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Basic Principles Of Ayurveda

Item Code: IDE039
Author: Sadguru Vasant B Athavale
Publisher: Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan
Language: English
Edition: 2013
ISBN: 9788170841364
Pages: 333
Cover: Paperback
Other Details 8.8" X 5.8"
Weight 380 gm
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Book Description

Science is advancing by leap and bounds. With recent scientific advance, our understanding of Universe as well as of man is much better today. However, more we know about the intricacies of human life, more we realise how much more we are yet of know. Student of Modern medicine can rattle how much more we are yet to know. Student of Modern medicine can rattle out the functions of various organs like heart, kidneys, liver, brain etc. very well. However, if he is asked a simple question viz. What is the function of man? He is taken aback.

From time immemorial, Ayurveda has given guidelines and will continue to give guidelines to mankind about the art of living, science of health and philosophy of life. Ayurveda has studied man in relation to the Universe and has come to the scientific conclusion that man is the epitome of Universe. All objects in the Universe right from energy particules to huge celestial bodies and from microbes to man are derived from the same basic elements. Maintaining the constancy of the physical as well as biological elements in the body, i.e. milieu interior constitute the basic function of physicians.

Ayurveda, the science of life aims at attainting ideal physical, mental and spiritual health. One can acquire physical health by following svasthavritta, i.e. daily and seasonal regimen. One can develop strong mind by following sadvritta, i.e. rules of good conduct. One can attain spiritual health by understanding the true nature of self and his relation to the Universe as well as by developing a philosophical attitude.

The basic principles of Ayurveda are eternal truths, as they are based on sound scientific facts. Understanding the basic principles of Ayurveda will not only help mankind to live a better life, but will also help all the present as well as future scientists and research workers in understanding and unraveling the mysteries and intricacies of human life in a better way.

'The mind is the man' so says Bacon. Human mind has mysteries powers. Mind has no limit or bounds for its development. It is up to us to develop or degrade our mind. It can convert an enemy into a friend, a moment into years, a hell into heaven and man into Almighty. The philosophy of Ayurveda stresses the importance of utilising mind, the most powerful instrument of man as given in the following prayer:

From unreal, lead me to the real


From darkness, lead me to light

Form ignorance, lead me to knowledge

From death, lead me to immortality


Back of Book

From time immemorial Ayurveda has given guidelines and will continue to give guidelines to mankind about the art of living, science of health and philosophy of life. The basic principles of Ayurveda are sound and eternal.

This book gives in detail definitions of Ayurveda, healthy mind and life. It also gives origin and aims of Ayurveda and life. It gives philosophy of Ayurveda and qualities of ideal physician. Ayurveda classifies all the structural and functional molecules of all the cells in the body into vata, pitta and kapha molecules. The balanced state of these molecules gives rise to health while an imbalanced state results in disease. Depending on the dominance, the physical constitution is classified as vastaja, pittaja and kaphaja all of which are diseased constitutions. The balanced state is called as samaprakriti, i.e. healthy constitution. The causes of increase in vita, pitta and kapha molecules which result in different disease and their treatment is described in detail in this book.

Ayurveda classifies psychological constitution into sattvik, rajas and tamas and guidelines are given as to how to attain a healthy state which is termed as trigunateeta.

This book also gives the details of various tissues like blood, muscles, etc. It mentions the causes and disorders of tissues and diet and medicines to improve the qualities of tissues.

It describes the characteristic of urine and stools of a healthy person. It mentions as to how examination of urine and stools was undertaken in ancient days This book gives guidelines for maintaining the healthy state of vata, pitta and kapha molecules, various tissues and waste products in the body which will result in health and happiness.




  Acknowledgements viii
  Preface ix
1 Ayurveda 1
  Definition of Ayurveda 1
  Childhood 2
  Age 3
  Sex 6
  Healthy Mind 6
  Definition of life 7
  Aims of Life 8
  Useful Life 8
  Life Span 9
  The Primary Instincts and the Goals of Life 9
  Purpose of Study of Medicine 10
  Origin of Ayurved 11
        (a) Charaka Samhita 12
        (b) Sushruta Samhita 13
        (c) Kashyapa Samhita 14
        (d) Rasatantra 14
  Base of Ayurveda 15
  Aims of Ayurveda 16
  Specialities in Ayurveda


2. Man and Universe 29
  Vaisheshika Philosophy 31
  Sankhya Theory 38
        (a) Satkaryavada 41
        (b) Parinamavada 41
  Vedanta Philosophy 42
        (a) Vivaratavada 45
        (b) Ajatavada


3. Philosophy and Goals of Ayurveda 50
  Role of Ayurveda


4. Medical Education and Ideal Physician 51
  Selection of Text Books 56
  Selection of Teacher 57
  Student 57
  Medical Student 58
  Physician 59
  Consultant 60
  Teacher 61
  Research Worker 62
  Learned Man 63


5. Origin of Various Constituents and Quality of Body and Mind 68
  Embryological Development of Various Organs


6. Psychological Constitution 75
  Sattva-Rajas-Tamas 75
  Tamasa Constitution 76
        (a) Pashava Sattva 76
        (b) Matsya sattva 76
        (c) Vanaspatya sattva 76
  Rajasa Constitution 76
        (a) Asura sattva 76
        (b) Rakshasa sattva 77
        (c) Pishacha sattva 77
        (d) Sarpa sattva 77
        (e) Preta sattva 77
        (f) Shakuna sattva 77
  Sattvika Constitution 78
        (a) Brahma sattva 78
        (b) Arsha sattva 78
        (c) Indra sattva 78
        (d) Yama sattva 79
        (e) Varuna sattva 79
        (f) Kubera Sattva 79
        (g) Gandharva sattva 79
  Trigunatita 80
  Ideal person - Purushottama 80
  Diet and Mental Activity of Brain


7. The Five Basic Elements - Panchamahabhutas 91
  Panchabhautika Constitution


8. Origin of the Basic Biological Elements 106
  Gross Elements and their Pentads 107
  Formation of Vata, Pitta and Kapha as Molecules 109
  Vata, Pitta and Kapha as Molecular Dhatus, Doshas and Malas 113
  Law of Similars


9. Biological Elements - Vata, Pitta and Kapha 118
  Kapha 119
        Kledaka 120
        Avalambaka 120
        Bodhaka 121
        Tarpaka 121
        Shleshmaka 121
  Vata 121
        Prana 123
        Udana 123
        Vyana 123
        Samana 124
        Apana 124
  Pitta 124
        Pachaka 126
        Ranjaka 126
        Sadhaka 126
        Alochaka 126


10. Constitution - Prakriti (Based on Tridoshas) 139
  Vata Constitution 140
  Pitta Constitution 141
  Kapha Constitution 142
  Sama Constitution


11. Increase or Decease in Vata, Pitta and Kapha 158
  Causes 158
  Clinical Manifestation 162
  Doshas and Diet


12. Permutations and Combinations of Doshas


13. Manifestations of Diseases caused by three Doshas


14. Tridosha Theory and Modern Medicine


15. Tissues - Dhatus 205
  Khala Kapota Nyaya Theory 205
  Kedara Kulya Theory 206
  Kshira-Dadhi-Nyaya Theory 206
  Formation of Higher Tissues 208
  Rasa - Body Fluids 208
        Stanya - Breast Milk 214
        Artava or Raja - Menstrual Discharge 214
  Rakta - Bood 218
  Mansa Dhatu - Muscular Tissue 221
        Vasa - Fat of Muscles 224
        Tvacha - Skin 224
  Meda Dhatu - Adipose Tissue 226
        Sira - Lymphatic Vessels 230
        Snayu - Tendons 230
        Sveda - Sweat 230
  Asthi - Bones 231
        Nails 234
        Hair 234
  Majja - Nervous Tissue and Bone Marrow 234
  Shukra - Generative Tissue 237
        Vitiated Semen 239
        Oja - Energy Fluid 242
        Tissue Tonics 244
        Dhatusara - Tissues of Good Qualities 248
  Sattvasara - Person with Ideal Mind 249
  Sarvasara - Person with all Tissues of Ideal Qualities


16. Waste Products - Mala 295
  Urine 296
  Examination of Urine 298
  Purisha - Faeces 301
  Examination of Stools


17. Dosha, Dhatu and Mala 313
  Vata, Pitta and Kapha as Molecular Dhatus, Doshas and Malas 314


Sample Pages

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