Being as Consciousness (Yogacara Philosophy of Buddhism)

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Item Code: IDD982
Author: Fernando Tola & Carmen Dragonetti
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 2004
ISBN: 9788120819672
Pages: 330
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.8" X 5.8"
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Book Description
From the Jacket :

This work is intended to the study of the Yogacara Buddhist philosophy together with its commentaries and notes for better comprehensibility of the contents of three edited and translated texts, namely, Alambanapariksavrtti of Dignaga; the Vimsatika Vijnaptimatratasiddhih of Vasubandhu and Trisvabhavakarika of Vasubandhu.

About the Author:

FERNANDO TOLA and CARMEN DRAGONETTI have been Professors in the National Universities of San Marcos (Lima, Peru) and Buenos Aires (Argentina). Now CARMEN DRAGONETTI is Superior Investigator of the National Council for Scientific Research (CONICET) of Argentina, in the area of Indian Philosophy, FERNANDO TOLA is retires Superior Investigator of the same Institution, and, Honorary Member of the Argentinian Scientific Society. She is President and he Vice-President of the Institute of Buddhist Studies Foundation (FIEB) (Argentina). They have been Directors of the Revista de Estudios Budistas (Journal of Buddhist Studies) RED, edited in Mexico, and Overseas Research Fellows of the International Institute for Buddhist Studies (Tokyo).

Independently or in collaboration, they have published several books in Spanish on Indian culture, specially on Indian Philosophy, as Yoga and Mysticism of India, Mahayana Buddhism; Buddhist Idealism, Buddhist Nihilism, On the Myth of the Opposition between Western Philosophy and Indian Thought; Several translations into Spanish of Important Sanskrit and Pali texts, as Hymns of the Rig Veda, Hymns of the Atharva Veda, Upanishads, Bhagavadgita Upadesasahasri, Udana, Digha Nikaya, Sutta Nipata etc. In English they have published The yogasutra of Patanjali (4 editions), On Voidness (2 editions), Nagarjuna's Refutation of Logic (Nyaya) etc.


First of all we want to thank the institutions and persons who have made possible-for us to compose this book; The Reiyukai and its academic branch The International Institute for Buddhist Studies HBS (Tokyo), Dr. Tsugunari Kubo, President of both institutions, and Dr. Akira Yuyama, former Director of the Institute; the fellowship they granted us allowed us to stay six months in Tokyo in 1989 and to collect great part of the bibliographical material we needed in the excellent library of the Institute; the Nyingma Institute at Berkeley, California, Ven. Tarthang Tulku Rinpoche, Founder and Head of that Institute, Dr. Leslie Bradburn and Dr. jack Petranker, Research Directors of Yes he De Buddhist Research and Translation Project who invited us in 1996as visiting scholars at the Nyingma Institute and Odiyan Buddhist Center in California, giving us the possibility to complete there our work, Ralph McFall, Dean of the Institute, and the staff of the Nyingma Institute and the Odiyan community who gave us all the cooperation we needed for our work, the University of California at Berkeley, and the Flora Lamson Hewlett Library of the Graduate Theological Union, that generously authorized us to freely use their libraries; and Miss Gabriela Dobler, secretary of our Institute of Buddhist Studies in Argentina, who patiently prepared the successive drafts of the original text of this book.

Our work is intended to be an introduction to the study of the Yogacara Buddhist philosophy; its commentaries and notes have the, purpose to help the reader to understand in a more complete way the, contents of the three texts we edit and translate. In the References, we have limited to indicate the works we have utilized. Cf. for more bibliographical information the following books: -

Shinsho Hanayama, Bibliography on Buddhism, Tokyo; I- The Hokuseido Press, 1961.

Pierre Beautrix, Bibliographie du Bouddhisme, Volume I Editions de textes, Bruxelles; Institut Belge des Hautes Etudes Bouddhiques, 1970.

Hajime Nakamura, Indian Buddhism, A Survey with Bibliographical Notes, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1987.

Karl H. Potter, Bibliography of Indian Philosophies, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1970 (First edition).

Karl H. Potter, Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies. Bibliography, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1983 (second revised edition).

John Powers, The Yogacara School of Buddhism, A Bibliography, Metuchen, N.J. and London: The American Theological Library Association and The Scarecrow Press, 1991.

Frank Bandurski, “Ubersicht uber die Gottinger Sammlungen der von RAHULA SANKRTYANA in Tibet aufgefundenen buddhistichen Sanskrit-Texte (Funde buddhistischer Sanskrit-Handschriften, III)”, in Untersuchungen zur buddhistischen Literatur, Bearbeitet von Frank Bandurski, Bhikkhu Pasadika, Michael Schmidt, Bangwei Wang, Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1994.

E. Steinkellner und M.T. Munch, Texte der erkenntnistheoretischen Schule des Buddhismus, Gottingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1995.

We have put Dignaga’s treatise in the first place, because we consider it a brief and clear introduction to the fundamental tenet of the Yogacara School : the cittamatra theory.


General Introductionxi
        The Initial Philosophical Position in Buddhism: Realismxi
        The Arising of the Buddhist Idealistic Positionxii
        Sutras of Idealistic Tendencyxii
        The Great Masters of the Idealistic Yogacara Schoolxiv
                Maitreyanatha (circa 300)xv
                Asanga (315 - 390)xviii
                Vasubandhu (320 - 380)xx
                Dignaga (480 - 540)xx
                Dharmapala (50 - 561)xx
                Sthiramati (middle of the sixth century)xxi
                Hiuan-Tsang of Hsuan - Tsang or Hsuan-Chuang (602 - 664)xxii
The Name of the Idealistic Schoolxxiii
Principal Philosophical Tenets of the Yogacara Schoolxxiii
Some Other Themes that Appear in the Three Treatisesxxviii
Factors that Contributed to the Arising of the Idealistic Conception of Cittamatraxxx
The Importance of the Yogacara School of Philosophyxxxix
Notes for the General Introductionxxxix
Dmigs pa brtag pathi
bgrel pa of Phyogs kyi glan po
(Alambanapariksavrtti of Dignaga)
Life of Dignaga3
Works of Dignaga3
Authenticity of the works attributed to Dignaga9
The Alambanapariksa10
        Editions and/or Translations of Alambanapariksa and of its commentaries10
        Some fragments of the Alambanapariksa Preserved in Sanskrit in Quotations by other authors.12
        Adopted text12
Doctrinary Commentary of Alambanapariksavrtti14
Tibetan text29
Notes for the First Part

The Vimsatika vijnaptimatratasiddhih of Vasubandhu
        The Two Vasubandhus55
        Vasubandhu the Old56
        Vasubandhu the Young56
        Works Attributed to Vasubandhu57
        Distribution of the Works Attributed to Vasubandhu68
        Authenticity of the Works70
        Discovery of the Vimsatika72
        Importance of the Vimsatika73
        Vasubandhu's Opponents in Vimsatika73
        Some Editions and Translations of the Vimsatika73
        Adopted text76
Doctrinary Commentary of Vimsatika78
Sanskrit text123
Notes for the Second Part

The Trisvabhavakarika of Vasubandhu
        The Sanskrit Original Text189
        The Two Manuscripts189
        The Tibetan Translations190
        A Third Sanskrit Manuscript (MS3)190
        Modern Editions and Translations of the Original Sanskrit Text191
        The Author of the Treatise192
        The Title of the Treatise193
        Importance of the Subject of the Treatise193
        Importance of the Treatise194
        Some Works that Treat of the Theory of the Three Natures or in which References to it are found194
        Some Modan Authors who Refer to the Trisvabhava Theory195
        Adopted Text197
Doctorinary Commentary of Trisvabhavakarika198
Sanskrit text219
Notes for the Third Part229

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