In the Hanchi-in of the Taizo-kai Mandara, Juntei is portrayed as having eighteen arms, as represented in this work of art. The text Shichigutei-Butsubo-Juntei-Darani-Kyo describes the deity as having eighteen arms and a third eye. Another text Shichigutei-Butsubo-Juntei-Daimyo-Darani-kyo describes that " the color of her body is yellowish. Her magnificent garments are beautifully decorated. A girdle is tied around her waist. Of her eighteen arms the two principal ones hold a wish-fulfilling jewel while performing the namaskar mudra. Two other hands perform the abhaya mudra. The other hands hold the following: a flaming sword, a wheel of the Law, a rosary, a fruit, an axe, an elephant goad (ankusa), a vajra and a pendant (Japanese nyo-i hoto) a lotus, a vase, a rope, a ring, a conch shell, and a sutra box." Exactly as she is sculpted here.
Chundi was originally a solar deity, Ushas, the goddess of the dawn, or a metamorphosis of the sun. She wears a crown or a high cylindrical (or conical) tiara. She has a gentle expression, wears a robe covering both shoulders, and the arms are ornamented with many bracelets.
Bakshi, D.N. Hindu Divinities in Japanese Buddhist Pantheon, Calcutta, 1979.
Matsunaga, Alicia. The Buddhist Philosophy of Assimilation, Tokyo, 1969.
Sawa, Ryuken (or Takaaki). Art in Japanese Esoteric Buddhism (first English tr. by Richard L. Gage), New York and Tokyo, 1972.