वामे पुष्पपुटः पार्श्वे पादोऽग्रतलसञ्चरः ।
तथा च सन्नतं पार्श्वं तलपुष्पपुटं भवेत् ॥ 61-62 ॥
vāme puṣpapuṭaḥ pārśve pādo’gratalasañcaraḥ ||4-61||
tathā ca sannataṃ pārśvaṃ talapuṣpapuṭaṃ bhavet |
The first of the 108 karanas that describe the Tandava poses in Nāṭyaśāstra. It is used for Pushpanjali, offering of flowers to the divine. Left hand is the Puṣpapuṭa hand, holding the flowers to be offered. The back foot is in Agratalasañcara. The side of the back is held in Sannata (Nata). The right heel is raised, the weight of the leg rests upon the big toe of the right foot.
कुञ्चितौ मणिबन्धे तु व्यावृत्तपरिवर्तितौ ।
हस्तौ निपतितौ चोर्वोर्वर्तितं करणं तु तत् ॥ 62-63॥
kuñcitau maṇibandhe tu vyāvṛttaparivartitau ||4-62||
hastau nipatitau corvorvartitaṃ karaṇaṃ tu tat |
In the karaṇa, Vyavṛtta Parivartita of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the head leans slightly to the right. The hands are bent at the wrist and rest lightly on the thighs, facing outwards. The left foot is turned to the side and resting flat on the ground. The right foot is in a kunchita pose, heels raised and toes touching the ground.
शुकतुण्डौ यदा हस्तौ व्यावृत्तपरिवर्तितौ ।
उरू च वलितौ यस्मिन्वलितोरुकमुच्यते ॥ 63-64॥
śukatuṇḍau yadā hastau vyāvṛttaparivartitau ||4-63||
ūrū ca valitau yasmin valitorukam ucyate |
In the karaṇa Valitoru of Nāṭyaśāstra, the hands are held in of Śukatuṇḍa, where both hands make Vyavṛtta and Parivartita, like in the previous karana. The dancer stands erect, feet flat on the ground in sama. Legs are closed together and thighs in valita.
आवर्त्य शुकतुण्डाख्यमूरुपृष्ठे निपातयेत् ।
वामहतश्च वक्षःस्थोऽप्यपविद्धं तु तद्भवेत् ॥ 64-65॥
āvartya śukatuṇḍākhyamūrupṛṣṭhe nipātayet ||4-64||
vāmahastaśca vakṣaḥstho’pyapaviddhaṃ tu tat bhavet |
In the karaṇa Apaviddha of Nāṭyaśāstra, the left arm is held in front of the chest. Right arm is extended, in Śukatuṇḍa mudra, coming to rest on the right thigh, the palm turned inward. This pose is often used for representing a musician holding a musical instrument.
श्लिष्टौ समनखौ पदौ करौ चापि प्रलिम्बितौ ।
देहः स्वाभाविको यत्र भवेत्समनखं तु तत् ॥ 65-66 ॥
śliṣṭau samanakhau padau karau cāpi pralambitau ||4-65||
dehaḥ svābhāviko yatra bhavetsamanakhaṃ tu tat |
In the karaṇa Samanakha of Nāṭyaśāstra, the body is held naturally erect. Legs kept together, feet flat on the ground, in Samanakha. The arms hanging straight down by the sides.
पताकाञ्जलि वक्षःस्थं प्रसारितशिरोधरम् ।
निहञ्चितांसकूटं च तल्लिनं करणं स्मृतम् ॥ 66-67 ॥
patākāñjali vakṣaḥsthaṃ prasāritaśirodharam ||4-66||
nihañcitāṃsakūṭaṃ ca tallinaṃ karaṇaṃ smṛtam |
In the karana Līna of Nāṭyaśāstra, hands are held in anjali, with palms brought out in front of the chest in pataka pose. Shoulders are bent but the rest of the body - along with the neck, and legs - is erect and the head is held high. The sculpture in Thanjavur also depicts ganas joining in the dance around Shiva.
स्वस्तिकौ रेचिताविद्धौ विश्लिष्टौ कटिसंश्रितौ ।
यत्र तत्करणं ज्ञेयं बुधैः स्वस्तिकरेचितम् ॥ 67-68 ॥
swastikau recitāviddhau viśliṣṭau kaṭisaṃśritau ||4-67||
yatra tatkaraṇaṃ jñeyaṃ budhaaiḥ swastika recitam |
In this karana Swastikarecita, the body stands erect. Both the feet flat on the ground in sama pose, close together facing the front. The head, neck and the body are erect. The face is turned slightly to the left. The arms are in Recita and Āviddha gestures, crossing each other to form a Swastika. Then they are separated in a graceful motion and brought to rest on the hips. In the Thanjavur relief, two gaṇas are shown flanking their Lord.
स्वस्तिकौ तु करौ कृत्वा प्राङ्गमुखोर्ध्वतलौ समौ ।
तथा च मण्डलं स्थानं मण्डलस्वस्तिकं तु तत् ॥ 68-69 ॥
swastikau tu karau kṛtvā prāṅgamukhordhvatalau samau ||4-68||
tathā ca maṇḍalaṃ sthānaṃ maṇḍalasvastikaṃ tu tat |
In the karana Maṇḍalasvastika of Nāṭyaśāstra, the knees bent and jut out to the sides. Feet are flat on the ground in sama position. Two hands are crossed in swastika in front of the chest, palms facing upwards. Head is tilted slightly to the right. The lower half of the body is holding the Mandala Sthāna stance.
निकुट्टितौ यदा हस्तौ स्वबाहुशिरसोऽन्तरे ।
पादौ निकुट्टितौ चैव ज्ञेयं तत्तु निकुट्टकम् ॥ 69-70 ॥
nikuṭṭitau yadā hastau svabāhuśiraso’ntare ||4-69||
pādau nikuṭṭitau caaiva jñeyaṃ tat tu nikuṭṭakam |
In the karana Nikuṭṭaka of Nāṭyaśāstra, feet are kept in sama pose, flat on the ground. A gap is left between the two heels. Trunk bends at the waist. The two arms are held in line with the shoulders. Forearms are also bent, with the fingers pointing in towards the neck. Head is thrown backwards and is turned slightly to the left.
अञ्चितौ बाहुशिरसि हस्तस्त्वभिमुखाङ्गुलिः ।
निकुञ्चितार्धयोगेन भवेदर्थनिकुट्टकम् ॥ 70-71 ॥
añcitau bāhuśirasi hastastvabhimukhāṅguliḥ ||4-70||
nikuñcitārdhayogena bhavedarthanikuṭṭakam |
The karana Ardha-nikuttakam of Nāṭyaśāstra is similar to Nikuttikam, the previous karana. The difference liest in the more pronounced backward bent of the body from the waist upwards. Right hand is next to the ear while the left is on the chest. The hands are in ala pallava gesture. Samagadeva says if the Nikuttaka karana is done with limbs of one side rather than both, it becomes Ardha-nikuttaka.
पर्यायशः कटिश्छिन्ना बाह्वोः शिरसि पल्लवौ
पुनःपुनश्च करणं कटिच्छिनं तु तद्भवेत् ॥ 71-72 ॥
paryāyaśaḥ kaṭiśchinnā bāhvoḥ śirasi pallavau ||4-71||
punaḥpunaśca karaṇaṃ kaṭicchinaṃ tu tat bhavet |
The karana Kaṭicchinna of Nāṭyaśāstra is often used to suggest a sense of wonder to the audience. The head is turned slightly to the left. The shoulders are bent and Chinna is the undulating movement of the hips. Hands are in the pallava pose, where they are first brought together in pataka, wrists are loosened and swung sideways. This hand gesture transition, from pataka to pallava, is done many times. Feet are kept flat on the ground facing sideways. Heels are kept slightly apart.
अपविद्धकरः सूच्या पादश्चैव निकुट्टितः
संन्नतं यत्र पार्श्वं च तद्भवेअर्धरेचितम् ॥ 72-73 ॥
apaviddhakaraḥ sūcyā pādaścaaiva nikuṭṭitaḥ ||4-72||
saṃnnataṃ yatra pārśvaṃ ca tadbhaveardharecitam |
In the karana Ardharecita of Nāṭyaśāstra, lower body is in mandala sthana, knees are bent, and toes turned towards the sides. Left foot flat on the ground in sama pose. Right foot in kunchita pose. Torso bent to the left. Left hand (in the Thanjavur temple representation) is in front of the chest in Sūcimukha pose. The other hand is fully extended above the shoulders and moves freely.
स्वस्तिकौ चरणौ यत्र करौ वक्षसि रेचितौ
निकुञ्चितं तथा वक्षो वक्षस्स्वस्तिकमेव तत् ॥ 73-74 ॥
swastikau caraṇau yatra karau vakṣasi recitau ||4-73||
nikuñcitaṃ tathā vakṣo vakṣassvastikameva tat |
In the karana Vakṣaḥsvastikā of Nāṭyaśāstra, knees are bent sideways. Left foot in sama, flat on the ground. Right leg is crossing the left at the ankles forming the sign of swastika. Waist slightly lowered. Trunk is bent to the left. The arms are crossed in swastika in front of the chest, palms in arala mudra.
आञ्चितेन तु पादेन रेचितौ तु करौ यदा
उन्मतं करणं तत्तु विज्ञेयं नृत्यकोविदैः ॥ 74-75 ॥
āñcitena tú pādena recitau tu karau yadā ||4-74||
unmataṃ karaṇaṃ tat tu vijñeyaṃ nṛtyakovidaaiḥ |
In the karana Unmatta of Nāṭyaśāstra, the lower part of the body in Ardha-mandali, knees bent, feet facing sideways. The feet are in Añcita, their soles flat on the ground. Hands move in Recita. The Thanjavur relief represents Shiva’s right arm in pataka, left hand is bent in ala-pallava mudra and placed next to the navel. Face is turned slightly to the left with the head thrown back.
हस्ताभ्यामथ पादाभ्यां भवतः स्वस्तिकौ यदा
तत्स्वस्तिकमिति प्रोक्तं करणं करणार्थिभिः ॥ 75-76 ॥
hastābhyāmatha pādābhyāṃ bhavataḥ svastikau yadā ||4-75||
tatsvastikamiti proktaṃ karaṇaṃ karaṇārthibhiḥ |
The karana Swastika of Nāṭyaśāstra is the primary swastika pose. The arms are crossed in front of the chest. Face is turned to the left with the head thrown back at an angle. Legs cross each other in partial swastika near the shins. The right foot is in front and flat on the ground while the heel of the left foot is lifted off the ground and toes curled upwards. The knees are shown bent in a square formation.
विक्षिप्ताक्षिप्तबाहुभ्यां स्वस्तिकौ चरणौ यदा
अपक्रान्तार्धसूचिभ्यां तत्पृष्ठस्वस्तिकं भवेत् ॥ 76-77 ॥
vikṣiptākṣiptabāhubhyāṃ swastikau caraṇau yadā ||4-76||
apakrāntārdhasūcibhyāṃ tatpṛṣṭhasvastikaṃ bhavet |
In the karana Pṛṣṭhasvastika of Nāṭyaśāstra, body, face and head turned towards the right. Hands are thrown up and then brought down to cross each other in a Swastika position in front of the chest. Head tilted down. The left hand is in kaṭakā-mukha gesture facing up while the right is in patākā gesture, also facing up. The lower part of the body from the waist tends to swing towards the left. The feet also come together to form a Swastika using Apakrānta and Ardhasūcī Cārīs.
पार्श्वयोरग्रतश्चैव यत्र श्लिष्टः करो भवेत् ।
स्वस्तिकौ हस्तपादाभ्यां तद्दिक्स्वस्तिकमुच्यते ॥ 77-78 ॥
pārśvayoragrataścaaiva yatra śliṣṭaḥ karo bhavet ||4-77||
swastikau hastapādābhyāṃ tat dik swastikam ucyate |
In the karaṇa Dikswastika of Nāṭyaśāstra, the upper body turned to the right in a single movement. The arms are crossed at the chest in a Swastika pose. The lower part of the body is facing the front. The knees are bent and turned to the side. The right foot is flat on the ground in sama facing side, while the left crossing in svastika at the ankle has the toes on the ground, heel raised in kuñcita pose.
अलातं चरणं कृत्वा व्यंसयेद्दक्षिणं करम् ।
ऊर्ध्वजानुक्रमं कुर्यादलातकमिति स्मृतम् ॥ 78-79 ॥
alātaṃ caraṇaṃ kṛtvā vyaṃsayeddakṣiṇaṃ karam ||4-78||
ūrdhvajānukramaṃ kuryādalātakamiti smṛtam |
In the karaṇa alāta of Nāṭyaśāstra, the upper part of the body is bent to the left. After making the pose Alāta Cārī, the neck and the head are turned slightly to the right; and the hands are brought down from shoulder levelt. The right arm is bent and holds a trident at the level. The left is bent, facing the front at chest level and holds the patākā gesture. The leg movement ends in Ūrdhvajānu Cārī.
स्वस्तिकापसृतः पादः करौ नाभिकटिस्थितौ ।
पार्श्वमुद्वाहितं चैव करणं तत्कटीसमम् ॥ 79-80 ॥
swastikāpasṛtaḥ pādaḥ karau nābhikaṭisthitau ||4-79||
pārśvamudvāhitaṃ caiva karaṇaṃ tatkaṭīsamam |
In the karaṇa kaṭīsama of Nāṭyaśāstra, the upper part of the body is slightly bent and turned to the right. The right arm is at the navel and the left is placed on the hip, and the sides in the Udvāhita pose. The lower part of the body is down, with the knees bent sidewards. The feet move away from the swastika to apakrānta pose.
हस्तौ हृदि भवेद्वामः सव्यश्चाक्षिप्तरेचितः ।
रेचितश्चापविद्धश्च तत्स्यादाक्षिप्तरेचितम् ॥ 80-81 ॥
hastau hṛdi bhavedvāmaḥ savyaścākṣiptarecitaḥ ||4-80||
recitaścāpaviddhaśca tatsyādākṣiptarecitam |
The ākṣipta rēcitam of the Nāṭyaśāstra is the twentieth pose of Tandava. The lower part of the body below the waist is almost identical with previous karaṇa, kaṭisama. The left foot is flat in sama pose on the ground. The heel of the right is lifted with the toes stamping the ground as if almost standing on the toes. The knees are bent. The torso leans to the left. The right arm is raised, bent and in ala-pallava. The left is at heart, bent facing front in kaṭakāmukha gesture.
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, the left hand on the heart while the right moves up and down by the side. Accordingly, the hand moves out from the chest and is brought back again, in a Recita with Apaviddha gestures. The feet follow the hand movement.
विक्षिप्तं हस्तपादं च तसैवाक्षेपणं पुनः ।
यत्र तत्करणं ज्ञेयं विक्षिप्ताक्षिप्तप्तकं द्विजाः ॥ 81-82 ॥
vikṣiptaṃ hastapādaṃ ca tasaaivākṣepaṇaṃ punaḥ ||4-81||
yatra tatkaraṇaṃ jñeyaṃ vikṣiptākṣiptakaṃ dvijāḥ |
Karaṇa vikṣipta-ākṣipta is the twenty first pose of of Nāṭyaśāstra. In this, the knees bend and the body is lowered down. Hands are first thrown up. The legs follow the pattern. The hands are then brought down. This movement is repeated again and again.
स्वस्तिकौ चरणौ कृत्वा करिहस्तं च दक्षिणम् ।
वक्षस्थाने तथा वाममर्धस्वस्तिकमादिशेत् ॥ 82-83 ॥
swastikau caraṇau kṛtvā karihastaṃ ca dakṣiṇam ||4-82||
vakṣasthāne tathā vāmamardhasvastikamādiśet |
In Ardha-svastikarn, the twenty second karana, as defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra, the lower part of the body is in swastika, with the legs crossed; the left foot is in sama and the right in nikuñcita poses. The right arm is in karihasta pose and the left is on the chest. The head tilts to the left.
व्यावृत्तपरिवृत्तस्तु स एव तु करो यदा ।
अञ्चितो नासिकाग्रे तु तदञ्चितमुदाहृतम् ॥ 83-84 ॥
vyāvṛttaparivṛttastu sa eva tu karo yadā ||4-83||
añcito nāsikāgre tu tadañcitamudāhṛtam |
In Añcita, the lower part of the body is almost the same as in the previous karaṇa ardha-swastika. The left hand at the chest is thrown out and brought around near the nose. Bharata's Nāṭyaśāstra does not define the position of the lower body. It only speaks about the movement of the hands and says the same hand (kari-hasta) is extended and taken to the nose and should be in ala-pallava pose.
कुञ्चितं पादमुत्क्षिप्य त्र्यश्रमूरुं विवर्तयेत् ।
कटिजानुविवर्ताच्च भुजङ्गत्रासितं भवेत् ॥ 84-85 ॥
kuñcitaṃ pādamutkṣipya tryaśramūruṃ vivartayet ||4-84||
kaṭijānuvivartācca bhujaṅgatrāsitaṃ bhavet |
In Bhujaṅgatrāsita of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the left leg is placed on the ground in sama pose, while the right is lifted and is across the body to the left as in Naṭarāja images. The body is twisted to the right at the waist and so is the face. The right arm is at waist level in the pose of pushing or preventing something. The left hand is on the chest in patākā, palm facing in..
कुञ्चितं पादमुत्क्षिप्य जनुस्तनसमं न्यसेत् ।
प्रयोगवशगौ हस्तावूर्ध्वजानु प्रकीर्तितम् ॥ 85-86 ॥
kuñcitaṃ pādamutkṣipya janustanasamaṃ nyaset ||4-85||
prayogavaśagau hastāvūrdhvajānu prakīrtitam |
In the ūrdhvajānu karana of Bharata's Nāṭyaśāstra, the left leg is flat in sama pose; the right knee is raised above the chest. The right hand with its elbow on the raised knee holds a trident while the left is at the chest. The face has a gentle turn to the right.
वृश्चिकं चरणं कृत्वा करं पार्श्वे निकुञ्चयेत् ।
नासाग्रे दक्षिणं चैव ज्ञेयं तत्तु निकुञ्चितम् ॥ 86-87 ॥
vṛścikaṃ caraṇaṃ kṛtvā karaṃ pārśve nikuñcayet ||4-86||
nāsāgre dakṣiṇaṃ caiva jñeyaṃ tat tu nikuñcitam |
In karaṇa nikuñcita, the left leg is in the front, planted flat; the right is raised and bent at the back in vṛścika pose. The whole posture suggests a person running forward. The right arm is bent and is in front of the chest in śuka-tuṇḍa pose; the left is in kaṭakā-mukha held below the right hand.
वामदक्षिणपादाभ्यां घूर्णमानोपसर्पणैः ।
उद्वेष्टितापविद्धैश्च हस्तैर्मत्तल्ल्युदाहृतम् ॥ 87-88 ॥
vāmadakṣiṇapādābhyāṃ ghūrṇamānopasarpaṇaaiḥ ||4-87||
udveṣṭitāpaviddhaaiśca hastaairmattallyudāhṛtam |
The karaṇa mattalli of Nāṭyaśāstra suggests the pose of playing the percussion instrument, mattala. The legs are slightly bent and the feet are flat on the ground. Both the arms are extended Sideways as striking the mattala vigorously and the palm is in tripatākā pose; the fingers are shown pressing the sides of the drum. The chest is bent slightly forward; the head is turned to the left.
स्स्खलितापसृतौ पादौ वामहस्तश्च रेचितः ।
सव्यहस्तः कटिस्थः स्यादर्धमत्तल्लि तत्स्मृतम् ॥ 88-89 ॥
sskhalitāpasṛtau pādau vāmahastaśca recitaḥ ||4-88||
savyahastaḥ kaṭisthaḥ syādardhamattalli tatsmṛtam |
In ardha-mattalli, the right leg is almost in the same position as the previous karaṇa. The right hand is on the thigh; the left is raised above shoulders in ala-pallava. Bharata says the legs should glide and get separated. The left hand should wobble in rēcita; the right should be on the thigh.
रेचितो दक्षिणो हस्तः पादः सव्यो निकुट्टितः ।
दोला चैव भवेद्वामस्तद्रेचितनिकुट्टितम् ॥ 89-90 ॥
recito dakṣiṇo hastaḥ pādaḥ savyo nikuṭṭitaḥ ||4-89||
dolā caiva bhavedvāmastadrecitanikuṭṭitam |
In the karaṇa rēcita-nikuṭṭaka, the left leg is flat, in sama; the right is in kuñcita, the toes touching the ground. The knees are bent to form a square. The right arm is raised above the shoulder while the left is on the navel. The head is turned to the left. Bharata says that the right hand should flutter, the right leg should stamp on the ground, and the left hand should be hanging in dola hasta.
कार्यौ नाभितटे हस्तौ प्राङ्मुखौ खटकामुखौ ।
सूचीविद्धावपक्रान्तौ पादौ पादापविद्धके ॥ 90-91॥
kāryau nābhitaṭe hastau prāṅmukhau khaṭakāmukhau ||4-90||
sūcīviddhāvapakrāntau pādau pādāpaviddhake |
In the karaṇa pāda-apaviddhakam of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the left leg is flat on the ground while the other is in śūci. The knees are bent and form a square. Both the arms are in front of the chest in kaṭakā-mukha pose. The body is bent to the right with the face slightly tilted down.
अपविद्धो भवेद्धस्तः सूचीपादस्तथैअव च ।
तथा त्रिकं विवृत्तं च वलितं नाम तद्भवेत् ॥ 91-92 ॥
apaviddho bhaveddhastaḥ sūcīpādastathaaiava ca ||4-91||
tathā trikaṃ vivṛttaṃ ca valitaṃ nāma tadbhavet |
In valitam, the left leg is flat while the right is in śūci. The knees are bent to form a square. The right hand is extended above the shoulders in daṇḍa pose. The left is bent and is on the chest. The hand and the face are turned to the right. The hand in sarpa siras pose should be moved away from the body in apasrita, according to Nāṭyaśāstra. Similarly, the leg should be in śūci-pāda. The waist and body should be twisted in valita karaṇa.
वर्तिताघूर्णितः सव्यो हस्तो वामश्च दोलितः ।
स्वस्तिकापसृतः पादः करणं घूर्णितं तु तत् ॥ 92-93 ॥
vartitāghūrṇitaḥ savyo hasto vāmaśca dolitaḥ ||4-92||
svastikāpasṛtaḥ pādaḥ karaṇaṃ ghūrṇitaṃ tu tat |
In karaṇa ghūrṇita, the left leg is bent, the foot flat on the ground in sama pose; the right leg is bent and crosses the other leg in svastika with the back of the toes touching the ground. The right hand is rotated and brought to the side, in ghūrṇita. The left hand swings forward and backward. The feet gently unlocked from the swastika crossing.. The body is bent to the left gently; the face is turned to the left.
करिहस्तो भवेद्वामो दक्षिणश्च विवर्तितः ।
बहुशः कुट्टितः पदो ज्ञेयं तल्ललितं बुधैः ॥ 93-94 ॥
karihasto bhavedvāmo dakṣiṇaśca vivartitaḥ ||4-93||
bahuśaḥ kuṭṭitaḥ pado jñeyaṃ tallalitaṃ budhaaiḥ |
In lalita, the legs are in catura pose: the left leg is flat on the ground in sama and the right is in kuñcita. The right hand is folded and holds kaṭakā-mukha. The left hand is extended sideways in latā-hasta. There is a gentle tilt of the head. Bharata defines this karaṇa as follows. The left hand should be in kari-hasta and the right folded; the feet should repeatedly stamp.
ऊर्ध्वजानुं विधायाथ तस्योपरि लतां न्यसेत् ।
दण्ड्पक्षं तत्प्रोक्तं कर्णं नृत्यवेदिभिः ॥ 94-95 ॥
ūrdhvajānuṃ vidhāyātha tasyopari latāṃ nyaset ||4-94||
daṇḍapakṣaṃ tatproktaṃ karṇaṃ nṛtyavedibhiḥ |
In daṇḍapakṣa, the left leg is flat in sama on the ground with a deep bend of the knee. The right knee is raised up to the waist in the Ūrdhvajānu pose. The toes are pointing to the ground. The extended right hand, the latā-hasta, is placed on the raised knee. The left hand is folded and is in level with the shoulder. The palm, held in patākā, faces the front. The body above is bent to the right. The head is tilted to the right face, turning left.
भुजङ्गत्रासितं कृत्वा यत्रोभावपि रेचितौ ।
वामपार्श्वस्थ्तौ हस्तौ भुजङ्गत्रस्तरेचितम् ॥ 95-96 ॥
bhujaṅgatrāsitaṃ kṛtvā yatrobhāvapi recitau ||4-95||
vāmapārśvasthitau hastau bhujaṅgatrastarecitam |
In Bhujaṅgatrastarecita, the left leg is on the ground while the right is lifted and is across the body as in Naṭarāja images. The earlier bhujanga-trasita karaṇa is also in the same pose. Both the arms are moving towards the lifted foot. The body is also bent slightly forward and the face and eye follow the hands. The earlier karaṇa with a similar name showed the fear and warding off the snake; the present one shows a fluttering forward movement of the hands.
त्रिकं सुवलितं कृत्वा लतारेचितकौ करौ ।
नूपुर्श्च तथा पादः करण् नूपुरे न्यसेत् ॥ 96-97 ॥
trikaṃ suvalitaṃ kṛtvā latārecitakau karau ||4-96||
nūpuraśca tathā pādaḥ karaṇe nūpure nyaset |
In the karaṇa Nūpura, the legs are in square formation with the feet flat on the ground. The two arms are stretched above the shoulders like the wings of a bird. The two other arms are brought down by the side of the waist; the face is turned to the left.
रेचितौ हस्तपादौ च कटी ग्रीवा च रेचिता ।
वैशाखस्थानकेनैतद्भवेवैशाखरेचितम् ॥ 97-98 ॥
recitau hastapādau ca kaṭī grīvā ca recitā ||4-97||
In Vaiśākharecita, the feet are separated by two spans and facing out are in vaiśākha-rēcita pose. The knees are bent and the legs are in square formation. The right hand is on the chest in patākā pose; the left is extended to the side, little below the shoulder. The head is thrown back with the face tilted up.
आक्षिप्तः स्वस्तिकः पादः करौ चोद्वेष्टितौ तथा ।
त्रिकस्य वलनाच्चैव ज्ञेयं भ्रमरकं तु तत् ॥ 98-99 ॥
ākṣiptaḥ svastikaḥ pādaḥ karau codveṣṭitau tathā ||4-98||
trikasya valanāccaaiva jñeyaṃ bhramarakaṃ tu tat |
In bhramaraṃ, the legs are crossed in svastika, forming a square. The right hand is raised and bent; the palm is in ala-pallava; the left hand is bent and lowered with the fingers pointing towards the waist. The body and the face are almost straight.
अञ्चितः स्यात्करो वामः सव्यश्चतुर एव तु ।
दक्षिणः कुट्टितः पादश्चतुरं तत्प्रकीर्तितम् ॥ 99-100 ॥
añcitaḥ syātkaro vāmaḥ savyaścatura eva tu ||4-99||
dakṣiṇaḥ kuṭṭitaḥ pādaścaturaṃ tatprakīrtitam |
In the catura pose of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the legs form a square. The left hand is lowered to the waist and is in śūci, pointing. The right hand is folded and raised above the shoulder. This follows the previous one except the leg position, which is in square in this instead of being crossed and is a transition to the next stage.
भुजङ्गत्रासितः पादो दक्षिणो रेचितः करः ।
लताख्यश्च करो वामो भुजङ्गाञ्चितकं भवेत् ॥ 100-101 ॥
bhujaṅgatrāsitaḥ pādo dakṣiṇo recitaḥ karaḥ ||4-100||
latākhyaśca karo vāmo bhujaṅgāñcitakaṃ bhavet |
In Bhujaṅgāñcita, the right leg is raised and thrown across the body to the left in a bhujanga-trasita pose. The hand, folded, shows abhaya as in Naṭarāja images. The head is slightly turned to the back with the face looking to the left.
This popular pose is carved in the temples of Lord Sundarēśvara in the Madurai region. Bronzes of this pose are found in Madurai Minākṣi temple and the surroundings. While the familiar Naṭarāja pose is a creation of the Cōḷas, this pose was patronised by the Pāṇḍyas who adopted it from Bharata's Nāṭyaśāstra.
विक्षिप्तं हस्तपादं तु समन्ताद्यत्र दण्डवत् ।
रेच्यते तद्धि करणं ज्ञेयं दण्डकरेचितम् ॥ 101-102 ॥
vikṣiptaṃ hastapādaṃ tu samantādyatra daṇḍavat ||4-101||
recyate taddhi karaṇaṃ jñeyaṃ daṇḍakarecitam |
In Daṇḍakarecita, the left leg is stretched with the foot flat in sama on the ground. The lower body is twisted at the waist with the hip in the front; the right leg is bent, and placed on the ground about three-and-a-half span apart; the heel on the ground is in añcita; the body above the waist is turned to the front; the side is to the right. The neck, face, and head are turned and tilted at the back. The left arm is thrown up on the side like a daṇḍaka. The right is bent and is at the back. The forearm of the right hand holds the ala-pallava pose. Waist is twisted forcibly with the torso bent backwards.
वृश्चिकं चरणं कृत्वा द्वावप्यथ निकुट्टितौ ।
विधातव्यौ करौ तत्तु ज्ञेयं वृश्चिककुट्टितम् ॥ 102-103 ॥
vṛścikaṃ caraṇaṃ kṛtvā dvāvapyatha nikuṭṭitau ||4-102||
vidhātavyau karau tat tu jñeyaṃ vṛścikakuṭṭitam |
In Vṛścikakuṭṭita, the left leg is placed on the ground, with the foot flat in sama pose and the knee bent. The right leg is bent and raised up to the waist. This leg resembles the raised tail of a scorpion and hence vṛścika. Above the waist, the side of the body is bent to the right while the chest is raised up. Both the arms are folded in the front at the chest; the hands are in patākā hasta. The neck, face and head are turned to the left and tilted to the back.
सूचिं कृत्वापविद्धं च दक्षिणं चरणं न्यसेत् ।
रेचिता च कटिर्यत्र कटिभ्रान्तं तदुच्यते ॥ 103-104 ॥
sūciṃ kṛtvāpaviddhaṃ ca dakṣiṇaṃ caraṇaṃ nyaset ||4-103||
recitā ca kaṭiryatra kaṭibhrāntaṃ taducyate |
In Kaṭibhrānta, the right leg is flat on the ground and the left is agra-tala-sancara. The side of the body above is bent. The neck, face, and head are tilted to the right. Both arms are lifted to the side in daṇḍa-hasta resembling the wings of a bird. The emblems on the hands are not distinct.
अञ्चितः पृष्ठतः पादः कुञ्चितोर्ध्वतलाङ्गुलिः ।
लताख्यश्च करो वामस्तल्लतावृश्चिकं भवेत् ॥ 104-105 ॥
añcitaḥ pṛṣṭhataḥ pādaḥ kuñcitordhvatalāṅguliḥ ||4-104||
latākhyaśca karo vāmastallatāvṛścikaṃ bhavet |
Latāvṛścika pose of the Nāṭyaśāstra resembles a running person. The left leg is bent, the foot is flat on the ground while the right is raised unto the waist and bent at the back in vṛścika pose. The right hand is near the chest, holding śuka tuṇḍa gesture. The left arm is stretched above the shoulder in a latā gesture. The face is turned to the side with a slight tilt to the back.
अलपद्मः कटीदेशे छिन्ना पर्यायशः कटी ।
वैशाखस्थानकेनेह तच्छिन्नं करणं भवेत् ॥ 105-106 ॥
alapadmaḥ kaṭīdeśe chinnā paryāyaśaḥ kaṭī ||4-105||
vaaiśākhasthānakeneha tacchinnaṃ karaṇaṃ bhavet |
In Chinna, both the legs are bent, forming a square. Feet are planted flat in sama position, facing sideways and turned away from each other. The right hand is bent and placed on the thigh. The left is bent and raised on the side. The face and head are thrown back.
वृश्चिकं चरणं कृत्वा स्वस्तिकौ च करवुभौ ।
रेचितौ विप्रकीर्णौ च करौ वृश्चिकरेचितम् ॥ 106-107 ॥
vṛścikaṃ caraṇaṃ kṛtvā swastikau ca karavu bhau ||4-106||
recitau viprakīrṇau ca karau vṛścikarecitam |
In Vṛścikarecita, the left leg is bent and placed flat in sama on the ground while the right is lifted at the back and bent and raised like a tail of a scorpion. The body above the waist is almost straight with a slight swing to the right; the face and the head are thrown to the backside. The two arms are spread straight at the back like the wings of a bird.
बाहुशीर्षाञ्चितौ हस्तौ पादः पृष्ठाञ्चितस्तथा ।
दूरसन्नतपृष्ठं च वृश्चिकं तत्प्रकीर्तितम् ॥ 107-108 ॥
bāhuśīrṣāñcitau hastau pādaḥ pṛṣṭhāñcitastathā ||4-107||
dūrasannatapṛṣṭhaṃ ca vṛścikaṃ tatprakīrtitam |
The Vṛścika karaṇa resembles the previous one with one change: The arms are bent and placed on the shoulders. According to Bharata, the hands should be placed on the shoulders. The lifted leg should bend at the back like a scorpion and be held at a distance. The Tanjavur panel conforms closely to this prescription.
आलीढं स्थानकं यत्र करौ वक्षसि रेचितौ ।
ऊर्ध्वाधो विप्रकीर्णौ च व्यंसितं करणं तु तत् ॥ 108-109 ॥
ālīḍhaṃ sthānakaṃ yatra karau vakṣasi recitau ||4-108||
ūrdhvādho viprakīrṇau ca vyaṃsitaṃ karaṇaṃ tu tat |
In Vyaṃsita, the left leg is stretched and planted away from the body. The right is bent and placed to the right. The pose is like a hero drawing the string of a bow to discharge an arrow. It is called the ālīḍha pose. The left hand is straight in level with the shoulder while the right is bent and is at waist level holding a paraśu. The head is tilted back and the face is turned to the left.
हस्तौ तु स्वस्तिकौ पार्श्वे तथा पादो निकुट्टितः ।
यत्र तत्करणं ज्ञेयं बुधैः पार्श्वनिकुट्टितम् ॥ 109-110 ॥
hastau tu svastikau pārśve tathā pādo nikuṭṭitaḥ ||4-109||
yatra tatkaraṇaṃ jñeyaṃ budhaaiḥ pārśvanikuṭṭitam |
In Pārśvanikuṭṭaka, both the feet are bent and placed flat on the ground, one span apart but the toes facing the sides in the opposite direction. The chest above the waist is slightly expanded and bent turning to the right. Both the hands are crossed at the chest in swastika. The head is tilted backwards.
वृश्चिकं चरणं कृत्वा पादस्याङ्गुष्ठकेन तु ।
ललाटे तिलकं कुर्याल्ललाटतिलकं तु तत् ॥ 110-111 ॥
vṛścikaṃ caraṇaṃ kṛtvā pādasyāṅguṣṭhakena tu ||4-110||
lalāṭe tilakaṃ kuryāllalāṭatilakaṃ tu tat |
In Lalāṭatilaka, the left leg is placed on the ground with the feet flat in sama and the knee bent. The right leg is lifted up, bent and the toes virtually touching the forehead. The body and the waist are bent heavily to the left and the chest pushed to the front. The hands are held in añjali at the chest on the left side. The face and the head are tilted back.
पृष्ठतः कुञ्चितं कृत्वा व्यतिक्रान्तक्रमं ततः ।
आक्षिप्तौ च करौ कार्यौ क्रान्तके करणे द्विजाः ॥ 111-112 ॥
pṛṣṭhataḥ kuñcitaṃ kṛtvā vyatikrāntakramaṃ tataḥ ||4-111||
ākṣiptau ca karau kāryau krāntake karaṇe dvijāḥ |
In Krāntaka, the left foot is straightened and placed flat in sama on the ground. The lower body is twisted at the waist with the right hip and leg turned to the front; the knee is bent and foot placed two spans in the front flat suggesting forward movement. The side and the chest are turned to the front. The face and head are slightly bent facing the front. Both the arms are extended downward in latā hasta.
आद्यः पादो नतः कार्यः सव्यहस्तश्च कुञ्चितः ।
उत्तानो वामपार्श्वस्थस्तत्कुञ्चितमुदाहृतम् ॥ 112-113 ॥
ādyaḥ pādo nataḥ kāryaḥ savyahastaśca kuñcitaḥ ||4-112||
uttāno vāmapārśvasthastatkuñcitamudāhṛtam |
In Kuñcita, both the legs are bent at the knee forming a square. The left leg is in sama, flat on the ground while the right is in kuñcita, the toes touching the ground in tala sancara. The upper body bends to the right side. The face and the head are tilted to the right, the left arm is placed on the left thigh while the right is at the chest level, bent in ala-pallava pose.
प्रलम्बिताभ्यां बाहुभ्यां यद्गात्रेणानतेन च ।
अभ्यन्तरापविद्धः स्यात्तज्ज्ञेयं चक्रमण्डलम् ॥ 113-114 ॥
pralambitābhyāṃ bāhubhyāṃ yadgātreṇānatena ca ||4-113||
abhyantarāpaviddhaḥ syāttajjñeyaṃ cakramaṇḍalam |
In Cakramaṇḍala, the leg is stretched straight, placing the foot sideways in sama. There is a twist at the waist, the hip, and leg turned to the right and the right leg planted in front about three spans apart. There is the suggestion forward and swinging movement. The body above the waist is bent to the left; the face and the head are tilted to the right. The face is looking at the front. Both the arms are thrown down on the side in almost latā hasta, like a creeper.
स्वस्तिकापसृतौ पादावपविद्धक्रमौ यदा ।
उरोमण्डलकौ हस्तावुरोमण्डलिकस्तु तत् ॥ 114-115 ॥
svastikāpasṛtau pādāvapaviddhakramau yadā ||4-114||
uromaṇḍalakau hastāvuromaṇḍalikastu tat |
In Uromaṇḍala, both the legs are bent at the knees forming a square; the left foot is flat in sama pāda, while the right is in agartala-sancara forward movement. The body above the waist is almost straight with a gentle tilt to the right. Both the arms are bent and are at the navel level. The face is turned towards the right and the head slightly thrown back.
आक्षिप्तं हस्तपादं च क्रियते यत्र वेगतः ।
आक्षिओतं नाम करणं विज्ञेयं तत्द्विजोत्तमाः ॥ 115-116 ॥
ākṣiptaṃ hastapādaṃ ca kriyate yatra vegataḥ ||4-115||
ākṣiotaṃ nāma karaṇaṃ vijñeyaṃ tatdvijottamāḥ |
In ākṣipta karaṇa of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the knees are bent and the legs below are crossed in swastika. The dancer faces to the left while the left hand is on the thigh, the right is in śūci.
ऊर्ध्वाङ्गुलितलः पादः पार्श्वेनोर्ध्वं प्रसारितः ।
प्रकुर्यादञ्चिततलौ हस्तौ तलविलासिते ॥ 116-117 ॥
ūrdhvāṅgulitalaḥ pādaḥ pārśvenordhvaṃ prasāritaḥ ||4-116||
prakuryādañcitatalau hastau talavilāsite |
In the karaṇa Tala-vilāsita of Nāṭyaśāstra, the legs form a square with bent knees. Feet are planted flat on the ground, toes turned into opposite directions. The trunk is arched slightly. The face is turned to the right. The arms are at a shoulder level, bent at the elbow. The hands are brought next to the ears. The right arm is extending slightly away.
पृष्ठतः प्रसृतः पादौ द्वौ तालावर्धमेव च ।
तस्येव चानुगो हस्तः पुरतस्त्वर्गलं तु तत् ॥ 117-118 ॥
pṛṣṭhataḥ prasṛtaḥ pādau dvau tālāvardhameva ca ||4-117||
tasyeva cānugo hastaḥ puratastvargalaṃ tu tat |
In karaṇa argala, the legs are in the front and bent. The Nāṭyaśāstra says the leg should be stretched at the back two-and-half span apart while the hand should be in conformity with the leg movement. The right leg is stretched and placed about four spans at the back. The left arm is stretched to the front in level with the shoulder and is poised as if holding out a bow. The right arm is bent and is kept at the chest as if pulling back an arrow. The face is tilted back.
विक्षिप्तं हस्तपादं च पृष्ठतः पार्श्वतोऽपि वा ।
एकमार्गगतं यत्र तद्विक्षिप्तमुदाहृतम् ॥ 118-119 ॥
vikṣiptaṃ hastapādaṃ ca pṛṣṭhataḥ pārśvato’pi vā ||4-118||
ekamārgagataṃ yatra tadvikṣiptamudāhṛtam |
In the karaṇa vikṣipta of Nāṭyaśāstra, the legs are in square formation. The left foot is flat and is turned to the side. The right is in kuñcita with its heel raised and the toes touching the ground. The arms are stretched to the side like a shaft in level with the shoulders. The two hands are in perfect straight line. The body, face and head are straight.
प्रसार्य कुञ्चितं पादं पुनरावर्तयेत् द्रुतम् ।
प्रयोगवशगौ हस्तौ तदावर्तमुदाहृतम् ॥ 119-120 ॥
prasārya kuñcitaṃ pādaṃ punarāvartayet drutam ||4-119||
prayogavaśagau hastau tadāvartamudāhṛtam |
In the karaṇa āvarta of Nāṭyaśāstra, the legs are in a square formation. The left leg is flat on the ground in sama pose while the right is in kuñcita pose as in the previous karaṇa. There is a bent to the body in this pose. The right hand also bends at the elbow and is raised parallel to the head. The left hand is lowered down. The head is tilted to the right.
कुञ्चितं पादमुत्क्षिप्य पार्श्वात्पार्श्वं तु डोलयेत् ।
प्रयोगवशगौ हस्तौ डोलापादं तदुच्यते ॥ 120-121 ॥
kuñcitaṃ pādamutkṣipya pārśvātpārśvaṃ tu ḍolayet ||4-120||
prayogavaśagau hastau ḍolāpādaṃ taducyate |
In the ḍola-pāda of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the left leg is flat on the ground, in sama with knee bent at an angle. The right is stretched straight across as a shaft. The right and the left hands are also stretched and move towards the lifted foot. The body above the waist is bent to the front, and the head faces the lifted foot.
आक्षिप्तं हस्तपादं च त्रिकं चैव विवर्तयेत् ।
रेचितौ च तथा हस्तौ विवृत्ते करणे द्विजाः ॥ 121-122 ॥
ākṣiptaṃ hastapādaṃ ca trikaṃ caiva vivartayet ||4-121||
recitau ca tathā hastau vivṛtte karaṇe dvijāḥ |
In the vivṛtta karaṇa of the Nāṭyaśāstra, both the legs are bent and are placed flat on the ground in sama position. The whole body along with the legs are turned with the back towards the onlooker. The face is to the left side. The right hand is bent at the waist level while the left hand rests at the hip. The hands must be in rēcita.
सूचीविद्धं विधायाथ त्रिकं तु विनिवर्तयेत् ।
करौ च रेचितौ कार्यौ विनिवृत्ते द्विजोत्तमः ॥ 122-123 ॥
sūcīviddhaṃ vidhāyātha trikaṃ tu vinivartayet ||4-122||
karau ca recitau kāryau vinivṛtte dvijottamaḥ |
Vinivṛtta, the sixty second karana of the Tandava Vidhi as described in Nāṭyaśāstra, is also a bent leg posture. The left foot is in sama pose facing sideways. The right leg is in the kuñcita. The body is bent to the left side. The arms are held in kaṭaka pose, close to the pit of the arms. The face leans towards the left side.
पार्श्वक्रान्तक्रमं कृत्वा पुरस्तादथ पातयेत् ।
प्रयोगवशगौ हस्तौ पार्श्वक्रान्तं तदुच्यते ॥ 123-124 ॥
pārśvakrāntakramaṃ kṛtvā purastādatha pātayet ||4-123||
prayogavaśagau hastau pārśvakrāntaṃ taducyate |
In the karaṇa pārśva-krānta of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the left leg is planted flat on the ground while the right is lifted like in the classic Naṭaraja pose. The arms are bent with hands near the armpit in patākā pose. The body, neck, and face are facing the front. The kuñcita foot should be lifted, held on the side and stamped in front, according to Bharata. The hands should move appropriately.
पृष्ठतः कुञ्चितः पादौ वक्षश्चैव समुन्नतम् ।
तिलके च करः स्थाप्यस्तन्निस्तम्भितमुच्यते ॥ 124-125 ॥
pṛṣṭhataḥ kuñcitaḥ pādau vakṣaścaaiva samunnatam ||4-124||
tilake ca karaḥ sthāpyastannistambhitamucyate |
The karaṇa is known as Nisthambita or Niśumbhita. In this pose, the legs are placed about four to five spans apart, exhibiting a fast stride. The left arm is lowered around the thighs while the right is raised and is near the forehead. The face is turned to the left. The leg is bent at the back. The chest is thrust out and the hand is as if applying a tilak.
पृष्ठतो वलितं पादं शिरोघृष्टं प्रसारयेत् ।
सर्वतो मण्डलाविद्धं विद्युद्भ्रान्तं तदुच्यते ॥ 125-126 ॥
pṛṣṭhato valitaṃ pādaṃ śiroghṛṣṭaṃ prasārayet ||4-125||
sarvato maṇḍalāviddhaṃ vidyudbhrāntaṃ taducyate |
The sixty fifth karana is the vidyut-bhrānta of the Nāṭyaśāstra. The left leg is planted on the ground while the right is raised at the back as the tail of a scorpion vṛścika. Both the arms are bent and raised on the sides like the wings of a bird. The right side of the body is bent while the chest is raised up. The head is thrown back and face turned to the left.
अतिक्रान्तक्रमं कृत्वा पुरस्तात्सम्प्रसारयेत् ।
प्रयोगवशगौ हस्तावतिक्रान्ते प्रकीर्तितौ ॥ 126-127 ॥
atikrāntakramaṃ kṛtvā purastātsamprasārayet ||4-126||
prayogavaśagau hastāvatikrānte prakīrtitau |
In the karaṇa atikrānta of the Nāṭyaśāstra, both the right and the left foot are flat on the ground but are apart by about four spans suggesting a powerful forward movement. The body is twisted to the right and so is the face. The right hand is raised up to the head as if giving a slap. The left hand is down straight on the side.
आक्षिप्तं हस्तपादं च त्रिकं चैव विवर्तितम् ।
द्वितीयो रेचितो हस्तो विवर्तितकमेव तत् ॥ 127-128 ॥
ākṣiptaṃ hastapādaṃ ca trikaṃ caaiva vivartitam ||4-127||
dvitīyo recito hasto vivartitakameva tat |
In the karaṇa vivartitaka, as described by Bharata, the legs are bent and crossed in swastika. The right hand is bent and holds patākā while the left is extended by the side like a daṇḍa in line with the shoulder. The head is tilted back but faces the front.
कर्णेऽञ्चितः करो वामो लताहस्तश्च दक्षिणः ।
दोलापादस्तथा चैव गजक्रीडितकं भवेत् ॥ 128-129 ॥
karṇe’ñcitaḥ karo vāmo latāhastaśca dakṣiṇaḥ ||4-128||
dolāpādastathā caaiva gajakrīḍitakaṃ bhavet |
In Gajakrīḍitaka, the sixty eighth karana of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the left leg is stretched and firmly placed on the ground while the right is stretched to the front with over five spans gap in between. The left hand, according to Bharata, should be near the left ear in añcita. The right hand should be in latā-hasta. The body above the waist is twisted to the front. The right hand is extended down in latā-hasta swinging like the trunk of an elephant, while the bent left hand scratches the left ear of the elephant.
द्रुतमुत्क्षिप्य चरणं पुरस्तादथ पातयेत् ।
तलसंस्फोटितौ हस्तौ तलसंस्फोटिते मतौ ॥ 129-130 ॥
drutamutkṣipya caraṇaṃ purastādatha pātayet ||4-129||
talasaṃsphoṭitau hastau talasaṃsphoṭite matau |
In the sixty ninth karaṇa of Tandava, Tala-samspoṭita of Nāṭyaśāstra, the legs are placed three spans apart representing a sideways walking motion. The left leg is straight while the right is bent. Both the legs are flat on the ground. The body is turned to the right, so also the face. Both the arms are in the pose of clapping in front. In the Thanjavur relief, a fairly big gaṇa is dancing in front of Shiva.
पृष्ठप्रसारितः पादः लतारेचितकौ करौ ।
समुन्नतं शिरश्चैव गरुडप्लुतकं भवेत् ॥ 130-131 ॥
pṛṣṭhaprasāritaḥ pādaḥ latārecitakau karau ||4-130||
samunnataṃ śiraścaaiva garuḍaplutakaṃ bhavet |
The figure of garuda-plutaka suggests the flying movement of a garuda. The right leg is bent and planted on the ground. The left leg is also bent but raised behind the back to represent the tail feathers. Both the arms are raised up like the wings of a soaring bird. The face is turned to the right and raised high.
सूचिपादो नतं पार्श्वमेको वक्षःस्थितः करः ।
द्वितीयश्चाञ्चितो गण्डे गण्डसूची तदुच्यते ॥ 131-132 ॥
sūcīpādo nataṃ pārśvameko vakṣaḥsthitaḥ karaḥ ||4-131||
dvitīyaścāñcito gaṇḍe gaṇḍasūcī taducyate |
In the gaṇḍa-śūci-karaṇa of Nāṭyaśāstra, both the legs are bent forming a square between them. The left foot is flat in sama pose while the right is in śūci. The left hand is on the chest in ala-pallava while the right is raised up to the cheek in añcita. The torso is slightly bent to the front with the head casting its eyes down in nata.
ऊर्ध्वापवेष्टितौ हस्तौ सूचीपादो विवर्तितः ।
परिवृत्तत्रिकं चैव परिवृत्तं तदुच्यते ॥ 132-133 ॥
ūrdhvāpaveṣṭitau hastau sūcīpādo vivartitaḥ ||4-132||
parivṛttatrikaṃ caiva parivṛttaṃ tat ucyate |
The main aspect of karaṇa parivṛtta of the Nāṭyaśāstra is a complete turning around of the torso. The panel shows the back view. The left leg is flat on the ground while the right is in śūci, the toes touching the ground. Both the hands are raised.
एकः समस्थितः पाद ऊरुपृष्ठे स्थितोऽपरः ।
मुष्टिहस्तश्च वक्षःस्थः पार्श्वजानु तदुच्यते ॥ 133-134 ॥
ekaḥ samasthitaḥ pāda ūrupṛṣṭhe sthito’paraḥ ||4-133||
muṣṭihastaśca vakṣaḥsthaḥ pārśvajānu taducyate |
In the karaṇa pārśva-jānu of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the figure of the dancer on the Thanjavur temple walls is somewhat crude as it remains unfinished. The right leg is shown on the ground while the knee of the left is lifted up with the toe touching the ground in śūci. The bent right hand is in level with the shoulder. The left hand is stretched to the side lower than the shoulder.
पृष्ठप्रसारितः पादः किञ्चितञ्चित जानुकः ।
यत्र प्रसारितो बाहू तत्स्यात् गृध्रावलीनकम् ॥ 134-135 ॥
pṛṣṭhaprasāritaḥ pādaḥ kiñcitañcita jānukaḥ ||4-134||
yatra prasārito bāhū tatsyāt gṛdhrāvalīnakam |
In the karaṇa gṛdhrāvalinakam of Nāṭyaśāstra, the left leg is in a forward movement while the right is about four spans back. The arms are raised to give the impression of the outstretched wings of the vulture. The head is tilted back as the face is raised towards the sky suggesting an upward movement.
उत्प्लुत्य चरणौ कार्यावग्रतः स्वस्तिकस्थितौ ।
सन्नतौ च तथा हस्तौ सन्नतं तदुदाहृतम् ॥ 135-136 ॥
utplutya caraṇau kāryāvagrataḥ swastikasthitau ||4-135||
sannatau ca tathā hastau sannataṃ tadudāhṛtam |
The seventy fifth karaṇa of the Nāṭyaśāstra is named sannatam. The legs are crossed at the thigh with the legs straight, the right forward and the left at the back. The arms are bent and in the samputa-mudrā at the navel. The body, neck and face are straight.
कुञ्चितं पादमुत्क्षिप्य कुर्यादग्रस्थितं भुवि ।
प्रयोगवशगौ हस्तौ सा सूची परिकीर्तिता ॥ 136-137 ॥
kuñcitaṃ pādamutkṣipya kuryādagrasthitaṃ bhuvi ||4-136||
prayogavaśagau hastau sā sūcī parikīrtitā |
In the karaṇa śūci of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the left leg is flat on the ground in sama with a bend at the knee. The right, also bent, has its toes pointing to the ground in śūci pose. Both the arms are spread like the wings of a bird.
अलपद्मः शिरोहस्तः सूचीपादश्च दक्षिणः ।
यत्र तत्करणं ज्ञेअयमर्धसूचीति नामतः ॥ 137-138 ॥
alapadmaḥ śirohastaḥ sūcīpādaśca dakṣiṇaḥ ||4-137||
yatra tatkaraṇaṃ jñeyamardhasūcīti nāmataḥ |
In karaṇa ardha śūci of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the lower part of the body is similar to the previous karaṇa and so are the arms. The right hand is bent and placed on the thigh while the left is near the waist. The upper part of the body follows the previous karaṇa.
पादसूच्या यदा पादो द्वितीयस्तु प्रविध्यते ।
कटिवक्षःस्थितौ हस्तौ सूचीविधं तदुच्यते ॥ 138-139 ॥
pādasūcyā yadā pādo dvitīyastu pravidhyate ||4-138||
kaṭivakṣaḥsthitau hastau sūcīvidhaṃ taducyate |
In śūci-viddham, the left leg is planted straight on the ground; the right is in agra-tala-sancara (the forward movement). The right arm is placed on the thigh. The body is kept straight.
कृत्वोरुवलितं पादमपक्रान्तक्रमं न्यसेत् ।
प्रयोगवशगौ हस्तवपक्रान्तं तदुच्यते ॥ 139-140 ॥
kṛtvoruvalitaṃ pādamapakrāntakramaṃ nyaset ||4-139||
prayogavaśagau hastāvapakrāntaṃ taducyate |
In Apakrānta of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the body below the waist is twisted with the hip turned to the side. The right leg is in forward movement while the left is at the back, flat in sama pose. The upper body is turned to the front with the arms raised in patākā pose at an angle. The face and head are turned to the right. The karaṇa depicts twists at the waist, body and the neck.
वृश्चिकं चरणं कृत्वा रेचितौ च तथा करौ ।
तथा त्रिकं विवृत्तं च मयूरललितं भवेत् ॥ 140-141 ॥
vṛścikaṃ caraṇaṃ kṛtvā recitau ca tathā karau ||4-140||
tathā trikaṃ vivṛttaṃ ca mayūralalitaṃ bhavet |
The karaṇa mayūra-lalita of the Nāṭyaśāstra, resembles a pose of running. The left leg is in añcita (heel on the ground) while the right is lifted at the back as in vṛścika suggesting the plumes of a peacock. Both the arms are raised like spread out wings.
अञ्चितापसृतौ पादौ शिरश्च परिवाहितम् ।
रेचितौ च तथा हस्तौ तत्सर्पितमुदाहृतम् ॥ 141- 142 ॥
añcitāpasṛtau pādau śiraśca parivāhitam ||4-141||
recitau ca tathā hastau tatsarpitamudāhṛtam |
In the karana sarpita of Nāṭyaśāstra, the legs are in square formation. The right arm, stretched straight, is lower down while the left is bent and is raised up. The body is bent slightly to the right. The head is facing down. Both the feet are to be moved from the Añcita position and moved apart from each other. The head drags away in a graceful flowing motion while performing the Parivāhita gesture. Both the hands are maintained in Recita.
नूपुरं चरणं कृत्वा दण्डपादं प्रसारयेत्
क्षिप्राविद्धकरं चैव दण्डपादं तदुच्यते ॥ 142-143 ॥
nūpuraṃ caraṇaṃ kṛtvā daṇḍapādaṃ prasārayet ||4-142||
kṣiprāviddhakaraṃ caiva daṇḍapādaṃ tat ucyate |
The karaṇa Daṇḍapāda of Nāṭyaśāstra is often performed after the Nūpura Cārī. The hand is extended and whirled around in quick motion. For this pose, perform the Nūpura Cārī. After this, Daṇḍapāda Cārī should be is assumed. In this, the hand is in Āviddha and should be shown quickly. The foot that was earlier in Nupura cari should be stretched in Dandopada cari. The hand movement should be quick while maintaining the Aviddha pose.
अतिक्रान्तक्रमं कृत्वा समुत्प्लुत्य निपातयेत्
जङ्घाञ्चितोपरि क्षिप्ता तद्विद्याद्धरिणप्लुतम् ॥ 143-144 ॥
atikrāntakramaṃ kṛtvā samutplutya nipātayet ||4-143||
jaṅghāñcitopari kṣiptā tadvidyāddhariṇaplutam
In the Harinaplutam of Nāṭyaśāstra, Atikranta Cari is performed through a jump and the foot is made to fall on the ground with the other shank is kept in Ancita. After performing the Atikrāntā Cārī with feet, the dancer should jump and come back to a resting position. While the jump the shanks should be bent and thrown up in accordance with the pose. In this pose the dancer should jump up but ensure that while coming down, the shanks are first bent and then straightened.
डोलापादक्रमं कृत्वा समुत्प्लुत्य निपातयेत्
परिवृत्तत्रिकं चैव तत्प्रेङ्खोलितमुच्यते ॥ 144-145 ॥
ḍolāpādakramaṃ kṛtvā samutplutya nipātayet ||4-144||
parivṛttatrikaṃ caiva tatpreṅkholitamucyate |
In the karaṇa Prenkholitam of the Nāṭyaśāstra, perform the Dola Pada Cari, jump well and then land suddenly by turning the sacrum. After assuming the Dolāpāda Cārī there is a jump, followed by the Trika turn round, ending the movement in the Bhramarī Cārī before coming to rest. The dancer should jump and come down, turning about gracefully using the Trika movement.
भुजावूर्ध्वविनिष्क्रान्तौ हस्तौ चाभि ( धो ) मुखाङ्गुली
बद्धा चारी तथ चैव नितम्बे करणे भवेत् ॥ 145-146 ॥
bhujāvūrdhvaviniṣkrāntau hastau cābhi(dho)mukhāṅgulī ||4-145||
baddhā cārī tatha caaiva nitambe karaṇe bhavet |
In the karaṇa Nitamba, the hands move above the shoulders and then get lowered with fingers of the two hands close. The arms to be first thrown up and hands are positioned to have their fingers pointing upwards. The posture of Baddhā Cārī is to be observed with the feet. Arms go out in this movement. Fingers are kept facing the body while feet are kept in the Baddha cari pose.
दोलापादक्रमं कृत्वा हस्तौ तदनुगावुभौअ
रेचितौ घूर्णितौ वापि स्खलितं करणं भवेत् ॥ 146-147 ॥
ḍolāpādakramaṃ kṛtvā hastau tadanugāvubhau ||4-146||
recitau ghūrṇitau vāpi skhalitaṃ karaṇaṃ bhavet |
In the karaṇa Skhalita of the Nāṭyaśāstra the Dolapada Cari is is followed by Recita and Ghurnita. The feet are kept in a position of performing Dolāpādā Cārī. Hands with Recita gesture to be shaken and turned round, in the ghurnita movement, moving in harmony with the legs.
एको वक्षःस्थितो हस्तः प्रोद्वेष्टिततलोऽपरः
अञ्चितश्चरणश्चैव प्रयोज्यः करिहस्तके ॥ 147-148 ॥
eko vakṣaḥsthito hastaḥ prodveṣṭitatalo’paraḥ ||4-147||
añcitaścaraṇaścaaiva prayojyaḥ karihastake |
In the karaṇa Karihasta of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the left hand is to be placed on the chest. The palm of the other hand is twisted to perform Prodveṣṭita-tala. In this pose the palm is rotated to turn the face upwards. The feet are to be placed in the karana of Añcita.
एकस्तु रेचितो हस्तो लताख्यस्तु तथा परः
प्रसर्पिततलौ पादौ प्रसर्पितकमेव तत् ॥ 148-149 ॥
ekastu recito hasto latākhyastu tathā paraḥ ||4-148||
prasarpitatalau pādau prasarpitakameva tat |
In the karaṇa Prasarpitaka of the Nāṭyaśāstra, one hand should be in Recita and the other performing the Latā gesture. The legs are kept spread in the position Saṃsarpitatala. Feet are then moved in Talasañcara movement with the soles grazing the ground.
अलातं च पुरःकृत्वा द्वितीयं च द्रुतक्रमम्
हस्तौ पादानुगौ चापि सिंहविक्रीडिते स्मृतौ ॥ 149-150 ॥
alātaṃ ca puraḥkṛtvā dvitīyaṃ ca drutakramam ||4-149||
hastau pādānugau cāpi siṃhavikrīḍite smṛtau |
In the karaṇa Simha vikreedhitaka of the Nāṭyaśāstra, one foot moves forward in Alata and the other foot follows it. The hands move in synchronization with the feet. First perform the Alātā Cārī with the feet. One foot in Alata Cari is placed on the ground, the other one takes a quick step forward. The foot has to move swiftly and hands should follow the feet.
पृष्ठप्रसर्पितः पादस्तथा हस्तौ निकुञ्चितौ
पुनस्तथैव कर्तव्यौ सिंहाकर्ष्तके द्विजाः ॥ 150-151 ॥
pṛṣṭhaprasarpitaḥ pādastathā hastau nikuñcitau ||4-150||
punastathaaiva kartavyau siṃhākarṣitake dvijāḥ |
In the karaṇa Simhakarsita of the Nāṭyaśāstra,, the foot is extended backwards and the hands are Nikunchita. The same action is repeated again and again. One foot to be stretched backwards. The hands are to be bent in Kuncita and turned round to bring it to the front of the body. The hand is to be bent again in the final position.
अद्वृत्तगात्रमित्येतदुद्वृतां करणं स्मृतम् ॥ 151-152 ॥
udvṛttagātramityetadudvṛttaṃ karaṇaṃ smṛtam |
In the karaṇa Udvṛtta, the body, hand and feet are moved violently thrown up. Hands, feet along with the entire upper body are to be moved violently. After this the whole body is moved as if in the action of jumping and throwing something up.
आक्षिप्तचरणश्चैको हस्तौ तस्यैव चानुगौ
आनतं च तथ गात्रं तयोपसृतकं भवेत् ॥ 152-153 ॥
ākṣiptacaraṇaścaaiko hastau tasyaaiva cānugau ||4-152||
ānataṃ ca tatha gātraṃ tayopasṛtakaṃ bhavet |
In the karaṇa Simhakarsita of the Nāṭyaśāstra, get your feet in the position of Ākṣiptā Cārī. The hands should follow in harmony with this Cārī. The body is kept slightly bent.
दोलापादक्रमं कृत्वा तलसङ्घट्टितौ करौ
रेचयेच्च करं वामं तलसङ्घट्टिते सदा ॥ 153-154 ॥
ḍolāpādakramaṃ kṛtvā talasaṅghaṭṭitau karau ||4-153||
recayecca karaṃ vāmaṃ talasaṅghaṭṭite sadā |
In the karana Talasaṃghaṭṭita, Bharata asks to observe the Dolāpādā Cārī. The feet are in Dolapada Cārī, the two palms clapping and clashing with each other. The left hand is kept in Recita.
एको वक्षःस्थितो हस्तो द्व्तीयश्च प्रलम्बितः
तलाग्रसंस्थितः पादो जनिते करणे भवेत् ॥ 154-155 ॥
eko vakṣaḥsthito hasto dvitīyaśca pralambitaḥ ||4-154||
talāgrasaṃsthitaḥ pādo janite karaṇe bhavet |
In Janita Karana one hand is at the chest. One hand on the chest, the other hanging loose and standing on the tip of the toes of the feet. This position of the feet is in the position of Talāgrasaṃsthitā Cārī. This Cari is also called Janita to reflect its association with this pose.
जनितं करणं कृत्वा हस्तौ चाभिमुखाङ्गुली
शनैर्निपतितो चैव ज्ञेयं तदवहित्थकम् ॥ 155-156 ॥
janitaṃ karaṇaṃ kṛtvā hastau cābhimukhāṅgulī ||4-155||
śanaairnipatito caiva jñeyaṃ tadavahitthakam |
If the Avahittaka pose, action is performed with the fingers of the hands followed by their being gradually lowered. First assume the pose of Janitā-karaṇa. Raise both right and left hands with fingers spread out, facing each other,, and then let the hands fall slowly to their resting position by the sides. This pose is performed standing on the tip of the toes.
करौ वक्षःस्थितौ कार्यावुरौ निर्भुग्नमेव च
मण्डलस्थानकं चैव निवेशं करणं तु तत् ॥ 156-157 ॥
karau vakṣaḥsthitau kāryāvurau nirbhugnameva ca ||4-156||
maṇḍalasthānakaṃ caaiva niveśaṃ karaṇaṃ tu tat |
In the karaṇa Niveśa of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the two hands will be on the front of the chest which should be bent and drawn in as in Nirbhugna and the dancer should assume Maṇḍala Sthāna stance.
तलसञ्चरपादाभ्यामुत्प्लुत्य पतनं भवेत्
संनतं वलितं गात्रमेलकाक्रीडितं तु तत् ॥ 157-158 ॥
talasañcarapādābhyāmutplutya patanaṃ bhavet ||157||
sannataṃ valitaṃ gātramelakākrīḍitaṃ tu tat |
In the karaṇa Elakākrīḍita of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the feet are made to jump with the body being bent. jumping with Talasañcara feet and coming to the ground with the body bent and turned. Feet are kept in Talasancara. A motion of jumping up is made. While coming down from the jump the body should be bent and turned.
जङ्घाञ्चिता तथोद्वृत्ता ह्यूरूद्वृत्तं तु तद्भवेत् ॥ 158-159 ॥
karamāvṛttakaraṇamūrupṛṣṭhe’ñcitaṃ nyaset ||4-158||
jaṅghāñcitā tathodvṛttā hyūrūdvṛttaṃ tu tadbhavet |
In the karaṇa Ūrūdvṛttam of the Nāṭyaśāstra, perform Āvṛtta karana with hands. Using Vyavartita movement, bend the hands and place it on the thighs. Assume the pose of Ancita with the back of the thigh.
करौ प्रलम्बितौ कार्यो शिरश्च परिवाहितम्
पादौ च वलिताविध्दौअ मदस्खलितके द्विजाः ॥ 159-160 ॥
karau pralambitau kāryau śiraśca parivāhitam ||4-159||
pādau ca valitāviddhau madaskhalitake dvijāḥ |
Madaskhalitaka is the karaṇa where the hands hang down, head rolls and the feet perform the Valitaviddha. The two hands hang down, the head assuming the posture of Parivāhita. Both the right and the left feet are to be turned round in Āviddhā Cārī.
पुरः प्रसारितः पादः कुञ्चितो गगनोन्मुखः
करौ च रेचितौ यत्र विष्णुक्रान्तं तदुच्यते ॥ 160-161 ॥
puraḥ prasāritaḥ pādaḥ kuñcito gaganonmukhaḥ ||4-160||
karau ca recitau yatra viṣṇukrāntaṃ taducyate |
Viṣṇukrānta is where the foot is extended out in the front. The outstretched foot, stretched forward and bent as if on the point of walking, should be in Kuncita. The hands are lifted to face the sky in the manner of Recita.
करमावर्तितं कृत्वा ह्यूरुपृष्ठे निकुञ्चयेत्
ऊरुश्चैव तथाविद्धः सम्भ्रान्तं करणं तु तत् ॥ 161-162 ॥
karamāvartitaṃ kṛtvā hyūrupṛṣṭhe nikuñcayet ||4-161||
ūruścaaiva tathāviddhaḥ sambhrāntaṃ karaṇaṃ tu tat |
In the karaṇa Saṃbhrānta of the Nāṭyaśāstra, one hand does Avartan, using the Vyavartita movement. The hand then bends at the back of the thigh; while the thigh is in the formation of Aviddha.
अपविद्धः करः सूच्या पादश्चैव निकुट्टितः
वक्षःस्थश्च करो वामो विष्कम्भे करणे भवेत् ॥ 162-163 ॥
apaviddhaḥ karaḥ sūcyā pādaścaaiva nikuṭṭitaḥ ||4-162||
vakṣaḥsthaśca karo vāmo viṣkambhe karaṇe bhavet |
Viṣkambha is wherein the right arm is in the form of Apaviddha, moving away from the chest. The left hand is at the chest, close to the heart. Stamping action is performed with the feet held in Sūcī Cārī. Legs are kept in Nikuṭṭita.
पादावुद्धट्टितौ कार्यौ तलसङ्घट्टितौ करौ
नतश्च पार्श्वं कर्तव्यं बुधैरुद्धट्टिते सदा ॥ 163-164 ॥
pādāvuddhaṭṭitau kāryau talasaṅghaṭṭitau karau ||4-163||
nataśca pārśvaṃ kartavyaṃ budhaairuddhaṭṭite sadā |
In the karaṇa Udghaṭṭa of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the Udghaṭṭa feet variation is used. The feet are in continuous motion. The hands clap in Talasaṃghaṭṭita as sideways bending movements are performed.
प्रयुज्यालातकं पूर्वं हस्तौ चापि हि रेचयेत्
कुञ्चितावञ्चितौ चैव वृषभक्रीडिते सदा ॥ 164-165 ॥
prayujyālātakaṃ pūrvaṃ hastau cāpi hi recayet ||4-164||
kuñcitāvañcitau caiva vṛṣabhakrīḍite sadā |
In the karaṇa Vṛṣabhakrīḍita of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the dance movement begins with legs in the position of Alāta Cārī. The hands first assume the manner of Recita, and then Kuñcīta and Añcita are performed respectively.
रेचितावञ्चितौ हस्तौ लोलितं वर्तितं शिरः
उभयोःपार्श्वयोर्यत्र तल्लोलितमुदाहृतम् ॥ 165-166 ॥
recitāvañcitau hastau lolitaṃ vartitaṃ śiraḥ ||4-165||
ubhayoḥpārśvayoryatra tallolitamudāhṛtam |
In the karaṇa Lolita of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the hands are kept in Recita and Ancita; the head rotates as Lolitam. and the sides are to be used. Hands on the two sides to be Recita and Añcita, and the head Lolita and Vartīta.
स्वस्तिकापसृतौ पादौ शिरश्च परिवाहितम्
रेचितौ च तथा हस्तौ स्यातां नागापसर्पिते ॥ 166-167 ॥
svastikāpasṛtau pādau śiraśca parivāhitam||4-166||
recitau ca tathā hastau syātāṃ nāgāpasarpite |
In Nagāpasarpita, the feet are released and drawn back from the crossed Swastika position. Throughout this movement, the head is to be kept in Parivāhita and hands should be in Recita.
निषण्णाङ्गस्तु चरणं प्रसार्य तलसञ्चरम्
उद्वाहितमुरः कृत्वा शकटास्यं प्रयोजयेत् ॥ 167-168 ॥
niṣaṇṇāṅgastu caraṇaṃ prasārya talasañcaram ||4-167||
udvāhitamuraḥ kṛtvā śakaṭāsyaṃ prayojayet |
In the karaṇa Śakaṭāsya of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the body is at rest, stretched flat on the ground. The chest is raised in the manner of Udvāhita. Feet are to be kept in an advancing posture of Talasañcara.
ऊर्ध्वाङ्गुलितलौ पादौ त्रिपताकावधोमुखौ
हस्तौ शिरस्सन्नतं च गङ्गावतरणं त्विति ॥ 168-169 ॥
ūrdhvāṅgulitalau pādau tripatākāvadhomukhau ||4-168||
hastau śirassannataṃ ca gaṅgāvataraṇaṃ tviti |
In the karaṇa Gaṅgāvataraṇa of the Nāṭyaśāstra, the toes of the feet are stretched up. The soles of the feet are also turned upwards. The hands are in the pose of Tripataka, held facing down, fingers pointing downwards. The head is tilted in Sannata.
Your email address will not be published *
Email a Friend