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Ayurveda Prakasa of Sri Madhava Upadhyaya

Ayurveda Prakasa of Sri Madhava Upadhyaya
Item Code: NAN340
Author: Prof. P. H. C. Murthy
Publisher: Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office
Language: Sanskrit Text With English Translation
Edition: 2017
ISBN: 9788170804833
Pages: 326
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 9.0 inch X 5.5 inch

"Those physicians who expect result from mercury without feeding it black mica, gold and sulphur and those farmers who expect yield from the field without sowing seed are fools" This statement clears all doubts and fears about the practice of Mercurial system. Those who come across the statements about the magical results of mercurial compounds should view them in this perspective. Rasasastra the mercurial system is the first science that has warned about the toxicity of using raw and unprocessed Mercury. It has cautioned to the extent that unpurified Mercury could cause even death. Therefore the iatro-chemistry of Rasasatra should be understood safe and effective since the raw materials undergo diligent processing before making them into a dosage form.

Ayurvedaprakasa gives practical details of making mercurial medicines. The author Madhava Upadhyaya mentions at the outset that he would furnish only practicable technicalities in this book and would not give the details which he has not experienced. He emphasizes the significance of both theory and practice equally in learning Rasasastra. The author laments over the quackery in Rasasastra practice and emphasizes the importance of following the mercurial procedures diligently. This is evident by going through this precise compendium of Rasasastra, the Mercurial system. Apart from his personal experiences he has also quoted the practical oriented procedures from other text books -Rasarajaiaksmi, Rasapaddhati, Rasaratnasamuccaya, Resecintamani, Yogsteretigini etc., famous books. Ayurvedaprakasa seems to be the essence of the material available until time of Miidhava Upadhyaya.

The subject matter has been presented in six chapters in this book.

The first chapter deals with the significance of Mercurial system and the importance of learning this science under direct supervision of an able and benevolent guru. The properties, blemishes, purificatory measures along with semskara, bandha etc., of mercury that transform the status of this substance from a poison to a cectar, The methods of preparing Rasa bhasma and Ressussdhis and administering them on the body are given. Though it looks like a magic, certain transmutational techniques and an animated pill are also described in this chapter.

Second chapter provides the details of uparasas, the mercurial associate drugs i.e., sulphur, cinnabar, mica, orpiment, realgar, stibnite, lapis lazuli, chalk, ochere, green vitreol are described by their features, purification etc., methods along with usage.

The metals are described in detailed manner in the third chapter. The purification and incineration methods of metals are given with dosage and usage. These derivations alleviate all the fears about the metallic preparations for therapeutic use. The details of adverse drug reactions that occur when these metals are improperly used and also the management furnished in this context give encouragement for successful practice of Mercurial medicine.

The minerals like cha1copyrites, ironpyrites, bornite, plum- bum oxide and the alloys like bronze, brass and five-metal alloy are described in the fourth chapter. The same chapter contains the details on collection, purification, and processing of Silajatu into a dosage form.

The fifth chapter deals with gemology. The mercurial system and its relation with precious and semiprecious stones along with their therapeutic usage apart from the astrological connections with planets are given in detail. The valuation system of gems is given in a such a methodical manner that it can be adopted even today with slight modifications as per the present measurement system.

The toxicology is detailed in the sixth chapter. The poisons or the toxic substances of static and mobile nature are described with toxicological effects and managements apart from their individual therapeutic usage. Certain sacred chanting (mantras) are also given to overcome instantaneously the poisonous effect caused by toxic substances (vise) and also snake bite and the scorpion sting. Certain anti-poisonous medicines are also given. And finally a precise description of preparing alkaline substances is provided to wind up the text.

Msdhava upadhyaya, the author of this treatise belongs to Sarawata Brahmana dyanasly of Saurastra. Referred to as Rasamadhava by the followers of mercurial medicine, he lived in Varanasi when he composed this text Ayurveda prakasa. There are many Mtidheves who have written books on various desciplines of Indian Philosophical thought system apart from Madhavakara the author of Madhavanidana. Though there is no hint about the time of Madhava upadhyaya, the author of Ayurveda prakasa, it can be understood by the referances of phiranga, Rasakarpura etc., that this author may be placed in the mid seventeenth century, A. D.

As said earlier this book is a ready reckoner for scholars, practitioners, and researchers of Rasasatra. In view of the increasing demand for translation of such important work it has been ventured by me. The experience of writing a text book in Rasasastra and teaching the subject for the last 38 years with the blessings of my father, late Sesagiri Sarma, his guru Hakim Hussain Zulkhemain and my gurus prof. Hari Shankar sarma ji and late. M. U. Bahadur ji has helped to a great extent. Dr. Bhuvana, Dr. Bhagya, Dr. Shiva, Dr. Sai, Dr. Vijaya and others have helped in preparing the script. Pavan kumar Sharma, my disciple in sitar has assisted in preparing the index and introduction. I wish them all a very bright and prosperous career. My wife Smt. Padmaja, my daughter Dr. Sivapriya, my son-in-law Dr. Jayakrishna Kulamarva, my son Chayanath and my daughter-in-law Anuradha have encouraged me throughout this project as always. I wish them all a very bright future. Sri Brijmohan Das Gupta of Chowkhamba Sanskrit series office, Varanasi has readily accepted for taking up this project for which I am very much grateful to him.


Chapter-1   1-113
  Mangalacarana 1
  Rasa dosas 4
  Ksncuka dosa 4
  Rasa samskara 6
  Svedana 8
  Mardana 10
  Murcchana 11
  Utthapana 12
  Patana 13
  Adhah patana 14
  Tiryak patana 15
  Bodhana 16
  Niyamanam 18
  Sandipana 19
  Anuvasana 19
  Jarana 20
  The result of gandhaka jarana 22
  Gandhaka jarana 23
  Purificaton of mercury according to rasa ratnakara 30
  Taptakhalva 31
  Appetizing the purified mercury 33
  According to sarngadhara 34
  According to sivagama 35
  Valuka yantra 35
  Kacchapa yantra 39
  Svarna jarana 42
  The material that helps mercury to digest metals 42
  Other vida yogas 43
  Vida according to siddha laksmisvara tantra 44
  Taptakhalva 45
  Hemajarana through dolayantra 46
  Hemagrasa in kacchapa yantra 46
  Jarana in dolayantra 49
  Ranjanam 51
  Tarabija 51
  Pratibija 52
  Hemabija 52
  Nagabija 52
  Sarana taila 53
  Loha bheki tara bheki 57
  Khota 57
  Bahyadruti 59
  Sarana taila 59
  Kramanam 60
  Jarana, vedhana and ranjana through khota process 61
  Hemakrsti 62
  Satamsa vedha 62
  Rajavati vidya 64
  Hemavati vidya 65
  Another hemavati technique 65
  The technique of rasabandhana 67
  Another method of binding mercury 67
  Jalauka bandha 68
  Hatha bandha 69
  Arota bandha 69
  Abhasa bandha 69
  Kriyahina bandha 70
  Pistika bandha 70
  Ksara bandha 70
  Khota bandha 70
  Pota bandha 71
  Kalka bandha 71
  Kajjali bandha 71
  Sajiva bandha 71
  Nirjiva bandha 71
  Sabija bandha 72
  Srnkhala bandha 72
  Druti bandha 72
  Bala bandha 73
  Kumara bandha 73
  Taruna bandha 73
  Vrddha bandha 73
  Murti bandha 74
  Jala bandha 74
  Agni bandha 74
  Maha bandha 74
  Rasamurcchana according to Nithyanatha 75
  Features of murcchita parada 75
  Result of murcchana 75
  Rasa bhasma 76
  Rasa sindura as per Rasa rajalaksmi 76
  Another method of rasasindura 77
  Unwholesome food duirng in take of mercurial compounds 78
  Rasakarpura 79
  Another method of rasakarpura 81
  Sindurarasa 81
  Method of rasabhasma 83
  Method of rasabhasma 84
  Method of rasabhasma 84
  Features of rasabhasma 86
  Qualities of rasabhasama 87
  Jalauka bandha 89
  Method of preparing jalauka 89
  Khechari gutika 90
  Method of administration of mercury 91
  According to nityanatha 92
  Administration of rasa 93
  Method of administration of mercury 94
  Dosage of mercury 94
  The result of taking hemajirna parada bhsma 95
  Anupana 95
  The dietetic and behaveoural regulations to follow while consuming mercury 97
  According to rasa vagbhata 98
  Apathya during rasasevana 99
  Management of rasajirna 100
  Criteria of bhasma 103
  Sambhavi mudra 104
  Gandhamrta rasa 105
  Hemasundara rasa 105
  Mrtyunjaya rasa 106
  Anandasuta rasa 107
  Pranikalpadrumagola rasa 108
  Sardula rasa 109
  Trinetra rasa 109
  Amrtarnava rasa 110
  Curna ratna 110
  Jayavati 111
  Gandhaloham 111
  Siddhalaksmisvara rasa 112
  Caturmukha rasa 113
Chapter-2   114-182
  Uparasah 114
  Gandhaka 116
  Properties of Gandhaka 116
  Bad effects of impure sulphur 117
  Purification of sulphur 117
  Features of Gandhaka to be taken for sodhana Procedure 118
  The significance of purification procedure 119
  Clarification about kurmaputa 119
  Method of removing the odour from sulphur 120
  Another method of usage of gandhaka 120
  Gandhaka taila 120
  Third gandhaka kalpa 121
  Fourth gandhaka kalpa 121
  Fifth gandhaka kalpa 121
  Sixth gandhaka kalpa 122
  The Seventh and best kalpa 123
  Eight gandhaka kalpa 123
  Ninth gandhaka kalpa 124
  Tenth gandhaka kalpa 125
  Eleventh gandhaka kalpa 125
  Gandhaka tailam 125
  Twelfth gandhaka kalpa 125
  Thirteenth kalpa in pruritus and other skin disorders 126
  Fourteenth gandhaka kalpa 126
  Names, features, qualities, origin and purification of Hingula (cinnabar) 127
  Qualities of Hingula 127
  The toxic effects of consuming impure Hinhula 127
  Purification of Hingula 127
  Incineration of Hingula 128
  Properties of artificial Hingula 128
  Preparation of artificial Hingula 129
  Extraction of mercury from Hingula 130
  Abhraka 130
  Varieties of abhraka 131
  Qualities of vajrabhraka 132
  Number of Putas to abhraka for various purpose 134
  Dosage and usage of abhraka bhasma 134
  Abhraka sodhana 134
  Dhanyabhraka 135
  Marana of abhraka 136
  Sataputa abharaka bhasma 138
  Sahasraputa abharaka bhasma 138
  Method of Making red coloured Abhraka bhasma 141
  Method of amrtikarana 141
  Unwholesome foods to be avoided during intake of Abharaka Bhasma 142
  Abhraka sattva 142
  Purification and incineration of abhraka sattva 143
  Properties of abhraka sattva 144
  General method of sattvaniskasana 144
  Druti 145
  Abhraka druti 145
  Druti melanam 146
  Ratna druti 146
  Abhraka Prayoga 147
  Haritala 148
  Properties 148
  Toxic effects caused by unpurified haritala bhasma 149
  Mrtalaksanam 149
  Incineration of talaka 150
  The usage of talaka as per laghuyogatarangini 152
  As per siddamata 154
  Sattvapatana of harita 156
  According to rasapaddhati 156
  Names, features, qualities, origin and purification of manassila 157
  Bad effects of impure manassila 158
  Purification 158
  Sattvapatana 159
  Srotoanjanam-names, varaities, properties and purification of anjana 159
  Features of anjana 160
  Quantities of both of these anjanas 160
  Purification of anjana 161
  Sattvapatana 161
  Rasanjana 161
  Qualities 161
  Nilanjana and puspanjana 162
  Purification of nilanjana 162
  Properties of kulittha 163
  Tankanaksara names, features qualities and pufification 163
  Rajavarta 164
  Sodhana and marana of rajavarta 164
  Sattvapatana of rajavarta 165
  Cumbaka 165
  Sphatika 166
  Qualities of sphatika 166
  Sankha 167
  Khatika 167
  Gairikam 168
  Qualities of gairika 168
  Kasisa 169
  Rasaka 169
  Purification 170
  Rasaka bhasma 171
  Rasaka sattva 172
  Kapardika 172
  Varata bhasma 173
  Sikata 174
  Bola 174
  Manusa bola 175
  Kankustha 175
  Saurastri 176
  Samudraphena 177
  Ksudra sankha 177
  Sukti 178
  Jala sukti 178
  Mukta sukti 178
  Krsna mrttika 179
  Panka 179
  Kampillaka 179
  Gauripasana 180
  Navasara 180
  Agnijara 181
  Girisinduram (montroydite) 181
  Vodarasrngam 181
Chapter-3   183-237
  Dhatavah (the metals) 183
  Definition of the word dhatu 183
  Sub metals 184
  Suvarna 184
  Synonyms of Gold in sanskrit 186
  Qualities of best svarana 187
  Properties of svarna 187
  Use of unincinerated gold 189
  Some other qualities of gold 189
  The toxic or bad effecs of gold when not properly purified or incinerated 190
  Dosage of gold etc. 190
  Purification of metals 192
  Purification of naga and vanga 193
  Bhasma of svarna etc., metals 193
  Incineration of all metals 193
  Svarna bhasma 194
  Making gold bhasma without mercury 196
  Suvarna bhasma Pariksa 196
  Suvarna druti 197
  Origination, names, features, qualities, Purification and incineration methods of raupya (Silver) 197
  Purification and incineration of rajata 200
  Druti (liquefaction) of silver and gold 202
  Tamra 202
  Toxicity of tamra 203
  Method of tamra sodhana 203
  Tamramarana 204
  Paradamarita tamra as per rasa paddhati 206
  Preparing tamra bhasma without mercury 207
  Somanathiya tamra bhasma 207
  Feathurs of tamra bhasma 208
  Properties of tamra 208
  Toxic effects of tamra 209
  The names, features, properties, sodhana and marana of vanga 209
  Properties of vanga 209
  Blemishes of impure and improperly incinerated vanga 210
  Method of peparing vanga bhasma 211
  Implications 211
  The method of preparing niruttha bhasma of vanga 212
  Yasada (zinc) 215
  Naga 215
  Marana of naga 217
  According to rasapaddhati 218
  Specific opinion of the author of rasa paddhati about naga bhasma 219
  Nagesvara 220
  Loha 221
  Identifying tiksna loha 223
  Features of kanta 223
  Blemishes of loha 224
  Blemishes caused by consuming unpurified loha 225
  Blemishes caused by improperly incinerated loha 225
  Anupana 225
  Incineration of loha 226
  Spedific purification of loha 228
  Spedific purification of kanta loha 228
  Suryatapi loha bhasma 230
  Mrtaloha 234
  Amrtikarana 235
  Mandura 235
Chapter-4   238-263
  Svarnamaksika (copper pyrites) 238
  The features of svarnamaksika 239
  Maksika sodhana 240
  Sattva niskasana (extration) 240
  Taramaksika 241
  Tuttha 244
  Marana of tuttha 246
  Sattva extraction from tuttha 246
  Bhunaga (earthworm) and its extract for ring 246
  Tuttha mudrika 248
  Kamsya (bronze) and pittala (brass) 250
  Pittala 251
  Sodhana and marana of bronze and brass 253
  Pancaloha 254
  Sinduram 255
  Silajatu 256
  Purification according to agnivesa 259
  Synonyms of silajatu 260
  Capala 262
Chapter-5   264-303
  Ratna (precious stones) 264
  Uparatna (semi-precious stones) 265
  Diamond 267
  Dosas (blemishes) 271
  The method of testing gems 275
  Mukta (pearl) 276
  Properties of diamond 282
  Incineration of diamond 284
  Vidruma (coral) 286
  Mukta (pearl) 286
  Manikya (ruby) 288
  Garutmatam (emerald) 288
  Vaiduryam (cat's eye) 289
  Gomedam (hessonite) 290
  Indranila (sapphire) 291
  Pusparaga (topaz) 292
  The five gems 294
  Sphatika (rock crystal) 294
  Sunstone (Suryakanta) 295
  Moonstone (candrkanta) 296
  Perojaka (turquoise matri) 297
  Making bhasma of gems 297
  Substitution for gem stones 298
  Vaikranta 299
  The location of nine gems in a ring 302
  Druti of gems 302
Chapter-6   304-326
  Origination of visa 304
  Purification of visa 311
  Dosage of visa 315
  The wholesome food during the intake of visa 316
  Upavisa 322
  Purification of upavisa 323
  Visa tailam 324
  Visa vajrapata rasa 324
  Lavanabhedi sudhanindhi rasa 325
  Ksara kalpana 326
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