is among the important gods and goddesses of Hinduism. Known as the goddess of
knowledge, wisdom, learning, speech, music, and art, it’s not surprising that Saraswati
is not only important but is much venerated and has many devotees.
Saraswati comes from the combination of the Sanskrit words saras, which can mean “pooling water” and can also be interpreted
as meaning “speech”, and the word vati,
which means “she who possesses”. Her name, therefore, has two literal
translations. It can mean “she who has pooling water” or “she who possesses speech”.
Goddess Saraswati Seated on Swan Tanjore Painting | Traditional Colors With 24K Gold | Teakwood Frame | Gold & Wood | Handmade | Made In India
the goddess Saraswati was originally associated with an ancient river that was
also called Saraswati. In the Vedas, the river Saraswati was not only mentioned
far more often than any other significant body of water but it was also the
most revered. With regard to Saraswati as “she who possesses speech”, it is
said that Saraswati is the inventor of the Sanskrit language.
significant goddess, Saraswati is one-third of the Hindu Trivedi, which is the
feminine counterpart of the Trimurti, which is comprised of Brahma, Vishnu, and
Shiva. Along with Saraswati, the two other members that make up the Trivedi are
Lakshmi and Parvati. Together, the three goddesses of the Trivedi along with
the three gods of the Trimurti are believed to be responsible for creating,
maintaining, and regenerating the universe.
Goddess Rajarajeshwari, Lakshmi and Saraswati In All Their Finery Tanjore Painting
is especially worshipped before the Spring season, from January to February.
During this time, icons of Saraswati are brought out and worshippers take part
in a jubilant procession. On the fifth day of Spring, Hindus likewise celebrate
the Vasant Panchami festival, also known as Saraswati Jayanti and Saraswati
Puja. In honour of Saraswati, the day is commemorated by teaching young children
to write the letters of the alphabet.
Academic and Divine Knowledge: A Floral Offering
special devotion to Saraswati is not reserved for just the early months of the
year. As the goddess of the arts, music, speech and learning, she is regularly
worshipped all throughout the year. She is especially invoked by students
during examinations, as well as by artists and performers before shows or
productions. Many Hindus pay special devotion to Saraswati to aid them in their
special intentions. Saraswati is also related to anuraga, which is understood to be the love for the rhythm of music
and is said to represent all the emotions and feelings that are expressed
through both song and speech.
16" Goddess Saraswati Seated On Lotus Seat With Kirtimukha Aureole in Brass | Handmade | Made In India
As one can
expect, considering Saraswati’s history as the goddess of water, she is often portrayed
as a beautiful woman next to a body of water such as a flowing river. In terms
of her own physical embodiment, Saraswati is frequently depicted as having four
arms and holding four objects that have particular significance in Hinduism. The
first of the four objects is a pustaka,
which is a book or script that represents the Vedas and is a symbolism for its
universal truth, divine knowledge and all forms of learning. The second object
is a mala, which is a rosary or
garland. This serves as a symbol of the power of meditation and spirituality. The
third item held by Saraswati is a pot of water. The pot of water is meant to
represent purification, a separation of the clean from the unclean, and the
distinction of right from wrong. According to some, the pot of water is also a
symbol for soma, which is a drink
that liberates and leads to enlightenment or knowledge. Last but not least, the
fourth item that Saraswati holds is a Veena, which is a musical instrument. The
veena is perhaps the most widely recognized icon associated with Saraswati. It
signifies all the creative arts, as well as the sciences. It is said that
Saraswati holding the Veena, in particular, represents the expression of
knowledge that leads to harmony.
to the symbolic items in Saraswati’s possession, she is also portrayed dressed
in white while seated on a white lotus. The colour white is meant to represent Sattwa Guna or purity and wisdom. The
colour is the complete antithesis of black and the darkness that comes with
ignorance. Saraswati is also never portrayed as being heavily adorned with
lavish jewels as she rejects worldly desires and instead, represents simplicity
and elegance. Rather than being decorated with expensive jewels, Saraswati
holds priceless objects in her hands.
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element in Saraswati’s iconography is a hamsa,
which is a swan or goose, that is positioned close to her feet. In other
depictions, Saraswati is seen riding the white swan or goose. The hamsa is a
sacred bird in Hindu mythology. It is believed to be able to distinguish good
from evil and is also a symbol for moksha or spiritual perfection. As a goddess
associated with the sacred swan, Saraswati is also sometimes called
Hamsavahini, which translates to “she who has a hamsa as her vehicle”.
Saraswati appears in numerous forms, having many different avatars. She is not
only known as the goddess of knowledge but is also referred to as Brahmavidya, which means the goddess of
the wisdom of ultimate truth. Her other avatar includes Mahakali, in which Saraswati is the destroyer of ignorance and ego.
Mahakali eradicates the darkness that is said to surround the minds of the
unlearned. She also comes in the form of Gayatri,
which is the embodiment of the sacred Vedas, Vidhyalakshmi, who provides one with wealth according to one’s
skill, and Vidhya, which is the
amorphous concept of wisdom and knowledge.
Superfine Large Goddess Saraswati Made of Jade | Signature Piece
difference of Saraswati from all other gods and goddess is that she has chosen
not to bear any children. Unlike most goddesses, she is not a mother and not
depicted with any children. This distinction underscores Saraswati as a symbol
of independence, singularity and individual thought. One could say that
Saraswati especially represents the modern woman’s quest for personal identity
Saraswati was not only significant during the Vedic period. She is among the
Hindu gods and goddesses that remain significant and revered in today’s modern
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