Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > History > Early History of The Vaisnava Faith and Movement in Bengal (An Old And Rare Book)
Displaying 2725 of 4933         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Early History of The Vaisnava Faith and Movement in Bengal (An Old And Rare Book)
Pages from the book
Early History of The Vaisnava Faith and Movement in Bengal (An Old And Rare Book)
Look Inside the Book
Description

Preface

 

Much of the present work was written as early as 1930, and its publication was announced in the introduction to the author’s edition of the Padyavali in 1934; but the pressure of other urgent engagements diverted the author from its revision and completion till 1940. In the meantime, parts of it were published, in the form of preliminary essays, in Festschrift Moriz Winternitz, Kuppusvami Sastri Commemoration Volume, Indian Historical Quarterly and Indian Culture during 1934-1937. In its final form, the work is much enlarged and revised in the light of more recent studies.

 

Although the term Bengal Vaisnavism is not co-extensive with the religious system associated with the name of Caitanya and his adherents, the present work limits itself to a study of Caitanyaism, which is Vaisnavism par excellence in Bengal. It is further limited to the early history of Caitanyaism, which comprises the earlier .and perhaps more interesting phases covered by the activities and teachings of Caitanya and his immediate followers, and excludes its later developments and departures in the 17th and 18th centuries. But the concern in this work is more with the faith than with the movement, more with ideas and ideals than with incidents and practices. Most modern works on the subject enlarge not so much upon the materiel as upon the personnel, not so much upon the tenet and teaching as upon the life and legend of the protagonists of the faith. They derive their material chiefly from the Bengali source, which consists of Bengali biographical and devotional works and represents what may be conveniently called the Navadvipa tradition; but in course of time it seems to have eclipsed the more doctrinal and less inviting Sanskrit source, which embodies what may be distinguished as the Vrndavana tradition. While fully recognising the importance of the more attractive and accessible Bengali source and of the vivid tradition and background it supplies, one should admit that this source alone is not sufficient for a comprehensive account of the dogmas and doctrines of Caitanyaism, even if it presents a lively picture of the atmosphere and appeal of the faith. The almost contemporaneous Sanskrit source, represented by the elaborate works of the Vrndavana Gosvamins, the Church Fathers of the faith, is perhaps more remote and recondite, and lacks the intimate personal element ; but it cannot be denied that it is an equally, if not more, important source which has not yet been properly utilised. It is true that Krsnadasa Kaviraja’s standard Bengali biography of Caitanya gives a good account of the religious ideology of Caitanyaism; but written in Bengali as it is, it should be affiliated to the Sanskrit source, inasmuch as it derives its material, as well as inspiration (at least in doctrinal, if not in biographical matters), quite freely from the learned Sanskrit works of the Vrndavana Gosvsmins, whose disciple the Kaviraja was and whose views he wanted to popularise. It is clear, therefore, that both the Bengali and Sanskrit sources, representing, as they do, two distinct traditions, should find their proper place in any adequate account of Caitanyaism. The present work makes a modest attempt to give, for the first time, a direct account of the content of the much neglected Sanskrit source, although the divergence between the mutually independent Navadvipa and Vrndavana traditions is not thereby overlooked. As the presentation of religious ideas involves the necessity of interpretation, strict objectivity is almost unattainable; but the author attempts an exposition of Caitanyaism by giving a direct summary and survey of all its earlier important works in the spheres of Rasa-sastra, theology and philosophy, ritualism, and literature. It is more important to know what the promulgators of the faith themselves have recorded than draw upon one’s own devotional fancy, or read alien, as well as anachronistic, ideas into their standard works.

 

The author fully realises the difficulty of writing upon a religious movement which is not yet five hundred years old, and about a religious faith which, within the limits of locality, is still living. The peculiar system of erotico-mystic devotion of Caitanyaism, set forth as it is in a vital background of myth, miracle, sentiment and speculation, and demanding a highly refined and almost superhuman capacity of emotional abandon and ecstasy, is not yet a superseded curiosity capable of exact academic appraisement. The writing of Religions- geschichte in such a case has its- own peculiar difficulties which should not be underrated. The author, therefore, makes no attempt at any critique or comparative valuation of the faith, but he merely summarises its fully recorded original dogmas and doctrines, and leaves them to speak for themselves. It should be clearly understood, however, that the subject is approached, not from the standpoint of a devotee, apologist or partisan of the faith, but in the spirit of historical and critical research, which aims at truth-finding but does not sacrifice sympathy and understanding. The author’s opinions are his own, to which he is entitled as the considered result of his independent study, but there is no motive to offend, nor any fur wilful distortion. He is willing to confess to an imperfect capacity, but his sincere desire to appreciate, in the light of modern standards of scholarship, should not be misjudged.

 

Contents

 

 

Chapter I. The Beginnings of Bengal Vaisnavism

 

1.

The Historical Setting and Vaisaava Heritage

1

2.

Pre-Caitanya Vaisuavism in Bengal

8

3.

Other Social and Religious Conditions

26

 

Chapter II. The Advent of Caitanya

 

1.

Materials for a Study of Caitanya’s Life

34

2.

Life and Personality of Caitanya

67

3.

Caitanya’s Relation to the Sect and the Cult

103

 

Chapter III. The six Gosvamins of Vrndavana

 

1.

General Remarks

111

2.

Raghunatha-dasa

119

3.

Ragnunatha Bhatta

125

4.

Gopala Bhatta

125

5.

Sanatana, Rupa and Jiva

146

 

Chapter IV. The devotional sentiments (rasa-sastra)

 

1.

General Characteristics

166

2.

The Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu of Rupa

170

3.

The Ujjvala-nilamani of Rupa

203

 

Chapter V. Theology and philosophy

 

1.

General Characteristics

225

2.

The Brhad-Bhagavatamrta of Sanataria

233

3.

The Samksepa-Bhagavatarnrta of Rupa ...

238

4.

The Six Samdarbhas of Jiva

254

5.

Caitanya-worship as a Cult

481

 

Chapter VI. Ritualism And Devotional Practices

 

1.

The Hari-bhakti-vilgsa of Gopala Bhatta

448

2.

The Sat-kriya-sara-dipika

529

3.

Ethics of Bengal Vaisnavism

542

 

Chapter VII. The literary works

 

1.

Their Extent and Importance

556

2.

Biographical Works

557

3.

Dramatic Writings

577

4.

Kavyas and Campus

593

5.

Stotras, Gitas and Birudas

649

 

Additions And Corrections

 

 

Index

693

 

Sample Page

Early History of The Vaisnava Faith and Movement in Bengal (An Old And Rare Book)

Item Code:
NAJ330
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1983
Publisher:
Language:
English
Size:
8.5 inch X 5.5 inch
Pages:
714
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 716 gms
Price:
$70.00   Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
Look Inside the Book
Notify me when this item is available
Notify me when this item is available
You will be notified when this item is available
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Early History of The Vaisnava Faith and Movement in Bengal (An Old And Rare Book)

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 2255 times since 16th Nov, 2014

Preface

 

Much of the present work was written as early as 1930, and its publication was announced in the introduction to the author’s edition of the Padyavali in 1934; but the pressure of other urgent engagements diverted the author from its revision and completion till 1940. In the meantime, parts of it were published, in the form of preliminary essays, in Festschrift Moriz Winternitz, Kuppusvami Sastri Commemoration Volume, Indian Historical Quarterly and Indian Culture during 1934-1937. In its final form, the work is much enlarged and revised in the light of more recent studies.

 

Although the term Bengal Vaisnavism is not co-extensive with the religious system associated with the name of Caitanya and his adherents, the present work limits itself to a study of Caitanyaism, which is Vaisnavism par excellence in Bengal. It is further limited to the early history of Caitanyaism, which comprises the earlier .and perhaps more interesting phases covered by the activities and teachings of Caitanya and his immediate followers, and excludes its later developments and departures in the 17th and 18th centuries. But the concern in this work is more with the faith than with the movement, more with ideas and ideals than with incidents and practices. Most modern works on the subject enlarge not so much upon the materiel as upon the personnel, not so much upon the tenet and teaching as upon the life and legend of the protagonists of the faith. They derive their material chiefly from the Bengali source, which consists of Bengali biographical and devotional works and represents what may be conveniently called the Navadvipa tradition; but in course of time it seems to have eclipsed the more doctrinal and less inviting Sanskrit source, which embodies what may be distinguished as the Vrndavana tradition. While fully recognising the importance of the more attractive and accessible Bengali source and of the vivid tradition and background it supplies, one should admit that this source alone is not sufficient for a comprehensive account of the dogmas and doctrines of Caitanyaism, even if it presents a lively picture of the atmosphere and appeal of the faith. The almost contemporaneous Sanskrit source, represented by the elaborate works of the Vrndavana Gosvamins, the Church Fathers of the faith, is perhaps more remote and recondite, and lacks the intimate personal element ; but it cannot be denied that it is an equally, if not more, important source which has not yet been properly utilised. It is true that Krsnadasa Kaviraja’s standard Bengali biography of Caitanya gives a good account of the religious ideology of Caitanyaism; but written in Bengali as it is, it should be affiliated to the Sanskrit source, inasmuch as it derives its material, as well as inspiration (at least in doctrinal, if not in biographical matters), quite freely from the learned Sanskrit works of the Vrndavana Gosvsmins, whose disciple the Kaviraja was and whose views he wanted to popularise. It is clear, therefore, that both the Bengali and Sanskrit sources, representing, as they do, two distinct traditions, should find their proper place in any adequate account of Caitanyaism. The present work makes a modest attempt to give, for the first time, a direct account of the content of the much neglected Sanskrit source, although the divergence between the mutually independent Navadvipa and Vrndavana traditions is not thereby overlooked. As the presentation of religious ideas involves the necessity of interpretation, strict objectivity is almost unattainable; but the author attempts an exposition of Caitanyaism by giving a direct summary and survey of all its earlier important works in the spheres of Rasa-sastra, theology and philosophy, ritualism, and literature. It is more important to know what the promulgators of the faith themselves have recorded than draw upon one’s own devotional fancy, or read alien, as well as anachronistic, ideas into their standard works.

 

The author fully realises the difficulty of writing upon a religious movement which is not yet five hundred years old, and about a religious faith which, within the limits of locality, is still living. The peculiar system of erotico-mystic devotion of Caitanyaism, set forth as it is in a vital background of myth, miracle, sentiment and speculation, and demanding a highly refined and almost superhuman capacity of emotional abandon and ecstasy, is not yet a superseded curiosity capable of exact academic appraisement. The writing of Religions- geschichte in such a case has its- own peculiar difficulties which should not be underrated. The author, therefore, makes no attempt at any critique or comparative valuation of the faith, but he merely summarises its fully recorded original dogmas and doctrines, and leaves them to speak for themselves. It should be clearly understood, however, that the subject is approached, not from the standpoint of a devotee, apologist or partisan of the faith, but in the spirit of historical and critical research, which aims at truth-finding but does not sacrifice sympathy and understanding. The author’s opinions are his own, to which he is entitled as the considered result of his independent study, but there is no motive to offend, nor any fur wilful distortion. He is willing to confess to an imperfect capacity, but his sincere desire to appreciate, in the light of modern standards of scholarship, should not be misjudged.

 

Contents

 

 

Chapter I. The Beginnings of Bengal Vaisnavism

 

1.

The Historical Setting and Vaisaava Heritage

1

2.

Pre-Caitanya Vaisuavism in Bengal

8

3.

Other Social and Religious Conditions

26

 

Chapter II. The Advent of Caitanya

 

1.

Materials for a Study of Caitanya’s Life

34

2.

Life and Personality of Caitanya

67

3.

Caitanya’s Relation to the Sect and the Cult

103

 

Chapter III. The six Gosvamins of Vrndavana

 

1.

General Remarks

111

2.

Raghunatha-dasa

119

3.

Ragnunatha Bhatta

125

4.

Gopala Bhatta

125

5.

Sanatana, Rupa and Jiva

146

 

Chapter IV. The devotional sentiments (rasa-sastra)

 

1.

General Characteristics

166

2.

The Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu of Rupa

170

3.

The Ujjvala-nilamani of Rupa

203

 

Chapter V. Theology and philosophy

 

1.

General Characteristics

225

2.

The Brhad-Bhagavatamrta of Sanataria

233

3.

The Samksepa-Bhagavatarnrta of Rupa ...

238

4.

The Six Samdarbhas of Jiva

254

5.

Caitanya-worship as a Cult

481

 

Chapter VI. Ritualism And Devotional Practices

 

1.

The Hari-bhakti-vilgsa of Gopala Bhatta

448

2.

The Sat-kriya-sara-dipika

529

3.

Ethics of Bengal Vaisnavism

542

 

Chapter VII. The literary works

 

1.

Their Extent and Importance

556

2.

Biographical Works

557

3.

Dramatic Writings

577

4.

Kavyas and Campus

593

5.

Stotras, Gitas and Birudas

649

 

Additions And Corrections

 

 

Index

693

 

Sample Page

Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Related Items

Bengal Vaisnavism and Sri Chaitanya
by Janardan Chakravarti
Paperback (Edition: 2016)
The Asiatic Society
Item Code: IDH462
$17.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
A Discourse on Bengal Vaisnavism
by Ranjit Kumar Acharjee
Hardcover (Edition: 2002)
Punthi Pustak
Item Code: NAF813
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Saints of Bengal (A Rare Book)
Item Code: NAF151
$35.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Vedanta in Bengal
Item Code: IDG393
$15.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Baulsphere – My Travels with the Wandering Bards of Bengal
by Mimlu Sen
Hardcover (Edition: 2009)
Random House India
Item Code: NAC554
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
SUNYA PURUSA Bauddha Vaisnavism of Orissa
by Tandra Patnaik
Hardcover (Edition: 2005)
D. K. Printworld (P) Ltd.
Item Code: IDF142
$27.50
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Bhakti Tradition of Vaisnava Alvars and Theology of Religions
by S. Robertson
Hardcover (Edition: 2006)
Punthi Pustak
Item Code: NAG681
$40.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now

Testimonials

I love this web site and love coming to see what you have online.
Glenn, Australia
Received package today, thank you! Love how everything was packed, I especially enjoyed the fabric covering! Thank you for all you do!
Frances, Austin, Texas
Hi, just got my order! Wow! Soooooo beautiful!!! I'm so happy! You rock, thank you!
Amy, Malibu, USA
Nice website..has a collection of rare books.
Srikanth
Beautiful products nicely presented and easy to use website
Amanda, UK.
I received my order, very very beautiful products. I hope to buy something more. Thank you!
Gulnora, Uzbekistan
Thank you very much for the courtesy you showed me for the time I buy my books. The last book is a good book. İt is important in terms of recognizing fine art of İndia.
Suzan, Turkey
Thank You very much Sir. I really like the saree and the blouse fit perfeact. Thank You again.
Sulbha, USA
I have received the parcel yesterday and the shiv-linga idol is sooo beautiful and u have exceeded my expectations...
Guruprasad, Bangalore
Yesterday I received my lost and through you again found order. Very quickly I must say !. Thank you and thank you again for your service. I am very happy with this double CD of Ustad Shujaat Husain Khan. I thought it was lost forever and now I can add it to my CD collection. I hope in the near future to buy again at your online shop. You have wonderful items to offer !
Joke van der Baars, the Netherlands
TRUSTe
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2017 © Exotic India