“Kalyana-Sundaram””- literally, “the beautiful
marriage”, is the bronze representation of the marriage of Shiva and Parvati,
the primordial male and female elements, whose union undoubtedly is the most
beautiful event, which with all its heavenly glory has been transferred to the
Panchaloha medium by the Sthapatis, who add to the brilliant coming together of
Shiva and Shakti (Parvati), a very moving and human touch, making the Kalyana
Sundaram bronzes an eternally appealing part of the Chola bronze tradition.
A rectangular pedestal serves as the stage
where this divine marriage is taking place. Shiva, as an ethereal groom is
dressed in a short dhoti whose creases are softly presented in bronze, a
serpent that rarely sits on his right shoulder, ethnic jewelry which includes
armbands, belly band, and a Yajnopavita (sacred thread), and a high-rising
Jatamukut (crown made of matted hair), adorned with a beautiful crescent moon.
Two of his arms hold attributes related to his form as “Pashupati” (Lord of the
Soul). Uma, Shiva’s beloved has her hair tied in a distinctive “Dhammila”
hairstyle, associated with female divinities such as Sita in Indian sculptural
tradition. The goddess wears a fine dhoti that clings to her elegant form and
is decorated with detailed jewelry that compliments her youthfulness.
The posture of Shiva in this bronze
Kalyana-Sundaram statue is such that his body seems to be moving away from Uma,
facing the audience, while having no eye contact with his bride-to-be. Uma too,
without directly looking at the divine groom, appears to have been overcome by
joy and bashfulness, hinted by her left hand raised amusedly and the smile that
she seems to be hiding. Notwithstanding the distance between the two, their
hands that touch gently during a marriage ritual convey the overwhelming
proximity of Uma-Maheshawara.
Compared to the more elaborate Kalyana
Sundaram bronzes, this representation is a simpler one in terms of the subjects
that it shows and the embellishments of the icon. However, it is the absence of
any elaborate decoration or the additional members of the wedding convoy that
lets us truly relish in the sweetness of the togetherness of Shiva-Shakti, on
the pious occasion of their “Kalyanam” or marriage.
WHAT IS PANCHALOHA BRONZE AND HOW TO TAKE CARE OF IT ?
Bronze is a metal alloy that has the primary composition of Copper and Tin. There is also an addition of other metals such as Manganese, Aluminium, Nickel, and some non-metals such as Phosphorus. This composition of several metals and non-metals makes Bronze an extremely durable and strong metal alloy. It is for this reason that Bronze is extensively used for casting sculptures and statues. Since Bronze has a low melting point, it usually tends to fill in the finest details of a mould and when it cools down, it shrinks a little that makes it easier to separate from the mould.
" If you happen to have a bronze statue, simply use a cotton cloth with some coconut oil or any other natural oil to clean the statue. "
A village named Swamimalai in South India is especially known for exceptionally well-crafted Bronze icons of Hindu Gods and Goddesses. The skilled artisans of this place use Panchaloha Bronze for casting the icons. Panchaloha Bronze is made of five metals; Copper, Zinc, Lead, and small quantities of Gold and Silver. Zinc gives a golden hue to the finished figure and Lead makes the alloy softer for the easy application of a chisel and hammer. The common technique for producing these statues and sculptures is the “Lost-wax” method. Because of the high durability of bronze sculptures and statues, less maintenance is required, and can still last up to many decades.
Exotic India takes great pride in its collection of hand-picked Panchaloha Statues. You will find the murtis of Gods (Krishna, Hanuman, Narasimha, Ganesha, Nataraja, and Kartikeya) and Goddesses (Saraswati, Lakshmi, Durga, and Parvati), and Buddha statues. You can also buy Ritual paraphernalia (Wicks lamp, Puja Kalash, Cymbals, and Puja Flag) on the website. All these statues and items have been made with a lot of care and attention, giving them a flawless finish. Their fine carving detail represents the rich tradition of India.
Send as free online greeting card
Email a Friend