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Books > History > The Language of the Harappans: From Akkadian to Sanskrit
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The Language of the Harappans: From Akkadian to Sanskrit
The Language of the Harappans: From Akkadian to Sanskrit
Description
About the Book

Since the formulation of Indo-European theory in the 19th c., Sanskrit has been considered the language brought over by the Aryas. This raised the question after the discovery of the Harappan culture: what was the language of the Harappans? This book tries to answer this question.

The Rigveda and the Vedic literature have also been considered the Aryan cultural heritage because in Rigveda clan name of the Aryas remained little known. Having shown that the Asuras and their allies fought with the Aryan migrants and that the Asuras were the Harappans, the author goes on to identify the language spoken and written bt them. With ample language data, analysed with comparative method, the process of linguistic change from the language of Asuras viz Akkadian to Sanskrit is traced in detail. This work, along with her other works, completes the picture and generates a fresh understanding of the complex pattern of prehistory of Indian languages and Indian culture on rational and logical basis. It throws light on many unanswered questions.

About the Author

(Ms) Malati J. Shendge, a well-known Indologist, has already given us three books, viz.,'The Civilized Demons: The Harappans in Rigveda' (1977),' rigveda, the original meaning and its recovery' (1990),' The Aryas: Facts without Fancy and Fiction' (1994), and several articles in learned journals. With this book she completes the presentation of the new approach to the understanding of Indian protohistory.

CONTENTS
Acknowledgementsix
Prefatory Notexi
List of Illustrationsxviii
Abbreviationsxix
IIntroductory1
IIThe Background3
1. The problem of the Harappan language and the script 3
2. The ethnic identity of the Harappans4
IIIThe Formative Elements of the Harappan Culture7
1. Current hypothesis7
2. Current evidence9
3. Discussion 17
4. an alternative hypothesis and evidence for it19
IVThe Harappan and the Akkadian Chronology41
1. The arrival of the Harappans in the Indus Valley41
2. The Antecedents of the Harappans in West Asia44
VThe Language of the Harappan Script49
1. The Harappan script and the present hypothesis49
2. The proto-Dravidian hypothesis examined51
3. The problem of retroflex consonants54
4. The checks on the hypothesis55
5. The invalidity of the formation of proto-Aryan in West Asia56
VIThe Emergence of the Rgvedic Language69
1. The authorship of the Rgveda 69
2. Did the Asura language survive?70
3. The name of the Asura language73
4. The nature of linguistic change76
5. Why are these words not considered loans?80
VIIThe President material and its Relevance to Indo-European Studies83
1. The Indo-European linguistics83
2. The influence on the dialects87
3. The comparison with Greek and Akkadian words93
4. The Biblical Tradition 96
5. Observations on comparisons98
VIIIPatterns of Phonological Change105
1. The identifiable phonological and semantic features of Rgvedic lexemes106
2. The change from Akkadian to Sanskrit108
3. The basis for a genetic relationship111
4. Sumerian, Akkadian and Sanskrit phonologies114
5. Phonological changes115
6. Phonological analysis121
IXThe List of Sanskrit and Akkadian Correspondences201
I. Names of deities202
II. Names of Asuras Killed by Indra206
III. Names of the Rgvedic poets, grammarians, and clans207
IV. Names (or titles) of the Asura functionaries215
V. General words220
XSome Additional Words253
I. Kinship terms254
II Names of body parts256
III. Names of animals 260
IV. Food items 261
V. Miscellaneous 261
VI. Some Marathi words with Akkadian and Sumerian correspondences264
XIConclusion269
Appendix:The decree of thong, spur and whip
Horse domestication in proto-historic times
271
List of Words291
Index295
Item Code:
IDH148
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1987
Publisher:
Abhinav Publication
ISBN:
8170173256
Size:
9.7" X 7.1"
Pages:
338(B & W Figure)
Price:
$50.00   Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
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About the Book

Since the formulation of Indo-European theory in the 19th c., Sanskrit has been considered the language brought over by the Aryas. This raised the question after the discovery of the Harappan culture: what was the language of the Harappans? This book tries to answer this question.

The Rigveda and the Vedic literature have also been considered the Aryan cultural heritage because in Rigveda clan name of the Aryas remained little known. Having shown that the Asuras and their allies fought with the Aryan migrants and that the Asuras were the Harappans, the author goes on to identify the language spoken and written bt them. With ample language data, analysed with comparative method, the process of linguistic change from the language of Asuras viz Akkadian to Sanskrit is traced in detail. This work, along with her other works, completes the picture and generates a fresh understanding of the complex pattern of prehistory of Indian languages and Indian culture on rational and logical basis. It throws light on many unanswered questions.

About the Author

(Ms) Malati J. Shendge, a well-known Indologist, has already given us three books, viz.,'The Civilized Demons: The Harappans in Rigveda' (1977),' rigveda, the original meaning and its recovery' (1990),' The Aryas: Facts without Fancy and Fiction' (1994), and several articles in learned journals. With this book she completes the presentation of the new approach to the understanding of Indian protohistory.

CONTENTS
Acknowledgementsix
Prefatory Notexi
List of Illustrationsxviii
Abbreviationsxix
IIntroductory1
IIThe Background3
1. The problem of the Harappan language and the script 3
2. The ethnic identity of the Harappans4
IIIThe Formative Elements of the Harappan Culture7
1. Current hypothesis7
2. Current evidence9
3. Discussion 17
4. an alternative hypothesis and evidence for it19
IVThe Harappan and the Akkadian Chronology41
1. The arrival of the Harappans in the Indus Valley41
2. The Antecedents of the Harappans in West Asia44
VThe Language of the Harappan Script49
1. The Harappan script and the present hypothesis49
2. The proto-Dravidian hypothesis examined51
3. The problem of retroflex consonants54
4. The checks on the hypothesis55
5. The invalidity of the formation of proto-Aryan in West Asia56
VIThe Emergence of the Rgvedic Language69
1. The authorship of the Rgveda 69
2. Did the Asura language survive?70
3. The name of the Asura language73
4. The nature of linguistic change76
5. Why are these words not considered loans?80
VIIThe President material and its Relevance to Indo-European Studies83
1. The Indo-European linguistics83
2. The influence on the dialects87
3. The comparison with Greek and Akkadian words93
4. The Biblical Tradition 96
5. Observations on comparisons98
VIIIPatterns of Phonological Change105
1. The identifiable phonological and semantic features of Rgvedic lexemes106
2. The change from Akkadian to Sanskrit108
3. The basis for a genetic relationship111
4. Sumerian, Akkadian and Sanskrit phonologies114
5. Phonological changes115
6. Phonological analysis121
IXThe List of Sanskrit and Akkadian Correspondences201
I. Names of deities202
II. Names of Asuras Killed by Indra206
III. Names of the Rgvedic poets, grammarians, and clans207
IV. Names (or titles) of the Asura functionaries215
V. General words220
XSome Additional Words253
I. Kinship terms254
II Names of body parts256
III. Names of animals 260
IV. Food items 261
V. Miscellaneous 261
VI. Some Marathi words with Akkadian and Sumerian correspondences264
XIConclusion269
Appendix:The decree of thong, spur and whip
Horse domestication in proto-historic times
271
List of Words291
Index295
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