Chaturbhujadhari Lord Hayagreeva

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The name Hayagreeva is a portmanteau of ‘haya’, which means horse, and ‘greeva’, which means neck. Lord Hayagreeva is the name given to the avatara (earthly incarnation) of Lord Vishnu which has the body of a man coupled with the form of a horse from the neck upwards. Known for its gentle, intelligent demeanour, the horse is how Lord Hayagreeva is said to appear before Sri Vadirajateertha of Udupi, a devotee, or that to which He transitions from Ganesharoopa before the Daivjna Brahmins.

The Madhubani painting that you see on this page depicts a standing Hayagreeva. He is chaturbhujadhari, the one possessed of (‘dhari’) four (‘chatur’) arms (‘bhuja’), and dressed in a dhoti and angavastram. Princely adornments grace His neck and wrists. But for the left anterior hand which is bare, He holds a pothi, a lotus, and a noose (anti-clockwise) in His hands. His head is turned to one side to reveal to the onlooker the lateral profile of His equine face. There is great depth and calm in the eye of Lord Hayagreeva.

In keeping with the traditional style of this folk art form, the palette is limited to two colours - dense black lines and closed curves against a canvas of yellowish cream and a background of thick brushstrokes in bright ochre. A halo made of filled-in concentric circles, whose diametre is half the stature of the figure. Skewed proportion of form coupled with high-precision workmanship make this a characteristic yet exceptional composition.

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Item Code: DP58
Artist: Sanjib Kumar Jha
Specifications:
Madhubani Painting On Hand Made PaperFolk Painting from the Village of Madhubani (Bihar)Artist:Sanjib Kumar Jha
Dimensions 21.00 inch x 29.00 inch
Handmade
Handmade
Free delivery
Free delivery
Fully insured
Fully insured
100% Made in India
100% Made in India
Fair trade
Fair trade

Colors of Tradition: Exploring the Artistry Behind Madhubani Paintings

Madhubani painting is also known as Mithila art as it is practiced in the Mithila region of India and Nepal. It has specifically originated from the Madhubani district of the state of Bihar. Traditionally, the women of this region created these paintings and in recent years, it has become a widely practiced art and has now become renowned throughout the world. This art expresses the creativity and culture of the people of Mithila and is passed from one generation to another. In this way, the heritage of Madhubani art has been preserved for many decades. The subjects of these paintings are usually religion, love, and fertility. Sometimes, social events like festivals, weddings, and royal court are also depicted in the paintings. The most commonly painted designs and themes are the forms of Hindu Gods and Goddesses such as Ganesha, Shiva, Saraswati, Lakshmi, Krishna, and Ram. The characteristic features of Madhubani paintings are their vibrant colors and eye-catching geometrical patterns. The empty spaces are filled with traditional motifs such as floral and foliate patterns, animals, birds, geometrical structures, and other designs. The local artists create these paintings using a variety of items such as matchsticks, twigs, brushes, pens, or even their own fingers. The paints are usually made with natural dyes and pigments.
As simple as it may seem, the making process of the world-famous Madhubani paintings is certainly not easy and requires lots of hard labor.
Traditional Madhubani paintings are done either on cloth, handmade paper, or canvas. Select the medium of painting as per your choice. If you have chosen cloth, attach it to cardboard to make a solid base. The making of the painting begins with making a double-lined border. This is a very important step because the border is filled with various geographical shapes and patterns or other motifs. The average width of the border is 1.5 - 2 cm. Now that the border is created, you will be left with a blank middle space. This is the main workspace. Start drawing your choice of figure, designs, and shapes. These must be relevant to the Madhubani painting themes.
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When the key design has been made, the empty spaces in between are filled with some designs.
Now is the time to color the painting using vivid shades and hues. Colors in Madhubani are sourced from nature; Indigo is used to produce blue, flower juice produces red, turmeric gives yellow, leaves produce green, cow dung mixed soot gives black, and rice powder gives white.
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To paint these colors, the artist uses a bamboo stick and wraps cotton around it. This acts as a traditional brush.
The entire painting is now painted using this special brush with natural vibrant colors. · However, in modern times, the common brush is used and instead of natural colors, artists prefer to use acrylic paints.
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Since the entire painting is made with natural materials and colors, it appears simple yet enriching. Originally, this art was created on mud walls or soil grounds but when it evolved over many years, the people of Madhubani started to make it on fabric and paper. Today, this art has become globalized and is receiving worldwide attention and appreciation.
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