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Books > Language and Literature > The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature {Fiction}
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The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature {Fiction}
The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature {Fiction}
Description
Preface

It was Professor C.M. Naim who first approached me to edit an anthology of modern Urdu literature. He felt I was right person to take on this Oxford University Press (OUP) project and asked me if I was interested. To be truthful, I felt so privileged to be approached by Naim Sahib that I accepted at once without even pausing to consider the enormous challenge and commitment that such a project would entail. The Scale of the task ahead did not actually hit me until I was asked to prepare a table of contents.

My engagement with Urdu literature began in the family home, almost synchronically during childhood. I imbibed a lot of the discourse on jadidiyat (trend for modernity) simply by being born in a family where such esoteric terms became epithets drifting into my six-year-old ears even as I skirted the precincts of our family drawing room where vociferous and lively discussions on the subject held forth and where the journal Shabkhoon was conceived and brought out in 1964. My mentioning Shabkhoon is only to show how baffled I was at the prospect of how much or how little I knew of the modern in Urdu.

I decided to tackle the table of contents as a teacher embarking on a syllabus for a full-scale 'survey course'. At the outset, my reading list was endless. After a year of frenzied and focused reading, I felt confident enough to broach the subject with scholars of Urdu and arrived at what I called my 'master list'. This was basically a list of writers who lived and worked during the period 1905-2005. My reading made me aware of the challenge of representing certain genres that had been ignored by most anthologists of Urdu literature. Prose, especially of the non-fiction variety, attracted me the most. Prose in Urdu has trailed behind poetry for reasons which I need not go into here. Urdu's early modernizers such as Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Husain Azad, and Altaf Husain Hali were brilliant prose stylists. Following the development of Urdu prose from the late nineteenth century onwards, unfolds a remarkable graph of highs and lows. Some genres, for instance, the literary sketch (khakah), essay (inshaiyah), humour and satire (tanz-o mizah), autobiography (khudnavisht), and travel writing (safarnamah) blossomed, while critical prose was slow in developing. The extraordinary success of the short story (afsana) in Urdu has marginalized the other prose genres. I felt that a comprehensive anthology must include the relatively leser known works. Despite strict adherence to my own criteria for selection, struggled to achieve balance. The problem was how to balance the important, significance, and historical value of the selections.

My initial contract with OUP was for a four hundred-odd page book However, it became impossible for me to stay within the page limit and be satisfied with question of balanced representation. Fortunately OUP agreed to raise the page limit and we ended up with two volumes instead of one. Anthologists, especially those dealing with contemporary literature, cannot expect their exclusions and inclusions to satisfy all writers and readers. I have made the arbitrary decision of representing each author only once. In the interest of fairness, I chose from the work of each author an example which reveals something new about the literature, and also gives us a persuasive sense of the writer's work.

I have incurred so many debts in the form of advice, ideas, help, and encouragement, from seniors, colleagues, and friends that few words here by way of acknowledgement cannot be sufficient to express my gratitude to them. Professors C.M. Naim, M.U. Memon, Frances Pritchett, Carlo Coppola, Robert Hueckstedt, and Geeta Patel offered comments and suggestions on various aspects of the anthology and read my drafts of the Introductions to the two volumes. My father, Shamsur Rahman Faruqi, allowed me to raid and rummage through his personal library, and never complained once when I asked him to mail me innumerable photocopies of poetry selections from out-of- print books, which I had overlooked when I was collecting material. He often rescued me when I was stuck in writing the introductory note on an author. Infect, this simple task was quite frustrating for me because there was precious little information to be had on many of the writers included in the anthology His comments on my work were incisive and helpful. I am truly grateful to my translator friends who found time from their academic pursuits to translate new material for this anthology. I want to especially acknowledge Guriqbal Sahota for doing not one, but three new, not so easy translations for me. Geeta Patel, Shantanu Phukan, Tahira Naqvi, Akbar Hyder, Griffith Chaussee, Moazzam Siddiqi, Moazzam Sheikh, and Baran Rehman all did new and difficult translations at my request.

The University of Virginia awarded me a faculty research grant in the summer of 2006 to work on the anthology.

These volumes could never have been completed without the unstinting support and collaboration of my husband Richard Cohen. Not once did He protest as I spent countless weekends hunched over the computer, irritable and uncompanionable; all the precious summers we stayed at home, with me immersed in the anthology, struggling with deadlines, racing against time. As the project developed, it became more complicated and so unwieldy that had Rich not stepped in to help me streamline with sensible editorial advice and support, I would still be floundering. I do not have words to express my gratitude for all he did in addition to the above; for endless cups of tea, the commute between Pittsburgh and Charlottesville, errands when he visited India, the list could go on forever. His optimism sustained me during the most frustrating times.

My editor at OUP, New Delhi, cheered me on and provided all kinds of logistical support and help. Nitasha Devasar was very accessible whenever I needed her help. She gave me a lot of space to articulate my ideas, and showed great understanding and sensitivity for the requirements that a project of this nature entails. In my meetings with her I always came back energized; her infectious enthusiasm kept me going even as the intricacies of editing sapped our endurance in the hot humid summer of Delhi. Mitadru Basu's meticulousness in editing, layout, and designing was incredible. I would like to thank them both for their tremendous help.

One last debt remains. My mother, my first teacher, who taught me the magic of letters, who always took keen interest and motherly pride, is not here to see the work in its final form. She is with us in spirit though, cheering me on, smiling.

The shortcomings, which must be many, are entirely mine.

From the Jacket

The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature

Urdu literature has had a long and colourful history in the Indian Subcontinent. The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature comprehensively and creatively surveys the field from the mid-nineteenth to late twentieth centuries. Covering 100 years of literary production, including about 90 authors and over 130 selections, and many new translations, the twin volumes cover major genres like poetry, drama, and fiction, as well as essays, autobiography, and letters.

The Poetry and Prose Miscellany volume begins with Akbar llahabadi (1846-1921), features such celebrated practitioners of the genre as Muhammad Iqbal, Firaq Gorakhpuri, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Munibur Rahman, and Akhlaq Muhammad Khan Shahryar among others, and finally, Tanveer Anjum (b.1956). The prose miscellany-essays and sketches, autobiography, drama, humour and satire, and letter-includes such past masters as Abul Kalam Azad, Shahid Ahmad Dehlvi, Saadat Hasan Manto, and Ismat Chughtai, as well as an interesting selection of anecdotes on well-known literary personages like Ghalib, Mir Insha ullah Khan Insha. Josh Malihabadi, and others-something rarely seen in canonical literature.

The 'Fiction' volume includes both short stories and extracts from novels and novellas. Beginning with Muhammad Hadi Rusva (1857-1931), it moves on to Premchand, Ghulam Abbas, Krishan chander, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Intizar Husain.

Qurratulain Hyder, Abdullah Hussein, and Naiyer Masud among other, and finally, Syed Muhammad Ashraf (b. 1957).

While the focus of selection is on literary excellence, translatability, and relevance, an effort has been made to avoid writings easily available in translation and to include one piece per author. Moreover, the continuation between pre-and post-Partition Urdu includes authors from both India and Pakistan, thus providing a holistic picture of modern Urdu literature. The Introduction, giving an overview of the development of Urdu literature and placing the writings in their proper historical context, is accompanied by a chronological listing of authors, biographical head-notes to the writings, glossary, and bibliography to help readers understand and savour the rich diversity of Urdu literature.

One of the most representative collections of Urdu writing in recent times, The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature is a literary and cultural guide to the Subcontinent. It will appeal equally to general readers, as well as students and scholars of South Asian literature, especially Urdu literature in translation.

About the Author

Mehr Afshan Farooqi is Professor of South Asian Literature of the University of Virginia.

Contents
Preface xi
Introduction xv
Mirza Muhammad Hadi Rusva [1857-1931]
The Gentleman (excerpt from the novel Sharifzadah)
3
Rashidul Khairi [1868-1936]
Bride of the Whirlpool
8
Premchand [1880-1936]
Nirmala (excerpt from the novel Nirmala)
13
Pandit Badrinath Sudarshan [1896-1967]
Raunaqi, the Devoted One
20
Hijab Imtiaz Ali [1903-99]
And He Had an Accident
29
Rashid Jahan [1905-52]
A Visit in Delhi
34
Ghulam Abbas [1909-82]
The Clerk
36
Ahmed Ali [1910-94]
Our Lane
42
Krishan Chander [1912-77]
Irani Pilau
56
Aziz Ahmad [1914-78]
The Shore and the Wave (except from the novella Aisi Bulandi, Aisi Pasti)
65
Rajinder Singh Bedi [1915-84]
The Eclipse
75
Ahmad Nadeem Qasimi [1916-2006]
Sultan
85
Muhammad Hasan Askari [1919-78]
Our Lane
93
Balwant Singh [1920-86]
Alleyways
111
Intizar Husain [b.1925]
A Chronicle of the Peacocks
121
Zamiruddin Ahmad [1926-90]
The East Wind
131
Qurratulain Hyder [1927-2007]
Sita Betrayed (excerpt from the novella Sita Haran)
142
Khadija Mastoor [1927-83]
Inner Courtyard (excerpt from the novel Angan)
151
Bano Qudsiya [b. 1928]
Within the Circle of a Wave
160
Ghiyas Ahmed Gaddi [1928-86]
Sunrise
173
Hajira Masroor [b. 1929]
The Monkey's Sore
181
Surendra Parkash [1930-2002]
Scarecrow
189
Abdullah Hussein [b. 1931]
The tale of the old Fisherman (excerpt from the novel Udas Naslein)
196
Asad Muhammad Khan [b. 1932]
Harvest of Anger
212
Iqbal Majeed [b. 1932]
Two Men, Slightly Wet
226
Jeelani Bano [b. 1936]
Some Other Man's Home
234
Enver Sajjad [b. 1934]
Scorpio, Cave, Pattern
248
Balraj Mainra [b. 1935]
Composition One
254
Shamsur Rahman Faruqi [b. 1935]
An Incident in Lahore
257
Naiyer Masud [b. 1936]
The Weathervane
276
Khalida Husain [b. 1938]
Adam's Progeny
290
Muhammad Mansha Yad [b. 1938]
The Show
300
Salam Bin Razak [b. 1941]
Ekalavya – The Bheel Boy
309
Syed Muhammad Ashraf [b. 1957]
The Man
316
Glossary 324
List of Translators 335
Acknowledgements 339
Select Bibliography 341

The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature {Fiction}

Item Code:
IDK150
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2008
ISBN:
0195692179
Size:
8.7 X 6.0"
Pages:
383
Price:
$45.00   Shipping Free
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Preface

It was Professor C.M. Naim who first approached me to edit an anthology of modern Urdu literature. He felt I was right person to take on this Oxford University Press (OUP) project and asked me if I was interested. To be truthful, I felt so privileged to be approached by Naim Sahib that I accepted at once without even pausing to consider the enormous challenge and commitment that such a project would entail. The Scale of the task ahead did not actually hit me until I was asked to prepare a table of contents.

My engagement with Urdu literature began in the family home, almost synchronically during childhood. I imbibed a lot of the discourse on jadidiyat (trend for modernity) simply by being born in a family where such esoteric terms became epithets drifting into my six-year-old ears even as I skirted the precincts of our family drawing room where vociferous and lively discussions on the subject held forth and where the journal Shabkhoon was conceived and brought out in 1964. My mentioning Shabkhoon is only to show how baffled I was at the prospect of how much or how little I knew of the modern in Urdu.

I decided to tackle the table of contents as a teacher embarking on a syllabus for a full-scale 'survey course'. At the outset, my reading list was endless. After a year of frenzied and focused reading, I felt confident enough to broach the subject with scholars of Urdu and arrived at what I called my 'master list'. This was basically a list of writers who lived and worked during the period 1905-2005. My reading made me aware of the challenge of representing certain genres that had been ignored by most anthologists of Urdu literature. Prose, especially of the non-fiction variety, attracted me the most. Prose in Urdu has trailed behind poetry for reasons which I need not go into here. Urdu's early modernizers such as Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Husain Azad, and Altaf Husain Hali were brilliant prose stylists. Following the development of Urdu prose from the late nineteenth century onwards, unfolds a remarkable graph of highs and lows. Some genres, for instance, the literary sketch (khakah), essay (inshaiyah), humour and satire (tanz-o mizah), autobiography (khudnavisht), and travel writing (safarnamah) blossomed, while critical prose was slow in developing. The extraordinary success of the short story (afsana) in Urdu has marginalized the other prose genres. I felt that a comprehensive anthology must include the relatively leser known works. Despite strict adherence to my own criteria for selection, struggled to achieve balance. The problem was how to balance the important, significance, and historical value of the selections.

My initial contract with OUP was for a four hundred-odd page book However, it became impossible for me to stay within the page limit and be satisfied with question of balanced representation. Fortunately OUP agreed to raise the page limit and we ended up with two volumes instead of one. Anthologists, especially those dealing with contemporary literature, cannot expect their exclusions and inclusions to satisfy all writers and readers. I have made the arbitrary decision of representing each author only once. In the interest of fairness, I chose from the work of each author an example which reveals something new about the literature, and also gives us a persuasive sense of the writer's work.

I have incurred so many debts in the form of advice, ideas, help, and encouragement, from seniors, colleagues, and friends that few words here by way of acknowledgement cannot be sufficient to express my gratitude to them. Professors C.M. Naim, M.U. Memon, Frances Pritchett, Carlo Coppola, Robert Hueckstedt, and Geeta Patel offered comments and suggestions on various aspects of the anthology and read my drafts of the Introductions to the two volumes. My father, Shamsur Rahman Faruqi, allowed me to raid and rummage through his personal library, and never complained once when I asked him to mail me innumerable photocopies of poetry selections from out-of- print books, which I had overlooked when I was collecting material. He often rescued me when I was stuck in writing the introductory note on an author. Infect, this simple task was quite frustrating for me because there was precious little information to be had on many of the writers included in the anthology His comments on my work were incisive and helpful. I am truly grateful to my translator friends who found time from their academic pursuits to translate new material for this anthology. I want to especially acknowledge Guriqbal Sahota for doing not one, but three new, not so easy translations for me. Geeta Patel, Shantanu Phukan, Tahira Naqvi, Akbar Hyder, Griffith Chaussee, Moazzam Siddiqi, Moazzam Sheikh, and Baran Rehman all did new and difficult translations at my request.

The University of Virginia awarded me a faculty research grant in the summer of 2006 to work on the anthology.

These volumes could never have been completed without the unstinting support and collaboration of my husband Richard Cohen. Not once did He protest as I spent countless weekends hunched over the computer, irritable and uncompanionable; all the precious summers we stayed at home, with me immersed in the anthology, struggling with deadlines, racing against time. As the project developed, it became more complicated and so unwieldy that had Rich not stepped in to help me streamline with sensible editorial advice and support, I would still be floundering. I do not have words to express my gratitude for all he did in addition to the above; for endless cups of tea, the commute between Pittsburgh and Charlottesville, errands when he visited India, the list could go on forever. His optimism sustained me during the most frustrating times.

My editor at OUP, New Delhi, cheered me on and provided all kinds of logistical support and help. Nitasha Devasar was very accessible whenever I needed her help. She gave me a lot of space to articulate my ideas, and showed great understanding and sensitivity for the requirements that a project of this nature entails. In my meetings with her I always came back energized; her infectious enthusiasm kept me going even as the intricacies of editing sapped our endurance in the hot humid summer of Delhi. Mitadru Basu's meticulousness in editing, layout, and designing was incredible. I would like to thank them both for their tremendous help.

One last debt remains. My mother, my first teacher, who taught me the magic of letters, who always took keen interest and motherly pride, is not here to see the work in its final form. She is with us in spirit though, cheering me on, smiling.

The shortcomings, which must be many, are entirely mine.

From the Jacket

The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature

Urdu literature has had a long and colourful history in the Indian Subcontinent. The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature comprehensively and creatively surveys the field from the mid-nineteenth to late twentieth centuries. Covering 100 years of literary production, including about 90 authors and over 130 selections, and many new translations, the twin volumes cover major genres like poetry, drama, and fiction, as well as essays, autobiography, and letters.

The Poetry and Prose Miscellany volume begins with Akbar llahabadi (1846-1921), features such celebrated practitioners of the genre as Muhammad Iqbal, Firaq Gorakhpuri, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Munibur Rahman, and Akhlaq Muhammad Khan Shahryar among others, and finally, Tanveer Anjum (b.1956). The prose miscellany-essays and sketches, autobiography, drama, humour and satire, and letter-includes such past masters as Abul Kalam Azad, Shahid Ahmad Dehlvi, Saadat Hasan Manto, and Ismat Chughtai, as well as an interesting selection of anecdotes on well-known literary personages like Ghalib, Mir Insha ullah Khan Insha. Josh Malihabadi, and others-something rarely seen in canonical literature.

The 'Fiction' volume includes both short stories and extracts from novels and novellas. Beginning with Muhammad Hadi Rusva (1857-1931), it moves on to Premchand, Ghulam Abbas, Krishan chander, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Intizar Husain.

Qurratulain Hyder, Abdullah Hussein, and Naiyer Masud among other, and finally, Syed Muhammad Ashraf (b. 1957).

While the focus of selection is on literary excellence, translatability, and relevance, an effort has been made to avoid writings easily available in translation and to include one piece per author. Moreover, the continuation between pre-and post-Partition Urdu includes authors from both India and Pakistan, thus providing a holistic picture of modern Urdu literature. The Introduction, giving an overview of the development of Urdu literature and placing the writings in their proper historical context, is accompanied by a chronological listing of authors, biographical head-notes to the writings, glossary, and bibliography to help readers understand and savour the rich diversity of Urdu literature.

One of the most representative collections of Urdu writing in recent times, The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature is a literary and cultural guide to the Subcontinent. It will appeal equally to general readers, as well as students and scholars of South Asian literature, especially Urdu literature in translation.

About the Author

Mehr Afshan Farooqi is Professor of South Asian Literature of the University of Virginia.

Contents
Preface xi
Introduction xv
Mirza Muhammad Hadi Rusva [1857-1931]
The Gentleman (excerpt from the novel Sharifzadah)
3
Rashidul Khairi [1868-1936]
Bride of the Whirlpool
8
Premchand [1880-1936]
Nirmala (excerpt from the novel Nirmala)
13
Pandit Badrinath Sudarshan [1896-1967]
Raunaqi, the Devoted One
20
Hijab Imtiaz Ali [1903-99]
And He Had an Accident
29
Rashid Jahan [1905-52]
A Visit in Delhi
34
Ghulam Abbas [1909-82]
The Clerk
36
Ahmed Ali [1910-94]
Our Lane
42
Krishan Chander [1912-77]
Irani Pilau
56
Aziz Ahmad [1914-78]
The Shore and the Wave (except from the novella Aisi Bulandi, Aisi Pasti)
65
Rajinder Singh Bedi [1915-84]
The Eclipse
75
Ahmad Nadeem Qasimi [1916-2006]
Sultan
85
Muhammad Hasan Askari [1919-78]
Our Lane
93
Balwant Singh [1920-86]
Alleyways
111
Intizar Husain [b.1925]
A Chronicle of the Peacocks
121
Zamiruddin Ahmad [1926-90]
The East Wind
131
Qurratulain Hyder [1927-2007]
Sita Betrayed (excerpt from the novella Sita Haran)
142
Khadija Mastoor [1927-83]
Inner Courtyard (excerpt from the novel Angan)
151
Bano Qudsiya [b. 1928]
Within the Circle of a Wave
160
Ghiyas Ahmed Gaddi [1928-86]
Sunrise
173
Hajira Masroor [b. 1929]
The Monkey's Sore
181
Surendra Parkash [1930-2002]
Scarecrow
189
Abdullah Hussein [b. 1931]
The tale of the old Fisherman (excerpt from the novel Udas Naslein)
196
Asad Muhammad Khan [b. 1932]
Harvest of Anger
212
Iqbal Majeed [b. 1932]
Two Men, Slightly Wet
226
Jeelani Bano [b. 1936]
Some Other Man's Home
234
Enver Sajjad [b. 1934]
Scorpio, Cave, Pattern
248
Balraj Mainra [b. 1935]
Composition One
254
Shamsur Rahman Faruqi [b. 1935]
An Incident in Lahore
257
Naiyer Masud [b. 1936]
The Weathervane
276
Khalida Husain [b. 1938]
Adam's Progeny
290
Muhammad Mansha Yad [b. 1938]
The Show
300
Salam Bin Razak [b. 1941]
Ekalavya – The Bheel Boy
309
Syed Muhammad Ashraf [b. 1957]
The Man
316
Glossary 324
List of Translators 335
Acknowledgements 339
Select Bibliography 341
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