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Books > Hindu > Gods > Krishna > The Stories of Krishna – Part One (An Introductory Sanskrit Course for Children)
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The Stories of Krishna – Part One (An Introductory Sanskrit Course for Children)
The Stories of Krishna – Part One (An Introductory Sanskrit Course for Children)
Description
Introduction

Language is fundamental to a human being. For this reason, it is a primary element in education. Language is one of the greatest gifts that a child is given. How the child learns to speak is all important and will be determined by the examples the child is given. So the aim of the educator should be to present the child with the finest language. Linguists agree that one of the finest languages is Sanskrit. Sir William Jones, recognised as a founder of modern linguistics, said in l786.

"The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either; yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and the forms of grammar, than can possibly have been produced by accident."

The considerable benefits of studying the classical languages, Greek and Latin, have been known in the West for hundreds of years; indeed, in recent centuries some of the best education available in the world has been based upon them. However, Sir William Jones had discovered a classical language par excellence, more ancient than Greek or Latin, which had been preserved intact for thousands of years.

The word ‘Sanskrit’ means ‘perfected’, for its sound system and grammar are scientifically structured. It has even been put forward as being the most suitable language for use in computers (c.f. Knowledge Representation in Sanskrit and Artificial Intelligence ’, The A.I. Magazine, spring 1985).

Sanskrit also has one of the greatest literatures known to humanity. The Sanskrit epics, the ‘Ra1ncivana’ and the ‘Mahabharata’ are inspiring and fascinating. Children love these stories and enjoy the company of great and heroic men and women.

Notes for Teachers

PREPARATION

Before beginning this book children need to be fairly fluent in reading the Sanskrit script. They should also be able to write this script beautifully and take dictation of simple words (such as those in the first pages of this book) with something approaching accuracy. Of course, all this presupposes familiarity with, and ability in, Sanskrit pronunciation. It has been found that children with these skills can begin this book when nearing the age of seven years.

Practice in dictation of vocabulary and individual reading of letters, words, sentences and stories should carry on throughout the period of this book‘s use to maintain a good standard. For this purpose Appendices l and 2 should be used. This would ensure that the children are not relying on memory, which would normally be the case if they were reading their current story. Appendices l and 2 are for reading practice only and should not be used at this stage for translation. For this reason, words from these texts are generally not included in the vocabularies at the end of this book.

STORIES

By the time the stories are reached in this book, the teacher would do well to have familiarised him or herself with the tales of Krishna’s childhood, around which the book is based. These will be found in the 'Srimad Bhagavatam’, available in many translations, some expressly for children. Such familiarity will enable the teacher to tell the story naturally and simply just before it is met by the children in the Sanskrit version. As with most situations, it is best not to read from a book but rather to speak from a well funded memory and the inspiration of the moment.

Before a new story is begun, the new words should be practised orally over the course of several lessons. Words which the children have met before should also be practised again. Then the story should be read by the teacher, one sentence at a time, with the children merely listening and repeating the sentence after the teacher. The children should then be asked for a translation.

This process should be repeated over several sessions until the story is quite well known. A useful exercise at this stage is to read the story out with one word in each sentence left out. The children should be able to give the sentence back with the word replaced. It is worth mentioning that these stories lend themselves to being acted out.

WRITING

Up to this point the children would not have read the story themselves. Only now should they be asked to read from this book and then write a translation. Written translation work may be entered straight into this book, since it is essentially a workbook in which children write. When translating, they should first write the English meaning beneath each Sanskrit word and only then write the complete sentence when they have worked it out. In this way they are discouraged from writing the story from guesswork or vague memory.

In writing translations of individual words the children should include the preposition corresponding with the particular ending of the word (e. g., 'from Rama', 'in the house' etc,). Since in English no preposition is used for the object, it being known by word order alone, the children are asked to add ‘(2nd)’ after the English translation of the object of the sentence.

OTHER DETAILS

As the book proceeds, the singular forms of the noun Ram are gradually built up, case- ending by case—ending. The recitation of these forms, as given in English and Sanskrit, should be regularly practised up to the line which the children have reached.

The 'Stories 0f Krishna' comes in two books, this being the first of the two. Both parts together should take about four or five terms to complete.

Contents

Introduction v
Notes for Teachers vi
Preparation vi
Stories vi
Writing vii
Other Details vii
Key to Transliteration and Pronunciation viii
Chapter 1: Nouns 1
Exercises 1 to 5 3
Game: Sail to the King 12
Exercises 6 to 9 13
Puzzle 19
Chapter 2: Adjectives 20
Exercises 10 to 11 21
Chapter 3: Using Adjectives with Nouns 23
Exercises 12 24
Chapter 4: Verbs 26
Game: Spot the Verb 27
Exercises 13 and 14 28
Game: The Chariot Wheel 31
Chapter 5: Revision 32
Exercises 15 33
Chapter 6: The First Ending 35
Exercises 16 to 17 36
The Maze Game 39
Exercises 18 41
Children’s Names 42
Chapter 7: Calling Someone’s Name 43
Exercises 19 and 20 44
The Vocative Game 46
The Forms of Ram 47
Exercises 21 to 23 48
Chapter 8: The Second Ending 51
Exercises 24, 25 and 26 52
The Forms of Ram 57
Exercise 27 58
Story 1: ‘Krsna’s Mother, Yasoda, Sees all Things in His Mouth’ 59
Word Order 62
What Does Krsna See? 63
Exercise 28 66
Revision Box 68
Chapter 9: The Third Ending 69
Exercises 29 to 32 70
The Forms of Ram 75
Exercises 33 and 34 76
Story 2: ‘Yasoda Cannot Bind the Limitless Krsna’ 80
Chapter 10: More About Adjectives 84
Exercises 35 to 38 85
The Transport Quiz 91
Chapter 11: The Fourth Ending 102
Exercises 39 to 40 103
The Forms of Ram 107
The Fishing Game 108
The Word Tree Game 111
The Fourth Ending used with Namti and Dadati 114
Exercise 41 115
Story 3: ‘The Call of Krsna’s Flute 116
Appendices 124
1. Basic Reading Practice 125
2. Further Reading Practice 141
3. List of Words: English-Sanskrit 154
4. List of Words: Sanskrit- English 158

The Stories of Krishna – Part One (An Introductory Sanskrit Course for Children)

Item Code:
NAB784
Cover:
Spiralbound
Edition:
2005
Size:
12.0 inch X 8.5 inch
Pages:
162 (Illustrated in B/W)
Price:
$30.00   Shipping Free
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Introduction

Language is fundamental to a human being. For this reason, it is a primary element in education. Language is one of the greatest gifts that a child is given. How the child learns to speak is all important and will be determined by the examples the child is given. So the aim of the educator should be to present the child with the finest language. Linguists agree that one of the finest languages is Sanskrit. Sir William Jones, recognised as a founder of modern linguistics, said in l786.

"The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either; yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and the forms of grammar, than can possibly have been produced by accident."

The considerable benefits of studying the classical languages, Greek and Latin, have been known in the West for hundreds of years; indeed, in recent centuries some of the best education available in the world has been based upon them. However, Sir William Jones had discovered a classical language par excellence, more ancient than Greek or Latin, which had been preserved intact for thousands of years.

The word ‘Sanskrit’ means ‘perfected’, for its sound system and grammar are scientifically structured. It has even been put forward as being the most suitable language for use in computers (c.f. Knowledge Representation in Sanskrit and Artificial Intelligence ’, The A.I. Magazine, spring 1985).

Sanskrit also has one of the greatest literatures known to humanity. The Sanskrit epics, the ‘Ra1ncivana’ and the ‘Mahabharata’ are inspiring and fascinating. Children love these stories and enjoy the company of great and heroic men and women.

Notes for Teachers

PREPARATION

Before beginning this book children need to be fairly fluent in reading the Sanskrit script. They should also be able to write this script beautifully and take dictation of simple words (such as those in the first pages of this book) with something approaching accuracy. Of course, all this presupposes familiarity with, and ability in, Sanskrit pronunciation. It has been found that children with these skills can begin this book when nearing the age of seven years.

Practice in dictation of vocabulary and individual reading of letters, words, sentences and stories should carry on throughout the period of this book‘s use to maintain a good standard. For this purpose Appendices l and 2 should be used. This would ensure that the children are not relying on memory, which would normally be the case if they were reading their current story. Appendices l and 2 are for reading practice only and should not be used at this stage for translation. For this reason, words from these texts are generally not included in the vocabularies at the end of this book.

STORIES

By the time the stories are reached in this book, the teacher would do well to have familiarised him or herself with the tales of Krishna’s childhood, around which the book is based. These will be found in the 'Srimad Bhagavatam’, available in many translations, some expressly for children. Such familiarity will enable the teacher to tell the story naturally and simply just before it is met by the children in the Sanskrit version. As with most situations, it is best not to read from a book but rather to speak from a well funded memory and the inspiration of the moment.

Before a new story is begun, the new words should be practised orally over the course of several lessons. Words which the children have met before should also be practised again. Then the story should be read by the teacher, one sentence at a time, with the children merely listening and repeating the sentence after the teacher. The children should then be asked for a translation.

This process should be repeated over several sessions until the story is quite well known. A useful exercise at this stage is to read the story out with one word in each sentence left out. The children should be able to give the sentence back with the word replaced. It is worth mentioning that these stories lend themselves to being acted out.

WRITING

Up to this point the children would not have read the story themselves. Only now should they be asked to read from this book and then write a translation. Written translation work may be entered straight into this book, since it is essentially a workbook in which children write. When translating, they should first write the English meaning beneath each Sanskrit word and only then write the complete sentence when they have worked it out. In this way they are discouraged from writing the story from guesswork or vague memory.

In writing translations of individual words the children should include the preposition corresponding with the particular ending of the word (e. g., 'from Rama', 'in the house' etc,). Since in English no preposition is used for the object, it being known by word order alone, the children are asked to add ‘(2nd)’ after the English translation of the object of the sentence.

OTHER DETAILS

As the book proceeds, the singular forms of the noun Ram are gradually built up, case- ending by case—ending. The recitation of these forms, as given in English and Sanskrit, should be regularly practised up to the line which the children have reached.

The 'Stories 0f Krishna' comes in two books, this being the first of the two. Both parts together should take about four or five terms to complete.

Contents

Introduction v
Notes for Teachers vi
Preparation vi
Stories vi
Writing vii
Other Details vii
Key to Transliteration and Pronunciation viii
Chapter 1: Nouns 1
Exercises 1 to 5 3
Game: Sail to the King 12
Exercises 6 to 9 13
Puzzle 19
Chapter 2: Adjectives 20
Exercises 10 to 11 21
Chapter 3: Using Adjectives with Nouns 23
Exercises 12 24
Chapter 4: Verbs 26
Game: Spot the Verb 27
Exercises 13 and 14 28
Game: The Chariot Wheel 31
Chapter 5: Revision 32
Exercises 15 33
Chapter 6: The First Ending 35
Exercises 16 to 17 36
The Maze Game 39
Exercises 18 41
Children’s Names 42
Chapter 7: Calling Someone’s Name 43
Exercises 19 and 20 44
The Vocative Game 46
The Forms of Ram 47
Exercises 21 to 23 48
Chapter 8: The Second Ending 51
Exercises 24, 25 and 26 52
The Forms of Ram 57
Exercise 27 58
Story 1: ‘Krsna’s Mother, Yasoda, Sees all Things in His Mouth’ 59
Word Order 62
What Does Krsna See? 63
Exercise 28 66
Revision Box 68
Chapter 9: The Third Ending 69
Exercises 29 to 32 70
The Forms of Ram 75
Exercises 33 and 34 76
Story 2: ‘Yasoda Cannot Bind the Limitless Krsna’ 80
Chapter 10: More About Adjectives 84
Exercises 35 to 38 85
The Transport Quiz 91
Chapter 11: The Fourth Ending 102
Exercises 39 to 40 103
The Forms of Ram 107
The Fishing Game 108
The Word Tree Game 111
The Fourth Ending used with Namti and Dadati 114
Exercise 41 115
Story 3: ‘The Call of Krsna’s Flute 116
Appendices 124
1. Basic Reading Practice 125
2. Further Reading Practice 141
3. List of Words: English-Sanskrit 154
4. List of Words: Sanskrit- English 158
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