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Item Code: IDE928
Author: Kesava Misra, Translated and Annotation by Dr. Bijoya Goswami
Publisher: Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar
Language: With Sanskrit Text, English Translation and Annotation
Edition: 1998
Pages: 230
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 8.5" X 5.7"
Weight 370 gm

About the Author :

Kesava Misra, the author of the Alamkarasekhara, was the contemporary of Manikyacandra, son of Dharmacandra and grandson of Ramacandra. These kings belonged to the family of Susarma (See Alamkasekhara, 1/4). Ramacandra apparently defeated in fierce battle an Afghan (Kabila) King of Dhilli (Delhi), which claim is laid by Kesava himself (1 bid, 1/6). Kane says: "According to Cunningham (Arch. Survey of India, Vol. V, p. 160), Manikyacandra, King of Kangra, succeeded Dharmacandra in 1563 A.D. and ruled for about ten years. Hence the Alamkarasekhara was composed in the latter half of the 16th century." (History of Sanskrit Poetics, p. 317).

About himself, Kesava says that he was well-0versed in 'tarka', and had written seven other books. None of these are available to us, though in his work there are references to 'Kavyaratna' or 'Vakyaratna' or 'Alamarasarvasva' (to be distinguished from Ruyaka's work of that name). The present work was undertaken at the instance of his patron, Manikyacandra, who wanted an interesting work on poetics to be written for the edification of ordinary people (Ibid, 1/3, 10). Kesava himself says that he has discussed his subject in brief, very simply, for the easy understanding of children (Ibid, XIII, XIV).

In this work, Kesava states outright that his is practically a commentary on karikas (or sutras composed by Sauddhodani. Nothing is know about Saudhodani, though the name seems to suggest that he was a Buddhist. He is referred to as maharsi, bhagavan and paramakarunika. According to Kane, the Karikas of Sauddhodani were written after the 11th century (History of Sanskrit Poetics, p. 316). Kesava refers to and cites from a number of other works by rhetoricians, for instance, Bharata's Natyasastra, Dhvanyaloka, Dandin's Kavyadarsa, Mammata's Kavyaprakasa, also from Vagbhata, Mahimabhatta, Bhoja, Rajasekhara, Jayadeva, Devesvara etc. He also cites another rhetorician, sripada, and the 'Kavikalpalata by a follower of Sripada. On many occasions, he cites Govardhana. No work by these rhetoricians is available to us. Among the many example quoted by him, we find profuse quotations from Kaidasa, Magha, Sriharsa and Amaru, to mention just a few.




I. Kavyasvarupa-phala-karanamarici 16
II. Rityadibahirangamarici 25
III. Vrttimarici 30
IV. Padadosamarici 39
V. Vakyadosamarici 42
VI. Arthadosamarici 48
VII. Sabdagunamarici 52
VIII. Arthagunamarici 55
IX. Vaisesikagunamarici 57
X. Sabdalamkaramarici 64
XI. Upamamarici 68
XII. Rupakamarici 72
XIII. (No Name) 74
XIV. Yosidvarnanamarici 79
XV. Purusavarnanamarici 94
XVI. (No Name) 99
XVII. Niyamamarici 102
XVIII. Varnaniyamarici 105
XIX. Sukladiniyamamarici 109
XX. Samkhyaniyamamarici 111
XXI. Citradyupakaramarici 115
XXII. Samasyapuranamarici 118
XXIII. Rasamarici 122
XXIV. Rasadosamarici 135
XXV. (No Name) 140
Bibliography and Abbreviations 144
Sanskrit Text 1-84


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