN THE 12TH CENTURY WHEN IT WAS CONSTRUCTED!!

    UNDERSTAND THE GREATNESS OF TEJ-O-MAHALAYA, THE REAL NAME OF THIS TEMPLE!!!

    VIEW THIS AS THE ABODE OF THE LORD NAGNATHESHWAR, THE LORD OF AGRA!!
    by Taj Resuurector!! on 9th Jun 2004
  • I REALLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLYYYYYY
    liked your article and thought that it was a very articulated piece of writing that
    shows great style and flair!
    Good Work!
    by Bookworm_Beauty on 31st May 2004
  • This was a good story, and on my report it gave me an a
    by Stephanie on 12th May 2004
  • ARTICLE REVIEWS
    this is an awesome article. I am in grade 7 and doing a project on India. I didn't even read the whole article and i have TONS of info. already!! thanx for your help!!!


    by nasra on 4th May 2004
  • this is an awesome article. I am in grade 7 and doing a project on India. I didn't even read the whole article and i have TONS of info. already!! thanx for your help!!!
    by Lil_Angel on 29th Apr 2004
  • the passion of the report is amazing how much he loved her before i only knew that the taj was a tomb now i know the whole history and extra id love to see it some time my report gonna be great thanx
    by Lady Death on 27th Feb 2004
  • this article gave all the info i need im only in 7th grd and this astounded me the description was so clear and the pictures were great thanx so much maybe i'll get a good grade on my report.
    by abby on 27th Feb 2004
  • My friends, please read two books written by P.N.Oak...
    TAJ MAHAL - THE TRUE STORY
    THE TAJ MAHAL IS A TEMPLE PALACE.
    After reading both books, you will be
    able to verify which is true history and
    which is a nancy tale....lies...lies..lies.
    by mawaram on 25th Dec 2003
  • As I mentioned in my previous review, the Taj Mahal was constructed over 500 years prior to Shah Jahan's era. Carbon testing was done on the walls and the doors. The walls are over 500 years old and the doors are over 300 years old.
    Usually, invaders will demolish the doors first to get inside any building. This the reason why the doors are not as old as the walls. Why you removed my review in connection with the names of the books and authors for to get the true story of the Taj Mahal? I dare you to leave my review for one month. Bye
    by mawaram supan on 19th Dec 2003
  • i'm in shock that was such a great story but also sad it helped me find info. for my report!
    by ariel on 25th Oct 2003
  • Wow!!! this is an amazing article. Very useful. I have never been to the taj mahal before but now im dieing to go visit it.. i have been to india twice but unfortunately coudlnt make it... but after reading such an article i cant skip it anymore thank you so much... im talking abotu this beautiful piece of all time in my speech class :) if u have more info plz email me
    by Shila on 1st Jun 2003
  • This is very wonderful artical. Now, I got more information about taj mahal. I wish, I can go thereand see beautiful view.
    by harjit on 12th Apr 2003
  • It is an article based on previous colonial writing and adhere to the fact that Taj Mahal is a building of Love and not to Shiva.
    Every one knows that Muslims do not idolise any dead human being , hence so her wife remembrence.
    It is just another Indian building made for that purpose as India was in Muslim governess.
    by rama on 4th Apr 2003
  • THIS IS A NICE SITE BUT BECARE FULL
    by thepul on 18th Mar 2003
  • first you need to open the search and then write "art-india.com"and than search it must give you lots of sites and you select number 2 .
    by rohit (rohit_mumbai2003@yahho.co.in) on 17th Feb 2003
  • HALLOW ALL FRIENDS WHO MADE THIS SITES BEAUTIFUL BUT STILL I AM NOT FINDING BEAUTIFUL TAJMAHAL WHICH WAS I FOUND BEFORE 1 YEAR IN THE SITE SO PLEASE IF U HAVE OTHER SITES THEN TRY IT
    THANK YOU VERY MUCH AND GOOD LUCK
    by chandrika on 11th Feb 2003
  • The way flow of this artical is written, one can easily see picture of whats described in the artical. Its so realistic and so lively. I can feel what must have happend at that time.!!!hats to this artical!!!
    by parikshit on 25th Jan 2003
  • This was really useful article for my senior project.....I found everything that I needed here.....
    by Manan on 14th Dec 2002
  • I would like to say that this was very good. I am only in 6th grade and I was impressed with this article.
    by Leona on 6th Nov 2002
  • i went to india in april of this year, i went to the taj mahal right before i was to leave india to go back home. it made such an impression on me. the detailed art work was amazing. i will never forget having the pleasure of seeing it with my own eyes. but mostly the feeling i had being there and knowing a man made this awesome building for the woman he loved. thank you for your article it was very well written. "it has been said there are two kinds of people, ones who have seen the taj mahal and ones who havent"
    by Nancy on 27th Oct 2002
  • I always look forward to your articles! I came so close to seeing and experiencing the Taj Mahal for myself in 1998 when I visited your exciting and beautiful country. After a time in Delhi and parts of Rajasthan I fell ill and had to skip Agra. I've always planned to get back to India even if I see a different part of it. I love it all! It is my idea of heaven and I would be satisfied to spend eternity listening to the music and filling my senses with all aspects of your culture (even the not-so-pleasant ones).
    by Leanne on 19th Sep 2002
  • Wow!!! absolutely amazing!!!
    This article has to be the most well written and informed I have read to date.

    Capturing the essence of the love a man can feel for his wife, and the lengths he will go to, to keep her memory alive.

    An inspirational story, one that will no doubt have us all thinking about the love in our life, and how much they really mean to us.
    by geeta seniaray jakhu on 18th Sep 2002
  • Hello all,
    i would just like to say that this was an amazing artical, me being just a young girl in her teenage years - i found it a little bit difficult but avoiding that point it was.....wow. I never knew any of this - the only reason i was is becoz i'm researching it for geography - quite amazingly fansinating INDEED!
    by Just a young girl on 18th Sep 2002
  • An excellent article, with lots of information which i would have never known. Hope to see such articles again and again
    by Siddhi on 13th Jul 2002
  • a beautiful well written article, rich with information.........enjoyed reading it
    by Maha on 3rd May 2002
  • please sent me some message
    by raju prajapati on 13th Apr 2002
  • It was a pleasure. A moving account of one man's love for a woman. Tagore's passage is a masterpiece!!!

    Kit

    by Kit (kitch_bokth@hotmail.com) on 9th Apr 2002
  • very nice...
    continue on your journey^
    salaam,

    to love is to be
    ~ariu
    by darius (hirvana@hotmail.com) on 18th Jan 2002
  • A wonderful article and frankly speaking I've learned a lott 'bout the Taj and it's HistOry.Although I am A DJ And a MUltimedia animator by proffession ,still I have these Kindaa Interests 2 Know 'bout the History,culture&Heritage of Our country... Thanking U ..
    ArvInd...Please send Me More 'bout it....
    It's amazing and Interesting 2.....
    by DJ Arvind on 13th Dec 2001
  • Yes, Taj Mahal is extraordinary. The sum asked to
    enter is now exaggerated, it is necessary to pay
    20 dollars and it becomes discriminatory. I hope
    that all the lovers of India, as myself are going
    to write to the cultural service to stop(arrest)
    this racket(racketeering) tourism.<p>Thank you for your page of eulogies
    by Michel on 16th May 2001
  • A wonderful article - I've learned so much more than I ever knew about the Taj. Thank you.
    by Tina Thuermer on 16th May 2001
  • I simply was in heaven when I read the story behind the Taj Mahal and its birth. Please keep sending me your newsletters, I look so forward to them. It has enlightened me completely.
    by Sudha on 16th May 2001
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"Jahangir the fourth Mughal emperor (r. 1605-27), was a lover of beauty, be it that of an artifact created by human hands or that observed in nature, the work of god. His memoirs, commonly known as Tuzuk-I-Jahangiri or, Jahangirnama, are as much an album of his aesthetic experiences as a chronicle of his reign. With his keen sensibility, these experiences were a permanent source of joy for him. Nature and beauty were preserved through the brush of his artists."
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Mughal Miniatures
"The art of painting is often made to face a question: Is it an instrument that calibrates past... whether art is different from history or is only one of its alternative sources...haunt the minds of art critics and as often the conference halls of academic institutions... our mind is always keen to discover in art, whatever its genre, the world that it realizes through its senses or by its intellect and other faculties... Mughal art better reveals the world of Mughal days than do written histories or literary annals... (Indian) miniature art (is) both imaginative and realistic, but it is not imaginative in the sense in which are some of the abstract or symbolic art modes that seek to transform a materially 'existent' into an abstract symbol... The truth of an Indian miniature stands midway, somewhere in between the 'real' and the 'unreal', or imagined, and it is in this dilemma that it discovers its uniqueness..."
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"Fiction in Mughal miniatures...are widely considered the couriers of realism in Indian art... the art is as appropriate a vehicle of fiction as the literature. Art does not always have tales to tell but is also not without them. The miniature art inclines to be realistic but even in portraying the real it often takes recourse to fiction... Realism, whether in art or literature, is not fiction's antithesis. On the contrary, it is as much an aspect of fiction as that of the realistic art... the fiction that evolved in early Indian miniatures is incidental to its source material, that is, the texts, which it illustrated... Mughal art continued with the text-based fiction illustrating...Persian classics..., the Ramayana, Mahabharata..and many others..."
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