The mandala has an inner circle of lotus and outer circle of flames which protect the inner residence. Above the mandala Amitabha Buddha is seated on the top. The figures of Bodhisattva Kshitigarbha and Shadakshari Lokeshvara are on upper left and right corners, respectively. Exquisitely designed lotus flowers, leaves and clouds surround these figures.
In the center lower register of the thangka, celestial Buddha Amoghsiddhi sits on a lotus. In the lower left corner, Bodhisattva Manjushri and in the right, Akshobhya Buddha are seated on divine lotus seats in the rocky landscape.
Apart from the depiction of divinities, the foreground is filled with high peaks covered with snow, lakes and clouds etc. Two wrathful dragons are vertically depicted on each side of the middle ground. The composition of the painting conveys the beauty of black. It is said that Buddhists generally meditate on black thangkas to break the deadly grip of fear and hatred in order to attain wisdom and compassion. This thangka is very suitable for such meditation and worship.
Reference Alice Getty, The Gods of Northern Buddhism, Tokyo, 1962
B. Bhattacharyya, The Indian Buddhist Iconography, London, 1924 K.K. Dasgupta & Others (Ed.), Comprehensive History of India, Vol. III, Part II, PPH, Delhi, 1982