Hanuman (In the Ramayana of Valimiki and the Ramacharitamanasa of Tulasidasa)

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Item Code: NAB498
Author: Catherine Ludvik
Publisher: MOTILAL BANARSIDASS PUBLISHERS PVT. LTD.
Language: English
ISBN: 8120811224
Cover: Hardcover
Weight 350 gm
About the Book

The monkey-god Hanuman, one of contemporary Hinduism's most popular deities, has a long history in Indian art and literature. This study traces Hanuman's gradual evolution from his role as helper and messenger of Rama in the Valmiki Ramayana in the 3rd century B. C. E. to his more dominant function in Tulsidas Dasa's Ramacaritamanasa, written circa 1575 C. E.

The study begins with a concentrated overview of Hanuman's non-Aryan origins and later associations. It then illustrates and elucidates the growth of his character from Valmiki to Tulsi Dasa through several intermediary stages. The grater part of the book comprises a careful scene-by-scene comparative textual analysis of the Sanskrit and the Avadhi versions of the Rama legend which has been so immensely influential in Hindu culture. In the course of time, Hanuman changes from a perfect messenger to the ideal devotee who becomes an embodiment of his master in his complete surrender to Raghupati.

About the Author

Catherine Ludvik is a promising young scholar who studied Sanskrit and Hindi at the University of Toronto (B. A.), where she also completed an M. A. in Religious Studies (Hinduism). Her interest in Hinduism dates from 1981 when she became interested in Vedanta. She brings to the study of the ingenious monkey-god Hanuman a deep empathy and understanding combined with penetrating scholarship. She is presently working on the Mahanataka.

Preface

The opportunity to spend so much of my time in the last years with Hanuman has been a wonderful experience, a precious gift, and a blessing. My work has been a labour of love, even in the most tedious and minutely technical of moments. Though I was originally drawn to the Hanuman of Tulasi Dasa's Ramacaritamanasa, a love of the Sanskrit language and an interest in the Valmiki Ramayana led me to a comparative study of the two texts. I began to discover Anjaneya's fascinating multi-faceted character, who, despite his popularity, is the subject of less than a handful of studies. Clearly, my intention was not to remedy completely this neglect, for it would take more than a lifetime to cover adequately such an enormous and seemingly boundless subject, but simply to offer whatever I could within a limited scope. I this, I was aided by Professor Stella Sandahl, my academic supervisor at the University of Toronto, where my work was originally submitted. She always to read the Ramacaritamanasa in the original Avadhi, and her linguistic ability in both Sanskrit and Hindi was a great asset to me. I was also helped by Swami Tejomayananda, whose lectures on the Ramacaritamanasa and whose chanting of the text I was fortunate enough to attend, and who himself was always ready to answer my questions. His perceptive comments, and perhaps more importantly, his expression and communication of the spiritual of Tulasi's work deeply moved me. Furthermore, I owe a very profound debt of gratitude to Swami Chinmayananda, who is responsible for awakening in me the love of things spiritual and things India, and whose inspiration and teaching are every with me. Last but certainly not least, I have been blessed with a wonderful mother and friend, who has been an endless source of support, a dedicated typist, and a meticulous reader of every word I wrote.

Contents
Prefaceix
Abbreviationsxi
Note on Editions and Transliterationxiii
1Introduction1
The Monkeys2
Hanuman's Origins and Associations3
The Development of Hanuman's Character from the ValR to the RCM6
2Comparative Analysis23
3The First Meeting between Hanuman and the Raghavas25
4The Consolation of Tara33
5Hanuman's Reminder to Sugriva37
6Laksmana's Arrival in Kishindha43
7The Singling Out of Hanuman47
8Hanuman's Persuasion of Angada53
9The Coaxing of Hanuman59
10The Leap across the Ocean67
The Life-off67
The Obstacles71
Mainaka71
Surasa72
Simhika75
11The Search for Sita79
The Entry into Lanka79
The Search through Lanka82
The Recognition of Sita86
The Interview with Sita91
Observation and Deliberation91
The Winning of Sita's Confidence94
The Comforting of Sita99
13The Destruction of the Asoka Grove107
14The Interview with Ravana113
15The Burning of Lanka121
16Hanuman's Report to Rama125
17The Bringing of the Medicinal Herbs131
18Final Reflections135
Bibliography141
Index151

**Contents and Sample Pages**









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