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Books > History > Position and Status of Women in Ancient India (Vol. I) - A Rare Book
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Position and Status of Women in Ancient India (Vol. I) - A Rare Book
Position and Status of Women in Ancient India (Vol. I) - A Rare Book
Description

Preface:

The present volume contains about half of the papers submitted for the seminar on the Position and Status of Women in Ancient India organised under the auspices of the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, March 26th-31st, 1988; the remaining papers have been reserved for the second volume hopefully to be printed within the next two-three months. The second volume will additionally include also those papers which will be reaching us by the time of the seminar as well as the discussions on all the papers presented in the various sessions of the seminar.

The theme of the seminar was decided about two years back when the welfare of the women was being discussed in a meeting of the representatives of the various Governments of the world and the position and status of women in the Indian society was being vigorously debated on the national level in our own country. In the latter debate critical references were being made to the ancient period of Indian law-givers, particularly Manu, the author of the Manusmrti, the greatest of the Indian social philosophers. Therefore, it appeared necessary to look into our ancient literature and to review afresh the position and status of women in ancient India with a critical view-point and in historical perspective, so that the rise and decline in the position and status of women is properly and accurately delineated, causal factors and situations are properly identified, and the contributions of our ancient social philosophers to the growth and development of Indian culture, especially to the improvement or decline in the status of women is critically assessed. It is just a change, but a happy and significant one, that the problem has been taken up for a thorough discussion on the national level by the B. H. U. Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology where a scholar fifty years back had produced the first pioneering and monumental work on the same subject in 1938, viz. Position of Women in Hindu Civilisation by A. S. Altekar. During this intervening period of half a century much evidence in the form of literary works, inscriptions, etc. has come forth; new challenges from historians, adherents of a particular political philosophy and therefore having a typical vision, have been posed and new questions have been raised in the context of the swiftly changing social situations as well as the new social ideologies of the modern times. Another objective of the seminar has been also to assess and understand women's role in and contribution to the growth and development of Indian culture and its cherished values.

In this context it was felt obligatory to look at the problem from different angles, at various levels as well as areas, and to discuss it as thoroughly as possible. With this in view, eminent and active scholars from all the relevant academic disciplines functioning in the Universities were invited and involved to make the study broad-based and complete for arriving at scientific and reliable conclusions. Our invitations fetched rich response and scholars from all the concerned areas such as History, Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit, Tamil, Art, Philosophy, etc. have contributed their learned papers variously discussing the problem in respect of a period or region or basing it on the data available in a literary composition or in a group of such works. And barring only a few, most of the areas and points have been covered. Therefore, it is hoped that the two volumes comprising the seminar papers and the discussions thereon will make a welcome contribution to our knowledge of the subject.

Our ancient authors and social philosopher have all along bestowed maximum attention on the women, constituting the better half of human population and have always felt concerned with their condition in the contemporary social set-up. In the writings of these ancient thinkers as well as in the writings of modern scholars there appears to have been a conscious effort to analyse and identify the factors that contributed to the gradual decline in the condition and social status of women through the period of Indian history. The present seminar of a further joint-endeavour of a group of scholars in the same direction. And it is felt that the researches of these eminent scholars from different disciplines together present a much more clear and complete picture and also identify the various contributive situations and the causal factors. But it will be appropriate to delineate and account the contributions and achievement of this seminar only at the end of the second volume in the Retrospect.

 

CONTENTS

 

    Page
  Preface  
  By the editor v
  Abbreviations xi
1. Position and Status of Women in India in the Early Vedic Period
P. L. Bhargava
1
2. Position and Status of Women in the Age of the Liturgical Samhitas, Brahmanas and Upanisads (c. 1500 to c. 500 B. C.)
M. Srimannarayana Murti
8
3. Women in the Atharvaveda
A. K. Srivastava
33
4. Position and Status of Women in the Upanisads
T. R. Sharma
41
5. Position and Status of Women in the Sutra Period
Shubhra Sharma
47
6. Position and Status of Women in the Sutra Literature
Indu Deshpande
55
7. Property Rights of Women in Ancient India
N. N. Bhattacharyya
62
8. Position and Status of Women in the Ramayana
B. R. Modak
72
9. Position and Status of Women in India as Reflected from the Ramayana
G. V. Bapat
78
10. The Near-Incorruptibility of Woman: An almost Forgotten Chapter of Indian Culture
Harsh Narain
109
11. Contribution of Women to the Growth of Ancient Indian Culture
P. V. Parabrahma Sastry
119
12. Rights of Women in the Arthasastra
Susmita Pande
130
13. Status of Women in the Jain Canonical Literature
Asim Kumar Chatterjee
136
14. Position and Status of Women in the Jain Literature
J. C. Jain
142
15. The Position and Status of Women in Tamil Nadu during the Cankam Age (c. 300 B. C. to c. 200 A. D.)
P. Sourirajan
151
16. Women and Work in Ancient South India
Vijaya Ramaswamy
164
17. The Position and Status of Women as Reflected in the Gahasattasai and the Therigatha: A Comparative Study
Suneeti Dublay
174
18. "Rural-Urban Dichotomy" in the Concept and Status of Women: An Examination (From the Mauryas to the Guptas)
Chitrarekha Gupta
188
19. The Role of Women in the Social Life of India during c. 200 B.C.-c. 200 A.D.
R. N. Sharma
197
20. Women and Men Donors at Sanchi: A Study of the Inscriptional Evidence
Kumkum Roy
209
21. Women in Buddhism
Sudarshana Devi Singhal
224
22. Position and Status of Women in Kalidasa's Works
K. Krishnamoorthy
229
23. Position and Status of Women as Reflected from their Patronage to Temple Architecture
Harihar Singh
235
24. The Concept of Surasundari, Cult of Devadasi and Early Mediaeval Temple Sculpture
Asok K. Bhattacharya
248
25. Status of Women under the Imperial Cola Rule
N. S. Govindasamy
256
26. Public Women of Early Mediaeval Kashi and Kashmir-A Study of Source Material from Kashmir
Y. B. Singh
259
27. Position and Status of the Rural Women as Reflected in the Outpourings of Shri Venkatanatha of 1268 A.D.
R. Thirunarayanan
267
28. Rammurti Chaudhary 271
29. Prem Suman Jain 287
30. LuvKush Prasad Dwivedi 297
31. Depiction of Sumangali-Vadha in Early Terracottas
Prithvi Kumar Agrawala
305
32. Kiran Kumari Singh 316
33. Ramji Pandey 331

 

Item Code:
IDG296
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
1988
Publisher:
Department of Ancient Indian History Culture and Archaeology Banaras Hindu University
Language:
English
Size:
9.5"X6"
Pages:
365
Price:
$35.00   Shipping Free
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Preface:

The present volume contains about half of the papers submitted for the seminar on the Position and Status of Women in Ancient India organised under the auspices of the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, March 26th-31st, 1988; the remaining papers have been reserved for the second volume hopefully to be printed within the next two-three months. The second volume will additionally include also those papers which will be reaching us by the time of the seminar as well as the discussions on all the papers presented in the various sessions of the seminar.

The theme of the seminar was decided about two years back when the welfare of the women was being discussed in a meeting of the representatives of the various Governments of the world and the position and status of women in the Indian society was being vigorously debated on the national level in our own country. In the latter debate critical references were being made to the ancient period of Indian law-givers, particularly Manu, the author of the Manusmrti, the greatest of the Indian social philosophers. Therefore, it appeared necessary to look into our ancient literature and to review afresh the position and status of women in ancient India with a critical view-point and in historical perspective, so that the rise and decline in the position and status of women is properly and accurately delineated, causal factors and situations are properly identified, and the contributions of our ancient social philosophers to the growth and development of Indian culture, especially to the improvement or decline in the status of women is critically assessed. It is just a change, but a happy and significant one, that the problem has been taken up for a thorough discussion on the national level by the B. H. U. Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology where a scholar fifty years back had produced the first pioneering and monumental work on the same subject in 1938, viz. Position of Women in Hindu Civilisation by A. S. Altekar. During this intervening period of half a century much evidence in the form of literary works, inscriptions, etc. has come forth; new challenges from historians, adherents of a particular political philosophy and therefore having a typical vision, have been posed and new questions have been raised in the context of the swiftly changing social situations as well as the new social ideologies of the modern times. Another objective of the seminar has been also to assess and understand women's role in and contribution to the growth and development of Indian culture and its cherished values.

In this context it was felt obligatory to look at the problem from different angles, at various levels as well as areas, and to discuss it as thoroughly as possible. With this in view, eminent and active scholars from all the relevant academic disciplines functioning in the Universities were invited and involved to make the study broad-based and complete for arriving at scientific and reliable conclusions. Our invitations fetched rich response and scholars from all the concerned areas such as History, Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit, Tamil, Art, Philosophy, etc. have contributed their learned papers variously discussing the problem in respect of a period or region or basing it on the data available in a literary composition or in a group of such works. And barring only a few, most of the areas and points have been covered. Therefore, it is hoped that the two volumes comprising the seminar papers and the discussions thereon will make a welcome contribution to our knowledge of the subject.

Our ancient authors and social philosopher have all along bestowed maximum attention on the women, constituting the better half of human population and have always felt concerned with their condition in the contemporary social set-up. In the writings of these ancient thinkers as well as in the writings of modern scholars there appears to have been a conscious effort to analyse and identify the factors that contributed to the gradual decline in the condition and social status of women through the period of Indian history. The present seminar of a further joint-endeavour of a group of scholars in the same direction. And it is felt that the researches of these eminent scholars from different disciplines together present a much more clear and complete picture and also identify the various contributive situations and the causal factors. But it will be appropriate to delineate and account the contributions and achievement of this seminar only at the end of the second volume in the Retrospect.

 

CONTENTS

 

    Page
  Preface  
  By the editor v
  Abbreviations xi
1. Position and Status of Women in India in the Early Vedic Period
P. L. Bhargava
1
2. Position and Status of Women in the Age of the Liturgical Samhitas, Brahmanas and Upanisads (c. 1500 to c. 500 B. C.)
M. Srimannarayana Murti
8
3. Women in the Atharvaveda
A. K. Srivastava
33
4. Position and Status of Women in the Upanisads
T. R. Sharma
41
5. Position and Status of Women in the Sutra Period
Shubhra Sharma
47
6. Position and Status of Women in the Sutra Literature
Indu Deshpande
55
7. Property Rights of Women in Ancient India
N. N. Bhattacharyya
62
8. Position and Status of Women in the Ramayana
B. R. Modak
72
9. Position and Status of Women in India as Reflected from the Ramayana
G. V. Bapat
78
10. The Near-Incorruptibility of Woman: An almost Forgotten Chapter of Indian Culture
Harsh Narain
109
11. Contribution of Women to the Growth of Ancient Indian Culture
P. V. Parabrahma Sastry
119
12. Rights of Women in the Arthasastra
Susmita Pande
130
13. Status of Women in the Jain Canonical Literature
Asim Kumar Chatterjee
136
14. Position and Status of Women in the Jain Literature
J. C. Jain
142
15. The Position and Status of Women in Tamil Nadu during the Cankam Age (c. 300 B. C. to c. 200 A. D.)
P. Sourirajan
151
16. Women and Work in Ancient South India
Vijaya Ramaswamy
164
17. The Position and Status of Women as Reflected in the Gahasattasai and the Therigatha: A Comparative Study
Suneeti Dublay
174
18. "Rural-Urban Dichotomy" in the Concept and Status of Women: An Examination (From the Mauryas to the Guptas)
Chitrarekha Gupta
188
19. The Role of Women in the Social Life of India during c. 200 B.C.-c. 200 A.D.
R. N. Sharma
197
20. Women and Men Donors at Sanchi: A Study of the Inscriptional Evidence
Kumkum Roy
209
21. Women in Buddhism
Sudarshana Devi Singhal
224
22. Position and Status of Women in Kalidasa's Works
K. Krishnamoorthy
229
23. Position and Status of Women as Reflected from their Patronage to Temple Architecture
Harihar Singh
235
24. The Concept of Surasundari, Cult of Devadasi and Early Mediaeval Temple Sculpture
Asok K. Bhattacharya
248
25. Status of Women under the Imperial Cola Rule
N. S. Govindasamy
256
26. Public Women of Early Mediaeval Kashi and Kashmir-A Study of Source Material from Kashmir
Y. B. Singh
259
27. Position and Status of the Rural Women as Reflected in the Outpourings of Shri Venkatanatha of 1268 A.D.
R. Thirunarayanan
267
28. Rammurti Chaudhary 271
29. Prem Suman Jain 287
30. LuvKush Prasad Dwivedi 297
31. Depiction of Sumangali-Vadha in Early Terracottas
Prithvi Kumar Agrawala
305
32. Kiran Kumari Singh 316
33. Ramji Pandey 331

 

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