The term ‘Mantra’ is made of two syllables: ‘Man’ and ‘Tra’, the former meaning ‘mind’ or ‘speech’, and the latter ‘to guide’ or ‘to protect’, that is, ‘Mantra’ guides and protects the mind and speech. The ‘Mantra’ is an articulated word. A ‘Mantra’ may have more words, but not occurring in grammatical sequence forming a sentence.
Without being communicable in terms of meaning, this ‘word’ connects the ‘sadhaka’ with the Brahmanda’, deity, or the object meditated on. Usually ‘Mantras’ are divine names preceded by ‘Bijaksharas’, the letters which are indeclinable seed-sounds. ‘AUM’, the monosyllabic ‘Bijamantra’, which by its three sounds A U M symbolises God’s three aspects – creation, preservation and destruction, is the source of all ‘Mantras’.
Similarly, all ‘Mantras’ end with, or have intermittent ‘Anushvaras’, a phonetic sound transcribed as a ‘dot’ – ‘bindu’, which is in Tantra the symbol of Shiva-Shakti, creative process, seed, and the creation. Thus, every ‘Mantra’ constantly draws its power from the Timeless Shiva and Shakti.
Other monosyllabic ‘bija-mantras’ are ‘hrim’, ‘shrim’, ‘krim’, and ‘klim’. ‘Hrim’ is the ‘bijamantra’ of Bhuvaneshvari representing female energy; ‘krim’, of Kali representing the power to create and destroy; ‘shrim’, of Lakshmi, representing abundance and multiplicity; and, ‘klim’, of procreative desire of Shiva as Kama representing joy and bliss. ‘Mantras’ are sometimes classified as male, female and neuter, the male ending with ‘hum’ or ‘phat’, female, with ‘svaha’, and neuter, with ‘namah’.
Q1. How many types of mantra are
main types of Mantras are
Bija (seed): can be used individually, and is
most often incorporated into Saguna mantras to invest them with a special
“seed” power. Correlate to the seven chakras and the main Hindu deities.
mantras invoke the forms of the individual deities or personalized
aspects of God. The recitation of the Saguna mantras gives rise to the actual
form of the particular deity, manifesting its power.
Nirguna: mantras originate from the Vedic
texts and are the oldest of the three. No deities or personalized aspects of
God are invoked, they don’t have any specific form
Q2. How do mantras work
of Mantras creates thought-energy waves, and the organism vibrates in tune with
the energy and spiritual appeal of a chant. Scientists say that when a mantra
is chanted rhythmically, it creates a neuro-linguistic effect. Such an effect
occurs even if the meaning of the mantra is not known.
chanting appears to increase endogenous neural oscillations in the
low-frequency delta-band, especially in the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC).
This brain region shows the largest decrease in centrality during religious chanting
in a highly-trained meditator. Chanting can help synchronize the left and right
sides of the brain and promote relaxing (alpha) brain waves.
Q3. How many times should you repeat
recite a mantra 108 times brings harmony with the vibrations of the universe.
Famous mathematicians of Vedic culture saw 108 as some of the completeness of
presence. Ayurveda says that we have 108 marma points (vital points of life
forces) in our bodies. Thus all mantras are chanted 108 times because each chant
represents a journey from our material self toward our highest spiritual self.
Each chant is believed to bring us 1 unit closer to our god within. The natural
difference between the Sun and the Moon to Earth is 108 times their diameters,
thus the number interfaces them.
Q4. Why is mantra so important?
has the power to soothe anxiety and create joyous feelings. The sound
vibrations produced during mantra chanting stimulate and balance the chakras
(energy centers of the body). Mantra meditation has been linked to calm
concentration and quiescence of the mental chatter, to deep absorption and
mystical states. Each mantra invokes a precise power and is used for very
specific purposes: spiritual power, the healing of diseases, for the attainment
of worldly desires. The power of mantra yoga comes from its ability to stop
negative thought loops, focus our minds, and transform the quality and nature
of our consciousness.
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