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Astanga Hrdaya of Vagbhata - Sutrasthana, Sarirasthana, Nidanasthana, Cikitsasthana, Kalpasiddhisthana and Uttarasthana (Set of Three Volumes)

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Item Code: NAM765
Author: Dr. B. Rama Rao
Publisher: Chaukhambha Visvabharati , Varanasi
Language: Sanskrit Text With English Translation
Edition: 2016
ISBN: Volume. 1: 9789381301463
Volume. II: 9789381301517
Volume. III: 9789381301531
Pages: 1576
Cover: Paperback
Other Details 9.5 inch X 7.5 inch
Weight 2.50 kg
Fully insured
Fully insured
Shipped to 153 countries
Shipped to 153 countries
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100% Made in India
100% Made in India
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Book Description
About the Book

Ayurveda is now university and has spread to every corner of the world necessitating the publication of important Ayurvedic texts with English translation. The big trio and the small trio-brahattrayi and laghutrayi-are important and popular works of Ayurveda. Caraka Samhita. Susruta Samhita and Astanga Hrdaya are called brhattrayi. These classic works deal in detail with the fundamental principles, philosophical background and theoretical aspects of Ayurveda and among the three. Caraka Samhita and Susruta Samhita deal with stress on general medicine-kayacikitsa and surgery-salya respectively. The third Astanga Hrdaya deals with all the eight branches of Ayurveda with details required for Ayurveda scholars and practitioners. While Caraka Samhita and Susruta Samhita are in a mixture prose and verse, Astanga Hrdaya is in verse facilitating memorization. It has been very popular throughout India and also in other countries since its compilation. There are more than fifty commentaries in Sanskrit on Astanga Hrdaya, apart from those in regional languages showing its popularity, theoretical and practical value. The presentation of topics is neither too brief nor too elaborate and its appreciated by all.

Astanga Hrdaya is divided into sic sections-sthanas. I. Sutrasthana dealing with theoretical principles. 2. Sarirasthana-anatomy. 3. Nidana-diagnosis. 4. Cikitsa-treatment of general diseases. 5. Kalpasiddhi-preparation of recipes, purificatory procedures etc. 6. Uttarasthana-remaining seven branches. Thus all the subjects of Ayurveda are dealt with in 120 chapters in al lucid manner without complicated arguments and discussions.


About the Author

Dr. Bhagavatam Rama Rao. Born in Medak (Telangana) in 1937 is a graduate in Ayurveda and Telugu and a post graduate is Sanskrit from Osmania University, Hyderabad. He is a profound scholar in Sanskrit, Telugu and Ayurveda an is also well versed in English and Hindi.

He worked for a long time in Indian Institute of History of Medicine, Hydrabad in different capacities and as director for more than two decades. During his tenure in IHM he contributed immensely for the development of the research activities and also of Museum and other pertaining to the history of Medicine in India in general history of Ayurveda in particular. He collected information relating to health and medicine from non-medical sources like kavyas, puranas, inscriptions, archaeological sources and traveller's accounts etc. He also served as the in charge of Dr. A. Lakshmipati Research Centre for Ayurveda and Literary Research Unit in Chennai retired as the Director of Indian Institute of Panchakarma in Kerala and thus gained experience in different fields of Ayurveda. He later worked as the principla of Dharma Ayurveda College, Sriperumbudur, Tamilnadu.

Another important contribution of Dr. Rao is the collection Another important contribution of Dr. Rao is the collection of information and study of palmleaf and paper manuscripts particularly of ayurveda in Sanskrit and Telugu. He brought to light several unknown valuable works on Ayurveda and allied subjects.

He is associated with many institutions like National Commission for History of Science, Editorial Boards of Indian Journal of History of Science, Research Council of Indian National Science Academy and Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences.



Astangahrdaya by Vagbhata is a popular treatise of Ayurveda. It is one of the three big compendia called Brhat-trayi, the other two being Carakasamhita and Susrutasamhita. Though ancient classics of Ayurveda deal with all branches and topics, it is that Carakassamhita predominantly deals with medical treatment while Susrutasamhita deals with salya or surgery. But Astangahrdaya, as the name itself suggests, explains all the eight branches and topics, with more stress on Sutrasthana (theories and fundamentals) in a lucid manner in verses to the extent required for a good practitioner.

In Indian literature, more than ten books are knows as composed by Vagbhata, Among them Vahatanighantu, Astangahrdaya, Astangasangraha, Vamanakalpa, Padrthacadrika, Vegbhatakosa and Rasaratnasamuccaya appear to Ayurveda works. Vagbhata I or Vrddhavagbhat, Vagbhata II or Vagbhata, Madhyavagbhata and Rasavagbhata are the four authors known in Ayurveda literature. Of the above four, Madhyavagbhata is knows from the quotations in Ratnaprabha commentary by Niscalakara of Cakradatta and there are no other evidences to support this. Rasavagbhata is the author of Rasaratnasamuccaya and is definitely different and later than the authors of Astangahrdaya and Astangasangraha, which are much earlier to Rasaratnasmuccaya. The identity of authors of Astangasangraha and Astangahrdya is controversial.

Both Astangasangraha and Astangahrdaya are popular works. Vagbhata, author of Astangasangraha states that he compiled the work as an essence of all earlier classics. He was te son of Simhagupta os Sindhu region. Father and grandfather of Vagbhata were also great Ayurvea scholars. Vagbhata of Astangahrdaya states that he compiled Astangahrdaya after churing the ocan of Ayurveda called Astangasangraha, indicating indirectly that he is the author of Astangasangraha also. Many similarities and identical passages are found in these two works apart from differences in some views. Thi led to the controversy about their identity. For detailed views as well as brief survey the following my be consulted:

1. Sarm, P.V. : Vagbhatavivecan-a comprehensive work on Vigbhata in Hindi by Prof. Priyavrat Sarma. It deals with all aspects of Astangasangraha, Astangahrdaya and Vagbhata based on internal and xted evidences; 1968, Varanasi.

2. Saema, P.V. (ed) : Jistory of Medicine in Indian, article on Vagbhata by B. Rama Rao, pp. 205-221, Indian National Science Academy, 1992, new Delhi.

3. Vogel, Caus : Vagbhata's Astamgahrdaya, English translation of Tibetan version Wiesbaden, 1965, Introduction.

4. Astangasangraha : Vol, English translation by K.R. Srikanthamurthy, Introduction; it briefly discusses all points regarding identity of both Vagbhatas, Astangasangraha and Astangahrdaya; Chaukhambha Orientalia, 2002, Vagbhatas, Astangasangraha and Astangahrdaya; Chaukhambha Orientalia, 2002, Varanasi.

The following verse of Astangahrdaya states that it is a summarized form of Astangasangraha : A big heap of nectar has been obtained in the form of Astangasangraha after churning the big ocean of with eight braches; from this a separate treatise has been evolved in the present forms and it is for it is for the satisfaction and pleasure of those who are capable of undertaking only limited efforts; but gives significant result. By this statement it is inferred that vagbhata Compiled both Astangahrdaya and Astangasangraha. A summary of different important views about the identity of both Vagbhatas in thus.

Points in support on the view that author of both the works is the same:
1. Both are sons of Simhahupta.
2. Language and style are similar.
3. Many identical passages occur in both works.
4. Arunadatta, Niscalakara, Candranandana, Indu and Bhattanarahari, the commentators treat both as one.
5. Author of Astangahrdaya mentions that it is a summarized version of Astangasangraha. This view is supported by scholars like Gannath sen, Haridatta Sastry, Moos, Meulenbeld, Paradkar and others.

Points supporting the view that both are different authors:
1. Information about the author is not given in Astangasangraha.
2. Language and style appear different and Astangahrdaya appears to be later age.
3. There is some dissimilarity in certain views and precepts.

4. Influence of Bhuddhism appears to be more in Astangahrdaya.

5. Astangahrdaya is only in verse while Astangasangraha is in verse and prose.
6. Vijayaraksita, Dalhana, Hemadri, Srikanthadatta and some others quotes verses from Astangasangraha referring the author as Vrddhavagbhata. This view is supported by Keith, P.K. Gode, Cordier, Cordier, Hariprapanna Sastry, P.V. Sarma and others.

Astangahrdaya was popular not only in India but also in other countries. It was translated into Tibetan as early as 8th c. A.D. Muslim aatacks started from 7th c. A.D. onwards and after that hte possibility of compilation of such authoritative work in Sindh region was remote. Important evidence is the reference by the Chinese traveller Itsing. He mentioned that 'recently the eight branches medical system had been epitomized in one compilation', All agree that it refers to Astangahrdaya. Jejjata of 9thc. A.D. mentions himself as the disciple of vagbhata. Madhavanidana quotes from Astangahrdaya and this becomes the later limit i.e. 7thc. A.D. Both of these – Astangahrdaya and Madhavanidana – was were translated into Arabic in 8thc. A.D. Astangasangraha mentions Sakas at many places and Sakas ruled only up to the end of 4thc. A.D. The social, religious, political, literary and other aspects as gleaned from the works are Thus Astangahrdaya and Vagbhata can be placed in 6thc. A.D.

Among all Ayurveda classics Astangahrdaya appearts to be the work with number of commentaries. There are more than forty commentaries in Sanskrit and many more are found in regional languages. Among all the commentaries, Sarvangasundara of Arunadatta and Ayurvedarasayana by Hemadi are popular through out India. Some others are given below:

1. Sasilekha or Indumati by Indu. This has been published from Tripunithura by the Sanskrit College Committee, edited by K. Achyuta Poduval and C.K. Raman Nambiar.
2. Astangahrdayadipika by Udayadityabhatta.

3. Padarthacandrika by Candranandana.
4. Astangahrdayadipika by Hatakanka.
5. Vaiduryakabhasya by Vagbhata the Author himself.
6. Astangahrdayatika by Bhattaraharicandra.
7. Vijneyarthaprakasika by Visvesvarapandita.
8. Vagbhtakhandanamandana by Bhattanarahari.




Volume - I
1 Ayuskamiya adhyaya-desire for long life 3
2 Dinacarya adhyaya-daily regimen 28
3 Rtucarya adhyaya-seasonal regimen 39
4 Roganutpadaniya-prevention of diseases 51
5 Dravadravyavijnaniya-knowledge of liquid substances 60
6 Annasvarapavijnaniya-knowledge of nature of food material 79
7 Annaraksa adhyaya-protection of food material 110
8 Matrasitiya adhyaya-quantity of food 123
9 Dravyadivijnaniya-knowledge of substances and others 134
10 Rasabhediya-classification of tastes 141
11 Dosadivijnaniya-knowledge of dosas etc. 151
12 Dosabhediya-classification of dosas 162
13 Dosopakramaniya-treatment of dosas 179
14 Dvividhopakramaniya-two types of treatment 188
15 Sodhanadiganasangraha-groups of drugs for purification and others 195
16 Snehavidhi-administration of oleation 204
17 Svedavidhi-procedure of sudation 214
18 Vamanavirecanavidhi -procedure of emesis and purgation 220
19 Bastividhi-procedure of enema 233
20 Nasyavidhi-nasal medication 249
21 Dhumapanavidhi -procedure of inhaling smoke 257
22 Gandtisadividhi-procedure of gargle and others 262
23 Ascotananjanavidhi-procedure for eye-drops and eye-ointments 269
24 Tarpanaputapakavidhi-procedure of refreshing and cleaning eye 275
25 Yantravidhi-application of appliances and instruments 280
26 Sastravidhi-procedure of sharp instruments 290
27 Siravyadhavidhi-procedure of venesection 302
28 Salyaharanavidhi-procedure of extraction of foreign bodies 311
29 Sastrakarmavidhi-procedure of surgical operation 321
30 Ksaragnikarmavidhi-procedure of cautery by alkali and fire 335
1 Garbhavakranti-embryology 347
2 Garbhavyapad-ailments of pregnancy 365
3 Angavibhaga-different pacts of the body 375
4 Marrnavibhaga-classification of vital spots 402
5 Vikrtivijnaniya-knowledge of prognostics 413
6 Dutadivijnaniya-knowledge about messengers and others 434
  Sanskrit Index 445
  English Index 465
  Glossary 475
Volume - II
1 Sarvaroganidana-general diagnosis of all diseases 3
2 Jvaranidana-diagnosis of fever 9
3 Raktapittakasanidana-diagnosis of bleeding disorders and cough 24
4 Svasahidhmanidana-diagnosis of dyspnoea and hiccup 31
5 Rajayaksmadinidana-diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and others 37
6 Madatyayadinidana-diagnosis of alcoholic intoxication and others 48
7 Arsonidana-diagnosis of haemorrhoids or piles 56
8 Atisaragrahanidosanidana-diagnosis of diarrhoea and disorders of duodenum 65
9 Mutraghatanidana-diagnosis of retention of urine 71
10 Pramehanidana-diagnosis of polyuria and diabetes 78
11 Vidradhivrddhigulmanidana-diagnosis of abscess, hernia and abdominal lumps 86
12 Udaranidana-diagnosis of enlargement of abdomen 97
13 Pandurogasophavisarpanidana-diagnosis of anaemia, swelling and herpes 105
14 Kusthasvitrakrminidana-diagnosis of leprosy, leucoderma and worms infestation 117
15 Vatavyadhinidana-diagnosis of diseases caused by vata 127
16 Vatasonitanidana-diagnosis of gout 137
1 Jvaracikitsa-treatment of fever 149
2 Raktapittacikitsa-treatment of haemorrhagic diseases 178
3 Kasacikitsa-treatment of cough 187
4 Svasahidhmacikitsa-treatment of dyspnoea and hiccup 213
5 Rajayaksmadicikitsa-treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis and others 223
6 Chardihrdrogatrsnacikitsa-treatment of vomiting, heart diseases and thirst 237
7 Madatyayadicikitsa-treatment of alcoholic intoxication and others 251
8 Arsascikitsa-treatment of haemorrhoids 269
9 Atisaracikitsa-treatment of diarrhoea 294
10 Grahanidosacikitsa-treatment of sprue/duodenal disorders 312
11 Mutraghatacikitsa-treatment of retention of urine 326
12 Pramehacikitsa-treatment of urinary disorders 336
13 Vidradhivrddhicikitsa-treatment of abscess and scrotal enlargement 343
14 Gulmacikitsa-treatment of abdominal tumours 352
15 Udaracikitsa-treatment of abdominal enlargement 372
16 Pandurogacikitsa-treatment of anaemia 391
17 Swayathucikitsa-treatment of dropsy 400
18 Visarpacikitsa-treatment of herpes 408
19 Kusthacikitsa-treatment of leprosy and skin diseases 414
20 Svitrakrmicikitsa-treatment of leucoderma and worms 431
21 Vatavyadhicikitsa-treatment of diseases caused by vata 438
22 Vatasonitacikitsa-treatment of gout 453
1 Vamanakalpa-emetic formulae 467
2 Virecanakalpa-formulae for purgation 476
3 V amanavirecanavyapatsiddhikalpa- management of complications of emesis and purgation 486
4 Bastikalpa-recipes for enema 493
5 Bastivyapatsiddhikalpa-management of complications of enema 505
6 Dravyakalpa-pharmaceuticals 514
  Sanskrit Index 521
  Index of English side headings 538
  Glossary 544
Volume - III
II. Paediatrics-kaumararanrra  
  Balopacaraniya-nursing of infant 3
  Balamayapratisedha-cure of diseases of children 11
  Balagrahapratisedha-cure of evil spirits on children 23
III. Possession by evil spirits or psychological disorders-bbutavijuaniya  
  Bhutvijnaniya-knowledge of devils/demons 32
  Bhutapratisedha-treatment of demons 39
  Unmadapratisedha-treatment of insanity 48
  Apasrnarapratisedha-treatment of epilepsy 57
III. IV. Section on upper part-salakya  
  Vartmarogavijnaniya-knowledge of diseases of eyelids 63
  Vartmarogapratisedha-treatment of diseases of eyelids 69
  Sandhisitasitarogavijfinlya-knowledge of diseases of fornices, sclera and cornea 76
  Sandhisitasitarogapratisedha-treatment of deseases of fornices, sclera and cornea 82
  Drstirogavijnaniya-knowledge of diseases of vision 91
  Timirapratisedha-treatment of blindness 97
  Linganasapratisedha-treatment of blindness 113
  Sarvaksirogavijnaniya-knowledge of diseases of complete eye 119
  Sarvaksirogapratisedha-treatment of diseases of complete eye 124
  Karnarogavijnaniya-knowledge of the diseases of the ear 136
  Karnarogapratisedha-treatrnent of the diseases of the ear 142
  Nasarogavijnaniya-knowledge of diseases of nose 153
  Nasarogapratisedha-trearment of diseases of nose 158
  Mukharogavijnaniya-knowledge of diseases of mouth 163
  Mukharogapratisedha-treatment of diseases of mouth 178
  Sirorogavijnaniya-knowledge of diseases of head 197
  Sirorogapratisedha-treatment of diseases of head 203
V. Surgical section-salyatantra  
  Vranapratisedha-treatment of wounds/ulcers 213
  Sadyovranapratisedha-treatmment of traumatic wounds 224
  Bhangapratisedha-treatment of fractures 233
  Bhagandarapratisedha-treatment of fistula (rectal) 240
  GranthyarbudaslipadapacInadivijfiyanlya-knowledge of tumour, cancer(?), filariasis, scrofula and sinus ulcer 249
  Granthyarbudaslipadapaclnadipratisedha-treatment of tumour, cancer(?), filariasis, scrofula and sinus ulcer 255
  Ksudrarogavijnaniya-knowledge of minor diseases 253
  Ksudrarogapratisedha-treatment of minor diseases 270
  Guhyarogavijnaniya-knowledge of diseases of reproductive organs (private parts) 277
  Guhyarogapratisedha-treatment of diseases of genital organs 287
VI. Toxicology-visetan tra  
  Visapratisedha-treatment of poisons 298
  Sarpavisapratisedha-treatrnent of snake poison 310
  Kltalutadivisapratisedha-Remedy for poison of insects, spiders and others 326
  Musikalarkavisapratisedha-treatment of poison of mouse and rabid dog bite 340
VII. Rejuvenation-rasayana  
  Rasayanavidhi-procedure of rejuvenation 347
VIII. Aphrodisiacs-vajfkarana  
  Vajikaranavidhi-methods of improving virility 378
  Sanskrit Index 396
  English Index 425
  Glossary 428
Appendix 1: Some verses of Literary interest 468
Appendix 2: Commentaries on Astanga Hrdaya 469
Appendix 3: Authors quoted in Astanga Hrdaya 271
Appendix 4: Recipes in Astanga Hrdaya 472


Sample Pages

Volume. I

Volume. II

Volume. III

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