Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Language and Literature > Islam > Muslim Contribution to Science and Culture (A Brief Survey)
Displaying 2625 of 4544         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Muslim Contribution to Science and Culture (A Brief Survey)
Pages from the book
Muslim Contribution to Science and Culture (A Brief Survey)
Look Inside the Book
Description
About The Book

Beside the historical triumphs of Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi over fanatic crusaders, the distinguished Muslim Contribution in the sphere of Mathematics, Architechture, Geography, Agriculture, Medicine and Astronomy to distant Europen countries is a great reality and a remarkable event of ancient Western history.

And that is the main subject of this valuable book, a brief sketch but a bulk of information, such as, cultivation and gathering of knowledge under the patronage of Khilafat and transmission of Muslim learning to Christian Europe through various channels including translation from Arabic to Latin to their vernacular languages etc.

Last but not least, it should not be, merely, a lovely story of golden past but a sort of treasure to rejuvenate the characteristic of Muslim Ummah.

 

Introduction

Modern research has established the fact that the human race built up its civilization some six thousand years ago on the banks of the Shatt al- ' Arab and the Nile; whence it spread gradually through various channels all over the world. Knowledge gathered from patient observations, experience and accidental discoveries was disseminated through Khaldia, Babel, Egypt, India and Phoenicia and ultimately reaching Ionia and Greece, found there a most congenial atmosphere to develop and systematize for six or seven centuries before the birth of Jesus Christ.

Greek enterprise in colonization brought the fruits of Hellenic research within the reach of various communities bordering on the Levant. But decentralization imperceptibly led to deterioration and decay and Greece lost her initiation in the cultivation of Arts, Science and Literature. Alexandria and Syracuse upheld, however, for a time the traditions of Greece, but succumbed eventually to the iron discipline of Rome, which, while it ensured order and administration, failed to encourage originality and scientific investigation.

On the downfall of Rome by the Barbarians chaos and intellectual stagnation once more held sway over the civilized world. The masterpieces of Greek science and culture lay buried in tottering libraries or museums and might possibly have disappeared altogether from the face of the earth but for the miracle of Arab rise to power and its subsequent patronage of learning.

Islam not only bound the nomadic tribes of Arabia in a common bond of brotherhood, it gave them a book, the Qur'an which taught them how to lead a life of purity and righteousness. The beauty of its language and the grandeur of its inculcations inspired the desert people to share the blessings of their faith and Shari'at with the rest of mankind.

We are not concerned here with the territorial conquests of the early votaries of lslam. These will be referred to in a cursory manner merely to trace the transmission of Muslim culture and learning to distant countries and nations.

After the subjugation of practically the whole of Arabia during the lifetime of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and the conquest of Syria, Iraq, Persia and Egypt in the days of the four Orthodox Khalifas, the Umayyad regime (of about eighty-nine years from 661 to 750) brought the whole of North Africa (with extensions into the Iberian Peninsula), Central Asia right up to the borders of China proper, modern Afghanistan, Baluchistan, Sind and parts of the Punjab under Muslim sway. Most of these acquisitions occurred during the time of' Abd al-Malik and his son al- Walid, under the generalship ofMaslarnah, Musa Ibn Nusayr, Muhammad bin Qasim al- Thaqafi and Qutaybah Ibn Muslim. Had the Umayyads refrained from petty tribal jealousies and, above all, followed in the footsteps of the Orthodox Khalifas as did 'Umar bin Abdul Aziz, they would probably have made further conquests and certainly continued much longer in power. As it was, they made bitter enemies amongst both the Arabs and the Persians and were finally crushed by Abual-' Abbas al-Saffah, the champion of the Abbasid cause, in 750, and practically the entire Islamic world (with the exception of Andalus) passed under the sovereignty of Bani 'Abbas.

The third Khalifa 'Usman had already put together the various Surahs revealed to the Prophet and ensured the unalterability of the text and pronunciation of the Qur'an. The basic principles of Arabic grammar were framed by the great exponent of Islamic learning, Ali Ibn Abi Talib. During the Umayyad regime Hajjaj Ibn Yusuf introduced at Basrah the use of dots to discriminate between letters of different sounds but similar form and of diacritical marks to serve as vowels. Arabic thus systematized and endowed with natural flexibility was ready to assimilate the ideas and expressions ofthe most fully developed languages of the time, Greek, Sasanid and Sanskrit.

As pointed out by AI- Tha 'alibi (d. 1038) in Lata 'if al-Ma 'arif, the real opener of the Abbasid regime was Abu Ja 'far al-Mansur (754-775), the mid-comer was 'Abdullah al-Ma 'mun (813-833) and the 'closer' was al- Wathiq (842-847), though the dynasty continued till the thirty-seventh and last representative, Al-Musta'sim, who perished in the sack of Baghdad by Hulaku in 1258. It is not so much for its conquests and military glory that the Abbasid Khilafat is famous, as for its achievements in peaceful pursuits such as commerce, arts, science and architecture, though the struggle with Byzantium continued intermittently and, on one occasion at least, brought the victorious Abbasid armies to the very gates of Constantinople, humiliating Empress Irene (782)1 and later enforcing a tax on the person of her successor Nicephorus I (806).

 

Contents

 

  Introduction  
I Cultivation of Medicine, Mathematics and Astronomy in the Abbasid Regime 1
II Patronage at the Eastern Provincial Courts 11
III Encouragement by the Fatimids 21
IV Work in other departments of Knowledge 25
V Belles-letters, Religious Literature and Philosophy 37
VI Early Arab Notions of Chemistry, Biology and Allied Science 45
VII Mechanical Contrivances and Military Science 51
VIII Fall of Baghdad and Mongol Response to Islam 55
IX Arab Enterprise in Africa, Siqiliyah, and Andalus, etc. 61
X Transmission of Arab Learning and Culture to Christian Europe. 81

Sample Page


Muslim Contribution to Science and Culture (A Brief Survey)

Item Code:
NAJ539
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2003
Publisher:
ISBN:
8171513301
Language:
English
Size:
7 inch X 4.5 inch
Pages:
96
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 114 gms
Price:
$8.00   Shipping Free
Look Inside the Book
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Muslim Contribution to Science and Culture (A Brief Survey)

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 2066 times since 14th Nov, 2014
About The Book

Beside the historical triumphs of Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi over fanatic crusaders, the distinguished Muslim Contribution in the sphere of Mathematics, Architechture, Geography, Agriculture, Medicine and Astronomy to distant Europen countries is a great reality and a remarkable event of ancient Western history.

And that is the main subject of this valuable book, a brief sketch but a bulk of information, such as, cultivation and gathering of knowledge under the patronage of Khilafat and transmission of Muslim learning to Christian Europe through various channels including translation from Arabic to Latin to their vernacular languages etc.

Last but not least, it should not be, merely, a lovely story of golden past but a sort of treasure to rejuvenate the characteristic of Muslim Ummah.

 

Introduction

Modern research has established the fact that the human race built up its civilization some six thousand years ago on the banks of the Shatt al- ' Arab and the Nile; whence it spread gradually through various channels all over the world. Knowledge gathered from patient observations, experience and accidental discoveries was disseminated through Khaldia, Babel, Egypt, India and Phoenicia and ultimately reaching Ionia and Greece, found there a most congenial atmosphere to develop and systematize for six or seven centuries before the birth of Jesus Christ.

Greek enterprise in colonization brought the fruits of Hellenic research within the reach of various communities bordering on the Levant. But decentralization imperceptibly led to deterioration and decay and Greece lost her initiation in the cultivation of Arts, Science and Literature. Alexandria and Syracuse upheld, however, for a time the traditions of Greece, but succumbed eventually to the iron discipline of Rome, which, while it ensured order and administration, failed to encourage originality and scientific investigation.

On the downfall of Rome by the Barbarians chaos and intellectual stagnation once more held sway over the civilized world. The masterpieces of Greek science and culture lay buried in tottering libraries or museums and might possibly have disappeared altogether from the face of the earth but for the miracle of Arab rise to power and its subsequent patronage of learning.

Islam not only bound the nomadic tribes of Arabia in a common bond of brotherhood, it gave them a book, the Qur'an which taught them how to lead a life of purity and righteousness. The beauty of its language and the grandeur of its inculcations inspired the desert people to share the blessings of their faith and Shari'at with the rest of mankind.

We are not concerned here with the territorial conquests of the early votaries of lslam. These will be referred to in a cursory manner merely to trace the transmission of Muslim culture and learning to distant countries and nations.

After the subjugation of practically the whole of Arabia during the lifetime of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and the conquest of Syria, Iraq, Persia and Egypt in the days of the four Orthodox Khalifas, the Umayyad regime (of about eighty-nine years from 661 to 750) brought the whole of North Africa (with extensions into the Iberian Peninsula), Central Asia right up to the borders of China proper, modern Afghanistan, Baluchistan, Sind and parts of the Punjab under Muslim sway. Most of these acquisitions occurred during the time of' Abd al-Malik and his son al- Walid, under the generalship ofMaslarnah, Musa Ibn Nusayr, Muhammad bin Qasim al- Thaqafi and Qutaybah Ibn Muslim. Had the Umayyads refrained from petty tribal jealousies and, above all, followed in the footsteps of the Orthodox Khalifas as did 'Umar bin Abdul Aziz, they would probably have made further conquests and certainly continued much longer in power. As it was, they made bitter enemies amongst both the Arabs and the Persians and were finally crushed by Abual-' Abbas al-Saffah, the champion of the Abbasid cause, in 750, and practically the entire Islamic world (with the exception of Andalus) passed under the sovereignty of Bani 'Abbas.

The third Khalifa 'Usman had already put together the various Surahs revealed to the Prophet and ensured the unalterability of the text and pronunciation of the Qur'an. The basic principles of Arabic grammar were framed by the great exponent of Islamic learning, Ali Ibn Abi Talib. During the Umayyad regime Hajjaj Ibn Yusuf introduced at Basrah the use of dots to discriminate between letters of different sounds but similar form and of diacritical marks to serve as vowels. Arabic thus systematized and endowed with natural flexibility was ready to assimilate the ideas and expressions ofthe most fully developed languages of the time, Greek, Sasanid and Sanskrit.

As pointed out by AI- Tha 'alibi (d. 1038) in Lata 'if al-Ma 'arif, the real opener of the Abbasid regime was Abu Ja 'far al-Mansur (754-775), the mid-comer was 'Abdullah al-Ma 'mun (813-833) and the 'closer' was al- Wathiq (842-847), though the dynasty continued till the thirty-seventh and last representative, Al-Musta'sim, who perished in the sack of Baghdad by Hulaku in 1258. It is not so much for its conquests and military glory that the Abbasid Khilafat is famous, as for its achievements in peaceful pursuits such as commerce, arts, science and architecture, though the struggle with Byzantium continued intermittently and, on one occasion at least, brought the victorious Abbasid armies to the very gates of Constantinople, humiliating Empress Irene (782)1 and later enforcing a tax on the person of her successor Nicephorus I (806).

 

Contents

 

  Introduction  
I Cultivation of Medicine, Mathematics and Astronomy in the Abbasid Regime 1
II Patronage at the Eastern Provincial Courts 11
III Encouragement by the Fatimids 21
IV Work in other departments of Knowledge 25
V Belles-letters, Religious Literature and Philosophy 37
VI Early Arab Notions of Chemistry, Biology and Allied Science 45
VII Mechanical Contrivances and Military Science 51
VIII Fall of Baghdad and Mongol Response to Islam 55
IX Arab Enterprise in Africa, Siqiliyah, and Andalus, etc. 61
X Transmission of Arab Learning and Culture to Christian Europe. 81

Sample Page


Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Based on your browsing history

Loading... Please wait

Related Items

The Science of Emotion's Culture (Bhakti Yoga)
Item Code: IDF702
$18.50
Add to Cart
Buy Now
India’s Culture (The States, The Arts and Beyond)
by Balmiki Prasad Singh
Paperback (Edition: 2011)
Oxford University Press
Item Code: NAF875
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Kinship in Bengali Culture
Item Code: NAG008
$25.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now

Testimonials

Thank you for this wonderful New Year sale!
Michael, USA
Many Thanks for all Your superb quality Artworks at unbeatable prices. We have been recommending EI to friends & family for over 5 yrs & will continue to do so fervently. Cheers
Dara, Canada
Thank you for your wonderful selection of books and art work. I am a regular customer and always appreciate the excellent items you offer and your great service.
Lars, USA
Colis bien reçu, emballage excellent et statue conforme aux attentes. Du bon travail, je reviendrai sur votre site !
Alain, France
GREAT SITE. SANSKRIT AND HINDI LINGUISTICS IS MY PASSION. AND I THANK YOU FOR THIS SITE.
Madhu, USA
I love your site and although today is my first order, I have been seeing your site for the past several years. Thank you for providing such great art and books to people around the World who can't make it to India as often as we would like.
Rupesh
Heramba Ganapati arrived safely today and was shipped promptly. Another fantastic find from Exotic India with perfect customer service. Thank you. Jai Ganesha Deva
Marc, UK
I ordered Padmapani Statue. I have received my statue. The delivering process was very fast and the statue looks so beautiful. Thank you exoticindia, Mr. Vipin (customer care). I am very satisfied.
Hartono, Indonesia
Very easy to buy, great site! Thanks
Ilda, Brazil
Our Nandi sculpture arrived today and it surpasses all expectations - it is wonderful. We are not only pleasantly surprised by the speed of international delivery but also are extremely grateful for the care of your packaging. Our sculpture needed to travel to an off-lying island of New Zealand but it arrived safely because of how well it had been packaged. Based upon my experience of all aspects of your service, I have no hesitation in recommending Exotic India.
BWM, NZ
TRUSTe
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2018 © Exotic India