Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Sculptures > Dolls > Bharat Natyam
Displaying 1 of 19         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Bharat Natyam

Bharat Natyam

Bharat Natyam

Availability:
Sold Out
Specifications:
11.2" tall
Item Code:
CA70
Price:
$55.00   Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
Notify me when this item is available
Notify me when this item is available
You will be notified when this item is available
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Bharat Natyam

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 6528 times since 2nd Oct, 2008
There are six forms of Indian Classical Dance:

1). Bharatnatyam,

2). Kathak,

3). Manipuri,

4). Odissi,

5). Kuchipudi, and

6). Kathakali

All Classical dances have common traits, such as a common terminology with minor variations, training in the guru-shishya (teacher-disciple) tradition, performance on the basis of the Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Puranic themes. In spite of these similarities, there is so much distinction that each dance is identified separately. The costumes and ornaments of dancers are according to the dance form. Each Classical Dance has different music, instruments, gestures and gatis.

All Indian classical dances are based on the rules laid down by Bharatmuni in his monumental treatise, the Natya Shastra. What we now call Bharatnatyam is the strictly traditional and purest form of classical dancing that has survived in the southern part of the Indian subcontinent in spite of centuries of social and political upheavals. This 2000 years-old art is still fresh and fascinating as it must have been when it inspired the brilliant sculptors who have left perennial records of Bharatnatyam in the magnificent temples of Tamil Nadu.

The word Bharatnatyam is itself made up of three letters Bha, Ra, and ta, which stand for Bhaava, Raga, and Taala respectively. Bhaava means expression, Raga denotes musical modes, and Taala means rhythm.

Bharatnatyam is generally performed by females only. A Bharatnatyam performance consists of six items:

1). Alarippu: A Bharatnatyam recital usually begins with Alarippu, a short invocatory piece in which the dancer pays obeisance to the guru, the Gods, and the spectators. Alarippu literally means "flowering". The dancer begins with the anjali pose of adoration, followed by gesture-patterns of petal-like symmetry, and enchanting flexions of the neck and shoulders to the accompaniment of rhythmic syllables. These movements indicate the gradual flowering or opening out of the dancer's body (like a flower) in readiness for the ensuing items. Slowly the movement (gati) becomes fast (drut), and this moment is the finest in this shortest and simplest of Bharatnatyam sequences. On a practical level, this is something of a warm-up exercise for the dancer, and for the audience an opportunity to appraise her technical skill and polish. There are no expressions of bhava (emotion) in Alarippu. It is a nritta (dance without gestures).

2). Jatiswaram: Next item in a Bharatnatyam performance is the Jatiswaram. Jatiswaram is a more difficult item of pure dance (nritta) in which the performer weaves several patterns on a basic musical composition. Indeed, the word jatiswaram denotes a musical composition which follows the rules of the swaram (musical scales) and jati (unit of time). It is distinguished from other musical compositions by having no words of poetry (geet) in it. Because of this characteristic it does not express any bhava (emotion). It has no special mood, and its aim is pure aesthetic pleasure by the creation of forms of beauty through poses and movements in rhythm. With its continually changing rhythmic patterns, delightful diversity of musical phrasing, sculptural poses and swiftly changing steps, the Jatiswaram can be a thrilling item. The beauty of Jatiswaram is the presentation of the control over rhythm (tal) through tempo (laya), by the movements of major limbs of the body (ang-sanchalan) and feet (pada-sanchalan).

3). Shabdam: The item which follows Jatiswaram is called Shabdam. A Shabdam is a composition in Karnataka music. In Shabdam the dancer performs to a devotional song (bhakti geet) and introduces mime (performance by gestures). The miming is deliberately elementary and only the literal illustration of a theme is presented. The end sequence of this short number consists of pure dance (nritta). Shabdam has been rightly described as a "piece of abhinaya with a fringe of pure dance running all around it and between it." It is a delightful item of expressional dance (abhinaya) to the accompaniment of a song in praise of the glory of god (or a royal patron). A large number of Shabdams have been composed from time to time by various gifted composers in the Melattur village of Tanjore.

4). Varnam: After having introduced substantially all elements of Bharatnatyam, the dancer proceeds to render the Varnam, the most complex, interesting, and elaborate item in a Bharatnatyam recital. This piece-de-resistance is a challenge to the stamina of the dancer. It is an exposition of each element of this dance form, a complicated combination of nritta, nritya, and abhinaya with impressive rhythmic finishes known as teermaanams and jathis. Everything is worked up to an exciting climax in which bhaava, raga, and taala are all absolutely synchronized. The Varnam consists of the most complicated dance sequences creating an impression of beauty, grandeur, and profundity while depicting the changing moods of love for the Hero, who is none other than God. The literary contents of this musical composition are usually the description of many facets of a god, generally Vishnu or Shiva, lauding his majesty and splendor. The building up is slow and cautious, but once the dancer reaches crescendo, it invariably communicates a deep feeling of faith and adoration, coupled with the yearning of the human for the divine. The Varnam reaches its climax in the charanam or final part of the song in exquisite dance-patterns of great variety and beauty.

Varnam gives the dancer the freedom to improvise both on musical note as well as on the literary word. It calls for all the imginative faculties at the command of the dancer, giving her wide scope to show her talent and skill. The Varnam part in a Bharatnatyam recital is highly elaborative and can last about an hour and it is not provided with a musical interlude.

5). Padam: After the speed and excitement of Varnam comes the slow and languorous love-lyric or Padam in which the dancer gets full scope for revealing her mastery over abhinaya. All padams deal with the theme of love. The dancer is the heroine (nayika) longing for her hero (nayaka) symbolizing the longing in each individual soul for union with the divine. It echoes the view that 'the aim of all mystical eroticism is to create unity from duality.' Each phrase in a padam is interpreted in through facial expressions and hand-mudras. Separation (vipralambha), and union (sambhoga) are the two aspects of love that dominate this item in which the dancer can surrender herself to God, forget her own self in utter renunciation, and "begin to experience awareness of the highest truth."

The lyrical passages employed in the Padam are composed on the basis of the poetry (pad) of eminent saints and poets including Jayadeva, Sant Tyagraja, Raja Swati-Tirunal, Subramanyam Bharati etc.

6). Thillana: Thillana is the brisk conclusion to a Bharatnatyam recital. It is a dance of exuberant joy and intricate rhythmic variations set to lilting music in which the dancer abandons herself purely to the joys of rhythm and movement.

The Thillana is an item of pure dance. What the dancer had introduced in the Alarippu is fully developed here. It begins with movements of the eye, followed by movement of the neck, and then the dancer proceeds to the movement of the shoulders, of the erect torso, of the out-stretched arm-positions and of the innumerable standing postures, the leg extensions, and the pirouettes. All the tempos are used. The dancer personifies the sculptures at the Tanjur and Minakshi temples. In the last phase of Thillana, the dancer also performs abhinaya. The dance ends with the dancer surrendering herself to God.

Balasaraswati, the great Devdasi exponent of the dance, compared the Bharatnatyam recital to a grandly structured temple. "We enter through the outer hall (gopuram) of Alarippu, cross the half-way hall (ardhamandapam) of Jatiswaram, then the great hall (mandapam) of Shabdam, and enter the holy precincts of the deity in Varnam."

Passionate in utterance and richly sensuous in form, Bharatnatyam has a lofty philosophy behind it, and universal appeal. The miracle is that this most ancient and pure art-tradition has survived through nearly 2000 years. We are privileged to be spectators of this vital and vibrant art, which was once confined to the great temples of India.

This doll is a faithful reproduction of a duly bedecked Bharatnatyam dancer.

Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Related Items

Dances of India Odissi | Kuchipudi | Folkart of Andhra Andhra Natyam Folk Arts of Karnataka (DVD Video)
Dr. Mohana Krishnaswamy
Super Audio (Chennai) Pvt. Ltd. (2009)
50 Minutes
Item Code: ICL030
$23.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Mohiniyattam (DVD Video)
Dr. Deepti Omchery Bhalla
Invis Multimedia (2005)
49 Minutes
Item Code: ICG070
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Raga Sudha Rasa Jugalbandi: Sarod Samrat Ustad Amjad Ali Khan (Vol-IV) (With Booklet Inside) (DVD)
Ustad Amjad Ali Khan
Doordarshan Archives(2006)
58 min. 14 sec.
Item Code: IZZ304
$35.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Dancing Ganesha
Brass Statue
25.0 inch x 15.0 inch x 9.5 inch
14.5 kg
Item Code: ZAX35
$525.00
Backorder
Backorder
The Science of Bharata Natyam
by Saroja Vaidyanathan
Hardcover (Edition: 2015)
Kanishka Publishers
Item Code: NAL173
$35.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Balasaraswati (Her Art and Life)
by Doulglas M. Knight JR.
Hardcover (Edition: 2011)
Tranquebar Press
Item Code: NAE035
$35.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Mohiniattam: The Dance of The Enchantress
by Geeta Radhakrishna
Paperback (Edition: 2007)
G. R. Menon, Mumbai
Item Code: NAM165
$40.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Art of Kathakali
Item Code: IMD02
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Mohiniattam Adavus and Mudras
Item Code: NAL097
$40.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Bharatnatyam
by Dr Micky Verma
Hardcover (Edition: 2009)
Abhishek Prakashan
Item Code: NAG259
$50.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Rukmini Devi (A Life)
by Leela Samson
Paperback (Edition: 2014)
Penguin Books India Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: NAL837
$30.00
SOLD

Testimonials

I recently ordered a hand embroidered stole. It was expensive and I was slightly worried about ordering it on line. It has arrived and is magnificent. I couldn't be happier, I will treasure this stole for ever. Thank you.
Jackie
Today Lord SIVA arrived well in Munich. Thank you for the save packing. Everything fine. Hari Om
Hermann, Munchen
Thank you very much for keeping such an exotic collection of Books. Keep going strong Exotic India!!!
Shweta, Germany
I am very thankful to you for keeping such rare and quality books, DVDs, and CDs of classical music and even Dhrupad which is almost unbelievable. I hope you continue to be this good in your helpfulness. I have found books about rare cultural heritage such as Kodava samaj, Dhrupad and other DVDs and CDs in addition to the beautiful sarees I have from your business, actually business is not the right word, but for lack of a word I am using this.
Prashanti, USA
Shiva Shankar brass statue arrived yesterday. It´s very perfect and beautiful and it was very carefully packed. THANK YOU!!! OM NAMAH SHIVAYA
Mª Rosário Costa, Portugal
I have purchased many books from your company. Your packaging is excellent, service is great and attention is prompt. Please maintain this quality for this order also!
Raghavan, USA
My order arrived today with plenty of time to spare. Everything is gorgeous, packing excellent.
Vana, Australia
I was pleased to chance upon your site last year though the name threw me at first! I have ordered several books on Indian theatre and performance, which I haven't found elsewhere (including Amazon) or were unbelievably exorbitantly priced first editions etc. I appreciate how well you pack the books in your distinctive protective packaging for international and domestic mailing (for I order books for India delivery as well) and the speed with which my order is delivered, well within the indicated time. Good work!
Chitra, United Kingdom
The statue has arrived today. It so beautiful, lots of details. I am very happy and will order from you shop again.
Ekaterina, Canada.
I love your company and have been buying a variety of wonderful items from you for many years! Keep up the good work!
Phyllis, USA
TRUSTe
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2017 © Exotic India