Tibetan Buddhist Solitary Hero

$395
Item Code: TV44
Specifications:
Tibetan Thangka Painting
Dimensions Size of Painted Surface 18 inch X 28 inch
Size with Brocade 31 inch X 43 inch
Handmade
Handmade
Free delivery
Free delivery
Fully insured
Fully insured
100% Made in India
100% Made in India
Fair trade
Fair trade

Yamantaka – the Conqueror of Death (Yama) is a ferocious emanation of Manjushri, the essence of the wisdom of all Buddhas. Under this form Manjushri conquered the demon king of Death, Yama, who was depopulating Tibet in his insatiable thirst for victims. The Yamantaka symbolizes the victory of Wisdom over Death, death being associated with ignorance by Buddhists. The teachings of Yamantaka include both philosophy and meditation. Meditation on Yamantaka can have powerful and immediate effects to help the practitioner gain wisdom, vanquish obstacles, attain a long life, and even overcome one's own death.

There are many forms of Yamantaka. The present painting is of Yamantaka Ekavira meaning 'solitary hero', the only form which does not embrace a consort. The deity is also called Vajrabhairava Ekavira. The complexion of his body is blue. He has nine faces, three on each side of the main head and one above it, each with three eyes. The main head is that of a fierce buffalo with horns. The topmost head is of Manjushri wearing a crown of jewels. The eight other heads are wearing skull crowns, and their hair rises upward, signifying the deity's enlightenment. He has thirty-four arms. The two main arms hold a cranium and vajra marked chopper. His remaining hands hold tantric symbols. He has sixteen legs, eight on each side. Lying face down under his bent right legs are one human male and six animals that are, in turn, stepping on four devas. Under his outstretched left legs, eight birds are also stepping on four devas. Yamantaka wears an elephant skin cloak, garland of freshly cut human heads, and bone ornaments. The figure is unclothed except for his adornment. There is a flame aureole behind him.

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How are Thangkas made?

A Thangka is a traditional Tibetan Buddhist painting that usually depicts a Buddhist Deity (Buddha or Bodhisattva), a scene, or a mandala. These paintings are considered important paraphernalia in Buddhist rituals. They are used to teach the life of the Buddha, various lamas, and Bodhisattvas to the monastic students, and are also useful in visualizing the deity while meditating. One of the most important subjects of thangkas is the Bhavacakra (the wheel of life) which depicts the Art of Enlightenment. It is believed that Thangka paintings were developed over the centuries from the murals, of which only a few can be seen in the Ajanta caves in India and the Mogao caves in Gansu Province, Tibet.

Thangkas are painted on cotton or silk applique and are usually small in size. The artist of these paintings is highly trained and has a proper understanding of Buddhist philosophy, knowledge, and background to create a realistic and bona fide painting.
The process of making a thangka begins with stitching a loosely woven cotton fabric onto a wooden frame. Traditionally, the canvas was prepared by coating it with gesso, chalk, and base pigment. Image
After this, the outline of the form of the deity is sketched with a pencil or charcoal onto the canvas using iconographic grids. The drawing process is followed in accordance with strict guidelines laid out in Buddhist scriptures. The systematic grid helps the artist to make a geometrical and professional painting. When the drawing of the figures is finalized and adjusted, it is then outlined with black ink. Image
Earlier, a special paint of different colors was made by mixing powdered forms of organic (vegetable) and mineral pigments in a water-soluble adhesive. Nowadays, artists use acrylic paints instead. The colors are now applied to the sketch using the wet and dry brush techniques. One of the characteristic features of a thangka is the use of vibrant colors such as red, blue, black, green, yellow, etc. Image
In the final step, pure gold is coated over some parts of the thangka to increase its beauty. Due to this beautification, thangkas are much more expensive and also stand out from other ordinary paintings. Image
Thangka paintings are generally kept unrolled when not on display on the wall. They also come with a frame, a silken cover in front, and a textile backing to protect the painting from getting damaged. Because Thangkas are delicate in nature, they are recommended to be kept in places with no excess moisture and where there is not much exposure to sunlight. This makes them last a long time without their colors fading away. Painting a thangka is an elaborate and complex process and requires excellent skills. A skilled artist can take up to 6 months to complete a detailed thangka painting. In earlier times, thangka painters were lamas that spent many years on Buddhist studies before they painted.
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