Item Code: IDD915
Oxford University Press
Size: 8.5" X 5.5"
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Long acknowledged as a classic, this pioneering survey of Indian thought charts a fascinating course through an intricate history. From the Rig Veda to Rmanuja, Radhakrishnan traces the development of Indian philosophy as a single tradition of thought through the ages. Individual philosophers and their views are interpreted in the light of this broad argument. The author shows ancient philosophical texts at their best and relates them to contemporary issues of philosophy and religion. The prevent meaning and significance from being obscured by detail. Parallels between Indian and western philosophical traditions are regularly drawn.
This volume, a general introduction to Indian philosophy, covers the Vedic and Epic periods, including expositions on the hymns of the Rig Veda, the Upanisads, Jainism, Buddhism and the theism of the Bhagvadgita. Scholarly yet lucid, this book is an absorbing read for the general reader interested in Indian philosophy.
About The Author:
S. Radhakrishnan (1888-1975), distinguished scholar, statesman, and author, taught for many years at Oxford University before becoming the President of India in 1962. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1954.
Excerpts from Review:
'S. Radhakrishnan's Indian philosophy (first published in 1923) is the first substantial work, in modern idiom, on the vast corpus of Indian philosophical thought. Over the past decades it has acquired the status of a classic. There is still a great deal in it both for the young philosophy undergraduate and for the serious researcher.'
- Mrinal Miri,
North Eastern Hill University, (NEHU), Shilong, India
'The Work gives a clear and rational account of the highest conceptions of Hinduism [a] happy blend of Eastern conceptions with Western terminology.'
-Times Literary Supplement
|PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION||5|
|PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION||7|
|The spirit of the age - The Darsanas -Astika and Nastika - Sutra literature - Date - Common ideas - The six systems.|
|THE LOGICAL REALISM OF THE NYAYA||29|
|The Nyaya and the Vaisesika - The beginning of the Nyaya - Literature and history - Aim and scope - The nature of definition - Perception - Its analysis and kinds - Inference - Syllogism - Induction - Causation - Plurality of Causes - Asatkaryavada - Criticism of the Nyaya view of causation - Comparison - Verbal knowledge - Authoritativeness of the Veda - Other forms of knowledge - Authoritativeness of the Vedas - Other forms of knowledge - Aaitihya and Arthapatti, Sambhava and Abhava - Tarka, Vada, Nigrahasthana - Memory - Doubt - Fallacies - Truth, its nature and criterion - Theories of error - The Nyaya theory of knowledge examined - The world of nature - The theory of knowledge examined - The world f nature - The individual soul - Samsara -Moksa - Criticism of the Nyaya theory of soul and its relation to consciousness - Ethnics - Proofs for the existence of God - Conclusion.|
|THE ATOMISTIC PLURALISM OF THE VAISESIKA||176|
|The Vaisesika - Date and literature - Theory of knowledge - Categories - Substance - Soul - Manas - Space - Time - Akasa - Earth, water, light and air - The atomic theory - Quality - Activity - Generality - Particularity - Inherence - Non-existence - Ethics - Theology - General estimate.|
|THE SAMKHYA SYSTEM||248|
|Introduction - Antecedents - Literature - Causality - Prakrti - Gunas - Cosmic evolution - Purana - The relation between Purusa and Prakrti - The problem of knowledge - Jiva - Ethics - Release - God - Is Samkhya atheistic? - General estimate.|
|THE YOGA SYSTEM OF PATANJALI||336|
|Introduction - Antecedent of the Yoga system - Date and literature - The Samkhya and the Yoga - Psychology - The means of knowledge - The art of Yoga - Ethical preparation - the discipline of the body - Regulation of breath - Sense-control - Contemplation - Concentration - Freedom Karma - Supernormal powers - Theism of the Yoga -conclusion.|
|THE PURVA MIMASA||374|
|Introduction - Date and literature - The source of knowledge - Perception - Inference - Scriptural testimony - Comparison - Implication - Non-apprehension - Theory of knowledge: Prabhakara, Kumarila - The self; Prabhakara, Kumarila - Nature of reality - Ethics apurva - Moksa - God - Conclusion.|
|THE VEDANTA SUTRA||430|
|The Vedanta and its interpretation - Authorship and date of the Sutra - Relation to other schools - Brahman - The world - The individual self - Moksa - Conclusion.|
|THE ADVAITA VEDANTA OF SAMKARA||445|
|Introduction - Date - Life and personality of Samkara - Literature - Gaudapada's Karika - Buddhist influence - Anaalysis of experience - Causation - Creation - Ethics and religion - Relation to Buddhism - General estimate of Gaudapada's position - Bhartrhari - Bhartrprapanca - Samkara's relation to the Upanisads and the Brahma Sutra - Relation to Buddhism and other systems of philosophy - The reality of Atma - Its nature - Theory of knowledge - Mechanism of knowledge - Perception, its nature and varieties - Inference - Scriptural testimony - Refutation of subjectivism - Criterion of truth - Inadequacy of logical knowledge - Self-consciousness - Adhyasa -Anubhava - Scriptural authority - Higher wisdom and lower knowledge - Samkara and Kant, Bergson and Bradly - The Objective approach - Reality and existence - Space, time and cause - The world of phenomena - Brahman - Saguna and Nirguna - Isvara - Proofs for the existgence of God -Brahman and Isvara - Personality - Creation - The phenomenal character of Isvara - Being, not-being and becoming - The Phenomenality of the world - The doctrine of maya - Avidya - Is the world an illusion? - Avidya and maya - The world of nature - The individual self - Saksin and Jiva - Brahman and Jiva - Avacchedavada - Bimbapratibimbavada - Isvara and Jiva - Ekajivavada and Anekajivavada - Ethics - Charge of intellectualism and asceticism considered-Jnana and Karma-Karma and freedom - Moksa - Future life - Religion - Conclusion.|
|THE THEISM OF RAMANUJA||659|
|Introduction - The Puranas - Life - History and literature - Bhaskara - Yadavapraksa - The Pramanas - Implication of Ramanuja's theory of knowledge -God - The individual soul - Matter - Creation - Ethics and religion - Moksa - General extimate.|
|THE SAIVA, THE SAKTA, AND THE LATER VAISNAVA THEISM||722|
|Saiva Siddhanta - Literature - Metaphysics, ethics and religion the Pratyabhijna system of Kashmir - Saktaism - The dualism of Madhva - Life and literature - Theory of knowledge - God - Soul - Nature - God and the world - Ethics and religion - General estimate - Nimbarka and Kesava - Vallabha - Caitanya, Jiva Gosvami and Baladeva.|
|the course of Hindu philosophic development - The unity of the different systems - The decline of the philosophic spirit in recent times - Contact with the West - The present situation - Conservatism and radicalism - The future.|