The major concern of the Indian novelist in the 'thirties was social change. Between Gandhism and Socialism, various shades of reform and revolution were advocated by creative writers. In Hindi and Urdu, Prem Chand Stands out as the most outstanding figure whose novels and stories depict with moving realism the tragic plight of the Indian peasant.
Himself nurtured in the hard school of struggle against poverty and injustice, he drew the raw material of the twelve novels and 300 short stories he wrote from his experience and close observation of life in the region of north India where he lived and worked. He also translated into Hindi from Tolstoy and Galsworthy, Sadi and Maupassant. He had read Dickens and admired Gorky, in fact he came to be known as the Gorky of Hindi literature.
This monograph by Professor Prakash Chandra Gupta, a critic of distinction and progressive outlook, trace lucidly and vividly the development of Prem Chand's genius and literary career within narrative framework of his life.
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