A perfect example of a Madhubani art
style, this painting of Lord Ganesha’s ecstatic dance has all the features of a
Madhubani style of painting. This form of art originated from Bihar, from the
village Mithila and is characterized by the depiction of figures inspired by
nature and mythology. This Madhubani folk art depicts Ganesha dancing on the
floral carpet, representing him as governing the Muladhara chakra and his
sacred vahana, mooshak, sits in obeisance to his Lord. In Madhubani art, none
of the areas is left empty and the spaces are mostly filled with tiny floral
motifs and geometric patterns.
Keeping the basic features of this art in
mind, the painter has covered the entire background with a large tree grown on
one side and has its branches extending towards the other. All the branches are
richly flooded with small leaves painted here in geometric black lines and
multiple peacocks perched on them. One of the most enticing aspects of this
painting is that inspite of being heavily loaded with multiple designs, the
painter has successfully managed to make the protagonist stand out by choosing
for a bright red bright coloured stole that majorly catches the attention of the
viewer against a dull coloured background.
Chaturbhujadhari Ganesha carries all the
basic implements of his iconography in his hands and the trunk curls towards
his mouth as he eats his favourite laddoo from the bowl. The happiness that he
feels from the sweet smell of that laddoo makes him dance in joy. The prominent
outlining of Ganesha’s figure and his bulging eye is an iconic style of
Madhubani painting. Every design in the painting is decorated with geometric
patterns or tiny motifs. The use of bright colours in this Ganesha Madhubani painting
lets you style your wall space in a creative and royal touch.
Madhubani painting is also known as Mithila art as it is practiced
in the Mithila region of India and Nepal. It has specifically
originated from the Madhubani district of the state of Bihar.
Traditionally, the women of this region created these paintings
and in recent years, it has become a widely practiced art and has
now become renowned throughout the world. This art expresses the
creativity and culture of the people of Mithila and is passed from
one generation to another. In this way, the heritage of Madhubani
art has been preserved for many decades.
The subjects of these paintings are usually religion, love, and
fertility. Sometimes, social events like festivals, weddings, and
royal court are also depicted in the paintings. The most commonly
painted designs and themes are the forms of Hindu Gods and
Goddesses such as Ganesha, Shiva, Saraswati, Lakshmi, Krishna, and
Ram. The characteristic features of Madhubani paintings are their
vibrant colors and eye-catching geometrical patterns. The empty
spaces are filled with traditional motifs such as floral and
foliate patterns, animals, birds, geometrical structures, and
other designs. The local artists create these paintings using a
variety of items such as matchsticks, twigs, brushes, pens, or
even their own fingers. The paints are usually made with natural
dyes and pigments.
As simple as it may seem, the making process of the world-famous
Madhubani paintings is certainly not easy and requires lots of
Traditional Madhubani paintings are done either on cloth,
handmade paper, or canvas. Select the medium of painting as per
your choice. If you have chosen cloth, attach it to cardboard to
make a solid base.
The making of the painting begins with making a double-lined
border. This is a very important step because the border is
filled with various geographical shapes and patterns or other
motifs. The average width of the border is 1.5 - 2 cm.
Now that the border is created, you will be left with a blank
middle space. This is the main workspace. Start drawing your
choice of figure, designs, and shapes. These must be relevant to
the Madhubani painting themes.
When the key design has been made, the empty spaces in between
are filled with some designs.
Now is the time to color the painting using vivid shades and
hues. Colors in Madhubani are sourced from nature; Indigo is
used to produce blue, flower juice produces red, turmeric gives
yellow, leaves produce green, cow dung mixed soot gives black,
and rice powder gives white.
To paint these colors, the artist uses a bamboo stick and wraps
cotton around it. This acts as a traditional brush.
The entire painting is now painted using this special brush with
natural vibrant colors. · However, in modern times, the common
brush is used and instead of natural colors, artists prefer to use
Since the entire painting is made with natural materials and
colors, it appears simple yet enriching. Originally, this art was
created on mud walls or soil grounds but when it evolved over many
years, the people of Madhubani started to make it on fabric and
paper. Today, this art has become globalized and is receiving
worldwide attention and appreciation.
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