Kalidasa: Essays and Translations consists of Sri Aurobindo's surviving work on the classical Sanskrit poet Kalidasa. The essays, all from the period 1898 - 1903, were written as chapters for a book- length study that was meant to cover Kalidasa's entire oeuvre. It will be seen from Sri Aurobindo's sketch of the contents (reproduced on page 3) that he worked on less than half of the proposed seventeen chapters. He published only two of the essays during his lifetime; the rest are reproduced from his manuscripts. The complete translation of the Vikramorvasiya and the partial translation of the Malavikagnimitra also were done around the turn of the century. The partial translation of the Kumarasambhava is from the period 1916-18, while the fragmentary translations are from various periods. The editors have added, in an appendix, a passage from Sri Aurobindo's Defence of Indian Culture dealing with Kalidasa.
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