Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
Your Cart (0)

Tantra: The Method Of Kindling Dormant Energies

Article of the Month - July 2008
Viewed 71935 times since 2nd Oct, 2008

...Continued from Page 1

« Previous Page

Meditating on the Yoni
Meditating on the Yoni



Shakti substantiates Shiva’s bliss, Tantra’s principal objective; hence, Tantrika resorts to Shiva for his procreative desire which is the source of joy, but to Shakti for all other potentials, even aspects of Shiva as Parabrahma – creation, preservation and dissolution. The Tantrika perceives her as multi-aspected, representing, besides female energy, abundance, multiplicity and power to create and destroy. Except in Buddhist tradition, in almost all schools of Tantra Shakti has a superior status. As Shakti manifested in ‘Yoni’, the worship of ‘Yoni’ is the foremost to the Tantrika.



A Fine Portrait of Ardhanarishvara (Shiva Shakti) with Their Vehicles
A Fine Portrait of Ardhanarishvara (Shiva Shakti) with Their Vehicles




In Tantrika way the ‘sadhaka’, a product of Shiva’s desire to procreate and multiply, and hence, his microcosmic part, believes to attain the same state of bliss and joy as the Proto- Shiva, if he is able to magnify his mind and intellect with same enormity as did Shiva-Shakti in the myth. He begins by copulating as his first step. He believes that he is the cosmic male, his female counterpart, the cosmic female, and in their ultimate magnification, they are Shiva and Shakti; and, thus, their act of copulation represents the divine union of Shiva and Shakti on human level. He takes ‘yoni’ as the manifest form of Shakti, and ‘linga’, as Shiva’s, and discovers in the union of the two his means of attaining the ultimate bliss which revealed in the union of Shiva and Shakti.




While copulating, he commemorates the ‘Mantra’ to invoke the deity – Shakti, to manifest in the ‘yoni’ and elevate his act to the status of divine act. Manifest or unmanifest, commemoration of ‘mantra’ is parallel to ‘Nada’. Grabbed by heat of passion and ignorance it explodes, loud and inaudible, and rends the cosmos. After the passion quietens, self-awareness emerges and body-moves are regulated, the sound of the ‘Mantra’ reduces to the audible level. The universe is his stage which he realises through ‘yantra’ – a mystic diagram, wherein it manifests. The diagram – a ‘Mandala’, represents the universe, and through various motifs, its other aspects – Shiva-Shakti union, emergence of ‘seed’, multiplication of his procreative act … As his act of copulation magnifies into the divine union of Shiva and Shakti, so the mystic diagram begins revealing to him mysteries of cosmos – elemental, psychic, spiritual… Now it is no more a thing outside him. It is within him. He is one with the cosmos – an undivided whole.


Chakra Man
Chakra Man





Kundalini, the tool of kindling inherent energies in the Shiva-Shakti myth, is the essence of all Tantrika systems, and even Yoga and Vedic asceticism. Kundalini has been contemplated as dormant energy lying serpent-like coiled in the body. It is multi-million times more potent than body’s known energies, something like the assertion of modern sciences that talk of activating vast dormant areas of the brain which would release incalculable neurological capacities of man. Hence, once Kundalini is fully awakened the sadhaka’s consciousness and Cosmic Consciousness become one. Awakening of Kundalini is in the form of its ascent from ‘Muladhara’ to ‘Sahasrara-padma’.





The body is perceived as comprising six ‘chakras’, the dynamic Tattvik – elemental centres, namely, ‘Muladhara’, ‘Svadhisthana’, ‘Mani-pura’, ‘Anahata’, ‘Vishuddha’, and ‘Ajna’. Over all them is situated ‘Sahasrara-padma’ – the thousand-petalled lotus. ‘Muladhara’, an inverted triangular space situated in the midmost portion of the body, is like a young girl’s vagina in shape. It is described as a red lotus with four petals representing four forms of bliss : ‘Yogananda’ – Yoga bliss, ‘Paramananda’ – supreme bliss, ‘sahajananda’ – natural bliss, and ‘Virananda’ – heroic bliss. In the centre of the lotus is ‘Svayanbhu-Linga’. At the base of the ‘Linga’ is the Brahma-dvara – divine door, where the Devi Kundalini lies asleep. Here itself is the seat of creative desire which, when awakened, pricks Kundalini to awake. Thus, in Tantrika way with copulation begins the process of the awakening of Kundalini. Just above ‘Muladhara’ and below the navel is situated ‘Svadhisthana’, a six-petalled lotus. They represent six qualities or states of being, namely, credulity, suspicion, disdain, delusion or disinclination, false knowledge, and pitilessness. Around the navel is situated ‘Mani-pura’, a ten-petalled lotus representing ten virtues, namely, shame, fickleness, jealousy, desire, laziness, sadness, dullness, ignorance, aversion, and fear. During ‘sadhana’ or otherwise, the human mind generally inclines to stay in these three ‘chakras’. In true sense it is when the mind enters the fourth ‘Chakra’ – ‘Anahata’ that the journey towards ‘Sahasrara-padma’ begins. ‘Anahata’, a lotus with twelve petals representing hope, concern, endeavour, sense of mineness, arrogance, languor, conceit, discrimination, covetousness, duplicity, indecision, and regret, is situated in the region of heart. Its element is air and here ‘jivatma’ –self, appears like the flame of a lamp. Vishuddha chakra and Ajna are situated at throat level and in between the eye-brows respectively in the subtle body. In Vishuddha chakra the sadhaka is in direct touch and contact of godly glory. The ‘jivatma’ sheds its colours and transcending beyond the material existence dissolves in Parmatman. Here and in ‘Ajna’ it reaches the state of ‘samadhi’, a state of complete transcendence.


Power of Mantra And Yantra
Power of Mantra And Yantra







’Yantra’ and ’Mantra’ are two instruments of transformation in Tantra ’sadhana’.







Practicals of Yantras
Practicals of Yantras






’Yantra’, a term composed of two syllables ’yan’ meaning ’to regulate’, and ’tra’ meaning ’to protect’, is broadly the means by which the ’sadhaka’ regulates his energies and also protects them. ’Yantra’ is usually a mystic psycho-cosmo-diagram, broadly a ’Mandala’.






Shri Yantra
Shri Yantra

A graphic design Mandala symbolises the entire phenomenal world of which universe – macrocosm, and man or ‘sadhaka’ – microcosm, are the essential components. In its basic configuration a ’Mandala’ is a circle which has universal protective significance. A dot in the centre forming its axis is the ’bindu’ which is the seed, symbolising the union of Shiva-Shakti, emergence of seed and thereby the Creation. The dot represents the deity enshrining the axis of the cosmos, which the ’Mandala’ represents. The circle around represents the dynamic consciousness of the Creator. Of as great essence are the upright and inverted triangles representing male and female principles. In the multiplicity of upright and inverted triangles reveals operative plurality of the creative process, which by representing the Shiva-Shakti union reveals oneness of many. The outlying squares represent the physical world bound in four directions. In Buddhist Tantra, such square represents ’Sacred Palace’ which is also the ’Palace of Purity’. The ‘yantra’, when meditated on it, becomes the tool of transformation, projection, concentration and integration, and the sadhaka’s consciousness which finds expression in it, transcends beyond both – the sadhaka and the instrument. In any case, the ‘yantra’, like the deity-idol, when meditated on, leads the seeking mind to the axis of the universe where the deity enshrines and then withdraws leaving the ‘sadhaka’ to have a direct discourse with the deity.

‘Mantra’ – sacred syllable, spell, or incantation, is divine power clothed in sound. As clothes are inner, upper, and the uppermost, Tantra identifies three kinds of sounds : ‘Sphota’ – the transcendental, inaudible, defined as ‘unstruck sound’; ‘Nada’ – the supersonic sound; and, ‘Dhwani’ – the audible sound. The ‘Mantra’ wears all three kinds of sounds, that is, recited loud, or commemorated unspoken within, the ‘Mantra’ charges with divine energy all sounds and thereby ‘Vayu’– air, the vehicle of sound. As ‘Vayu’ is life within and beyond, which the ‘Mantra’ charges with divine energy, the ‘sadhaka’, by using ‘Mantra’ as his divine instrument, emerges as better-prepared for the final attainment, that is, kindling of ‘Kundalini Shakti’.

Practicals of Mantras & Tantras
Practicals of Mantras & Tantras





The term ‘Mantra’ is made of two syllables : ‘Man’ and ‘Tra’, the former meaning ‘mind’ or ‘speech’, and the latter ‘to guide’ or ‘to protect’, that is, ‘Mantra’ guides and protects the mind and speech. The ‘Mantra’ is an articulated word. A ‘Mantra’ may have more words, but not occurring in grammatical sequence forming a sentence. Each word is a ‘Mantra’ having esoteric properties, sometimes being the atomized pith of a full doctrine, scripture, or even a series of them.





Om - The Cosmic Sound
Om - The Cosmic Sound





Without being communicable in terms of meaning, this ‘word’ connects the ‘sadhaka’ with the Brahmanda’, deity, or the object meditated on. Usually ‘Mantras’ are divine names preceded by ‘Bijaksharas’, the letters which are indeclinable seed-sounds. ‘AUM’, the monosyllabic ‘Bijamantra’, which by its three sounds A U M symbolises God’s three aspects – creation, preservation and destruction, is the source of all ‘Mantras’.





Similarly, all ‘Mantras’ end with, or have intermittent ‘Anushvaras’, a phonetic sound transcribed as a ‘dot’ – ‘bindu’, which is in Tantra the symbol of Shiva-Shakti, creative process, seed, and the creation. Thus, every ‘Mantra’ constantly draws its power from the Timeless Shiva and Shakti. Other monosyllabic ‘bija-mantras’ are ‘hrim’, ‘shrim’, ‘krim’, and ‘klim’. ‘Hrim’ is the ‘bijamantra’ of Bhuvaneshvari representing female energy; ‘krim’, of Kali representing the power to create and destroy; ‘shrim’, of Lakshmi, representing abundance and multiplicity; and, ‘klim’, of procreative desire of Shiva as Kama representing joy and bliss. ‘Mantras’ are sometimes classified as male, female and neuter, the male ending with ‘hum’ or ‘phat’, female, with ‘svaha’, and neuter, with ‘namah’.


  • Nirvana Tantra
  • Vishvasara Tantra
  • Tantraraja Tarangini
  • Kamakala Vilas
  • Shaktananda Tarangini
  • Saundarya Lahari
  • Cultural Heritage of India, vols. III & IV : ed. Haridas Bhattacharya
  • Tantra : Catalogue of Hayward Gallery, London
  • Puranic Encyclopedia
  • Woodroffe, Sir John : Introduction to Tantra Shashtra
  • Osho : The Book of Secrets
  • Daljeet, Dr. : Tantra
  • Swami Atmananda : Tantra Yoga
  • Mukharji, Ajit & Khanna, Madhu : The Tantric Way
  • Santiago, J. R. : Sacred Symbols of Hinduism : Mandala : The Mystic Diagrams of Hinduism

« Previous Page

Post a Comment
Post Review
  • Your article is very good. It gives a lot of information but still not enough. How can one transform the energy and make it do things...? Is there a school for this? Where people learn tantra en misusing energy. Worshipping is something else than using energy in a way to make it work for you. How is this possible? And what to do about it? If the yoni of a woman is used to worship or make energy awaken, what does one do after that? And what if a woman doesn't want to partake in it? How can you stop for your yoni being worshipped or used as yantra to achieve goals.

    I think these days these kind of information and knowledge is needed.

    And another question, what happens when you reach the sahasra padma after samadhi? Is this knowledge available? Does anyone know?
    by Soesila on 16th Jul 2009
  • Truly, tantic yoga is the highelst form of worship. I hope to share this with members of my yoga community soon.

    Om Namah Shivaiya
    by sita on 6th Aug 2008
  • Namasté, Mitra ~

    This was an excellent article. As a practitioner of Tantra Kriya yoga for more than 6 years now, I was pleased to read some the historical information; always nice to learn something new.

    I also enjoyed your treatise on Lord Ganesha last month. I share these with members of my sangha, who thank you as well.

    Hari Om,
    by Tim Shullberg on 27th Jul 2008
  • Very interesting and i would like to hear more from Dharm Vir Mangala
    by don on 25th Jul 2008
  • Thank you for the article on Tantra. Not only is it very informative, but it is extra ordinarily well written. In most of the places on earth where english is the first or primary language, it is uncommon to find writings with complex religious/philosophical concepts so clearly and beautifully set forth. My compliments to the author.

    My late wife, Meaghan, studied Yoga and Tantra intensely for over 20 years and became extremely adept at both. She attempted to instruct me in both. I still have her extensive library and notes to consult.

    by Ken on 19th Jul 2008
  • This article does not provide the complete truth. The Pasu-Pathi concept is much older then the Tantra or the Vedanta concept. The arguments of the Upanishads that came before 600 BC, would be considered as discussions and disagreements against the monotheistic Pathi concept and the pluralistic Gods of the Vedas. Tantra, Mimamsa, Buddhism, Jainism and Vedanta would be considered as off short of this Pasu-Pathi / Vedic Gods debate.
    by Rasainthiran on 19th Jul 2008
  • Thank you so much for this FANTASTIC text about "Tantra". I totally agree and feel like that, that's why I usually say that "I'm a citizen of the Universe". Not from Portugal, not from any place....Just the Universe...the Cosmos. I think that my Karma is to have been born in the wrong place or the wrong time!!!!!!!! Once again, thank you.

    PS - And by the way, I dont like the "what should be" but I'm for the "What is". But most people can not stand the "what is". I'm nothing special in any way!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    by Maria on 18th Jul 2008
  • Just a short "thank you" for the positive and informative article on the Tantric tradition and practice.

    I spent an unforgettable and wonderful 6 weeks in India four years ago and want to go back for a longer period soon. I do appreciate the ancient an yet ever new culture that India embodies.

    by Alida on 18th Jul 2008
  • Thanks so much for the article on Tantra.

    It is a subject that has long been of interest to me.

    I just purchased a book by Nicholas Couglas on the subject, but your information has great depth to it, and is just what I needed to go along with my studies.

    Perfect timing!

    by Ameena on 17th Jul 2008
  • This is a misleading article by Mr. P.C. Jain & Mr. Daljeet Singh.
    They must know that Buddhism has discarded God, soul & the Scriptures. Jainism believe in soul, but not in God & Scriptures. Nirvana or liberation does not mean the moksha of Hinduism. Moksha means merging of soul in Universal soul of God.
    Both jainism & Buddhism do not have any Scriptures bestowed from God. their founders were anti-God, atheists and anti-Hindu. There narrow aim was to convert the lower Hindu casts to there sect.
    Both do not believe in sprit, therefore can't be spiritual.
    If it is wrong please convey.
    by Dharam Vir Mangla on 16th Jul 2008
Parcel received is brilliantly packed by your dispatch team. Excellent collection, beautiful Micro-art work. The items are exactly same as displayed. Hats-off to the collection team. The shiva linga Ring & Garuda pendant were superb. Its pleasure shopping every time. God bless your team with good energy to continue this Real collection work.
Badarinath, India
Jamavar arrived so quickly and is beautiful, thank you!
Your service is exceptional. I am very pleased with your professionalism.
Shambhu, USA
Statue rec'd & it is beautiful, thank you!
Fran, New Jersey
Very good collection. Once ordered previously I had received exactly what has been displayed on the website. Very honest and genuine. But there was little delay in delivery. Nice experience shopping in this website.
Badarinath, India
I’ve received my blue scarf and I am delighted. I am impressed by your professionalism. Thank you so much! I will place another order soon.
Celine, France
Received the consignment in time. Excellent service. I place on record your prompt service and excellent way the product was packed and sent. Kindly accept my appreciation and thanks for all those involved in this work. My prayers t the Almighty to continue the excellent service for the many more years to come. Long live EXOTIC INDIA and its employees
A very thorough and beautiful website and webstore. I have tried for several years to get this Bhagavad Gita Home Study Course from Arshavidya and have been unable. Was so pleased to find it in your store!
George Marshall
A big fan of Exotic India. Have been for years and years. I am always certain to find exactly what I am looking for in your merchandise.
John Dash, western New York, USA
I just got my order and it’s exactly as I hoped it would be!
Nancy, USA.
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Share with friends
Related Links
"Here is a fragment from one of the most poignant episodes of Indian history…. This piece of history is from the Mahabharata…. She was dying with shame but inside, like a true kshatrani (woman of the warrior race), she was burning with anger…. I have heard that women who follow dharma were never brought before a public court….Greed is the destroyer of dharma. I do not desire a third boon…. Draupadi was as forgiving as mother earth herself…. Just then Arjuna saw his dear friend Bhagawan Krishna approaching him…. “Leave him, leave him. He is a brahmin and worthy of our worship. Their mother should not cry, like I have at the death of my children."
Analyzing the Eternal Dimensions of Dharma Through Itihasa (History)
"Vyasa Ji explained through a story how it came to be that the Pandava's marriage with a single wife was in conformity with dharma….The gods, along with their king Indra, were sitting on the bank of a river when they saw a beautiful golden lotus floating on its waters…. Both were playing a game of dice…. On hearing Shiva’s words, Indra started shaking with fear… Without death, the burden on the earth becomes too much…. Her birth had the sanction of all the three Gods - Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu."
Devi Draupadi: Resolving the Paradox
"She has always believed that this would redeem her of her distress….A coconut, otherwise an ordinary dried fruit or the source of edible, or at the most, beauty oil, has always been revered as an auspicious object effecting good and well-being and the food that gods most loved….The tree in the Buddhist tradition was later identified as Bodhi-tree, seated under which Buddha had attained Enlightenment….Body gestures and symptoms, signs, indications among others must have been the early man’s tools of communicating oneself and knowing and understanding the world around….Kirttimukha was initially conceived as a mystical mask….Lion does not figure in the wide range of animal toys or figurines excavated from Indus sites."
Auspicious Symbols in Indian tradition
" Contrarily metaphysicians and theologians perceived his form as it manifested in the Upanishads and Puranas….The ‘Advaita’ philosophy also contends that the entire Creation is just the extension of One…. Dance illustrates one of the ever-first cosmic acts with which Shiva seems to have tamed violent motion and separated from it rhythm, moves that communicated emotions and states of mind – human mind and the cosmic, and disciplined and defined pace…. Unlike Vishnu who resorted to dance for accomplishing a contemplated objective, Shiva has been conceived more or less as a regular dancer performing for accomplishing an objective as also for pure aesthetic delight…. Unfurling locks of hair and his snakes floating into space portray the dynamics of the act."
Shiva, the Nataraja
"Only a certain fraction of this karma is chosen by God in order to form the blueprint of our next birth…. The fruit that one experiences in this birth is due to prarabdha and a portion of the present agami…. Similarly, a fish in the Ganga does not accrue punya because of always living in Ganga…. A good karma can be annulled by a bad karma and a bad one by a good one…. Sometimes we also hear that prarabdha cannot be got rid of. It has to be spent through…. Bhagawan Vyasa says that for the full result of the karma to manifest, three things are necessary…. Then how to understand the statement that prarabdha should unavoidably be experienced?"
Theory and Practice of Karma: Some Salient Features
"During one such sacrifice, nine spiritually charged men entered the sacrificial hall….As for Bhagavat Dharma, it is the dharma spoken by God directly from his own mouth…. Like a person eating food finds himself gratified simultaneously in three ways…. We are all constantly taught by spiritual texts to offer or dedicate all our actions to God. However, the question remains as to how to practically carry out this injunction…..The only fruit of wealth is dharma... Therefore, there is no need for the Vedas to enjoin us to these things for which we already have a tendency….The real intention of the Vedic injunctions in these matters is to make a person abstain from them…”
Nine Teachings from Nine Yogis: The Essence of Bhagavat Dharma
"The Bhagavad Gita, while describing the qualities of a wise person says…. This verse is vividly illustrated in the story of king Rantideva occurring in the Srimad Bhagavatam…. He did not believe in hoarding, was above all attachments and was highly patient…. They were all trembling due to starvation and thirst….bowed to the dogs and their owner…. What I want is only this: That I be able to go and live in the hearts of all beings and undergo sufferings on their behalf, so that they may become free from all miseries."
An Example of Living Vedanta: The Story of King Rantideva
"Whenever he gets the time, he should go and live amongst people who have given up worldly life…. A wise person should serve his body and family only to the extent that is functionally necessary…. The person who lays claim on the surplus wealth is nothing but a thief…. He should share all objects of enjoyment with everyone, right down to dogs, sinners…. Such is the attachment to one’s wife….How despicable is this body, which if buried is going to become the food of worms, or excreta if eaten by animals….Since a son is to thus revere his elders even after their death, what to say that he is expected to serve them when they are alive…. The person wishing to follow the path of dharma should steer clear of the five forms of Adharma."
Narada Teaches Yuddhishtra a Householder’s Dharma
"Once as he was engaged in puja, a saint came to visit him….Like a true householder attached to his family, Gajendra sported in the water with his wives, children and friends…. Understanding that his end was imminent, they all slowly withdrew, till Gajendra was left alone…. If we reflect on it calmly, we will realise that there is no house in the world where the story of Gajendra does not play out…. The one who is careful towards the end is able to reform his death…. Gajendra’s hymn of praise is one of the greatest philosophical poems in the annals of world literature."
Moksha of Gajendra: Liberation by The Formless God
"But to pull this statement out of context and give it as an advice for anyone is far from correct…. But how is one to recognise the guru? Obviously, he will be able to understand the difficulties of the disciples and clarify to them the meaning of the scriptures on the basis of logic and experience…. They will have to search in their own neighbourhood only….The guru chosen by him should be at least better than himself!…. Of course, if the ideal guru whose features have been enumerated in the beginning is available, then the sadhaka should immediately go and surrender to him…. It is just like going to another teacher for higher education, after completing the education in a school."
The Qualities of a Guru and How to Find One
"It concedes that for an orderly social life a division into four groups based on the principle of varnadharma is necessary…. Each individual sometimes acts in a sattvika manner while at other times he may act in rajasic or tamasic manner, which means that the manifestation of a particular guna depends on circumstances…. Though all the three gunas are present in everyone, different persons are driven to act differently…. The karma that I have to perform should depend on my inherent gunas and should have the ability to regulate these gunas…. There is no instant transition to moksha…. An individual has to make his way towards moksha only through worldly life."
Varnashrama Dharma: A Logical View
"We assume that our happiness is the result of an interaction with external objects…. Suppose that an individual is deprived of sleep and food and pleasurable objects for a long time and then all of them are simultaneously offered to him…. Actually, seeking the answer to this question is the most significant pursuit in life…. The veil comes up again and the duality returns…. In this background, we can now analyse the nature of dukha (grief)."
Ananda: Understanding the True Nature of Happiness
"Who would not satisfy his wife who is but his better half?…. Later, he took a bath, performed pranayama and meditating silently on the pure, eternal light, repeated internally the Gayatri Mantra…. Once it so happened that goddess Lakshmi was out of Vaikuntha…. Despite being older, they always maintain the appearance of five-year olds…. Seeing the great saints he welcomed them with reverence…. It is never for one single purpose but to fulfil many functions at the same time…. He ensured for them a glorious death."
God’s Lila, Understanding the Collective Impact of Avatara
"This middle path lies in between extreme asceticism on one side, and extreme indulgence on the other…. When standing under a Ashok tree, tired and exhausted, she raised her right hand for seeking support of a branch of the tree…. The unique balance that defined his entire life was pre-determined in this duality….One day, in the palace garden he frightened his attendants…. He ate less and less till his diet reduced to a sesame seed, and himself, to a mere skeleton…. Seven days after the attainment of enlightenment gods sent food for breaking his fast…. However, he postponed his ‘nirvana’ for three months till he visited the places he had reminiscences of."
The Light That Enlightened Millions
(The life of Buddha in the popular mind)
"Actually, the one who worships Bhagwan Vishnu should get rich and the one who worships Shiva should become an avadhuta like Him…. Then he works hard again to acquire wealth. I render all his efforts futile…. However, Bhagawan Vishnu is not like that, it takes longer to please Him…. As a consequence, they later harassed the great God Himself…. On the seventh day, he bathed in the holy waters of Kedarnath and began to cut his head with an axe to offer into the fire…. The boy bowed respectfully before the demon and asked…. No one who commits sin against a great person can be safe and happy in this world."
Shiva and Vishnu: A Unique Aspect of Their Worship
Show More
TRUSTe online privacy certification
All rights reserved. Copyright 2016 © Exotic India